These Sample papers are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Paper 12.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Paper 12
|Sample Paper Set||Paper 12|
|Category||CBSE Sample Papers|
Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 10 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 12 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 10 Social Science is given below with free PDF download solutions.
Time Allowed: 3 hours
Max. Marks: 80
- This question paper consists of 28 questions in all. All questions are compulsory.
- Questions from Serial No. 1 to 7 are very short answer type questions. Each question carries 1 mark.
- Questions from Serial No. 8 to 18 are of 3 marks questions. Answer to these questions should not exceed 80 words each.
- Questions from Serial No. 19 to 25 are of 5 marks questions. Answer should not exceed 100 words each.
- Questions No. 26 and 27 are map questions carrying 1 + 1 = 2 marks from History. After completion, attach the maps inside your answer books.
- Questions No. 28 is a map question of 3 marks from geography.
Who were referred as Junkers’ in Prussia?
Mention one impact of Great Depression of 1930’s on Vietnam.
In which Indian National Congress Session, the idea of Khilafat/Non- cooperation Movement was accepted?
How did introduction of cotton mill make supervision of workers easy?
What does horizontal distribution of power mean?
Name the countries having ‘Coming together’ federation and ‘Holding together’ federation.
Which political party represented catholics in Ireland?
What does ‘National Development’ refers to?
Which new services have been introduced over the past decade?
Why was the industrial growth slow till the first world war?
‘Bombay was a Prime City of India’. Justify by giving examples.
State how mechanical printing surfaced in China.
Explain how novels helped in the spread of silent reading.
Why is the conservation and management of water resources important? Give any three reasons.
Which crop is known as ‘golden fibre’ ? Explain any two geographical conditions essential for the cultivation of this crop. Mention its uses also.
Differentiate between ferrous and non-ferrous minerals with examples.
What special provisions are provided to some of the states of India?
What changes can be seen in the Caste System in fhodern India?
What are the main components of a political party?
Enumerate the status of employment in India.
Why do we need to expand formal sources of credit in India? Give three reasons.
What do you understand by Globalisation? Explain in your own words.
Explain the nation building process of Germany.
How did nationalism emerge in Vietnam through the efforts of different sections of society to fight against the French? Analyse.
Describe the life in Chawls of Bombay.
How did the First World War create a new economic and political situations in India? Explain with suitable examples.
What was Rowlatt Act? How was Rowlatt Act opposed by the people in India?
Why do you feel that there are plans to shift sugar mills to South India? Give any three challenges faced by sugar industries.
“Roadways still have an edge over railways in India.” Support the statement with arguments.
Highlight any five features of Hazira – Vijaipur – Jagdishpur pipeline.
What are the different forms of power sharing in modern democracies? Give example of each of these.
How are complaints treated as testimony to the success of democracy?
Mention any two human activities which are responsible for the process of soil erosion. Explain the two types of soil erosion mostly observed in India.
Why should a consumer becomes a well-informed consumers?
Explain with an example how one can use the ‘Right to seek Redressal’ against unfair trade practices and exploitation.
On the given outline map of India locate and mark the place where Congress Session of September 1920 held.
On the given outline map of India, mark the location of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre.
On the given map of India identify the following:
(a) A major sea port.
(b) A cotton textile industry.
(c) A coal mine.
(d) Rajiv Gandhi Airport
Junkers’ in Prussia were the large land owning class.
The Great Depression of 1930s led to fall in the prices of rubber and rice that increased rural debts, unemployment and rural uprisings.
The idea of Khifat/non-cooperation was accepted at the Indian National Congress Session in Kolkata in September 1920.
Within the mill, all the processes were brought together under one roof and management. This led to a more careful supervision over the production process, a watch over quality, and the regulation of labour, all of which had been difficult to do when production was in the countryside (villages).
In horizontal distribution of power, the power is shared among different organs of government such as legislative, executive and judiciary.
- Countries having ‘coming together federation’ are— USA, Switzerland, Australia.
- Countries having ‘holding together federation’ are— India, Spain and Belgium.
The Catholics were represented by Nationalist parties, who demanded that Northern Ireland be unified with the Republic of Ireland, a predominantly catholic country.
National development refers to the ability of a country to improve the social welfare of the people. For example, by providing social amenities such as quality education, safe and pure drinking water, means of transportation, development of infrastructure including health facilities for all.
Certain new services such as those based on information and communication technology have become important and essential. The production of these services has been rising rapidly.
- The war created a dramatically new situation, with the British mills busy with war production to meet the needs of army.
- Manchester imports into India declined. Indian mills had a vast home market to supply.
- As the war continued, Indian factories were called upon to supply war needs like Jute bags cloth for uniform, books etc.
- In the 17th century, Bombay was a group of seven Islands under the Portuguese control. ,
- In 1616, control of Islands passed in to British hands after the marriage of Britain’s King Charles-II to the Portuguese princess.
- The East India Company quickly shifted its base from Surat, its principal western port, to Bombay.
- In the 19th century, the city functioned as a port through which large quantities of raw materials such as cotton and opium would pass.
- Gradually it also became an important administrative centre in western India, and then by the end of the 19th century, a major Industrial centre.
- The new readership developed in China which needed a new technology to print.
- Western printing techniques and mechanical presses were imported in the late 19th century as western powers established their outposts in China.
- Shanghai became the hub of the new print culture and from hand printing there was now a gradual shift to mechanical printing.
The novels helped in the spread of silent reading:
- In general novels encouraged reading alone and in silence.
- The novels needed concentration and recapitulation of what was already read. Individuals sitting at home or travelling in a train enjoyed reading novels.
- Even in crowded room, people enjoyed reading novels in silence. They would be lost in the story of novel and would try to read more and more.
Conservation of water resources is important as:
- Growing Population: As the population is growing day by day need for water is also growing thereby it is necessary manage the water resource properly.
- Increasing Urbanisation: More and more people are migrating to cities thereby increasing the demand for water. On the other hand cities are over-exploiting and polluting water resources, so there is need to conserve water.
- Industrialisation: Gradually in the urban areas industries are increasing, where water is over exploited either by polluting the water resources or increased use of water. So without proper conservation, it would be difficult to survive. Already signs of scarcity are visible.
Jute crop is grown as ‘golden fibre’.
- It grows well on well drained fertile soils in the flood plains where soils are renewed every year.
- West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, Odisha, Meghalaya are the major jute producing states of India.
- It is used in making gunny bags, mats, ropes, yarn, carpets and other artefacts.
- Due to its high cost, it is loosing market to synthetic fibres and packing material particularly Nylon.
|Ferrous Minerals||Non-Ferrous Minerals|
|1. Metallic minerals containing iron are called ferrous minerals.||1. Metallic minerals that do not contain iron are called non-ferrous minerals.|
|2. They account for about three fourths of the total value of production of metallic minerals in India.||2. India’s reserves and production of non-ferrous minerals is not very satisfactory.|
|3. Iron ore, Manganese, nickel, cobalt are some examples of ferrous minerals.||3. Copper, lead, tin, bauxite are some examples of Non-ferrous minerals.|
- Most of the federations that are formed by ‘holding together’ do not give equal powers to its constituent units.
- All states in Indian union do not have identical powers.
- Some states enjoy a special status like Jammu and Kashmir which has its own constitution.
- Many provisions of the Indian constitution are not applicable to this state without the approval of the state assembly.
- Indians who are not the permanent residents of this state cannot buy land or house here.
Changes seen in the caste system in modern India are following:
- Partly due to social reformers and political leaders efforts and partly due to other socio-economic changes, castes and caste system in modern India have undergone great changes.
- With economic development, large scale urbanisation growth of literary and education, occupational mobility and the weakening of the position of landlords in the villages, the old notions of caste hierarchy are breaking down.
- Now most of the times, in urban areas, it does not matter much who is walking along next to us on a street or eating at the next table in a restaurant.
- The constitution of India prohibited any caste-based discrimination. If a person who lived a century ago were to return to India, he/she would be greatly surprised at the change that has come about in the country.
Main components of a political party are:
- The Leaders: A political party consists of leaders who contest elections and if they win, perform the administrative job.
- The Active members: They are the ones who climb a ladder from being the follower and become the assistants of the leaders to gain knowledge about the politics.
- The Followers: They are simply the ardent followers of the leaders and work under the able guidance of the active members.
Status of Employment in India are:
- Though the distribution of work force has improved but even today 60 per cent of the work force finds employment in primary sector. A remarkable feature about employment situations in India is that there has been a shift directly from primary sector to tertiary sector in India.
- Though agriculture contributes less than one fourth to the national income, it employs more than half of the workforce. This is because there are not enough jobs in secondary and tertiary sector.
- We have a situation of underemployment in our country. A person is willing to work but is not able to get employment of his choice. Disguised unemployment is very common in the agriculture sector. There are more people working on the fields than required. If the extra people are removed, output remain the same.
- Apart from that the secondary and tertiary sector employs people who are highly professionally qualified. These are people like painters, plumbers and electricians, who may spend the whole day working but earn very little.
Need to expand formal sources of credit in India are following:
- The cost of informal loans is much higher and often lends to a debt trap. Also people who might wish to start a new enterprise by borrowing may not do so because of the high costs of borrowing in such a case.
- Most loans from informal lenders carry a very high interest rate and do little to increase their lending particularly in the rural areas, so that the dependence of the poor on in formal source of credit reduces.
- It is important that the formal credit is distributed more equally so that the poor can benefit from the cheaper loans.
Globalisation in today’s world has come to imply many things. It is a process of integrating the economy of a country with the economies of other countries under conditions of free flow of trade, capital and movement of persons across borders.
It also includes:
- Export and import of techniques of production.
- Migration of people from own country to another.
- Increase in foreign trade.
Nation Building Process of Germany:
- By 1848, the popular effort failed to succeed in installing constitutional monarch in Germany.
- There after the task for unification of Germany was taken over by Prussia and its chief minister Otto Von Bismark who followed a policy of “Blood and Iron” within a period of seven years. Three wars were fought with Denmark, Austria and France.
- These states were defeated by Germany.
- In January 1871 the process of unification of Germany was completed.
- The Prussian king William I was proclaimed German Emperor.
The Nationalism emerged in Vietnam in following manner:
- The colonisation of Vietnam by French brought the people of the country into conflict with the colonisers in all areas of life.
- Vietnamese began reflecting on the nature of the loss. Nationalist resistance developed out of this reflection.
- Teachers, students fought against the colonial government’s efforts.
- Many religious movements were hostile to the western presence.
- Development in China also inspired Vietnamese nationalists.
- Vietnamese students organised in association for the restoration of the anti-french independence movement changed.
- Chawls were multi-storeyed structures built and owned by private landlords such as merchants, bankers and building contractors.
- Each chawl was divided into smaller one-room tenements, which had no private toilets.
- Many families could reside at a time in a tenement.
- People had to keep the windows of their rooms closed even in humid weather due to close proximity of filthy gutters, buffalo stables, etc.
- Though water was scarce, and people often quarreled every morning for a turn at the tap, observers found that houses were kept quite clean.
First World War created a new economic and political situation in India:
- It led to huge increase in defence expenditure which was financed by war loans and increasing taxes.
- Custom duties are raised.
- Income tax introduced.
- Through the war years prices increased doubling between 1913 and 1918 – leading to extreme hardships for the common people.
- Villages were called upon to supply soldiers.
- Forced recruitment in rural areas caused wide spread anger.
- Crops failed in many parts of India resulting in acute shortage of food.
This was accompanied by influenced evidence.
Rowlatt Act was an oppressive Act introduced by the British government in 1919. It gave the government enormous powers to repress political activities and allowed detention of political prisoners without trial for two years.
Indians had shown their outrage in the following manner:
- Rallies were organised in various cities, workers went on strike in railway workshops and offices were closed down.
- A peaceful protest meeting was organised at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar.
- Gandhiji started a hartal against this unjust on 6th April 1919.
- Dr. Satyapal and Dr. Ketchlew were asserted in Amritsar on pretext of Rowlatt Act.
- Jallianwala Bagh Massacre occured against the arrest of these leaders.
Following are the reasons to shift Sugar Mills to South India:
- Sugarcane produced in South Indian states have higher sugar content.
- The cooler climate also ensures a longer crushing season.
- The cooperatives are more successful in these states.
- If Sugarcane is transported from South to North India, due to delays in trains, sugarcane loses its Sucrose content, as it is perishable good.
Challenges faced by the Sugar Industry are :
- The Industry is seasonal, so getting labour becomes difficult.
- India is still using old and inefficient methods of production, thereby affecting its production.
- There are transport delays in transporting sugarcane to factories, with the result, it loses its sugar content.
- There is need to maximise the use of bagasse to face the problem of power breakup.
Roadway still have an edge over railways in India:
- Construction cost of roadways is much lower than that of railways.
- Roads can traverse comparatively more dissecting and undulating plains.
- Roads can negotiate higher gradients of slopes and can traverse mountains like Himalayas.
- Road transport is economical in transportation of few persons and small amount of goods over short distances.
- It also provides door to door services.
- Cost of loading and unloading is much lower.
- Road transport is also used as a feeder to other modes of transport such as they provide link between railway station, airports and sea ports.
- This pipeline from Hazira in Gujarat connects Jagdishpur in UP via Vijaipur in Madhya Pradesh.
- It has branches in Kota in Rajasthan, Shahajahanpur and Babrala and other places in U.P.
- The far away inland location of refineries like Barauni, Mathura and Panipat and gas based fertiliser plants could be set up due to pipeline transportation.
- Hazira – Vijaipur – Jagdishpur is the longest pipeline transportation of India which is 1256 kms. long.
- They can be laid through difficult terrain as well as under water.
In modern democracies, the people rule themselves through institutions of self governance, where the idea of power sharing has emerged in opposition to the notions of undivided political power. The different forms of power sharing
in modern democracies are:
- Power is shared among different organs of government such as legislature, executive and Judiciary in form of horizontal distribution of power. Each organ exercises different powers and checks and balances the power of others.
- Federal division of power where parse is started among difficult levels of government such as central state and municipal in forms of vertical division of power. In India the Union government, state government, Municipality and Panchayats form such structures.
- Community government, where power is stared among different social groups such as religion or linguistic groups. In Belgium, French and Dutch speaking people are accommodated by giving a fair share of power in government.
- Political parties, pressure groups and movements influence those in power by taking part in coalition governments or participation in political committees. UPA and NDA Union government are a form of power sharing among various political parties in India.
- Every individual wants to receive respect from fellow being.
- As people get some benefits of democracy, they ask for more and want to make democracy even better.
- That is why when we ask people about they way democracy functions, they will always come up with more expectations and many complaints.
- The fact that people are complaining is itself a testimony to the success of democracy.
- It shows that people have developed awareness and the ability to expect and to look critically at power holders and the high and the mighty.
- A public expression of dissatisfaction with democracy shows the success of the democratic project. It transforms people from the status of a subject into that of citizens.
Denudation of the soil cover and subsequent washing down is known as soil erosion.
Causes of soil erosion:
- Due to human activities like deforestation, overgrazing, construction and mining, etc.
- Natural forces like wind, glacier and water leads to soil erosion.
- The running water cuts through clayey soils and makes deep channels as gullies. The land becomes unfit for cultivation, this process is called gully erosion and the land is called bad land or ravines in the Chambal basin.
Two types of soil erosion are:
- Gullies: The running water cuts through the soil and make deep gullies. There are scopes formed on the land, which become unfit for the use.
- Sheet Erosion: When water flows down the slope and top soil is wasted away, this process is called sheet erosion.
- When we as consumers become conscious of our rights while purchasing various goods and services, we will be able to discriminate and make informed choices.
- This calls for acquiring the knowledge skill to become a well informed consumer.
- We should become conscious of our rights.
- The enactment of COPRA has led to the setting up of separate departments of consumer affairs in central and state governments.
- There are posters in the cities or states, through which government. Spread information about legal process which people can use.
- Consumers have the right to seek redressal against unfair practices of trade and exploitation. If any damage is done to a consumer, she has the right to get compensation depending on the degree of damage.
- Under COPRA, a three tier quasi-judicial machinery at district, state and national levels was set up for redressal of consumer disputes. The district level court deals in the cases upto ? 20 lakhs, state level from 20 Lakh to 1 crore and national level above 1 crore.
The following examples show how one can use right to seek redressal.
- Ram purchases a television from a retail outlet.
- He realises that the dealer has given him defective piece.
- He goes and complains to the dealer, branch office, but no effect.
- He goes to Consumer Redressal Court (Forum).
- He files a case in District Consumer Court.
- He starts attending the court proceedings.
- He is asked to produce the bill and warranty card.
- With in a few months, the dealer was ordered by the court to replace his old TV with a brand new one with no extra cost.
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