These Sample papers are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Paper 10.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Paper 10
|Sample Paper Set||Paper 10|
|Category||CBSE Sample Papers|
Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 10 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 10 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 10 Social Science is given below with free PDF download solutions.
Time Allowed: 3 hours
Max. Marks: 80
- This question paper consists of 28 questions in all. All questions are compulsory.
- Questions from Serial No. 1 to 7 are very short answer type questions. Each question carries 1 mark.
- Questions from Serial No. 8 to 18 are of 3 marks questions. Answer to these questions should not exceed 80 words each.
- Questions from Serial No. 19 to 25 are of 5 marks questions. Answer should not exceed 100 words each.
- Questions No. 26 and 27 are map questions carrying 1+1= 2 marks from History. After completion, attach the maps inside your answer books.
- Questions No. 28 is a map question of 3 marks from geography.
What was Zollverein?
Which movement was initiated in Vietnam in 1868 against the spread of Christianity?
Which two factors shaped Indian Politics after 1930’s?
What was depicted in ‘Pariksha Guru’?
What was the division of power between Central and State governments of Belgium?
Which two Indian states have been given special status?
How do social differences cross out one another?
How is net attendance ratio calculated?
Which basic services are provided by the government in a country?
Write any three factors responsible for indentured labour migration from India.
Why were the British worried about imports from other countries?
How were handwritten manuscripts organised with their expanded demand?
What is the contribution of Basheer in the writing of novels?
‘Large multipurpose projects also lead to land degradation’. Explain.
What does ‘Horticulture’ mean? Which crops are grown under horticulture in India?
Discuss the hazards of mining on the life of miners and on environment.
Discuss the dual objectives of Federalism. What are the two aspects that are crucial in the practice of federalism?
How is caste preferred in politics?
What is the role of an ordinary people in reforming the political parties?
Distinguish between public sector and private sector.
Why are the poor households still dependent on informal sources of credit?
How does foreign trade lead to integration of markets across countries? Explain with an example other than those given in the book.
What were the advantages and disadvantages of the Napoleonic code?
Describe the ideas behind the Tonkin tree school. To what extent was it a typical example of colonial ideas in Vietnam?
How were the effects of ‘Industrial Revolution’ reflected in the novels?
Mention any three main proposals with reference to Non-cooperation movement as suggested by Mahatma Gandhi.
What steps were taken by colonial government to suppress the growing nationalism in India? Explain.
How do industries pollute the environment? Discuss some steps taken to minimise environmental degradation by industries.
Compare and contrast the merits and demerits of Roadways with those of Railways.
“The distribution pattern of Indian railway network is influenced by the Physiographic factors.” Examine the statement.
Why is it difficults to make changes to the power sharing arrangement between the Union Government and State government. Explain with examples.
“Democracy stands much superior in promoting dignity and freedom of the citizens.” Justify the statement.
Classify roads of India on the basis of their capacity.
How can a consumer exercises his right to choice?
Describe the jurisdiction of different tiers of the quasi-judicial machinery for redressal of consumer disputes in India.
On the given map of India, locate and mark the place where Congress Session of 1929 held.
On the given outline map of India, mark the place of Peasant’s Satyagraha.
On the given political map of India identify the following:
(a) A Software technology park.
(b) An International Airport.
(c) An Iron and Steel Plant
(d) Tuticorin fort
Zollverein is a unified economic territory, established in 1834, a customs union or Zollverein was formed at the initiative of Prussia and joined by most of the German States.
The Scholars revolt was the movement initiated by the Vietnamese in 1868 against the spread of Christianity by French.
- The effects of worldwide economic depression.
- Agricultural prices began to fall form 1926 and collapsed after 1930.
Srinivas Das’s novel ‘Pariksha Guru’ cautioned young men of well-to-do families against the dangerous influences of bad company and consequent
Many powers of the central government have been given to state government of the two regions of Belgium. The State government are not subordinate to the Central government.
Jammu & Kashmir and Arunachal Pradesh have been given special status in Indian Federation.
Social differences cross cut each other when the groups that share a common interest on one issue are likely to be in different sides on a different issue.
Net attendance ratio is calculated by checking the net attendance ratio in the total no. of children of age group 14 and 15 years attending school as a percentage of total number of children in the same age group.
In any country services such as hospitals, educational institutes, post and telegraph services, police stations, courts, village administrative officer, municipal corporations, defence, transport, banks, insurance companies can be considered basic services. It is the responsibility of the government to provide these basic services.
Following were the factors responsible for Indentured labour migration from India.
- The poor farmers were not able to pay their rents and were highly
- Migrants wanted to escape poverty or oppression in their home villages and agreed to take any kind of work abroad.
- At times, agents also tempted the prospective migrants by providing false
information about final destinations, modes of travel, the nature of work and living and working conditions.
As cotton industries developed in England, Industrial groups began worrying out imports from other countries.
- They pressurised the government to impose import duties on cotton textiles so that Manchester goods could sell in Britain, without facing any competition from outside.
- Industrialists persuaded the East India Company to sell British manufactures in Indian market as well.
- Export of British cotton goods increased dramatically in the early 19th century.
- At the end of 18th century, there had been virtually no import of cotton piece goods into India but by 1850, cotton piece goods constituted over 31 percent of the value of Indian imports.
- Production of handwritten manuscripts was organised in new ways to meet the expanded demand of books.
- Scribes or skilled handwriters were no longer solely employed by wealthy or influential patrons but increasingly by booksellers as well.
- More than 50 scribes often worked for one bookseller.
Contribution of Basheer in writing novels.
- Basheer’s short novels and stories were written in ordinary language that of a conversation.
- With wonderful humour, Basheer’s novels spoke about details from the everyday life of a muslim households.
- He also brought into Malayalam writing and themes which were considered very unusual at that time —poverty, insanity and life in prisons.
Reasons for ill effects of dams are:
- Regulating and damming of rivers affect their natural flow causing poor sediment flow and excessive sedimentation at the bottom of reservoirs.
- It results in rocky stream beds and poorer habitat for river aquatic life.
- Large reservoirs submerge large tracts of forests and habitat of fauna.
Horticulture is the practice of production of both fruits and vegetable crops.
India is a producer of tropical as well as temperate fruits.
- Mangoes: Many varieties of mangoes like Safeda, Dussehri, Langda, Sindoori etc. are grown in Maharashtra, U.P., Andhra and West Bengal.
- Oranges: Nagpur and Cherapunjee are famous for varieties of oranges in India.
- Bananas: of various qualities are grown in Kerala, Mizoram, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu.
- Lichi and Guava: are famous in parts of UP, Uttrakhand and Bihar.
- Pineapple in Meghalaya and Grapes: are grown in Andhra and Maharashtra.
- Apples, Pears, Apricots and Walnuts: are mainly temperate fruits and are grown in J and K and Himachal Pradesh and are in great demand all over the world.
- Vegetables: India produces about 13 per cent of the world’s vegetables. It is an important producer of peas, cauliflower, onion, cabbage, tomato, brinjal and potatoes. There is a potato institute in Shimla where study is made on various qualities of potatoes grown in India.
Hazards of mining on the life of miners and environment follows:
- The dust and noxious fumes inhaled by miners make them vulnerable to pulmonary diseases.
- The risk of collapsing of roof mines and fires in the coal mines are a constant threat to miners.
- The water sources in the region get contaminated due to mining.
- Dumping of waste and slurry leads to degradation of land, soil and increase in stream or river pollution.
Dual objectives of federalism are:
- To safeguard and promote unity of the country.
- To accommodate regional diversity of the country.
Two aspects crucial for the practice of federalism are:
- Government at different levels should agree to some rules of power sharing.
- They should also trust that each would abide by its part of the agreement.
Hence an ideal federal system has both aspects-mutual trust and agreement to live together.
- No parliamentary constituency in the country has a clear majority of one single caste. So every candidate and party needs to win the confidence of more than one caste and community to win elections.
- No party wins the votes of all the voters of a caste or community. When people say that a caste is a ‘vote bank’ of one party, it usually means that a large proportion of the voters from that caste vote for that party.
- Many political parties may put up candidates from the same caste. Some voters have more than one candidate from their caste while many voters have no candidate from their caste.
- The ruling party and the sitting MPs or MLAs frequently lose elections in a country. That would not have happened if all castes and communities were frozen in their political preferences.
There are two way in which political parties can be reformed:
- People can put pressure on political parties. This can be done through petitions, publicity and agitations. Ordinary citizens, pressure groups and movements and media can play an important role in this.
- Political parties can improve if those who are interested, also join the political parties. The quality of democracy depends on the degree of public participation.
It is difficult to reform politics if ordinary citizens do not take part in it and simply criticise it from outside. The problem of bad politics can be solved by more and better politics.
|1. It is controlled and managed by the government.||1. It is controlled and managed by an individual or group.|
|2. The main aim of the sector is public welfare.||2. The main aim of the sector is to earn profit.|
|3. The sector provides basic facilities like education, health, food and security to the people.||3. Private sector does not provide any service at a reasonable rate.|
|4. Eg. Railways, Post Office, BSNL etc.||
4 Eg. Tatas, Birlas, Reliance groups etc.
Poor households still depend on informal sources of credit because:
- Banks are not present everywhere in rural areas.
- Even when they are present getting a loan from the bank is much more difficult than taking a loan from informal source.
- Mega banks or public sector banks require proper documents and collateral.
- Absence of collateral is one of the major reasons which prevent the poor from getting bank loans.
- Informal lenders such as money lenders, know the borrower personally and they are willing to give a loan without collateral.
- Foreign trade provides opportunities for both producers and buyers to reach beyond the markets of their own countries.
- Goods travel from one country to another which creates competition among producers of various countries as well as options for buyers. Thus foreign trade leads to integration of markets across countries.
- For example: during Diwali season, buyers in India have option of choosing between Indian and Chinese decorative lights and bulbs. So this provides an opportunity to expand business.
Advantages of Napoleonic Code:
- It established equality before law.
- Abolished all privileges based on birth.
- Simplified administrative divisions.
- Granted the right to property to french citizens.
- Abolished Feudal system and freed peasants from serfdom.
- Eliminated restrictions on guilds in town.
- Made efforts to improve transport and communication.
- But this initial enthusiasm soon turned into hostility and opposition when it became visible that the new administrative arrangement do not go hand in hand with political freedom.
- Censorship, taxation, forced conscription into the french armies required to conquer the rest of Europe, all seemed to overweigh the advantages of the administrative changes.
- Similar to other colonisers, the french also assumed that they were responsible for providing a better way of living.
- Thus ‘The Tonkin Free School’ was opened to give Western Education in 1907.
- The subjects that were taught here were Science, French, Hygiene and other common subjects.
- The students were encouraged to adopt western styles of dressing.
- This school was a typical example of colonial ideas in Vietnam.
- It mainly rejected the traditional Vietnamese education and lifestyle and promoted the western ideas and way of living.
- The school encouraged the adoption of western styles such as having a short haircut.
- For the Vietnamese this meant a major break with their own identity since they traditionally kept long hair.
- When Industrial Revolution began, factories came up, business profits increased but workers faced problems.
- Cities expanded in an unregulated way and were filled with overworked and underpaid workers.
- Deeply critical of these developments, novelists such as Charles Dickens wrote about the terrible effects of industrialisation on people’s lives and characters.
- His novel Hard Times depicts a fictious industrial town as a grim place full of machinery, smoking chimneys and rivers polluted.
- Dickens criticised not just the greed for profits but also the ideas that reduced human beings into simple instruments of production.
- Dickens’ Oliver Twist is the tale of a poor orphan who lived in a world of petty criminals and beggars. Oliver was finally adopted by a wealthy man and lived happily everafter.
- Emile Zola’s Germinal was written on the life of a young miner and ends on a sad note.
Three main proposals with reference to NCM as suggested by Mahatma Gandhi were following:
- It should begin with the surrender of titles that the government awarded.
- He also proposed boycott of civil services, army, police, courts, legislative councils, schools and foreign goods.
- Then in case the government used repression, a full civil disobedience campaign would be launched.
- Finally at the Congress Session at Nagpur in December 1920, the Non-cooperation programme was adopted.
Steps taken by colonial government to suppress the growing rationalism in India were:
- In 1919, Imperial Legislative Council passed Rowlatt Act. It gave enormous powers to repress political activities and allowed detention of political prisoners without trial for two years.
- When it was opposed by the Indian nationalists, the British administration decided to clamp down on nationalists.
- Local leaders were picked up from Amritsar, and Mahatma Gandhi was barred from entering Delhi.
- On 10th April, the police in Amritsar fired upon a peaceful procession, provoking widespread attacks on banks, post offices and railway stations.
- Martial law was imposed and General Dyer took command.
- Industries pollute the environment through air, water, land and noise all.
- Air pollution is caused by the release of carbon oxide and nitrogen into the air by paper factories, brick clins etc. through burning of fossil fuels such as coal.
- Water pollution is caused by discharge of organic and inorganic industrial wastes into water bodies such as rivers or ponds by chemical industries, textile industry etc.
- Industries such as tanneries, wood manufacturing etc. lead to soil erosion or render the soil infertile by dumping waste products, cutting of trees among other activities.
- Noise Pollution results from industrial and construction activities whose high decibels level affect the nearby areas.
Steps to minimise environmental degradation are:
- Industrial wastes such as plastic, metal etc. need to be recycled and reused thereby avoiding the need to dump in water bodies and landfills.
- Industrial discharge needs to be treated prior to flowing into sewage lines.
- Rainwater harvesting needs to be implemented to meet water requirements.
- Smoke chimneys can be fitted with electrostatic precipitators, fabric filters, scrubbers and inertial separators to reduce the discharge of air pollutants.
- Noise pollution can be reduced by the use of silencers. Silent generators and redesigning of machinery can be done to reduce noise.
Roadways vs Railways:
- Construction cost of roads is much lower than that of railway lines and construction time is also comparatively less.
- Roads can traverse comparatively more dissected and undulating topography which is limitation in case of railways.
- Roads can negotiate higher gradients of slopes and such can traverse mountains like the Himalayas, whereas the mountainous regions are unfavourable for the construction of railway lines due to high relief, spares population and lack of economic opportunities. Likewise it is difficult to lay railway lines on the Sandy plains in the deserts, swampy or forested tracks.
- Road transport is economical in transportation of few persons and relatively smaller amount of goods over short distances whereas railways are suitable for transportation of large no. of people and goods in bulk, especially over long distances.
- Roadways provide door to door service, thus the cost of loading and unloading is much lower but railways have not reached everywhere, still there are places which are yet to be connected with railways.
- Road transport is also used as a feeder to other modes of transport such as they provide a link between railway stations, air and sea ports. On the other hand railways work as a lifeline for the economic growth of a country as they carry raw materials and produced goods from one part of the nation to another on a large scale.
The distribution pattern of railway network in the country has been largely influenced by physiographic and economic factors in the following ways:
- The northern plains with their vast level lands, high population density and rich agricultural resources provide the most favourable condition for their expansion.
- A large number of rivers requiring construction of bridges across their wide beds posing some obstacles.
- In the hilly terrains of the peninsular region, railway tracks are laid through low hills, gaps or tunnels etc.
- The Himalayan mountainous regions too are unfavourable for the construction of railway lines.
- Sandy plains of western Rajasthan and swamps of Gujarat are unfavourable to lay railway lines.
- Development of Industry and agriculture both help in developing economic life of people of India.
- It is very difficult to make changes in the power sharing arrangement between the Union Government and State governments.
- There is a clear distinction of power between state and centre through the three list systems.
- In this arrangement constitution clearly lays down the division of power between the Union and the States.
- So for, any changes, it has to go through difficult amendment procedure.
- The centre has a general authority, but the state government are given autonomy. Therefore, interference in each other’s jurisdiction for any change is difficult.
Democracy stands much superior in promoting dignity and freedom of the citizens.
- Every Individual wants to receive respect from fellow beings.
- The passion for respect and freedom are basis of democracy.
- Democracies throughout the world have recognized this. It has been achieved in various degrees in various democracies.
- Long struggles by women have got them respect and equal treatment.
- In many democracies women were deprived of their right to vote, for a long time which they have achieved new.
- In India, l/3rd of seats have been reserved for women in local bodies.
- Democracy has strengthened the claims of the disadvantaged and discriminated castes for equal status and equal opportunity.
- Golden Quadrilateral Super Highways: These projects are implemented by the National Highway Authority of India (NHAI). There are three major Super Highways. Golden Quadrilateral starts from Delhi, moves to
Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata and back to Delhi. The North-South Corridor starts from Srinagar to Kanyakumari. The East-West Corridor connects Silchar to Porbandar.
- National Highways: These roads are laid and maintained by Central Public Works Department (CPWD). A number of major National Highways run in North-South and East-West directions, e.g., Sher Shah Suri Marg is called National Highway No. 1.
- State Highways: Roads linking a state capital with different district headquarters are known as state highways. These roads are constructed and maintained by States and Union Territories.
- District Roads: These roads connect the district headquarters with other places of the district. These roads are maintained by the Zila Parishad.
- Rural Roads: These roads link rural areas and villages with towns. These roads are constructed under the Pradhan Mantri Grameen Sadak Yojana.
- Any consumer who receives a service in whatever capacity, regardless of age, gender and nature of service, has the right to choose, whether to continue to receive the service or not.
- For example – Suppose you want to buy a toothpaste and shop owner says that he can sell the toothpaste only if you buy a toothbrush. If you are not interested in buying the brush your right to choice is denied.
- So many times you are forced to buy things that you may not wish to as you left with no choice.
- But every consumer in a capitalist company has the right to choice.
- In the direction of consumer protection, the Indian government has taken a major step in 1986 and enacted the Consumer Protection Act 1986, which is popularly known as COPRA.
- Under COPRA, a three tier quasi-judicial machinery at the district, state and national levels was set up for redressal of consumer disputes.
- The Jurisdiction of district level court of the quasi-judicial machinery for redressal of consumer disputes in India is to deal with the cases involving claims upto 20 lakhs.
- The state level court deals with the cases involving claims between ? 20 Lakh and 1 crore.
- The national level court deals with cases involving claims exceeding 1 crore.
- If a case is dismissed in the district level court, the consumer can also appeal in state and then at national level court.
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