**Important Questions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 9 Some Applications of Trigonometry with solutions ** includes all the important topics with detailed explanation that aims to help students to score more marks in Board Exams 2020. Students who are preparing for their Class 10 exams must go through Important Questions for **Class 10 Math Chapter 9 Some Applications of Trigonometry**.

## Important Questions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 9 Some Applications of Trigonometry

Expert teachers at CBSETuts.com collected and solved 2 Marks and 4 mark important questions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 9 Some Applications of Trigonometry.

MathsScienceEnglishSocialHindi AHindi B

**2016**

**Very Short Answer Type Questions [1 Mark]**

**Question 1.**

If Figure, AB is a 6 m high pole and CD is a ladder inclined at an angle of 60° to the horizontal and reaches up to a point D of pole. If AD = 2.54 m, find the length of the ladder.(use √3=1.73)

**Solution:**

**Question 2.**

A ladder, leaning against a wall, makes an angle of 60° with the horizontal. If the foot of the ladder is 2.5 m away from the wall, find the length of the ladder.

**Solution:**

**Question 3.**

An observer, 1.7 m tall, is 20√3 m away from a tower. The angle of elevation from the eye of observer to the top of tower is 30°. Find the height of tower.

**Solution:**

**Short Answer Type Questions II [3 Marks]**

**Question 4.**

The angles of depression of the top and bottom of a 50 m high building from the top of a tower are 45° and 60° respectively. Find the height of the tower and the horizontal distance between the tower and the building,

**Solution:**

**Question 5.**

A man standing on the deck of a ship, which is 10 m above water level, observes the angle of elevation of the top of a hill as 60° and the angle of depression of the base of hill as 30°. Find the distance of the hill from the ship and the height of the hill.

**Solution:**

**Question 6.**

Two men on either side of a 75 m high building and in line with base of building observe the angles of elevation of the top of the building as 30° and 60°. Find the distance between the two men

**Solution:**

**Question 7.**

A 7 m long flagstaff is fixed on the top of a tower standing on the horizontal plane. From a point on the ground, the angles of elevation of the top and bottom of the flagstaff are 60° and 45° respectively. Find the height of the tower correct to one place of decimal

**Solution:**

**Question 8.**

An aeroplane, when flying at a height of 4000 m from the ground passes vertically above another aeroplane at an instant when the angles of elevation of the two planes from the same point on the ground are 60° and 45° respectively. Find the vertical distance between the aeroplanes at that instant

**Solution:**

**Long Answer Type Questions [4 Marks]**

**Question 9.**

A bird is sitting on the top of a 80 m high tree. From a point on the ground, the angle of elevation of the bird is 45°. The bird flies away horizontally in such a way that it remained at a constant height from the ground. After 2 seconds, the angle of elevation of the bird from the same point is 30°. Find the speed of flying of the bird.

**Solution:**

**Question 10.**

The angles of elevation of the top of a tower from two points at a distance of 4 m and 9 m from the base of the tower and in the same straight line with it are 60° and 30° respectively. Find the height of the tower.

**Solution:**

**Question 11.**

The angle of elevation of the top Q of a vertical tower PQ from a point X on the ground is 60°. From a point Y, 40 m vertically above X, the angle of elevation of the top Q of tower is 45°. Find the height of the tower PQ and the distance PX.

**Solution:**

**Question 12.**

As observed from the top of a light house, 100 m high above sea level, the angles of depression of a ship, sailing directly towards it, changes from 30° to 60°. Find the distance travelled by the ship during the period of observation.

**Solution:**

**Question 13.**

From a point on the ground, the angle of elevation of the top of a tower is observed to be 60°. From a point 40 m vertically above the first point of observation, the angle of elevation of the top of the tower is 30°. Find the height of the tower and its horizontal distance from the point of observation.

**Solution:**

**Question 14.**

**Solution:**

**2015**

**Very Short Answer Type Questions [1 Mark]**

**Question 15.**

The tops of two towers of height x and y, standing on level ground, subtend angles of 30° and 60° respectively at the centre of the line joining their feet, then find x:y

**Solution:**

**Question 16.**

**Solution:**

**Question 17.**

**Solution:**

**Short Answer Type Questions II [3 Marks]**

**Question 18.**

The angle of elevation of the top of a building from the foot of the tower is 30° and the angle of deviation of the top of the tower from the foot of the building is 45°. If the tower is 30 m high, find the height of the building.

**Solution:**

**Question 19.**

The angle of elevation of an aeroplane from a point A on the ground is 60°. After a flight of 15 seconds, the angle of elevation changes to 30°. If the aeroplane is flying at a constant height of 1500/3 m, find the speed of the plane in km/hr.

**Solution:**

**Question 20.**

From the top of a tower of height 50 m, the angles of depression of the top and bottom of a pole are 30° and 45° respectively. Find:

- how far the pole is from the bottom of a tower,
- the height of the pole. (Use √3 = 1.732)

**Solution:**

**Long Answer Type Questions [4 Marks]**

**Question 21.**

From a point P on the ground the angle of elevation of the top of a tower is 30° and that of the top of a flagstaff fixed on the top of the tower, is 60°. If the length of the flagstaff is 5 m, find the height of the tower.

**Solution:**

**Question 22.**

At a point A, 20 metres above the level of water in a lake, the angle of elevation of a cloud is 30°. The angle of depression of the reflection of the cloud in the lake, at A is 60°. Find the distance of the cloud from A,

**Solution:**

**Question 23.**

Two poles of equal heights are standing opposite to each other on either side of the road which is 80 m wide. From a point P between them on the road, the angle of elevation of the top of a pole is 60° and the angle of depression from the top of another pole at point P is 30°. Find the heights of the poles and the distance of the point P from the poles.

**Solution:**

**2014**

**Short Answer Type Questions II [3 Marks]**

**Question 24.**

Two ships are there in the sea on either side of a light house in such a way that the ships and the light house are in the same straight line. The angles of depression of two ships as observed from the top of the light house are 60° and 45°. If the height of the light house is 200 m, find the distance between the two ships.

**Solution:**

**Question 25.**

The angle of elevation of an aeroplane from a point on the ground is 60°. After a flight of 30 seconds the angle of elevation becomes 30°. If the aeroplane is flying at a constant height of 3000√3 m, find the speed of the aeroplane.

**Solution:**

**Question 26.**

Two ships are approaching a lighthouse from opposite directions. The angles of depression of the two ships from the top of the lighthouse are 30° and 45°. If the distance between the two ships is 100 m, find the height of the lighthouse

**Solution:**

**Long Answer Type Questions [4 Marks]**

**Question 27.**

The angles of elevation and depression of the top and the bottom of a tower from the top of a building, 60 m high, are 30° and 60° respectively. Find the difference between the heights of the building and the tower and the distance between them

**Solution:**

**Question 28.**

From the top of a 60 m high building, the angles of depression of the top and the bottom of a tower are 45° and 60° respectively. Find the height of the tower.

**Solution:**

**Question 29.**

The angle of elevation of the top of a tower at a distance of 120 m from a point A on the ground is 45°. If the angle of elevation of the top of a flagstaff fixed at the top of the tower, at A is 60°, then find the height of the flagstaff.

**Solution:**

**Question 30.**

The angle of elevation of the top of a chimney from the foot of a tower is 60° and the angle of depression of the foot of the chimney from the top of the tower is 30°. If the height of the tower is 40 m, find the height of the chimney. According to pollution control norms, the minimum height of a smoke emitting chimney should be 100 m. State if the height of the above mentioned chimney meets the pollution norms. What value is discussed in this question?

**Solution:**

**2013**

**Short Answer Type Questions II [3 Marks]**

**Question 31.**

The horizontal distance between two poles is 15 m. The angle of depression of the top of first pole as seen from the top of second pole is 30°. If the height of the second pole is 24 m, find the height of the first pole

**Solution:**

**Question 32.**

As observed from the top of a 60 m high lighthouse from the sea-level, the angles of depression of two ships are 30° and 45°. If one ship is exactly behind the other on the same side of the lighthouse, find the distance between the two ships.

**Solution:**

**Question 33.**

The angles of elevation of the top of a tower from two points at a distance of 6 m and 13.5 m from the base of the tower and in the same straight line with it are complementary. Find the height of the tower.

**Solution:**

**Short Answer Type Questions II [3 Marks]**

**Question 34.**

The angle of elevation of the top of a building from the foot of the tower is 30° and the angle of elevation of the top of the tower from the foot of the building is 60°. If the tower is 60 m high, find the height of the building.

**Solution:**

**Question 35.**

From a point P on the ground, the angle of elevation of the top of a 10 m tall building is 30°. A flagstaff is fixed at the top of the building and the angle of elevation of the top of the flagstaff from point P is 45°. Find the length of the flagstaff and the distance of the building from the point P.

**Solution:**

**Question 36.**

Two poles of equal heights are standing opposite each other on either side of the road, which is 80 m wide. From a point between them on the road, the angles of elevation of the top of the poles are 60° and 30° respectively. Find the height of the poles and the distances of the point from the poles.

**Solution:**

**Question 37.**

From the top of a 7 m high building, the angle of elevation of the top of a cable tower is 60° and the angle of depression of its foot is 30°. Determine the height of the tower

**Solution:**

**2012**

**Short Answer Type Questions II [3 Marks]**

**Question 38.**

The shadow of a tower standing on a level ground is found to be 20 m longer when the sun’s altitude is 45° than when it is 60°. Find the height of the tower.

**Solution:**

**Question 39.**

The angles of depression of two ships from the top of a lighthouse and on the same side of it are found to be 45° and 30°. If the ships are 200 m apart, find the height of the lighthouse

**Solution:**

**Question 40.**

A kite is flying at a height of 45 m above the ground. The string attached to the kite is temporarily tied to a point on the ground. The inclination of the string with the ground is 60°. Find the length of the string assuming that there is no slack in the string.

**Solution:**

**Question 41.**

The angles of depression of the top and bottom of a tower as seen from the top of a 60√3 m high cliff are 45° and 60° respectively. Find the height of the tower.

**Solution:**

**Question 42.**

From the top of a tower 50 m high, the angle of depression of the top of a pole is 45° and from the foot of the pole, the angle of elevation of the top of the tower is 60°. Find the height of the pole if the pole and tower stand on the same plane

**Solution:**

**Question 43.**

The angle of depression from the top of a tower of a point A on the ground is 30°. On moving a distance of 20 m from the point A towards the foot of the tower to a point B, the angle of elevation of the top of the tower from the point B is 60°. Find the height of the tower and its distance from the point A.

**Solution:**

**Long Answer Type Questions [4 Marks]**

**Question 44.**

The angle of elevation of the top of a hill at the foot of a tower is 60° and the angle of depression from the top of the tower of the foot of the hill is 30°. If the tower is 50 m high, find the height of the hill.

**Solution:**

**Question 45.**

The angles of elevation and depression of the top and bottom of a lighthouse from the top of a 60 m high building are 30° and 60° respectively. Find

- the difference between the heights of the lighthouse and the building.
- the distance between the lighthouse and the building

**Solution:**

**2011**

**Short Answer Type Questions II [3 Marks]**

**Question 46.**

From the top of a tower 100 m high, a man observes two cars on the opposite sides of the tower with angles of depression 30° and 45° respectively. Find the distance between the cars

**Solution:**

**Question 47.**

From the top of a vertical tower, the angles of depression of two cars in the same straight line with the base of the tower, at an instant are found to be 45° and 60°. If the cars are 100 m apart and are on the same side of the tower, find the height of the tower.

**Solution:**

**Question 48.**

A ladder of length 6 m makes an angle of 45° with the floor while leaning against one wall of a room. If the foot of the ladder is kept fixed on the floor and it is made to lean against the opposite wall of the room, it makes an angle of 60° with the floor.Find the distance between these two walls of the room.

**Solution:**

**Long Answer Type Questions [4 Marks]**

**Question 49.**

Two poles of equal heights are standing opposite to each other on either side of the road, which is 100 m wide. From a point between them on the road, the angles of elevation of the top of the poles are 60° and 30°, respectively. Find the height of the poles

**Solution:**

**Question 50.**

From a point on the ground, the angles of elevation of the bottom and top of a transmission tower fixed at the top of a 10 m high building are 30° and 60° respectively. Find the height of the tower.

**Solution:**

**Question 51.**

From the top of a 15 m high building, the angle of elevation of the top of a cable tower is 60° and the angle of depression of its foot is 30°. Determine the height of the tower.

**Solution:**

**Question 52.**

The angle of elevation of the top of a vertical tower from a point on the ground is 60°.From another point 10 m vertically above the first, its angle of elevation is 30.Find the height of the tower.

**Solution:**

**Question 53.**

The angles of depression of the top and bottom of a 12 m tall building, from the top of a multi-storeyed building.multi-storeyed building are 30° and 60° respectively. Find the height of the multi-storeyed building.

**Solution:**

**Question 54.**

The angle of elevation of the top of a building from the foot of a tower is 30° and the angle of elevation of the top of the tower from the foot of the building is 60°. If the 50 m high, find the height of the building

**Solution:**

**Question 55.**

**Solution:**

**Question 56.**

**Solution:**

**Question 57.**

A man standing on the bank of a river observes that the angle of elevation of the top of a tree standing on the opposite bank is 60°. When he moves 40 metres away from the bank, he finds the angle of elevation to be 30°. Find the height of the tree.

**Solution:**

**2010**

**Long Answer Type Questions [4 Marks]**

**Question 58.**

From the top of a 7 m high building, the angle of elevation of the top of a tower is 60° and the angle of depression of the foot of the tower is 30°. Find the height of the tower

**Solution:**

**Question 59.**

The angle of elevation of a cloud from a point 60 m above a lake is 30° and the angle of depression of the reflection of the cloud in the lake is 60°. Find the height of the cloud from the surface of the lake.

**Solution:**

**Question 60.**

A man on the deck of a ship, 12 m above water level, observes that the angle of elevation of the top of a cliff is 60° and the angle of depression of the base of the cliff is 30°. Find the distance of the cliff from the ship and the height of the cliff.

**Solution:**

**Question 61.**

A vertical pedestal stands on the ground and is surmounted by a vertical flagstaff of height 5 m. At a point on the ground, the angles of elevation of the bottom and the top of the flagstaff are 30° and 60° respectively. Find the height of the pedestal.

**Solution:**

**Question 62.**

From a window (9 m above the ground) of a house in a street, the angles of elevation and depression of the top and foot of another house on the opposite side of the street are 30° and 60° respectively. Find the height of the opposite house and the width of the street

**Solution:**