Our team of subject expert teachers has prepared and reviewed the NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Civics Chapter 1 Understanding Diversity are given here will help you to prepare well and score good numbers in exams.
Understanding Diversity NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Civics Chapter 1
Class 6 Civics Chapter 1 Understanding Diversity InText Questions and Answers
Fill out the following information about yourself.
- When I go out I like wearing Indian dresses
- At home, I speak in the Hindi language
- My favorite sport is Basketball
- I like reading books about the lives of great men
Name three ways in which Samir Ek and Samir Do were different.
|Samir Ek||Samir Do|
|He goes to school every day.||He doesn’t know about the school. He is a newspaper seller on the roadside.
|He is a Hindu.||He is a Muslim.|
|He comes from a different background. He comes from a well–to–do – Family.||He has to earn his living since childhood. His parents could not afford to send him to school.|
Did these differences prevent them from becoming friends?
Samir Ek and Samir Do became friends and shook hands warmly.
Make a list of festivals that might have been celebrated by the two boys: Samir Ek’, Samir Do.
The two boys may have celebrated the following festivals. Samir Ek :
- Raksha Bandhan.
Samir Do :
- Bakr Ed
- Birthday of Prophet Mohammad
Can you think of a situation in which you made friends with someone who was very different from you? Write a story that describes this.
Every day I go to the park to play in the evening. I saw a boy, about my age, sitting under a lamppost, and studying. I was returning home, and we passed a smile. The next day, I asked his name and exchanged greetings, in which school does he study and in which class. He was studying in a nearby school and he was fond of reading storybooks. I lent my storybooks and I saw that he read a story every day.
Make a list of food that you have eaten from different parts of India.
The food eaten from different parts of India are:
- Sarson ka sag and Makai ki roti
- Bajra ki roti and jaggery
- Dhokla and Khandvi
- Idli and Dosa
Make a list of the languages besides your mother tongue that you can speak at least one or two words of.
Dogri – Kashmir
Punjabi – Punjab Gujarati – Gujarat Bengali – West Bengal
- The clothes of different colors – blue, green, yellow, etc.
- I would not like to eat potatoes every day. I like variety in my food, eating different vegetables, fruits, milk, curd, and cheese.
- I do not like deer and crows. I like to keep the dog as a pet.
- I like to play basketball and miss it if I lived there.
List at least three different ways in which people in India do the following. One of the possible answers has been provided for you already.
Look at the map of India in an Atlas and locate Kerala and Ladakh. Can you list three ways in which the different geographical locations of these two regions would influence the following?
(1) The food people eat: Kerala is situated near the sea and people may be eating rice and fish. Ladakh is a mountainous country where little agriculture is available. People eat meat and milk products like cheese and butter.
(2) The clothes they wear: Kerala is near the sea where the climate is neither hot nor cold throughout the year. People wear light cotton clothes.
(3) Ladakh: It is a mountainous country, where it is very cold and is covered with snow for a large part of the year. They wear thick woolen clothes made of wool or animal skin.
(4) Work they do: In Kerala people are engaged in agriculture and fishing. In Ladakh people look after the animals, collect wool from the sheep and sell them to the traders.
India’s national anthem, composed by Rabindranath Tagore, is another expression of the unity of India. In what way does the national anthem describe this unity?
The national anthem is the expression of India’s unity and sovereignty. It is sung in all parts of India. Whenever it is sung, in any part of the country, people stand in attention position, with their heads held high. It is sung on the occasion of the celebration of national festivals in any part of the country.
Whenever international games and sports are held, and India wins the first position, the national anthem is sung. The athlete may belong to any part of India. People in all parts of the country follow the national anthem and do not do anything to dishonor it.
Class 6 Civics Chapter 1 Understanding Diversity Exercise Questions and Answers
Draw up a list of different festivals celebrated in your locality. Which of these celebrations are shared by members of different regional and religious communities?
What do you think living in India with its rich heritage of diversity adds to your life?
India is a country with a rich heritage of diversity. People here belong to various religions, speak different languages, wear different clothes, eat different things, among other diversities. However, despite all this, we unite together as Indians. We share the same national symbols, national virtues, and feelings. Being an Indian gives us the divine ideal of ‘Sarva dharma sambhava’, which means that we have the virtue of respecting all religions since all religions are one.
Do you think the term “unity in diversity” is an appropriate term to describe India? What do you think Nehru is trying to say about Indian unity in the sentence quoted above from his book The Discovery of India?
‘Unity in Diversity’ is an appropriate term to describe India because India is a vast country with lofty mountains on the north and seas and oceans on three sides. These geographical conditions have helped to shape the lifestyle of the people. This diversity can be seen in
- The language they speak
- The food that they eat
- The clothes that they wear
- Id the type of houses that they live in
- The types of occupation that they follow.
In spite of these geographical differences, they are influenced by similar historical developments. The people from different parts of India rose up and protested against British rule. Both Hindus and Muslims lay down their lives at the Jallianwallah Bagh, in Amritsar. When India got independence our Constitution was framed by the Constituent Assembly whose membership consisted of people from different sections of the society.
Nehru in his hook ‘Discovery of India’ wrote India was always united in spite of geographical, religious, and cultural differences. Indian unity is not something imposed from outside but it is something deeper and within its fold, the widest tolerance of beliefs and customs was practiced and variety acknowledged and even encouraged.
Underline the line in the poem sung after the Jallianwallah massacre, which according to you, reflects India’s essential unity.
According to me, the following line reflects India’s essential unity:
The blood of Hindus and Muslims flows together today.”
Choose another region in India and do a similar study of the historical and geographical factors that influence the diversity found there. Are these historical and geographical factors connected to each other? How?
The two regions are
(1) Rajasthan: It is a desert country, it is one of the border states of India. Rajputs are a martial race. Agriculture is very difficult and coarse grains like Jowar and Bajra are grown. The main means of transport are camels. People build houses with flat roofs and verandahs to keep the dusty winds away.
(2) Tamilnadu: It is a state on the seacoast of India. It has a moderate climate throughout the year, with rainfall during the winter season. It is fertile land and people grow rice and vegetables. Fishing is the main occupation of the people. Rice and fish are the staple diet of the people. They build houses on higher ground with slanting roofs, so that the rainwater can easily drain.
Yes, the historical and geographical factors are closely connected. Rajasthan is a border state and Rajputs are a martial race. Tamilnadu is located on the Bay of Bengal, far away from the influence of the invaders. People are peace-loving and gentle.