Our team of subject expert teachers has prepared and reviewed the NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Civics Chapter 2 Role of the Government in Health are given here will help you to prepare well and score good numbers in exams.
Role of the Government in Health NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Civics Chapter 2
Class 7 Civics Chapter 2 Role of the Government in Health InText Questions and Answers
Text book page No. 19
Would you associate all or some of these pictures (shown on the textbook pages 19) with ‘health’ ? In what ways ? Discuss in groups.
Some of the pictures given on textbook page 19 associated with the health are :
(a) On the top, van with cross sign is in a rural area (i.e. village). Government sends mobile health centre in the form of a van with emergency health service facilities. The doctors and nurses go along with this van in villages, and check the ill people and also treat them by giving medicines.
(b) Some doctors are shown in operation theater operating a patient. These doctors are taking care of the health problems of the patient.
Pick two situations from the collage (shown on page 19) that are not related to illness and write two sentences on how they are related to health.
(1) A woman, having two earthen pots on her head is going to fetch water. The women like her, collect water from other open tanks or wells. The water so collected is not clean and creates health problems.
(2) Two garbage containers are shown kept in front of the houses in a slum. The containers are used to put in all types of wastes even rotten food particles. The house flies sitting on these wastes carry pathogenic germs to our eatables, as a result we become ill.
Text Book Page No. 20
Can you provide a title to these columns (given on the Textbook Page 20) ?
- Left-hand column: Progress of Health Care System in India
- Right-hand column: Paradox of Health Care Progress
In India, it is often said that we are unable to provide health services for all because the government does not have enough money and facilities. After reading the above left-hand column (see Textbook Page 20), do you think this is true? Discuss.
Yes. It is true that India has progressed a lot in the healthcare system since independence.
- The healthcare facilities we had in 1950, were insufficient for the population.
- Even today when the infrastructure of health-care has developed and increased tremendously, it does not saturate the needs of our growing population.
- Our healthcare system in rural areas is not in a state of meeting the needs of the people.
- There is a shortage of government hospitals and healthcare centers in rural areas. Even in the cities, we can observe the queue of patients.
- These poor people can not bear the cost of treatment in private hospitals.
- India is investing in healthcare even less than the average of south Asian countries.
Text Book Page No. 21
Read the story given (on textbook page 21). Then imagine that you are a Judge in the court. What would you say to Hakim Sheik?
- This is the fault of our government hospital healthcare services.
- The head of the said hospitals would be called upon and asked why Hakim Sheik was refused admission and treatment.
- This is a fault on the part of the government and for that, it will have to compensate HaJjim Sheik for the amount that he spent in a private hospital on his treatment.
Text Book Page No. 24
Why did Ranjan have to spend so much money? Give reasons.
- Ranjan had to spend so much money to make use of the facilities available in private hospitals.
- By spending so much money, he saved his time and went through the easy process of treatment.
(1) What problems did Aman face in the public hospital?
- Aman had to wait in a long queue at the OPD counter and blood testing room.
- He got the blood test results after three days and then went back to the hospital to consult the doctor. Thus, he faced a lot of hardship in the hospital.
(2) How do you think the hospital can work in a better manner? Discuss.
If the number of counters and doctors will be raised and the management of some of its services like cleanliness (safari), and diagnostic tests such as blood tests, stool and urine tests, x-ray, ultrasound, etc. are handed over to the private bodies, the hospital can work in a better manner.
Where do you go when you are ill? Are there any problems that you face? Write a paragraph based on your experience.
- We go to the doctor when we are ill.
- The first problem we face is to wait for long hours in the queue for registration. Thereafter, we have to stand in a queue to see the doctor.
- After checking, doctors advise a number of tests like ECG, blood, urine, x-ray, etc. which cost a lot not only in terms of money but also in terms of time because there is another queue for these tests and their reports.
What problems do we face in private hospitals? Discuss.
- We have to pay a lot of money for every/service that we use in private hospitals.
- Sometimes doctors advise costly tests which are not required for the diagnosis.
Text Book Page No. 25
In what ways is the public health system meant for everyone?
- According to our Constitution, it is the primary duty of the government to provide health care facilities to all. The government has to safeguard the Right to Life of every person as ensured in the constitution under Fundamental Rights.
- So, the public health system has to provide medical facilities to all, from poors to rich, domestic workers to the Prime Minister of the country without any discrimination.
List some public health centres (PHCs) or hospitals near your place. From your experience (or by visiting any one of them), find out the facilities provided and people who run the centre.
[Hints: Students do this themselves, but for their guidance, a description is given below.]
List of Public health Centres/hospitals
- Central Government Health Services/ (CGHS), near Kendriya School, Gole Market.
- CGHS, near Mother Dairy, Gole Market.
- NDMC Health Centre, near Jain Happy School.
- Kalibari Mahila Sangathan Ijealth Centre, Mandir Marg, Gole Market.
- Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital. Gole Market.
Facilities: I visited Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital. It is run by the Central government. At present, it is the cleanest government hospital in Delhi with a lot of facilities such as computerized counters for registration for different types of treatment, seating arrangement for the visitors, doctor’s restroom, etc. Most of the tests are conducted in hospitals.
Text Book Page No. 26
Private health services can mean many things. Explain with the help of some examples from your area.
- Private health services are run for profit, so the cost of these services is high.
- To earn more money, these services give preferences to incorrect practices, and cheaper methods though available, are not used.
- The doctors practicing in these services prescribe unnecessary costly medicine, injections, saline bottles, tests, etc.
[Hint: The students can mention some particular examples from their areas.]
Text Book Page No. 28
The inside back cover (cover three) of this book has a map of India. Using your pencil outline the state of Kerala on this map.
[Hints: Here is a guideline for students to do this question. Take a butter paper. Put it on the map of India given on the back cover of this book. With the help of a pencil outline the state of Kerala along with the outer boundary of India on the butter paper and attach it with your answer sheet.]
Class 7 Civics Chapter 2 Role of the Government in Health Exercise Questions and Answers
In this chapter, you have read that health is a wider concept than illness. Look at this quote from the Constitution and explain the terms ‘living standard’ and ‘public health’ in your own words.
Living standard means the level of living of people at which they live. If they live in hygienic conditions enjoying all the comforts of life, it means their living standard is high. On the contrary, if they are bound to live in filthy surroundings and drink polluted water and eat unhygienic foods, it means they lead to a low standard of living.
Public health. It refers to the health of the general public.
What are the different ways through which the government can take steps to provide healthcare for all? Discuss.
Different ways through which the government can take steps to provide health care for all.
- Opening and maintenance of:
- Healthcare Centres.
- Primary Health Centres.
- Family Welfare Centres.
- Free camps of checkups.
- Free Diagnosis centers.
- Special campaigns like Pulse Polio.
- Health Awareness Programmes.
- Workshops and Seminars.
- Training camps.
What differences do you find between private and public health services in your area? Use the following table to compare and contrast these.
Facility Cost of services Availability of service Private Public
|Facility||Cost of services||Availability of service|
Students do themselves.
[Hints : For their convenience, the description is given below. This may vary from area to area.]
|Facility||Cost of services||
Availability of service
|Private||High||1. available in town and cities, e.g., health clinics, hospitals, diagnostic centres
2. not available in villages except for Registered Medical Practioner’s (RMPs)
|Public||cost less or very low||1. health centres are available in villages but not diagnostic centres e.g. test blood, urine/stool, x-ray, etc.
2. In cities health centres, hospitals, diagnostic centres/services are available.
‘Improvement in water and sanitation can control many diseases’. Explain with the help of examples.
Lack of clean water and sanitation is the second most important risk factor for the occurrence of diseases, after malnutrition.
- Consumption of contaminated water causes many water-borne diseases such as typhoid, cholera, dysentery, diarrhea.
- Many vector-borne diseases like malaria, Japanese encephalitis are caused due to dirty and stagnant water. So, improvement in water and sanitation can control many diseases.
- So, improvement in water and sanitation can control many diseases.