Our team of subject expert teachers has prepared and reviewed the NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Civics Chapter 5 Women Change the World are given here will help you to prepare well and score good numbers in exams.
Women Change the World NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Civics Chapter 5
Class 7 Civics Chapter 5 Women Change the World InText Questions and Answers
Text Book Page No. 55
Draw images of the following :
A farmer, factory worker, a nurse, a scientist, a pilot, a teacher.
Students do these themselves.
See what images your class drew by filling in the table below. Add up the number of male and female images separately for each occupation.
[Hints: Answer of each student may vary as per variation in the number of students in the class and the images made by them. A sample of number and category of images drawn by a class consisting of 40 students is given below ]
|Category||Male image||Female image|
Are there more images of men than women?
Yes. There are 158 images of men and 82 images of women.
In what kinds of jobs were there more images of men than women?
There are more images of men in farming, factory work, scientist, and pilot than women.
Have all the nurses been drawn as females? Why?
Yes, all the nurses have been drawn as females. Because we always see the nurses are women in a particular white uniform. This is also because women have caring nature great.
Are there fewer images of female farmers? If so, why?
Yes, there is only one image of the female farmer. The reason is that whenever the word farmer comes either in book, news, T.V. the image shown is of a male.
Text Book Page No. 56
How does your class exercise compare with Rosie Ma’am’s class exercise?
In my class exercise and Rosie Ma’am’s class exercise the ratio of male and female images are more or less the same with a very small number of variations.
Text Book Page No. 58
Read the story given on textbook page 58 and answer the questions.
If you were Xavier, what subject would you choose and why?
If I were Xavier, I would choose science. Because I want to be a scientist and to discover how the water can be used as fuel to drive any engine.
In your experience, what are some of the other pressures that boys experience?
- The boys experience some other pressures from the parent that they are boys so they have to choose those subjects which can be more job-oriented.
- They have to carry the responsibility of the family. They are also reminded that their neighbor boys are doing very well in a particular subject.
Text Book Page No. 62
What percentage of children leave school at the elementary level?
52 percent of children leave school at the elementary level.
At which level of education do you see the highest percentage of children leaving?
At secondary (classes 9-10) level of education, the highest percentage (63 percent) of children are leaving schools.
Why do you think that the percentage of Adivasi girls and boys leaving school is higher than that of any other group?
The reason for a higher percentage of Adivasi girls and boys leaving school than that of any other group is as under:
(1) In the Adivasis social system, every one of the family rights from children who can move freely to women has to do some activity of his/ her share to survive. So, children look after the goats, sheep, etc. in the grazing field. For this purpose, they leave school in a higher percentage.
(2) The Adivasis have a very rigid culture of their economic activity. They can’t come out of this long chain of livelihood very easily. This is the other reason for their leaving school in a higher percentage than any other group.
Text Book Page. No. 63
From the table given on page 62 of the textbook, convert the figures of primary class children who leave school into a bar diagram. The first two percentages have already been converted for you in the bar diagram on page 63.
Class 7 Civics Chapter 5 Women Change the World Exercise Questions and Answers
How do you think stereotypes, about what women can or cannot do, affect women’s right to equality?
Women are considered inferior to men. There is a belief that women do not have a technical mind and therefore they cannot be scientists. It is thought that women are good at only certain jobs such as teaching and nursing. These stereotypes about women’s capability or incapability of doing certain jobs badly affect women’s right to equality. It is due to this reason that women are not paid fewer wages than their male counterparts.
List one reason why learning the alphabet was so important to women like Rashsundari Devi, Ramabai, and Rokeya.
Learning the alphabet was so important to women like Rashsundari Devi, Ramabai, and Rokeya because :
- In communities, in which sons were taught to read and write, daughters were not allowed to learn even the alphabet.
- At that time it was believed that if a woman learned to read and write, she would bring bad luck to her husband and become a widow.
“Poor girls drop out of school because they are not interested in getting an education.” Re-read the last paragraph on page 62 and explain why this statement is not true.
Poor girls do not leave school because they wish to but because they are compelled to do so, due to several reasons. In rural and poor areas of the country, there are no proper schools. There is also a dearth of teachers who can teach on a regular basis. If a school is not close to people’s homes, and there is no transport facility, parents do not show their willingness to send their girls to school.
Can you describe two methods of struggle that the women’s movement used to raise issues? If you had to organize a struggle against stereotypes, about what women can or cannot do, what method would you employ from the ones that you have read about? Why would you choose this particular method?
The women’s movement used several methods of struggle in order to raise issues. Two out of them are:
(a) Campaigning: It is an important part of the women’s movement. It fights discrimination and violence against women. Campaigns have also led to new laws being passed. For example, in 2006, a law was passed to give women, who are prey to domestic violence, some legal protection.
The women’s movement also led the Supreme Court to formulate guidelines in 1997 to protect women against sexual harassment at the workplace. Women’s groups also raised voices against dowry deaths. They demanded immediate justice for cases of young bides being murdered by their in-laws or husbands for more dowry. They did so by coming on to the streets, approaching the courts, and sharing information. As a result of their efforts, the dowry laws were changed to punish families who seek dowry.
(b) Protesting: The women’s movement raises its voice when violations against women take place. Public rallies and demonstrations are a very powerful way of drawing attention to injustices.
If I had to organize a struggle against stereotypes, about what women can or cannot do, I would like to employ the method of raising awareness among the public. What pressure cannot do, awareness can do effectively. If we skilfully convince people for something it works excellently. We can brainwash the common mass through street plays, songs, and public meetings. It is a permanent solution to a problem.