These Sample papers are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Paper 1.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Paper 1
|Sample Paper Set||Paper 1|
|Category||CBSE Sample Papers|
Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 10 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 1 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 10 Social Science is given below with free PDF download solutions.
Time Allowed: 3 hours
Max. Marks: 80
- This question paper consists of 28 questions in all. All questions are compulsory.
- Questions from Serial No. 1 to 7 are very short answer type questions. Each question carries 1 mark.
- Questions from Serial No. 8 to 18 are of 3 marks questions. Answer to these questions should not exceed 80 words each.
- Questions from Serial No. 19 to 25 are of 5 marks questions. Answer should not exceed 100 words each.
- Questions No. 26 and 27 are map questions carrying 1+1= 2 marks from History. After completion, attach the maps inside your answer books.
- Questions No. 28 is a map question of 3 marks from geography.
Which countries met at Treaty of Vienna?
Why was ‘Tonkin Free School’ established?
How was defence expenditure of World War I financed?
Name the Balkan countries.
Which religions are followed by Srilankans?
What is ‘Federalism’?
Why did Agro-American athletes wear black socks and no shoes?
What does HDI stand for?
What is Primary Sector? Give one example.
How did silk routes link the world? Explain with three suitable examples?
Why was steam engine slow to be accepted by industries?
How did a new reading public emerge with the printing revolution?
How did women get involved in the writing of novels?
Explain ‘Narmada Bachao Aandolan’.
What is primitive subsistence farming?
What are ferrous minerals? What is its significance?
What are the two levels of federalism?
What do you understand by ‘Sexual division of Labour’? Explain with the help of example.
Why do we need political parties?
Explain the objective of implementing the MNREGA, 2005.
How is modern form of currency accepted as a medium of exchange?
Linder what conditions do MNC’s set up production units?
Briefly explain the process of unification of Italy.
What was the impact of education on the Vietnamese elite?
Why did French want to extend infrastructure project in Indo-China?
Briefly explain the incident of the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre and its effects on Punjab.
What do you know about Peasant movement in Awadh?
What factors are required to set up an industry in a region?
What are the various means of Mass Communication used in India?
What is pipeline transportation? Write two merits and demerits each of the same.
What factors led to civil war in Sri Lanka?
What is democracy? What are its various characteristics?
Why are rules and regulations required in the market place? Illustrate with few examples.
You are going to buy a medicine; If you come to know that the date has expired, what will be your response?
If awareness of consumerism needs to be spread, do you think mass media helps in this matter? Explain.
On the outline map of India, locate and mark the place where Mahatma Gandhi broke the salt law.
On the outline map of India, mark the place where Congress Session was held in December 1920.
On the given outline map of India, locate and mark the following—
(a) Hirakud Dam
(b) An Iron Ore Mine
(c) An International Airport
(d) Nellore (Mica Mines)
In 1815, representatives of the European Powers-Britain, Russia, Prusia and Austria-who had collectively defeated Napolean, met at Vienna to draw up a settlement for Europe.
The Tonkin Free School was established in 1907 to provide a Western Style Education.
War was financed by war loans and increasing taxes, customs duties were raised and income tax was introduced.
The Balkan Nations comprise of Romania, Bulgaria, Albania, Greece, Macedonia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Slovenia, Serbia and Montenegro, which were inhabited mostly by Slavs.
Most of the Sinhala speaking are buddhists, while most of the Tamils are Hindus or Muslims and there are about seven percent Christians who are both Tamils and Sinhalas.
Federalism is a system of Government in which the power is divided between a central authority and various constituent units of the country.
By wearing black socks and no shoes, they tried to draw international attention to racial discrimination in the United States.
HDI stands for Human Development Index.
The activities that are undertaken directly using natural resources fall under primary sector. The industries are engaged in production or extraction of natural resources such as ores, crops and oil.
- The most well-known silk routes connected China to Europe and Western
Asia. West bound silk cargoes travelled on this route. Chinese pottery also travelled through this route.
- Several silk routes have been identified by the historians, both over land and sea, connecting vast regions of Asia and Asia to North Africa.
- Trade and Cultural exchanges went hand in hand. Early Christian missionaries and later muslim preachers travelled through this route.
- James Watt impowered the Steam Engine and patented the new engine. His industrialist friend, Mathew Boulton manufactured the new model. But for years he could find no buyers.
- Steam Engines were used in cotton and wood industries, mining, canal and iron works.
- Steam Engines were not used in any of the other industries till much later in the century. So even the most powerful new technology that enhanced the productivity of labour manifold was slow to be accepted by industrialists.
- Women of the upper and middle classes faced higher level of isolation.
- Ties between members of the household loosened and among the working class, the institution of marriage tended to break down.
- Many social reformers felt that the family as an institution had broken down, due to working women so they need to push these women back into their homes.
- Access to books created a new culture of reading. Earlier reading was restricted to elites.
- Before the age of print, books were not only expensive but they could not be produced in sufficient numbers.
- New books could reach out to the wider sections of people. If there was a ‘hearing public’ earlier, now a ‘reading public’ emerged.
- The 18th century saw the middle classes became more prosperous, so women got more leisure time to read as well as write novels.
- Novels also began exploring the world of women—their emotions and identities, their experiences and problems.
- Many novels were about domestic life—a theme about which women were allowed to speak with authority.
- Save Narmada Movement is a Non-governmental Organisation.
- It mobilised tribal people, farmers, environmentalists and human rights activities against the Sardar Sarovar Dam, being built across the Narmada river in Gujarat.
- It focussed on the environmental issues related to trees that would be submerged under the dam water.
- Recently, it has refocused its aim to rehabilitate displaced people.
- It is practised on small patches of land with the help of primitive tools.
- This type of farming depends upon the monsoons and natural fertility of the soil.
- It is also called ‘Slash and Burn’ agriculture.
Minerals which contain from content in it are called ferrous minerals.
Significance of ferrous minerals —
- They account for about three fourths of the total value of the production of metallic minerals.
- They provide a strong base for the development of metallurgical industries.
- India also exports substantial quantities of ferrous minerals after meeting the informal demands.
Federalism has two levels of Government
- One is Government for the entire country that is usually responsible for a few subjects of common national interest.
- The others are the Governments at the level of provinces or states that look after much of the day to day administering of their state.
- It is a system in which all work inside the home is either done by the
women of the family, or organised by them through domestic helpers.
- It is reflected in most of the families. Women do all the work inside the home such as cooking, cleaning, washing clothes, tailoring, looking after children, etc. and men do all the work outside the home.
- It is not that men cannot do housework; they simply think that it is for women to attend to these things. This is called sexual division of labour.
- Political parties are easily one of the most visible institution in a democracy.
- For most ordinary citizens, democracy is equal to political parties.
- Political parties in a populated country like India helped in forming the Government and have become omnipresent in democracies all over the world.
Main objectives of implementing MNREGA are—
- Its main objective was to provide employment to the unemployment.
- According to NREGA all those who are able to and are in need of work would be guaranteed 100 days of employment in a year by the Government
- If the Government fails in its duty to provide employment, it will give unemployment allowances to the people.
- Modern terms of money include currency—paper notes and coins.
- Modern currency is not made of precious metals like gold, silver and copper.
- The modern currency is without any use of its own.
- In India, Reserve Bank of India issues currency notes on behalf of the Central Government
- As per the Indian law, no other individual or organisation is allowed to issue currency.
- No individual in India can legally refuse a payment made in rupees.
MNC’s set up production units on the basis of:
- Proximity to the markets.
- Availability of skilled and unskilled labour at low cost.
- Availability of other factors of production is assured.
- Government policies that look after their interest.
Process of unification of Italy is—
- Political Fragmentation: Like Germany, Italy was also politically fragmented. During the middle of the 19th century, Italy was divided into seven states of which only one, Sardinia—Piedmont was ruled by an Italian Prince.
- Role of Mazzini: Giuseppe Mazzini made efforts to unite Italian republic. He had formed a secret society called ‘Young Italy’ for achieving his goal.
- Role of Count Cauns: He was the Chief Minister who led the movement to unify Italy. He formed a tactful diplomatic alliance with France and defeated the Austrian forces.
- Role of Giuseppe Garibaldi: Garibaldi also formed armed volunteers. In 1860, they marched into South Italy and the kingdom of two Sicilies and succeeded in driving out the Spanish rulers.
- It 1867 Garibaldi led an army of volunteers to Rome to fight the last obstacle to the unification of Italy. Apart from regular troops; a large number of armed volunteers under the leadership of Giueseppe Garibaldi joined.
- Students fought against the colonial government’s efforts to prevent the Vietnamese from qualifying for white-collar jobs.
- They were inspired by patriotic feelings and felt that it was their duty to fight for the society.
- By the 1920s, students formed various political parties, such as ‘Party of Young Annan’ and published nationalist journals like ‘Annanese Student’.
- The French tried to strengthen their rule through the control of education. They tried to change the perception of the people and to make them believe in the superiority of the French.
- French wanted to develop infrastructure projects to help transport goods for trade, more military garrisons and control the entire region.
- Construction of a trans Indo-China rail network that would link the Northern and Southern parts of Vietnam and China had begun.
- The French built canals and drained lands in Mekong delta to enhance cultivation.
- The extensive and massive system of irrigation works—Canals and Earthworks, these were built with forced labour.
- This increased the rice production and strengthened the export or the rice in the International Market.
- On 13th April 1919, the infamous Jallianwala Bagh incident took place.
- On that day, a crowd of villagers who had come to Amritsar to attend a Baisakhi Fair gathered in the enclosed ground of Jallianwala Bagh.
- Being from outside the city, they were unaware of the martial law that had been imposed.
- General Dyer entered the area, blocked the only exit point, and opened fire on the crowd killing and wounding hundreds of them.
- His objective was to produce a moral effect to create in the minds of
Satyagrahis, a feeling of terror and awe.
- As the news spread, crowds took to streets.
- These were strikes, clashes with police and attacks on the Government buildings.
- The Government responded with brutal repression. Seeing violence spread, Mahatama Gandhi called off the Movement.
- In Awadh the Peasant Movement was led by Baba Ramchandra – a Sanyasi . who had earlier worked in Fiji as an indentured labourer.
- The movement here was against talukdars and landlords who demanded high rents from the peasants.
- Peasants had to do begar at landlord’s farms.
- The peasant movement demanded reduction of revenue, abolition of begar and social boycott of oppressive landlords.
- In many places nai-dhobi bandhs were organised to deprive landlords of the services of even washermen and barbers.
- Jawaharlal Nehru began talking to the villagers and formed ‘Oudh Kissan Sabha’.
- Within a month, over 300 branches had been set up in the villages around the region.
- As the movement spread in 1921, the house of taluqdars and merchants were attacked, bazaars were looted and grain hoards were taken over.
Factors required to set up an Industry are:
- Availability of raw material: Raw material for the industry needed should
be easily available preferably from the neighbouring areas.
- Land: Land required for setting any industries is the prime requirement and it should be industrialised permitted area for a particular industry.
- Labours: Labours should be skilled or unskilled but easily available from the nearby areas.
- Power Supply: Without power supply, an industry cannot run, so it should be available as per requirement.
- Market: If it is heavy material or a perishable goods, market for the sale of goods should be also available in the nearby areas. Otherwise production should be on the basis of demand of that product in the market.
Means of Mass Communications used in India are—
- It includes radio, television, newspaper, magazines, books and films.
- All India Radio broadcasts a variety of programmes in national, regional or local language.
- Doordarshan, the national television channel of India broadcasts a variety of programmes ranging from entertainment, education to sports, etc.
- India publishes a large number of newspapers and periodicals annually.
- Newspapers are published in about 100 languages and dialects.
- India is the largest producer of feature films in the world. I produces short films, videos feature films and video short film.
Pipeline network is the new mode of transport these days. In the past, pipelines were used to transport water to cities and industries. Now, these are used for transporting crude oil, petroleum products and natural gas from oil and natural gas fields to refineries, fertiliser factories and big thermal power plants. Solids can also be transported through a pipeline water when converted into slurry.
- Useful in transporting liquids and solid slurry from far away locations.
- Subsequent running costs after laying down the network are minimal.
- It rules out trans-shipment losses or delays.
- Initial cost of laying pipeline is high.
- Pipelines can burst or can have leakage leading to wastage of valuable resources like water, mineral oil, etc.
- These can be thefts.
Factors leading to civil war in Srilanka are—
- Measures taken in Majoritarianism gradually increased the feeling of alienations among Srilankan Tamils.
- They felt that the constitution and Government policies denied them equal political rights, discriminated against them in getting jobs and other opportunities and ignored their interests.
- As a result the relations between Sinhalas and Tamil communities got strained over time.
- The Srilankan Tamils launched parties and struggle for the recognition of Tamil as an official language, regional autonomy and equality of opportunities in getting education and jobs.
- By the 1980’s several political organisations were formed demanding an independent Tamil Eelam (State) in Northern and Eastern parts of Srilanka.
- The distrust between the two communities turned into widespread conflict. It soon turned into a civil war. As a result, thousands of people of both the communities were killed.
- In modern age, democracy is a system of government in which the citizens
exercise power. It is formed by two Greek words ‘Demos’ and ‘Kratia’.
- ‘Demos’ means people and ‘kratia’ means the Government
- Democracy thus means ‘rule by the people’.
- In a democratic set up, every citizen has a right to take a part in the decision making process.
- According to Abraham Lincoln, a democracy is ‘Government of the people, by the people and for the people’.
- Citizens choose their representatives who would form the Government
- It promotes equality among citizens.
- It looks after the interest of the people.
- It allows room to correct mistakes.
- Rules and regulations are required in the market place to protect consumers.
- Seller often renounces responsibility for a low quality product, cheats in weighing out goods.
- Extra charges are added over the retail prices and sometimes they sell defective goods.
- Therefore to protect the scattered buyer from powerful and fewer producers who monopolise markets, rules and regulations are needed.
- For example: A grocery shop owner might sell expired goods and then blame the customer for not checking the date of expiry before buying the items.
Suppose we have gone to buy medicine, most of the time we don’t even check the price, its ingredients or expiry date as we have full confidence in the chemist to give us the correct medicine.
But consumer has the right to be informed about the aspects of goods and services that they purchase. These aspects include quality and quantity of the goods. It gives us the purity standard and price of the good.
If I buy a medicine and that too expired one, I may ask for its replacement. Severe action can be taken in case of duplicate medicine, expired medicine, if it is fund: Also we can complain against that shopkeeper who is selling an expired medicine. As an aware consumer, I can exercise my right to information.
The mass media plays an important role in consumer awareness regarding their rights as consumers.
Both the print and electronic media highlight the issues of consumer exploitation and bring them in the notice of people and the Government They help the consumers to know their rights and which rights they should use as the need arises. Many consumer activists and organisations write articles in the newspapers and magzines on the significance of consumer awareness. Many people write their grievances, so that help and guidance can be sorted from them. They help the consumers by giving independent views and guiding them on the issue.
Campaigns like Jako Grahak Jago’ can highlight consumer issues and create awareness amongst consumers.
We hope the CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Paper 1 help you. If you have any query regarding CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Paper 1, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest.