NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Civics Chapter 6 Political Parties are part of NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science. Here we have given NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Civics Chapter 6 Political Parties.
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NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Civics Chapter 6 Political Parties
From the exam point of view, the students should be able to :
- Interpret the nature and working of political parties especially in the context of India
- Identify the need for political parties
- Understand the merits and demerits of one party system, two-party system and multi party system
- Comprehend the various types of party systems
State the various functions political parties perform in a democracy.
(a) Contest elections: In most democracies, elections are fought mainly among the candidates put up by political parties. In India, top party leaders choose candidates for contesting elections.
(b) Put forward different policies and programmes: A party reduces a vast multitude of opinions into a few basic positions which it supports. A government is expected to base its policies on the line taken by the ruling party.
(c) Make laws: Parties play a decisive role in framing laws for the country. Formally, laws are debated and passed in the legislature. But since most of the members belong to a party, they go by the direction of the party leadership, irrespective of their personal opinions.
(d) Form and run governments: Parties recruit leaders, train them and then make them ministers to run the government in the way they want.
(e) Role of opposition: Parties that lose in the elections play the role of opposition to the parties in power by voicing different views and criticising government for its failures or wrong policies. The role of opposition is not to oppose the government always. It lends support to wise legislation and good measures of the government.
(f) Shape public opinion: Parties shape public opinion. They raise and highlight issues. They also launch movements for the resolution of problems faced by people.
(g) Parties provide people access to government machinery and welfare schemes implemented by governments They have to be responsive to people’s needs and demands.
What are the various challenges faced by political parties?
(a) Lack of internal democracy : There is a tendency in political parties towards the concentration of power in one or few leaders at the top. Parties do not keep membership registers, do not hold organisational meetings and do not conduct internal elections regularly. They do not have the means or connections needed to influence the decisions. As a result, the leaders assume greater power to make decisions in the name of the party. Those who disagree with the leadership find it difficult to continue in the party.
(b) Unfair advantage and dynastic succession: Leaders holding top positions in the parties are in a position of unfair advantage to favour people close to them or even their family members. Due to this the people having inadequate experience and no popular support come to occupy positions of power. In many parties, the top positions always remain under the control of the members of one family. This is unfair to other members of those parties.
(c) Money and muscle power: Parties which mainly focus on winning elections, use shortcuts to achieve their goal. They tend to nominate those candidates who have or can raise lots of money. Rich people and companies who give funds to the parties tend to have influence on the policies and decisions of the party. In some cases, parties support criminals who can win elections.
(d) Absence of meaningful choice: Very often parties do not seem to offer a meaningful choice to the voters. In order to offer meaningful choice, parties must be significantly different. But in recent years there has been a dec! ine in the ideological differences among parties in most parts of the world. Those who want really different policies have no option available to them. Sometimes people cannot even elect very different leaders either, because the same set of leaders keep shifting from one party to another.
Suggest some reforms to strengthen parties so that they perform their functions well.
Suggest and explain any five measures to reform political parties. 
Suggest any five effective measures to reform political parties.
(a) A law should be made to regulate internal affairs of political parties. It should be made compulsory for parties to maintain a register of its members, to act as a judge in case of party disputes, to have an independent authority, etc.
(b) It should be made mandatory for parties to give about one-third of the total number of tickets to women candidates. Similarly, there should be quota for women in the decisionmaking bodies of the party.
(c) The government should provide parties money to support their elections expenses State funding of elections will also ensure that corruption is avoided.
(d) Political parties can be reformed if people put pressure on them. This can be done through petitions, propaganda and agitations.
(e) Ban on political parties based on religion and caste.
What is a political party?
A political party is a group of people who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government.
What are the characteristics of a political party?
(a) A political party is an organised group of people who control, or seek to control, a government.
(b) It competes against the other parties in elections to hold power in the government.
(c) It may be active at the national, state or local levels.
(d) It agrees on some policies and programmes to promote national interest.
(e) It seeks to implement its policies by winning support through elections.
(f) It is a part of society and involve partisanship.
(g) It has three components: leaders, active members and followers.
A group of people who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government is called a .
Who among the following is the founder of the Bahujan Samaj Party?
(a) Kanshi Ram
(b) Sahu Maharaj
(c) B. R. Ambedkar
(d) Jotiba Phule
What is the guiding philosophy of the Bharatiya Janata Party?
(a) Bahujan Samaj
(b) Revolutionary democracy
(c) Integral humanism
Consider the following statements on parties.
A. Political parties do not enjoy much trust among the people
B. Parties are often rocked by scandals involving top party leaders.
C. Parties are not necessary to run governments.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) A, Band C
(b) A and B
(c) Band C
(d) A and C
Match List I (organisations and struggles] with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:
- Congress Party
- Bharatiya Janata Party
- Communist Party of India (Marxist)
- Telugu Desum party
A. National Democratic Alliance
B. State Party
C. United Progressive Alliance
D. Left Front
Read the following passage and answer the questions given below :
Muhammad Yunus is a famous economist of Bangladesh. He received several international honours for his efforts to promote economic and social development for the benefit of the poor. He and the Grameen Bank he started lointly. received the Nobel Peace Prize for the 2006. In February 2007, he decided to launch a political party and contest in the parliamentary elections. His objective was to foster proper leadership, good governance and build a new Bangladesh. He felt that only a political party difterent from the traditional ones would bring about new political culture. His party would he democratic from the grassroots level.
The launching of the new party. called Nagarik Shakti (Citizens’ Power), has caused a stir among the Bangladeshis. While many welcomed his decision, sonic did not like it. “Now i think Bangladesh will have a chance to choose between good and bad and eventually have a good government,” said Shahedul Islam, a government official. “That government, we hope, would not only keep itself away hmm corruption but also make fighting corruption and black money a top priority.” But leaders of traditional political parties who dominated the country’s politics for decades were apprehensive. “There was no debate (over him) winning the Nobel, but politics is different – very challenging and often controversial, “said a senior leader of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party. Some others were highly critical. They asked why he was rushing into politics. “Is he being planted in politics by mentors from outside the country,” asked one political observer.
Do you think Yunus made a right decision to float a new political party?
Do you agree with the statements and fears expressed by various people? How do you want this new party organised to make it different from other parties? If you were the one to begin this political party how would you defend it?
Yes, in my view Yunus made a right decision to float a new political party. Every citizen can form or join a political party of his own choice.
The statements and fears expressed by various people are baseless. Of course politics is very challenging but Yunus is known by all over the world by setting up the Grameen Bank. He was able to form a good government.
The new party should be organised and organisational election should be held regularly.
In a democracy, Every citizen can form a political party of his own choice, in this ground I would defend the formation of the party.
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