NEET Biology Chapter Wise Mock Test – Morphology of Flowering Plants
1. Root cap has no role in absorption of water, because it has
(a) cells arranged loosely
(b) no cells containing chloroplast
(c) no root hair
(d) no direct connection with the vascular system
2. Roots developed from parts of the plant other than radicle are called
(a) tap roots
(b) fibrous roots
(c) adventitious roots
(d) All of them
3. Potato is the major staple, underground plant product. It is the modification of
(a) root and is balled tuber
(b) stem and is called tuber
(c) leaf and is called corm
(d) None of these
4. The presence of epiphytic roots is the characteristic feature of
(a) Orchids, in which velamen tissue is present
(b) Cuscuta, in which haustoria is present
(c) Pinus, in which mycorrhizal association is present
(d) Jussiaea, in which floating roots are present
5. In Alocasia and Carina, vertical rhizome is found. It is also called
(a) root pocket
(b) root cap
(c) root stock
(d) animal stock
6. A plant which is represented by only root. It means root performs the function of assimilation and reproduction and the plant is
7. Which of the following is a flowering plant with nodules containing filamentous nitrogen-fixing microorganism?
(a) Casuarina equisetifolia
(b) Crotalaria juncea
(c) Cycas revoluta
(d) Cicer arietinum
8. Root-pockets are present in
(a) Eichhornia, Pistia and Lemna
(b) Pandamus, Pistia and Lemna
(c) Ficus, Pothos and Lemna
(d) Eichhornia, Pistia and Pothos
9. Which of the following is not correct?
(a) In maize, roots arise from the base of stem
(b) In Bryophyllum and roots arise from leaf
(c) Carrot (Daucus carota) have napiform root
(d) Mangroves (e.g. Rhizophora) have respiratory roots (pneumatophores)
10. Which of the following is a group of rhizomes?
(a) Aliium cepa, Canna, Zingiber
(b) Canna, Zingiber, Curcuma
(c) Allium sativum, Ammomum, Curcuma
(d) Cynodon, Canna, Allium cepa
11. Match the following columns.
Column I Column II
A. Tubercular storage roots 1. Tinospora
B. Pneumatophores 2. Heritiera
C. Haustoria 3. Asparagus
D. Prop-roots 4. Viscum
E. Assimilatory roots 5. Screwpine
(a) 2 3 4 5 1
(b) 3 4 5 1 2
(c) 3 1 2 5 4
(d) 5 4 3 2 1
(e) 3 2 4 5 1
12. Rhizome, which grows vertically upwards is
(d) root stock
13. Stem tendril is not present in
(a) passion flower (Passiflora)
(b) grapevine (Vitis)
(c) ground nut (Arachis hypogea)
(d) lemon (Citrus)
14. Potato and sweet potato
(a) have edible parts, which are homologous organs
(b) have edible parts, which are analogous organs
(c) have been introduced in India from the same place
(d) are two species of the same genus
15. Which of the following is not a ph”i|oclade?
16. Phylloclade differs from cladode because of having
(a) single internode
(b) many internodes
(c) no internode
17. Match the following columns.
Column I Column II
A. Opuntia 1. Stem thorns
B. Asparagus 2. Phylloclades
C. Citrus 3. Cladodes
(a) 1 2 3 .
(b) 2 3 1
(c) 3 2 1
(d) 2 1 3
18. Study the following and choose the correct statements.
I. Bulb of Allium cepa is a modified stem.
II. Cloves of Allium sativum are fleshy scale leaves.
III. Corm of Colocasia is a modified root.
IV. Tendril in Vitis vinifera is a modified axillary bud.
(a) I and II (b) II and IV (c) II and III (d) I and IV
19. Reticulate venation in leave# is the characteristic feature of dicot plants. Which of the following monocot plants possesses exceptionally reticulate venation?
(d) All of these
20. Which of the following is not correctly matched?
(a) Alternate phyllotaxy
(b) Whorled phyllotaxy
(c) Opposite superimposed phyllotaxy
(d) Opposite decussate
21. The modification of petiole info leaf-like structure is called
(a) phylloclade, e.g. Opuntia
(b) cladode, e.g. Asparagus
(c) phyllode, e.g. Australian acacia
(d) leaf tendril, e.g. Pisum sativum
22. The incorrect statement is
(a) in Nepenthes, the lamina forms a pitcher-like structure
(b) Utricularia leaves modify to form bladder-like structure
(c) Drosera leaves are reproductive in nature
(d) Bryophyllum leaves help in vegetative propagation
23. The leaf less stem of onion, which is produced to bear flower is called
24. Rearrange the following zones as seen in the root in vertical section and choose the correct option.
I. Root hair zone
II. Zone of meristerms
III. Rootcap zone
IV. Zone of maturation
V. Zone of elongation
(a) III, I, V, II, IV
(b) I, II, III, IV, V
(c) IV, V, I, III, II
(d) V, IV, III, II, I
25. Venation is a term used to describe the pattern of arrangement of
(a) floral organs
(b) flower in infloresence
(c) veins and veinlets in a lamina
(d) All of them
26. A small aquatic herb in which a portion of leaf forms a tiny sac or bladder which traps water insects is
27. In which of the following plants, stem performs the function of storage and perennation
(a) sweet potato
(b) dahlia .
28. The floral formula ©? K2+2 Cu4+4 A G(2) represents
(a) Solanum nigrum
(b) Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
(c) Citrus aurantum
(d) Brassica campestris
29. Cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. Capitata) is the
(a) largest flower
(b) largest fruit
(c) largest bud
(d) largest ovule
30. What type of placentation is seen in sweet pea?
31. Pentamerous, actinomorphic flovwtrs, bicarpillary ovary with oblique septa and fruit is a capsule or berry are characteristic features of
32. The spines present in water chestnut (Trapa) are the modification of persistent
33. The fruits developed from ovary and other floral parts except ovary are called
(a) true and false fruits respectively
(b) false and true fruits respectively .
(c) neither false nor true fruit
(d) All of the above
34. The correct statement is
(a) spike, spadix or catkin inflorescence give rise to sorosis type fruit
(b) in pineapple (ananas) and jack fruit (Artocarpus), rachis, bracts and perianth are used for eating
(c) in mulberry, fleshy perianth is eaten
(d) All of the above
35. Edible part of cauliflower is
The family containing mustard and its main characters are
(a) Brassicaceae — Tetramerous flowers, six stamens, bicarpellary gynoecium and siliqua type fruit
(b) Brassicaceae — Pentamerous flowers, many stamens, pentacarpellary gynoecuim and capsule type fruit
(C) Solanaceae _ Pentamerous flowers, five stamens, bicarpellary gynoecium and berry type fruit
(d) Poaceae _ Trimerous flowers, three stamens, monocarpellary gynoecium and caryopsis type of fruit
37. The sugarcane plant has
(a) dumb bell-shaped guard cells
(b) pentamerous flowers
(c) reticulate venation
(d) capsular fruits
38. Which of the following plants is used to extract the blue dye?
39. In an inflorescene where flowers are borne laterally in an acropetal succession, the position of the youngest floral bud shall be
40. Many pulses of daily use belong to one of the families below (tick the correct answer)
41. Keel is characteristic of the flowers of
42. Replum is present in the ovary of flower of
43. A man without any knowledge of Botany thinks that it is a flower but actually it is an inflorescence
(d) china rose
44. In epigynous flower
(a) ovary is superior
(b) calyx, corolla and Androecium are all superior
(c) calyx, corolla and Androecium are all inferior
(d) only accessory whorls are inferior
45. When a large number of sessile flowers grow from a suppressed rachis giving rise to a globose structure, the inflorescence is called
46. The below inflorescence is a/an
(b) dichasial cyme
47.Find out the correct sequence of labelling of diagram given below.
48.The following diagrams represent the types of aestivation in corolla. Identify the correct combination of labelling.
(a) A-Valvate, B-Twisted, C-Vexillary, D-lmbricate
(b) A-Valvate, B-Vexillary, C-Twisted, D-lmbricate
(c) A-Vexillary, B-lmbricate, C-Twisted, D-Valvate
(d) A-Valvate, B-lmbricate, C-Twisted, D-Vexillary
(e) A-Valvate, B-Twisted, C-lmbricate, D-Vexillary
49.Geocarpic fruits are produced by
50.Pineapple (ananas) fruit develops from
(a) an unilocular polycarpillary flower
(b) a multipistillate syncarpous flower
(c) a cluster of compactly borne flowers on a common axis
(d) a multilocular monocarpillary flower
51. Which of the following represents the edible part of the fruit of litchi?
(c) Juicy aril
52. A characteristic fruit,found in Members of family-Poaceae,in which pericarp fused with seed coat is
53. The characteristic fruit of Brassica, family-Cruciferae is
54. The characteristic fruit of family-Leguminosae is
(a) legume or pod
55. Syconus is a composite or multiple fruit develops from
(a) hypanthodium inflorescence
(b) umbel inflorescence
(c) catkin inflorescence
(d) head inflorescence
56. In Citrus fruits (orange, lemon, etc.), a special type of berry called hesperidium is present. The edible part of Citrus fruit is
(a) unicellular juicy hair arise from endocarp
(d) None of the above
57.Tripinnate leaves occur in
58. In monocot embryo, there is a single cotyledon called
59. Castor (Ricinus communis) is a dicot having albuminus seeds. In these seeds, there is a specific outgrowth, called
60. Non-endospermic or exalbuminous seeds are present in
(d) All of these
61. Which of the following is not correct?
(a) Endospermic dicot seeds — Papaya
(b) Non-endospermic dicot seeds — Vallisneria
(c) Endospermic monocot seeds — Maize
(d) Non-endospermic monocot seeds — Pothos
62. A special type of seed germination is found in mangrove vegetation such as Rhizophora, Avicennia, etc. It is called
(a) epigeal germination
(b) hypogeal germination
(c) viviparous germination
(d) oviparous germination
63. Longest seed viability is found in
(a) Indian lotus (Nelumbium nucifera)
(b) latuce (Lactuca sativa)
(c) coclebur (Xanthium)
(d) mustard (Brassica campestris)
64. Why is vivipary an undesirable character for annual crop plants?
(a) It reduces the vigour of plant
(b) The seeds cannot be stored under normal conditions for the next season
(c) The seeds exhibit long dormancy
(d) It adversely affects the fertility of the plant
65. Aleurone layer of maize grain is specially rich in
66. After removal of covering in pea, the seed consists of
(c) cotyledons + endosperm
(d) cotyledons + endosperm + pericarp
67. Embryo of sunflower has
(a) one cotyledon
(b) two cotyledons
(c) many cotyledons
(d) no cotyledon
68.Tegmen develops from
(c) inner integument
(d) outer integument
69. Endosperm, a product of double fertilisation in angiosperms is absent in
70. The mature seeds of plants such as gram and peas, posses no endosperm, because
(a) these plants are not angiosperms
(b) there is no double fertilisation in them
(c) endosperm is not formed in them
(d) endosperm gets used up by the developing embryo during seed development
71. The placenta is attached to the developing seed near the
72. The Satellum observed in a grain of wheat or maize is comparable to which part of the seed in other monocotyledons?
(c) Aleurone layer
Direction (Q. Nos. 73-78) In each of the following questions a statement of Assertion is given followed by a corresponding statement of Reason just below it. Of the statements, mark the correct answer as
(a) If both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason is the correct explanation of Assertion.
(b) If both Assertion and Reason are true, but Reason is not the correct explanation of Assertion.
(c) if Assertion is true, but Reason is false.
(d) If both Assertion and Reason are false.
73. Assertion Ray florets are bisexual and zygomorphic.
Reason Disc florets are bisexual and actinomorphic.
74. Assertion In cymose tap root system, oldest branch lies very near the growing point of the root, while the youngest branch is farthest away from it.
Reason In cymose tap,root system, the primary root itself stops growing.
75. Assertion Ginger has a prostrate growing rhizome.
Reason Shoot growth is not effected by gravity.
76. Assertion Pneumatophores contain lenticels that bring exchange of gases.
Reason Pneumatophores possess stomata on their surface to regulate transpiration from their surface.
77. Assertion Vivipary is the phenomenon of producing young ones in advanced state of development.
Reason It occurs in mangrove plants like Rhizophora and Sonneratia, Agave and mammals.
78. Assertion Seeds fails to germinate at very low and high temperature.
Reason Seeds soron down deep into the soil fail to germinate.
79. Match the following columns.
Column I Column II
A. Unilocular ovary 1. Asphodelus
B. Trilocular ovary 2. Pulvinus
C. Leaf base 3. Mesopodium
D, Petiole 4. Hypo podium
A B C D A B C D
(a) 1 2 3 4 (b) 4 5 2 1
(c) 5 1 4 3 (d) 2 3 – 1 5
80. Match the following columns.
Column 1 Column II
A. Conical root 1. Water lattuce
B. Napiform root 2. Ruscus
C. Offsets 3. Citrus
D. Cladodes 4. Carrot
(a) 2 1 3 4 (b) 5 2 1 4
(c) 1 2 5 4 (d) 4 5 1 2
82.Match the following columns
Column I Column II
A. Aleurone layer 1. Without fertilization
B. Parthenocarpic fruit 2. Nutrition
C. Ovule 3. Double fertilisation
D. Endosperm 4. Seed
(a) 1 2 3 4 (b) 2 1 4 3
(c) 4 2 1 3 (d) 2 4 1 2
83. Keel is the characteristic feature of flower of
84. Perigynous flowers are found in
(c) China rose
85. Placenta and pericarp are both edible portions
86. When the margins of sepals or petals overlaps one another without any particular direction, the condition is termed as
87. Which one of the following statements is correct?
(a) The seed in grasses is not endospermic
(b) Mango is a parthenocarpic fruit
(c) A proteinaceous aleurone layer is present
(d) A sterile pistil is called a staminode
88. An example of edible underground stem is
(c) sweet potato
89. An aggregate fruit is one which develops from
(a) multicarpellary syncarpous gynoecium
(b) multicarpellary apocarpous gynoecium
(c) complete inflorescence
(d) multicarpellary superior ovary
90. ‘Cladode’ is a characteristic morphological feature of
(a) Asparagus and Ruscus
(b) Casuarina and Opuntia
(c) Cladophora and Cactus
(d) Citrus and Euphorbia
91. Seed coat is not thin, membranous in
92. In China rose the flowers are
(a) actinomorphic, epigynous with valvate aestivation
(b) zygomorphic, hypogynous with imbricate aestivation
(c) zygomorphic, epigynous with twisted aestivation
(d) actinomorphic, hypogynous with twisted aestivation.
93. Among bitter gourd, mustard, brinjal, pumpkin, Chinarose, lupin, cucumber, sunnhemp, gram, guava, bean, chilli, plum, Petunia, tomato, rose, Withania, potato, Onion, aloe and Tulip, how many plants have hypogynous flower?
94. How many plants in the list given below have composite fruits that develop from an inflorescence? Walnut, poppy, radish, fig, pineapple, apple, tomato, mulberry
95. The coconut water and the edible part of coconut are equivalent to
96. Which one of the following statements is correct?
(a) Seeds or orchids have oil-rich endosperm
(b) Placentation in primrose is basal
(c) Flowfer of tulip is a modified shoot
(d) In tomato the fruit is a capsule
97. The correct floral formula of chilli is
98. Flowers are zygomorphic in
99. A drupe develope in
100. In unilocular ovary with a single ovule, the placentation is
101. Edible part of mango is