In this article, we are explaining The Making of a Scientist Extra Questions and Answers PDF Class 10 English Footprints Without Feet CBSE, Extra Questions for Class 10 English Footprints Without Feet was designed by subject expert teachers.
The Making of a Scientist Extra Questions and Answers Class 10 English Footprints Without Feet Chapter 6
CBSE Class 10 English Footprints Without Feet Chapter 6 Summary
‘The Making of a Scientist’ is the incredible story of Richard Ebright, a scientist who has done wonders in the field of science. He was the only child of his parents, who had a great fascination for butterflies, right from when he was very young. His mother always encouraged him and he soon had a wonderful collection of fossils, rocks, coins and butterflies. Guided by Dr. Urgu Hart he started tagging Monarch butterflies, but when there was no feedback, he started losing interest. Right from the eighth grade, he started doing real experiments. He soon started winning award after award. He then realised the importance of cells and showed how a cell would divide and develop into normal butterfly wing scales. He won first prize at the International fair. Then he got a new blue print of its DNA. DNA is the blueprint for life. Other than science, Ebright was a good debater, canoeist as well as an expert photographer.
Extract Based Questions (4 marks each)
So he did and did he ever ! Beginning in Kindergarden, Ebright collected butterflies with the same determination that has marked all (P32) his activities. He also collected rocks, fossils, and coins. He became an eager astronomer, too. Sometimes star-gazing all night.
(a) Who is ‘he’ ?
(b) What more did he collect besides butterflies ?
(c) Find a word from the passage that means the same as ‘strong will-power’.
(d) What did he do at some night ? (1×4=4)
(a) He is Richard Ebright, a scientist.
(b) Besides butterflies, he used to collect fossils, rocks and coins.
(d) Sometimes he gazed at the stars all night.
From the first he had a driving curiosity along with a bright mind. He also had a mother who encouraged his interest in learning. She took him on trips, bought him telescope, microscope, cameras, mounting materials, and other equipment and helped him in many other ways.
(a) What was the role of his mother in his life ?
(b) How did she perform her duties ?
(c) What does the word ‘bright’ mean here ?
(d) What did Ebright desire ? (1×4=4)
(a) She observed her child, identified his interests and inclinations and channelized his energies in right direction.
(b) To help him, she bought him books, took him out on trips, also bought him a telescope, a microscope, cameras, mounting materials and other equipments.
(c) ‘curious and intelligent’.
(d) Ebright had a driving curiousity.
He grew cells from a Monarch’s wing in a culture and showed that the cells would divide and develop into normal butterfly wing scales only if they were fed the hormone from the gold spots.
(a) What did Ebright find out after working on hormone ?
(b) What conclusion did he make ?
(c) Write the word that means the same as ‘ordinary’.
(d) Where did he grow cells ? (1×4=4)
(a) The study of insect hormones helped him in giving a new theory on the life of cells.
(b) He concluded that cells grew from monarch wings would divide and develope into normal butterfly wing scale only if they were fed the hormone from the gold spots.
(d) He grew cells from a monarch’s wing in a culture.
Richard Ebright has been interested in Science. Since, he first began collecting butterflies—but not so deeply that he hasn’t time for other interests. Ebright also became a champion debater and public speaker and a good canoeist and all-around outdoors person. He is also an expert photographer, particularly of nature and scientific exhibits.
(a) Did Ebright’s collected butterflies just as a hobby ? What special trait of Ebright shown by it ?
(b) Besides science, what other interests did Richard Ebright pursue ?
(c) What does a ‘canoeist’ mean ?
(d) What other qualities does Ebright possess ? (1×4=4)
(a) Ebright collected butterflies out of curiosity to seek information. It shows his keen observing powers, perseverance, patience and self discipline.
(b) Besides being expert in science, he was also a good debater, canoeist and expert photographer.
(c) A canoeist is a person who paddles a canoe, i.e. a light boat.
(d) Ebright is also an expert photographer.
Short Answer Type Questions (30-40 words & 2 marks each)
How did Ebright’s mother help him ? [Board Term-II, 2012 Set EL (62015)]
Ebright’s mother was a great help to him. She always encouraged his interest in learning and finding more. She took him out on trips. In fact, she also bought him a telescope, a microscope, cameras, mounting materials and other equipments that helped him in many ways.
How did Richard’s mother help him to become a scientist? [Board, Term-II, 2014 Code-2/1/3]
Richard’s mother was a vigilant parent who keenly observed her child, identified his interests and inclinations and channelized his energies in the right direction. She very deftly kept him occupied with learning activities which was a constructive use of the leisure time. She bought him books to kindle his curiosity and thus provided the impetus towards scientific interests. She thereby played a significant role in ‘the Making of a Scientist’.
What experiments and projects did Ebright undertake ? [Board Term-II, 2012 Set EL (2020)][NCERT]
Richard Ebright decided to conduct real experiments after he did not win anything in the science exhibition. He tried to find the cause of a viral disease that kills nearly all Monarch caterpillars every few years. After that he also began his research into the discovery of an unknown insect Monarch.
Why did Richard Ebright raise a flock of butterflies ? [Board, Term-II, 2014 Code-2/1]
Richard Ebright as a child had developed a keen interest for collecting things like rocks, fossils, coins and
butterflies. By the time he reached his second grade, he had collected all the twenty-five species of butterflies found in Pennsylvania. When his mother bought him the book, ‘The Travel of Monarch V’, it rekindled his curiosity in the insects. He also started tagging the Monarch’s at the behest of the author Dr. Tredrick A. Urgu Hart. Later he researched the significance of the hormone in the yellow spots of its pupa which won him great recognition in the world of science.
“But there was one thing I could do-collect things.” What collection did Ebright make ? When did he start making the collection ? [Board Term-II, 2013 Code-2/1/2]
When young, Ebright felt he could neither play football nor baseball but there was one thing which he could do and that was collecting things. And then he started collecting things. He had a wonderful assortment of monarch butterflies, fossils, rocks and coins.
What other interests, besides Science, did Richard Ebright pursue ? What opinion did Mr. Weiherer, his social studies teacher, have about Ebright ? [Board Term-II, 2013 Code-2/1/3]
Other than Science, Richard Ebright was interested in collecting rocks, coins and fossils and was also interested in star-grazing and astronomy. He was also a good debater, canoeist and expert photographer. Mr. Weiherer felt that Richard not only was interested in his expriments but also kept his mind open for other things and put in that extra effort to attain success.
What lesson did Ebright learn when he did not win anything at a science fair ? [Board Term-II, 2013 Delhi Set Code-2/1/1]
When Ebright did not win anything at the country science fair, he learnt that winner had to show real experiments, and not just a simple neat display. Then he started conducting experiments. It was definitely a stepping stone towards his success. His competitive nature, his extra effort and the will to win for the right reasons made him a successful scientist.
What lesson did Ebright learn when he could not win a prize at the science fair ? [Board Term-II, 2016 Set 2/2/1/NCERT]
Learnt winners do real experment, not simply display slides. [CBSE Marking Scheme, 2016]
When Ebright could not win a prize at the science fair, he learnt that winners do real experiment, they don’t simply display slides. Then he started conducting experiments. It was definitely a stepping stone towards hissuccess. His competitive nature, his extra efforts and the will to win for the right reasons made him a successful scientist.
What are the essential qualities of becoming a scientist according to Ebright’s teacher ? [Board Term-II, 2012 Set EL (2022)]
What are the qualities that go into making a scientist. [NCERT]
According to Ebright’s teacher, the essential qualities of becoming a scientist are to have a first rate mind, and have a lot of curiosity. Alongwith that, the person should have the zeal to excel for the sake of doing the best job.
Why did Ebright lose interest in tagging butterflies ? [Board Term-II, 2012 Set EL (2020)]
Ebright used to tag butterflies wings and let them go. In fact, the basement of his house was home to thousands of monarch butterflies. He started losing interest in it because it was a tedious job and there wasn’t much feedback.
Who was Richard A. Weiherer ? How did he help Richard Ebright ? [Board Term-II, 2012 Set EL (2023)]
Richard A. Weiherer was Richard Ebright’s social studies teacher and adviser to the debating and Model United Nations Club. He helped Ebright a lot because he opened his mind to new ideas.
What were the factors which contributed in making Ebright a scientist ? [Board Term-II, 2014 Code-2/2/1, 2/2/2,2/2/3]
Richard Ebright had some innate character traits that are the pre-requisites for the making of a scientist. He had, besides an intelligent mind, the curiosity to seek information, keen observing powers, perseverance, patience as well as self-discipline, which are the basic requirements for any scientific research. And the credit also goes to his mother for recognizing his inclinations and curiosity. She not only encouraged and supported him, but also provided the required stimulus through books and other materials.
Long Answer Type Question (100-120 words & 8 marks each)
“Richard Ebright was a successful scientist who gave a new theory of cells to tjie scientific world”. Elucidate.
Richard Ebright conducted an experiment on a flock of butterflies and raised the eggs of female monarchs. In addition to this, he also studied the cause of a viral disease that killed all Monarch caterpillars. He also tried to find out similarities between viceroy butterflies and monarch. The study of insect hormones helped him in giving a new theory on the life of cells. Eventually, he was able to find the hormone behind the full development of a butterfly wings. All these experiments led him to conclude that cells grew from a monarch’s wings. He found that cells would divide and grow into a normal butterfly if they were fed a hormone that was found in the gold spots of the monarch. Hence, he proved a new theory which formed the blue print of DNA. The experiments conducted by Ebright amply show him to be a successful scientist.
Value Based Questions
How did Ebright’s not winning anything at the Science fair motivate him to become a bright scientist ?
How did Ebright’s not winning anything at the Science Fair motivate him to become a bright scientist ? [Value Based Questions]
‘Failure is the stepping stone to success.’ Elucidate with reference to Richard Ebright. [Value Based Questions]
When Ebright was in the seventh grade, he participated in a country science fair and lost it. His entry was slides of frog tissues, shown under a microscope. He felt really sad when he just sat there and others won ‘many prizes. That was the time of motivation. A sense of real Science entered him and he realised that winners had to try to do real experiments and not just a simple neat display. The competitive spirit started entering him and he thought of conducting experiments. Next year his experiment on Viceroy’s copying Monarchs came first in the zoology division and overall third. Next year he found out an unknown insect hormone which led him to his new theory on the life of cells. From Ebright’s story, it is sufficiently clear that defeat is the stepping stone of success. Not winning anything at the science fair encouraged him greatly to conduct experiments.
‘Richard Ebright was a curious child, observing the phenomena around him keenly and these traits contributed to his evolution into a scientist/ Do you think such qualities should be encouraged in children ? [Value Based Questions]
Richard was an exceptional child with rare qualities of intelligent observation and keen interest in the nature of things. The traits of his successful career were nurtured and honed during his childhood itself. These qualities are definitely desirable in every child and the curiosity should never be curbed or discouraged. Providing logical answers to the queries goes a long way to develop a scientific way of thinking and problem solving. Children learn to analyse the things and come to logical conclusions and this is indeed the correct learning procedure.
For More Resources
- NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English
- CBSE Class 10 English First Flight Chapter Wise Question Bank
- CBSE Class 10 English Footprints Without Feet Chapter Wise Question Bank
- CBSE Class 10 English First Flight Extra Questions
- CBSE Class 10 English Footprints Without Feet Extra Questions
- CBSE Revision Notes for Class 10 English First Flight
- CBSE Revision Notes for Class 10 English Footprints Without Feet