These Sample papers are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Paper 13.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Paper 13
|Sample Paper Set||Paper 13|
|Category||CBSE Sample Papers|
Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 10 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 13 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 10 Social Science is given below with free PDF download solutions.
Time Allowed: 3 hours
Max. Marks: 80
- This question paper consists of 28 questions in all. All questions are compulsory.
- Questions from Serial No. 1 to 7 are very short answer type questions. Each question carries 1 mark.
- Questions from Serial No. 8 to 18 are of 3 marks questions. Answer to these questions should not exceed 80 words each.
- Questions from Serial No. 19 to 25 are of 5 marks questions. Answer should not exceed 100 words each.
- Questions No. 26 and 27 are map questions carrying 1+1= 2 marks from History. After completion, attach the maps inside your answer books.
- Questions No. 28 is a map question of 3 marks from geography.
With which country were the organisation Carbonari associated?
Who established the Vietnamese Communist Party in 1930?
Who organised the dalits into depressed Class Association in 1930?
What does ‘Absolutist’ mean?
How did Belgium’s accommodation policy helped to avoid civil war?
How can the fundamental provisions of the Indian Constitution be changed?
What was the result of ethno-political conflict of Northern Ireland?
How does UN on the basis of Human Development Report compare countries?
Why are large number of people forced to enter unorganised sector jobs?
How did healthy trade practices lead to colonialism?
What led to rise of Bombay and Calcutta ports in the 19th century? Explain.
What was the significance of printing for people to spread their ideas?
Explain the contribution of Charles Dickens in the field of English literature.
What is a multipurpose river valley project? Give any four objectives of the multipurpose river valley projects.
Explain three technological reform initiatives taken by the government to ensure increase in agricultural production.
Explain any three types of formations in which minerals occur.
State any two achievements and any two problems of Panchayati Raj System.
What would happen if politics and religion go hand in hand?
What is meant by a ‘National Political Party’? State the conditions required to be a national political party.
How can employment opportunities be generated in the tourism and Information Technology Sectors?
How is the concept of Self Help Groups important for poor people? Give your view points.
Explain by giving examples that Multinational Corporations (MNC’s) are spreading their productions in different ways.
“Nationalism no longer retained its idealistic liberal democratic sentiment by the last quarter of the 19th century in Europe.” Analyse the statement with examples.
“French tried to solve educational problems in Vietnam in different ways.” Support the statement with examples.
‘Bombay was a Prime City of India.’ Justify by giving examples.
“British rule in India would have been collapsed if Indians had not cooperated.” How did this statement help in starting a mass movement in India against the British rule?
Describe the rise of peasants agitation under the leadership of Baba Ramachandra and Nehru in Awadh.
“The economic strength of a country is measured by the development of manufacturing industries”. Support the statement with arguments.
Differentiate between personal and mass communications. Also give any three advantages of personal communications.
Why is air transport an important means of transport in the north-eastern part of our country? Explain any five reasons.
Evaluate the steps which turned out to be milestones to establish majoritarianism in Sri Lanka.
“Most established democracies face a challenge of Expansion.” Comment.
Distinguish between Biogas and Natural Gas.
Explain any five duties/responsibilities of a consumer.
Explain with an example, how someone can use the ‘Right to Safety’?
On the given outline map of India, mark the place where congress session held in 1927.
On the given outline map of India, mark the place where civil disobedience movement started.
On the given political map of India identify the following:
(a) A Software Technology Park
(b) A Nuclear Test Site
(c) A Mica Producing State
Organisations like young Italy and Carbonari were associated with Italy.
Ho Chi Minh, a communist leader of Vietnam established the ‘Vietnamese Communist Party’ in 1930.
Dr. B.R. Amedkar organised the dalits into Depressed Classes Association in 1930
Literally, a government or system of rule that has no restraints on the power exercised. In history, the term refers to a form of monarchical government that was centralised, militarised and repressive.
The new arrangements of the Belgium government helped to avoid civil strife between the two major communities and a possible division of the country on linguistic lines.
The fundamental provisions of the Indian Constitution can be changed by the consent of both the levels of the government.
In conflict of ethno-political conflict of Northern Ireland, hundreds of civilians, militants and security forces were killed in the fight between Unionists and Nationalists and between the security forces of UK and the Nationalists.
UNDP compares countries based on:
- the educational levels of the people
- their health status
- per capita income
The organised sector offers jobs that are most sought after. But the employment opportunities in the organised sector have been expanding very slowly. Many organised sectors also refuse to follow laws that protect labourers. Therefore, a large no. of people are forced to enter the unorganised sector of jobs which pay a very low salary.
- In many parts of the world, the expansion of trade and a closer relationship with the world economy also meant a loss of freedom and livelihood.
- European powers in Africa divided this country amongst themselves with paper partition i.e., borders of these countries run straight as drawn by a ruler. This division was made without the permission of these African countries.
- Britain and France made vast additions to their colonies in the late 19th century. Belgium and Germany became new colonial powers and US also became a colonial power by taking over the colonies earlier held by Spain.
Factors leading to the rise of Bombay and Calcutta ports are:
- Before the machine age, the Indian textile Industry specially cotton and silk goods, dominated the International market.
- Indian merchants and bankers were involved in the export trade of textiles.
- Later arrival of European traders like East India Company broke down the network of exports controlled by Indian merchants.
It led to the decline of old ports like Surat and Hooghly and the growth of new Industrial towns like Bombay and Calcutta.
Significance of printing for people to spread their idea:
- Print created the possibility of wide circulations of ideas and introduced a new world of debate and discussion.
- Even those who disagreed with established authorities could now print and circulate their ideas.
- Through the printed message, they could persuade people to think differently and move them to action.
- Charles Dickens wrote about the terrible effects of Industrialisation on people’s lives and characters.
- Dickens criticised not just the greed for profits but also the ideas that reduced human beings into simple instruments of production.
- Dickens focused on the terrible conditions of urban life under industrial capitalism in his novel Oliver Twist. Oliver Twist was an orphan boy, brought up in a workhouse and lived with petty criminals. The novel ends on a happy note when Olivia was adopted by a wealthy man.
The multipurpose river valley project is a dam constructed on the river and then used for multipurpose. Main objectives of Multipurpose projects are:
- Dams are built for generating hydro electricity.
- Dams help in controlling floods.
- Canals are made, which are used for irrigation and navigation purposes.
- Nearby areas are afforested, which provides natural habitat to various organism.
- Fish breeding can also be practised.
- Green Revolution in Agriculture and White Revolution in milk were introduced.
- Tractors, harvesters, threshers and tubewells,-etc. and other technological devices are introduced.
- The government also announced the minimum support price, which checks the exploitation of farmers by speculations and middlemen.
Minerals generally occur in these forms:
- Igneous and Metamorphic rocks: Minerals may occur in the cracks, crevices, faults or joints. The smaller occurrences are called Veins or Lodes. In most cases, they are formed when minerals in liquid, molten and gaseous forms are forced upwards through cavities towards the earth’s surface. They cool and solidify as they rise.
- Sedimentary rocks: A number of minerals occur in beds or layers. They have been formed as a result of deposition, accumulation and concentration in horizontal strata. Coal and some forms of iron ore and sedimentary minerals include gypsum, potash salt and sodium salt.
- Another mode of formation involves the decomposition of surface rocks, and the removal of soluble constituents, leaving a residual mass of weathered material containing ores. Bauxite is formed in this way.
The Panchayati Raj System of India has been introduced by Balwant Rai Mehta Committee. Its achievements are:
- The introduction of local governments has helped to deepen the roots of democracy in India.
- It has increased representation of scheduled caste, scheduled tribes and women as well.
At the same time its problems are:
- While elections are held regularly but Gram sabhas, Block committees and Zila Parishads do not hold their meetings regularly.
- Most of the state governments are not ready to provide powers to the local governments Neither they are ready to provide sufficient funds for their needs.
- Gandhiji used to say that religion can never be separated from politics. What he meant by religion was not Hinduism or Islam but moral values of all religions. He believed that politics must be guided by the morals and ethics drawn from religions.
- Human rights group in one country has argued that most of the victims of communal riots in India are people form religious minorities. They have demanded that the government should protect religious minorities.
- Women’s movements have argued that ‘family laws’ of all religious discriminate against women. So they have demanded that the government should change these laws to make them more equitable.
National Political Party have units in the various states, they follow the same policies, programmes and strategy that is decided at the national level.
- A party that secures at least 6% of the total votes in general elections of Lok Sabha or assembly elections in four states.
- Wins at least four seats in Lok Sabha.
- The government must promote tourism business as tourism as it helps a lot of Indian states and their artisans to earn recognition and income.
- Tourist places, hotel, roads, etc. and infrastructure should be prepared for attracting more tourists.
- Government should frame policies for providing job opportunities in IT Sector like BPO’s.
- Tourism and IT Sector at present also is booming in India which are providing more job opportunities to younger generation, artists, etc.
Self Help Groups:
- SHGs help in pooling the savings of the members who are poor people.
- Members can get timely loans for a variety of purpose.
- They get loan at a reasonable rate of interest.
- It helps borrowers to overcome the problem of lack of collateral and documentation.
- It saves them from exploitation of the money lender.
- This interest income becomes an extra source of income of the member.
Multinational Corporations are spreading their production in different ways:
- By setting up partnership with local companies.
- By placing orders with local companies. For example, Garments, Footwear, Sports items, etc.
- By closely competing with the local companies.
- By buying local companies — for example Cargill buying, Parakh foods of India.
Nationalism in Europe:
- During this period nationalist groups become increasingly intolerant of each other.
- Manipulations of the nationalist aspirations were these.
- The Balkan was under the control of the Ottoman Empire.
- Ideas of romantic nationalism spread in Balkan.
- They claimed for independence or political rights on nationality and subjected foreign domination.
- Russia, Germany, England, Austria— Hungry were keen on countering the hold of other powers over the Balkans.
- This led to a series of wars in the region and finally the First World War.
French and Education:
- They countered and dismembered the traditional education system.
- They established French style schools.
- They introduced French language for Vietnamese in their schools.
- They also introduced deliberate policy of failing students.
- Their text books glorified French culture and justified colonial rule.
- Their education system introduced French Science and Hygiene.
- In the 17th century, Bombay was a group of seven islands under the Portuguese control.
- In 1661, control of islands passed into British hands after the marriage of Britain’s King Charles II to the Portuguese princess.
- The East India Company quickly shifted its base from Surat, its principal western port, to Bombay.
- In the 19th century, the city functioned as a port through which large quantities of raw materials such as cotton and opium would pass.
- Gradually, it also became an important administrative centre in Western India, and then, by the end of the 19th century, a major industrial centre.
- Mahatma Gandhi declared that British rule was established in India with the cooperation of Indians corporates, and if they had refused to cooperate, British rule in India would have been collapsed within a year.
- He proposed that the movement should unfold in stages.
- It should begin with the surrendering of titles that the government had awarded to the Indians.
- A boycott of civil services, army, police, courts and legislative assemblies, schools and foreign goods would show their non-cooperation to the British Empire.
- Mahatma Gandhi felt that in case the govt, used suppression, a full civil disobedience campaign would be launched.
- In Awadh, the peasant movement was led by Baba Ramchandra – a Sanyasi who had earlier worked in Figi as an indentured labourer.
- The movement here was against talukdars and landlords who demanded high rents from peasants.
- Peasants had to do begar at landlord’s farms.
- The peasant movement demanded reduction of revenue, abolition of begar and social boycott of oppressive landlords.
- In many places ‘dobhi-nai’ bandhs were orgarfised to deprive landlords of the services of even washermen and barbers. Jawarharlal Nehru began talking to villages and formed Kissan Sabha.
- Within a month, over 300 branches had been set up in the village around the region.
- As the movement spread in 1921, the houses of talukdars and merchants were attacked, bazars were looked and grain hoards were taken over.
Role of manufacturing industries in the economic development:
- Manufacturing sector is considered as the backbone of development.
- All round development depends on Industries,
- Industries help in modernising agriculture.
- It reduces the heavy dependence of people on agricultural income by providing them jobs.
- Industrial development is a precondition for eradification of unemployment and poverty from the country.
- It was aimed at bringing down regional disparities.
- It helps in the expansion of manufactured goods,
- Trade and Commerce brings in much needed foreign exchange.
- India’s prosperity lies in increasing and modernising its manufacturing industries as quickly as possible.
|Personal Communication||Mass Communication|
|1. It is the communication between person to person.||1. It is the communication among the masses.|
|2. It provides necessary communication between two people making man a social animal.||2. It provides entertainment as well as creates awareness among the masses.|
|3. We have letters, e-mails, SMS’s, telephone and mobile phone facilities which also include STD and ISD services.||3. It includes radio, television, newspapers, magazines, books, films, etc.|
Three advantages of Personal Communication:
- It keeps you in touch with near and dear ones.
- Long distance communication is also easier with physical movement of the communicator or receiver.
- It helps in integrating families.
Air Transport is considered an important mode of transport in the north eastern states of India because:
- Big Rivers: It has the presence of big riveys like Brahmaputra, making it difficult to construct roads or railways. Moveover due to heavy rains, rivers are often flooded.
- Dissected Relief: Uneven surface or undulating plains are not suitable for the construction of roadways. Laying down railway lines is also expensive, though toy train runs in Darjeeling.
- Dense Forests: Due to heavy rains most of the hills are covered with dense forests making it all the more difficult to cut the roads.
- International Frontiers: North Eastern states share borders with countries like Bangladesh, Myanmar, China, etc., therefore very difficult to cross these International borders.
- Sri Lanka emerged as an independent country in 1948. The leaders of the Sinhala Community sought to secure dominance over government by virtue of their majority.
- As a result, the democratically elected government adopted majoritarian measures to establish Sinhala Supremacy.
- In 1956, an act was passed to recognise Sinhala, as the only official language, thus disregarding Tamil.
- The government followed policies that favoured Sinhala applicants for university positions and government jobs.
- With a new constitution, Buddhism was adopted as a state religion.
- Challenge of expansion involves applying or following the basic principle of democratic government in almost all regions, various institutions and different social groups.
- It should ensure greater power to local Governments, extension of federal principle to all the units of federation including women and minority.
- Most countries including India and other democracies like us face this challenge.
- It also means that less and less decisions should remain outside the arena of democratic control.
Following are the differences between Bio and Natural Gas
|Bio Gas||Natural Gas|
|(i) Biogas is the man made energy resource.||(i) Natural gas is a natural resource.|
|(ii) It is prepared by using shrubs, farm waste, animal and human waste.||(ii) It is found beneath the earth usually above the oil.|
|(iii) It is produced for domestic uses.||(iii) It is basically used in Industries as raw material.|
|(iv) Bio gas is the most efficient use of cow dung, farm waste and animal waste.||(iv) Compressed natural gas (CNG) is used as environment friendly fuel and is gaining popularity in India.|
The following are the five responsibilities of a consumer:
- Must exercise his/her rights: A consumer must be aware of his/her rights with regards to purchasing or services they get from the markets and should exercise there wherever needed.
- Cautious Consumers: The consumer must be cautious before purchasing, any good or service. He must insist on getting full information on quality, quantity, utility, ingredients, price, etc. of the good or service.
- Filing Complaint: Sometimes consumers ignore the losses believing that cost of the product is low but his attitude encourages corrupt business practices to continue. So a consumer should file complaint.
- Quality Assurance: A consumer must assure the quality of product. He should look for quality certification marks like ISI, AGMARK, FPO, Wool Mark, etc. while purchasing.
- Insist on Cash Memo: A consumers must ask for cash Memo from a shopkeeper if he purchases any good. Because if there is any defeat in the good and consumer needs cash memo as a proof of purchase.
Features of Right to Safety
- While using many goods and services, we as consumers, have the right to be protected against the marketing of goods and delivery of services that are hazardous to life and property.
- Producers need to strictly follow the required safety rules and regulations.
- There are many goods and services that we purchase, require special attention to safety.
- Following are the features of Right to Represent:
- Under COPRA 1986, a three tier quasi-judicial machinery at district, state and national levels was set up for redressal of consumer dispute.
- If a case is dismissed in the district level court, the consumer can appeal in state and then national level court.
- He or She may represent himself or through a lawyer in the court.
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