These Sample papers are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Paper 12.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Paper 12
|Sample Paper Set||Paper 12|
|Category||CBSE Sample Papers|
Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 10 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 12 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 10 Social Science is given below with free PDF download solutions.
Time Allowed: 3 hours
Max. Marks: 80
- This question paper consists of 28 questions in all. All questions are compulsory.
- Questions from Serial No. 1 to 7 are very short answer type questions. Each question carries 1 mark.
- Questions from Serial No. 8 to 18 are of 3 marks questions. Answer to these questions should not exceed 80 words each.
- Questions from Serial No. 19 to 25 are of 5 marks questions. Answer should not exceed 100 words each.
- Questions No. 26 and 27 are map questions carrying 1+1= 2 marks from History. After completion, attach the maps inside your answer books.
- Questions No. 28 is a map question of 3 marks from geography.
What was the basic philosophy of the conservatives?
Give one step taken by French to solve the problem of plague in Vietnam.
What was the outcome of Congress Session of Nagpur in 1920?
What does Haussmanisation mean?
How is power shared among different social groups?
Which is the highest institution of Panchayati Raj in rural areas?
Give one example of overlapping social differences.
What are the developmental goals for landless rural labourers?
How can problem of underemployment be reduced by the government?
Why did thousands of people flee from Europe to America?
Who were Philanthiropists? Explain any two steps taken to control crime in London in 1870s.
How did print technology enhance the production of books?
Assess the advantage of serialized novels published during 19th century Europe.
Give a brief description of ‘Hydrological Cycle’.
“Agriculture is the mainstay of Indian Economy”. Explain this statement.
Explain three factors that make mineral extraction commercially viable.
How are constitutional changes made in a federal system?
What is communal politics? How is it preferred?
What is meant by regional political party? State the conditions required to be recognised as a ‘regional political party’.
What are the steps involved in the estimation of GDP? Who conducts this process?
“Credit has its own unique role for the development”. Justify the statement with arguments.
What were the reasons for putting barriers to foreign trade and foreign investment by the Indian Government? Why did it wish to remove these barriers?
“Napoleon had destroyed democracy in France but in the administrative field he had incorporated revolutionary principles in order to make the whole system more rational and efficient”. Analyse the statement with arguments.
“The Ho Chi Minh Trail became advantageous to Vietnamese in the war against US”. Support the statement with arguments.
Why was World War II known as a ‘World War’?
Why did Mahatma Gandhi decide to launch a nationwide satyagraha against the proposed Rowlatt Act 1919? How was it organised? Explain.
How did Non-cooperation Movement spread to the countryside?
What are ‘Agglomeration Economies’? How can India compete in international market of manufacturing?
What is pipeline transportation? Write two merits and demerits of the same.
Explain any five reasons suitable for the use of waterways in preference to airways.
State one prudential reason and one moral reason for power sharing with an example from India’s context.
Write the measures that can strengthen and deepen democracy.
Differentiate between hydel power and thermal power.
How can you become an Ideal Consumer?
How can a consumer get compensation if a complaint goes to the consumer court? Illustrate the whole procedure with a suitable example.
On the given outline map of India, locate and mark the place where violence erupted during non-cooperation movement leading to its withdrawal.
On the given outline map of India, locate and mark the place where the ‘No Tax Campaign’ was started.
On the given outline political map of India identify the following:
(a) Mark the stations of Golden Quadrilateral
(b) Region where laterite soil is found
(c) Ankaleshwar (oil field)
(d) One major state growing Jowar’
The basic philosophy of the conservatives was to preserve the traditional institutions such as Church, monarchy, social hierarchies, property and family etc.
The French authorities initiated a Rat Hunt in 1902 to stop rat menace in well cared French homes in Hanoi. For this job Vietnamese workers were hired who were paid for each rat they caught.
The adoption of Non-cooperation programme was the outcome of Congress Session at Nagpur in 1920.
Haussmanisation means forcible reconstruction of cities to enhance their beauty and impose order. The poor were evicted from the city to reduce the possibility of political rebellion and to beautify the city.
Power in India is also shared among different social groups such as the religious and linguistic groups. Socially weaker sections and women are also represented in the legislatures and administration.
Zila Parishad is the highest Institution of Panchayati Raj in rural areas.
In Northern Ireland, class and religion overlap with each other. Here catholics are more likely to be poor, they may have suffered a history of discrimination.
Developmental goals for landless rural labourers are more days of work and better wages, local schools which are able to provide quality education for their children and there should not be any social discrimination and they too can become leaders in the village.
Suppose a new dam is constructed and canals are dug to irrigate farms. This could lead to a lot of employment generation within the agricultural sector itself reducing the problem of unemployment.
Thousands of people flee from Europe to America due to following reasons:
- Until the 19th century, poverty and hunger was common in Europe.
- Cities were crowded and deadly diseases were widespread.
- Religious conflicts were common and dissenters were persecuted.
- Philanthropists were the people who worked for the welfare, charity and social upliftment of the people.
- In order to control crime in London in 1870’s, the population of criminals was counted, police kept a watch on their activities and their way of life was investigated.
- The authorities imposed high penalties for crime and offered work to the deserving people.
Print technology enhanced the production of books in the following manner:
- Printing presses were set up in most countries of Europe after its invention by Gutenberg.
- Printers from Germany travelled to other countries, seeking work and helping start new presses. As the number of printing presses grew, book production boomed.
- The second half of the 15th century saw 20 million copies of printed books flooding the markets in Europe.
Advantages of serialised novels:
- In a serialised novel, a story is published in installments, keeping the suspense for the next issue.
- Serialisation allowed readers to relish the suspense, discuss the characters of a novel and live for weeks with their stories.
- This was possible since the magazines were illustrated and cheap and affordable.
- Three fourth of the Earth’s surface is covered with water, but only a small proportion of it accounts for freshwater that can be put to use.
- The process of hydrological cycle began with the evaporation process due to heat of sun on all water bodies of the earth including seas and oceans.
- These minute particles of water then get condensed. In this process of condensation, clouds are formed with dust particles and pollen grains present in the atmosphere.
- When saturation takes place, then clouds precipitate in the form of rain or snow. This fresh water then becomes surface run-off water, in the form of rivers, ponds and lakes. This water again gets drained into sea or ocean and forms a hydrological process.
- Agriculture has been the backbone of Indian economy.
- Agricultural share in providing employment and livelihood to the population continues to be as high as 63 percent (2001).
- Government is providing facilities like irrigation, power, rural roads, market and mechanisation, subsidy on fertilisers.
- Reduction of import duty on agricultural products have proved detrimental to agriculture in the country.
Three factors that make the extraction of minerals-commercially viable are:
- The mineral content of the ore must be in good quantity.
- The type of formation or structure determines the relative ease with which mineral ores are extracted.
- The cost of extraction of the mineral.
- It is not easy to make changes to power sharing of power between the union government and the state governments.
- The Parliament cannot on its own change this arrangement.
- Any change to it has to be first passed by both the houses of Parliament, with at least two thirds majority. Then it has to be ratified by the legislatures of at least half of the total states.
Communal Politics is based on the idea that religion is the principle basis of social community.
- Communalism involves thinking that the followers of a particular religion must belong to one community.
- Their fundamental interests are the same.
- Any difference that they may have is irrelevant or trivial for community life.
- It also follows that people who follow different religions cannot belong to the same social community.
- If the followers of different religions have some commonalities, these are superficial and immaterial. Their interests are bound to be different and involve a conflict.
A Regional Party is a party that is present in only some states.
Conditions required for a party to be recognised as a regional political party are:
- A party that secures atleast six percent of the total votes in an election to the legislative Assembly of a state.
- Party should win atleast two seats in the legislative Assembly.
Steps involved in the estimation of GDP are:
- The value of final goods and services produced in each sector during a particular year provides the total production of the sector for that year.
- And the sum of production in the three sectors gives us what is called the Gross Domestic Product or GDP of a country.
In India the Mammoth task of measuring GDP is undertaken by the Central Government ministry. This ministry with the help of various government departments of all the Indian states and Union territories, collects information related to total volume of goods and services and their prices and then estimates GDP.
Credit has its own unique role for development:
- Credit helps to increase earning and therefore the person is better off than before.
- Credit helps to earn money as well as capital for the future.
- Credit helps in the development of Infrastructure of the society that leads to the overall development.
- Barriers to foreign trade and foreign investments were put by the Indian government to protect the domestic producers from foreign competition, especially when industries had just begun to come up in 1950’s and 1960’s.
- During this time, the competition from the imports would have been a hard blow on the growing industries. Therefore India allowed only essential goods to be imported.
- But in 1991, with the implementation of the New Economic Policy, the government wished to remove these barriers because it seemed was the time when the domestic producers were ready to compete with foreign industries. This decision was also supported by the powerful international organisation.
Napoleon had destroyed democracy in France but in administrative field he had incorporated revolutionary principles in order to make the whole system more rational and efficient.
- All privileges based on birth was removed.
- He had established equality before law.
- Right to property was given.
- Simplified administrative divisions were made.
- Feudal system was abolished and freed peasants from serfdom and manorial dues.
- Guild restrictions were removed.
- Transport and communication systems were improved.
The Ho Chi Minh Trail became advantageous to Vietnamese in the war against US:
- The trail symbolises advantages to Vietnamese in the war against US.
- The trail had an immense network of footpaths and roads and was used to transport men and material from North to South.
- It was improved in late 1950’s and from 1967 about 20,000 North Vietnamese troops came to south each month. This trail had support bases and hospitals along the way.
- Mostly supplies were carried by many posters on the backs or on their bicycles.
- The US regularly bombed the trail to disrupt supplies but efforts to destroy this important supply line by intensive bombing failed because they were rebuilt very quickly.
- The Second World War was fought between the Axis powers (mainly Germany, Japan and Italy) and the Allies (Britain, France, the Soviet Union and the US).
- It was a war waged for six years on many fronts, in many places over land, on the sea and in the air.
- About three per cent of the world’s population was believed to have been killed directly or indirectly, as a result of the war. Millions were injured.
- Vast parts of Europe and Asia were devastated and several cities were destroyed by aerial bombardment or artillery attacks.
The war caused an immense amount of economic devastation and social disruption.
Satyagraha against the proposed Rowlatt Act 1919:
- The Rowlatt Act was hurriedly passed through the imperial legislative council.
- Indian members unitedly opposed it.
- It gave government enormous powers to repress political activities.
- It allowed detention of political prisoners without trails for two years.
Organisation of Satyagraha:
- Mahatma Gandhi wanted non-violent civil disobedience against such unjust laws.
- It was started with a ‘Hartal’ on 6th April.
- Rallies were organised in various cities.
- Workers went on strike in railway workshops.
- Shops closed down.
- Non-cooperation Movement spread to countryside too.
- Non-cooperation movement attracted peasants and tribals in the rural areas of India.
- In’ Awadh Peasants were led by Baba Ram Chandra, an indenture labourer from Fiji, against talukdars and landlords churning high rent from peasants.
- The peasants protested against begar and refused to work without payment.
- In 1920, Oudh Kissan Sabha was set up headed by Jawahar Lai Nehru and Baba Ramchandra.
- At Gudem Hills in Andhra Pradesh a similar movement was started by Alluri Sitaram Raju.
- It was against restrictions adopted by Britishers for their entry into forests, (viii) He led the Gudem movements and attacked police stations, attempted to kill British officials and carried on Guerrilla warfare for achieving Swaraj.
- Cities provide markets and also provide services such as banking, insurance, transport, labour, consultants and financial advisors etc.
- Many industries tend to come together to make use of the advantages offered by urban centres known as agglomeration economies.
- Gradually a large Industrial agglomeration takes place.
- So it is basically coordination of various industries in a city for the development of manufacturing industries.
Competing in International market in manufacturing:
- In the present day world of globalisation, one industry needs to be more efficient and competitive.
- Self sufficiency alone is not sufficient.
- One manufactured goods mustbe at par in quality with those in international market, only then we will be able to compete in the International market.
Pipeline transport network is the new mode of transport these days. In the past pipelines were used to transport water to cities and industries. Now these are used for transporting crude oil, petroleum products and natural gas from oil and natural gas fields to refineries, fertiliser factories and big thermal power plants. Solids can also be transported through a pipeline when converted into slurry.
- It is useful in transporting liquids and solid slurry from far away locations.
- Subsequent running costs after laying down the network are minimal.
- It rules out trans-shipment losses or delays.
- Initial cost of laying pipeline is high.
- Pipeline can burst or can have leakage leading to wastage of valuable resources like water, mineral oil etc.
Significance of water ways:
- Waterways are the cheapest mode of transport.
- They are most suitable for carrying heavy and bulky goods.
- It is fuel efficient.
- It is environment friendly means of transport.
- India has a vast inland navigation waterways of 14,500 kms in length.
They are natural routes, hence do not involve any cost of construction except ports.
- Prudential Reasons: Tyranny of the majority undermines the unity of the nation therefore power sharing helps to reduce the possibility of conflict between social groups and ensures stability of the political orders. This is a prudential reason for power sharing. In India seats in Panchayat elections are reserved for marginalised communities to ensure they have a stake in the political order.
- Moral reasons: Those who are affected by the exercise of power have the right to be consulted and acquire a stake by sharing that power. This is the moral reason for power sharing. In India, the policy of reservation in government recruitment ensures marginalised communities are given means to become part of structure of government.
Measures to strengthen and deepen democracy are:
- Decentralisation of Authority should take place. Based on separation of powers, power should be decentralised at the local level. It would make government more responsive to the needs of the people.
- Political parties using caste, religion, violence and separatism as vote bank factors should be banned.
- Right to Information Act (RTI) should be strengthened so that the rule of law should be implemented realistically.
- It is said that eternal vigilance is the price of liberty. It means that people should always be alert to preserve their freedom. For this, it is essential to have an enlightened public opinion. Agencies like mass media, political parties, educational institutions and pressure groups should help in the generation of public opinion. Curbs on any agency would act as a hindrance in the development of sound public opinion which is essential for the smooth functioning of democracy.
- Mass media like T.V., radio, newspaper, magazines and journals should play an important role in strengthening the freedom of people by spreading awareness and enlightenment and keeping the government on toes by pointing its loopholes.
- It is generated by fast flowing water.
- It uses renewable resources.
- Initially its cost was high but later it became cheaper.
- It does not cause any pollution.
Example: Bhakra Nangal project.
- It is generated by using coal, petroleum and natural gas.
- It uses all non-renewable resources.
- Its cost is very high and its production is expensive.
- It does cause pollution.
Example: Badarpur thermal plant of Delhi.
An ideal consumer is the one who has the following attributes:
- Updates his knowledge of consumers rights and duties.
- Has an eco-friendly attitude.
- Prevents corruption rather than being a party to it.
- Buy only those goods and services which he needs, so that wasteful and demonstrative consumption is avoided.
- Cases for health and hygiene in his selection and use of goods and services.
- Prefers to use such products which can be recycled and which are bio¬degradable.
- Makes purchases only from authorised retailers/shopkeepers.
- Conscious of standardisation marks like ISI, AGMARK, Hallmark, etc.
- Procures and preserves cash memo and warranty card.
- Consumer has the right to seek redressal against unfair trade practices and exploitation under COPRA. A three tier quasi-judicial machinery at the district, state, and national levels was set up for redressal of consumer disputes.
- For example:
- Vidyut purchases a pair of shoes from a showroom.
- He realises the shopkeeper gave him defective shoes.
- He goes and complains to the shopkeeper but in vain.
- Then he goes to local Consumer Forum for advice.
- He files a case at District Consumer Court.
- He starts attending the court proceedings.
- He is asked to produce the bill and warranty card before the court.
- With in a few months, he got a new pair of shoes without paying any
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