These Sample papers are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Paper 14.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Paper 14
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Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 10 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 14 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 10 Social Science is given below with free PDF download solutions.
Time Allowed: 3 hours
Max. Marks: 80
- This question paper consists of 28 questions in all. All questions are compulsory.
- Questions from Serial No. 1 to 7 are very short answer type questions. Each question carries 1 mark.
- Questions from Serial No. 8 to 18 are of 3 marks questions. Answer to these questions should not exceed 80 words each.
- Questions from Serial No. 19 to 25 are of 5 marks questions. Answer should not exceed 100 words each.
- Questions No. 26 and 27 are map questions carrying 1+1= 2 marks from History. After completion, attach the maps inside your answer books.
- Questions No. 28 is a map question of 3 marks from geography.
What changes were brought in France after the events of February 1848.
French colonisation of Vietnam was based on which two ideas?
By whom was the first image of Bharat Mata painted?
What were ‘silk routes?’
Which prudential reasons make power sharing desirable?
What is the role of Judiciary in power sharing arrangement of India?
What was the result of Yugoslavia’s ethnic conflict?
Which indicators are taken into consideration for measuring Human Development Index (HDI)?
What does ‘MNREGA’ mean?
How did Bretton Wood System collapse giving birth to globalisation?
Which cities were called ‘Presidency Cities’ in the 19th century India? Mention any two main features of these cities.
How did the ideas of scientists and philosophers become more accessible to people?
How did Premchand revolution is the writing of Hindi novels?
How have intensive industrialisation and urbanisation posed a great pressure on existing fresh water resources in India?
Why the Indian agriculture started a declining trend in food production. Explain.
How is mining activity injurious to the health of miners and environment? Explain.
‘Judiciary plays an important role in Indian federalism.” Justify the statement.
How are religious differences expressed in politics?
Give the chief characteristics of a political party.
Why a large number of workers are forced to enter unorganised sector?
“Poor household still depend on informal sources of credit”. Support the statement with examples.
“Barriers on foreign trade and foreign investment were removed to a large extent in India since 1991.” Justify the statement.
In Britain the formation of nation-state was not the result of a sudden upheaval or revolution. Validate the statement with relevant arguments.
Why did industrialists in India begin shifting from yarn to cloth production?
Why do you think that US underestimated the power of a small country like Vietnam.
“Nationalism spreads when people began to believe that they are all part of the same nation.” Support the statement.
Analyse any five features of Gudem rebellion. What methods did the tribals adopt to gain swaraj?
“Agriculture gives boost to the Industrial Sector.” Support the statement with suitable arguments.
How has the distribution pattern of the railway network in the country been largely influenced by physiographic and economic factors? Explain with the help of examples.
How do means of transport and communications play an important role in the economic development of the country. Explain.
“Existence of Dutch and the French speaking people in Belgium created an ethnic tension”. Elaborate the statement.
What are the shortcomings or weaknesses of democracy?
Highlight the importance of petroleum. Explain the occurrence of petroleum in India.
Explain any five rights of a consumer under the Consumer Protection Act 1986.
Explain why a consumer should acquire the knowledge and skill to became well informed.
On the given outline map of India, locate and mark the place where Congress Session held in 1929.
On the given outline map of India, mark the place where Indigo planters started Satyagrah Movement.
On the given political map of India identify the following:
(a) An Iron Ore Mine.
(b) A Thermal Power Plant.
(c) An International Airport.
Events of February 1848 in France had brought about the abdiction of the Monarch and a republic based on universal male suffrage had been proclaimed.
French colonisation of Vietnam was based on following two ideas:
- Economic Exploitation and
- The Civilising Mission.
The first image of Bharat Mata was painted by Bankim Chandra Chatopadhyay.
Silk routes were the vibrant pre-modern trade and cultural links between distant parts of the world.
The prudential reasons say that power sharing is good because it helps to reduce the possibility of conflict between social groups. Power sharing is a good way to ensure the stability of political order.
The judiciary plays an important role in the implementation of constitutional provisions and procedures. In case of any dispute about the division of powers, the high Cenets and supreme Cenet takes a decision.
The Catholics were represented by Nationalist parties who demanded that Northern Ireland be unified with the Republic of Ireland, a predominantly catholic country.
Indicators taken into consideration for measuring Human Development Index (H.D.I) are:
- Per Capita Income
- Life Expectancy at birth
- Literacy rate for 15% population
- Gross enrollment ratio for three levels
It is National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005. It helps in providing employment opportunities to unemployed in the rural areas.
Reasons for the collapse of Bretton wood system are following:
- Despite years of stable and rapid growth, not all was well in the Post-war world.
- From the 1960’s the rising cost of US overseas involvement weakened its financial and its competitive strength.
- The US dollar now no longer commanded confidence as the world’s principal currency. It could not maintain its value in relation to gold.
This ultimately led to the collapse of fixed exchange rates and the introduction of a system of floating exchange rates.
Bombay, Bengal and Madras were called presidency cities in British India.
Following are the special features of these cities:
- They were multi-functional cities which had ports, warehouses, homes and offices, educational institutes, museums, libraries, etc.
- A large number of people lived in these cities. The cities combined political and economic functions of the entire region.
- These cities provide jobs to unemployed so lots of migrants were attracted to these cities.
- Ancient and medieval scientific texts were compiled and published and maps and scientific diagrams were widely printed.
- When scientists like Isaac Newton began to publish their discoveries, they could influence a much wider circle of scientifically minded leaders.
- The writings of the thinkers such as Thomas Paire, Voltaire and Jean Jacques Rousseau were also widely printed and read.
Thus their ideas about science, reason and rationality found their way into the popular literature.
- Premchand began writing in Urdu and then shifted to Hindi; being one of the most influential writers in both language.
- He wrote in the traditional art of ‘Kissa-goi’.
- His novels lifted the Hindi novels from the realm of fantasy, moralising and simple entrainment to a serious reflection on the lives of ordinary people and social issues.
- The ever increasing number of industries has made matters work by exerting pressure on existing freshwater resources.
- Industries, apart from being heavy uses of water, also require power to run them. Much of this energy comes from hydroelectric power.
- Multiplying urban centres with large and dense populations and urban lifestyles have not only added to water and energy requirements but have further aggravated the problem.
- In housing societies or colonies, we would find that most of these have their own ground water pumping devices to meet their water needs with the result, fragile water resources are being overexploited and have caused their depletion in several cities.
- Indian farmers are facing a big challenge from international competition. India is producing lots of good and commercial crops but its products are not able to compete with the developed countries since subsidised agriculture is practised in those countries.
- There is reduction in public investment in agriculture sector particularly in power production, making of rural roads, market and mechanisation of farming.
- Subsidy on fertilisers has also decreased since the cost of production has increased.9015230718
- Agricultural products which are imported have low prices because of low import duty, giving competition to Indian farmers.
Mining activities injurious to the health of miners and environment:
- The dust and various fumes inhaled by miners make them vulnerable to pulmonary diseases.
- The risk of collapsing mine roofs, inundation and fires in coal mines are a constant threat to miners.
- The water resources in the region get contaminated due to mining.
- Dumping of waste and slurry leads to degradation of land, soil and increase in river pollution.
- The judiciary plays an important role in overseeing the implementation of constitutional provisions and procedures.
- In case of any dispute about the division of powers, the High Courts and Supreme Court make a decision.
- The Union and State governments have the power to raise resources by levying taxes in order to carry on the government and the responsibilities assigned to each of them.
Religious differences are expressed in politics in the following manner:
- A communal mind often leads to a quest for political dominance of one’s own religious community.
- Political mobilisation on religious liner is another frequent form of communalism.
- Sometimes, communalism takes its most ugly form, in communal violence riots and massacres.
Chief characteristics of a political party are:
- They agree on some policies and programmes for the society with a view to promoting the collective good.
- Since there can be different views on what is good for all, parties try to persuade people why their policies are better than others.
- They seek to implement these policies by getting popular support through elections.
- Parties reflect fundamental political divisions in a society.
- Parties are a part of society and thus, involve partisanship.
- Thus, a party is known by which part it stands for, which policies it supports and whose interests it upholds.
- The organised sector offers jobs that are,most sought after. But the employment opportunities in the organised sector have been expanding very slowly.
- It is also common to find many organised sector enterprises in the unorganised sector jobs, which pay a very low salary.
- As a result, a large number of workers are forced to enter the unorganisd sector jobs which pay a very low salary.
- They are often exploited and not paid a fair wage.
- Their earnings are low and not regular. These jobs are not secure and have no other benefits.
Poor households still depend on informal sources of credit. I support the consumer:
- Banks are not present everywhere on rural area.
- Even when they are present getting a loan from the bank is much more difficult than taking a loan from informal sources.
- Mega banks or public sector banks require proper documents and collateral.
- Absence of collateral is of one of the major reasons which prevent the poor from getting bank loans.
- Informal lenders such as moneylenders, know the borrowers personally and they are willing to give a loan without collateral.
Removal of barriers on foreign trade and foreign investment:
- Barriers on foreign trade and foreign investment were partially removed.
- Goods could be improved and exported easily.
- Foreign Companies could set up factories and offices here.
- Opportunities for Indian produces to compete with producers around the globe.
In Britain, the formation of the nation state was not the result of a sudden upheaval or revolution.
- It was result of a long-drawn out process.
- Role of ethnic groups; their cultural identities.
- Steady growth of the English Nation, steadily in case of wealth, importance and power, it was able to extend its influence over the other nations of the Islands.
- The Act of Union 1707 – between England and Scotland.
- The growth of British identity.
- British language and religious policies.
- When Indian businessmen began setting up industries; they avoided competing with Manchester goods in the Indian market.
- Since yarn was not imported by British in India, early cotton mills in India started producing coarse cotton yarn rather than fabric.
- The yarn produced in Indian spinning mills was used by handloom weavers in India or exported to China.
- As the Swadeshi Movement began, nationalists told people to boycott foreign cloth.
- Industrial groups organised themselves to protect their collective interests.
- From 1906, the export of Indian yarn to China declined since produce from the Chinese and Japanese mills flooded the markets.
- So industrialists in India began shifting from yarn to cloth production. Cotton piece goods production in India almost doubled between 1900 and 1912.
US actually underestimated the power of a small country like Vietnam.
- The war between Vietnam and US grew out of fear among US Policy planners that the victory of the HO Chi Minh government would start a domino effect – Communist governments would be established in other countries in the area.
- They underestimated the power of nationalism to more people to action,
inspire them to sacrifice for their name and family, live under horrific conditions and fight for independence.
- They considered the power of a small country to be too weak to fight the most technologically advanced century in the world.
- Thousands of US troops arrived equipped with heavy weapons and tanks backed by most powerful bombers of the time B-52, but despite that they could not face Vietnamese Guerrilla soldiers.
- The US regularly bombed HO Chi Minh Trail to disrupt supplies of Vietnamese, but efforts to destroy this important supply line by intensive bombing failed because they were rebuilt very quickly to their frustration.
It means that people began to believe that they were all a part of the same nation and discovered some unity, which bound them together.
- Figures or Images: It helped creating an image with which people could identify nation.
- It was with the growth of nationalism that the identity of India was associated with the image of Bharat Mata.
- This image was first created by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay who wrote the song ‘Vande Mataram’ in his novel ‘Anand math’.
- Then Rabindra Nath Tagore painted the famous image of ‘Bharat Mata’.
- In subsequent years, the image of Bharat Mata acquired many different forms as a circulated in popular prints and was painted by different artists.
- Indian Folklore
- Ideas of nationalism also developed through a movement to revive Indian folklore.
- Folk tales were sung by bards in the villages, to give a true picture of the traditional culture, which was corrupted and damaged by outside forces.
- In Bengal, Rabindra Nath Tagore himself began collecting ballads, nursery rhymes and myths to revive the folk culture.
- In Madras, Natesa Sastri published a four-volume collection of Tamil folk tales, ‘The Folklore of Southern India’.
- Icons and Symbols (Flag)
- During the Swedeshi Movement in Bengal, a tricolour flag (red, green and yellow) was designed.
- It had eight lotuses, representing eight provinces of British India and a crescent moon representing Hindus and Muslims.
- By 1921, Mahatma Gandhi designed the Swaraj Flag.
- It was again a tricolour (red, green, white) flag and had a spinning wheel in the centre, representing the Gandhian ideal of self-help.
- Carrying the flag holding it aloft during marches became a symbol of defiance.
- Reinterpretation of History:
- The British saw Indian as backward, primitive and incapable of governing themselves.
- In response, Indians began looking into the part to discover India’s great achievement.
- They work about glorious developments in ancient India in arts and architecture, science and maths, religion and culture and law and philosophy, etc.
- This glorious time was followed by a history of decline, when India was colonised.
- In the Gudem hills of Andhra Pradesh, a militant guerrilla movement spread.
- Then the colonial government had closed large forest areas, preventing people from entering the forests to graze their cattle or to collect fuel wood or fruits.
- This enraged the hill people.
- Not only were their livelihoods affected but they felt that their traditional
rights were denied.
- When the government forced them to contribute begar for road building, the hill people revolted.
- The leader was Alluri Sitaram Raju, who claimed to have a variety of powers like he could survive even bullet shots.
- Raju was highly inspired by the Non-cooperation Movement led by Mahatma Gandhi and persuaded people to wear Khadi and give up drinking.
- But at the same time he asserted that India could be liberated only by using forces not non-violence.
Agriculture and Industry are not exclusive of each other:
- They move hand in hand.
- The Agro-Industry in India has given a major boost to agriculture by raising its productivity.
- They depend on agriculture for raw material and sell their products such as irrigation pumps, fertilisers, insecticides, pesticides, plastics and PVC Pipes, machines and tools, etc. to the farmers.
- Thus development and competitiveness of manufacturing industry has not only assisted agriculturists in increasing their production but also made the production process very efficient.
The distribution pattern of the Railway network
- The northern plains with their vast level land, high population density and rich agricultural resources provided the most favourable condition for their growth.
- In the hilly terrains of the peninsular region, railway tracks are laid through low hills, gaps or tunnels.
- The Himalayan mountaineers regions too are unfavourable for the construction of railway lines due to high relief, sparse population and lack of economic opportunities.
- It was difficult to lay railway lines on the sandy plains of Western Rajasthan, Swamps of Gujarat, forested tracks of Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha and Jharkhand.
- The contiguous stretch of Sahydri could be crossed only through gaps or passes (Ghats).
- The development of the Konkan railway along the west coast has facilitated the movement of passenger and goods.
- India has one of the largest network of transport and communication system.
- All the means of transport and communication play vital role in the economic development of the country.
- Efficient means of transport and communications are the prerequisite for the economic development of a country.
- Modern means of transport and communications serve as lifeline of national economy.
- All the means of transport and communications are helpful in agriculture and industrial production.
- They support to balance the regional disparities of the country.
- They also provide job opportunities to the unemployed.
Causes of conflict in Belgium:
- The minority French speaking community was relatively rich and powerful.
- This was resented by the Dutch speaking community, who got the benefits of economic development and education much later.
- This led to tension between the Dutch and French speaking communities. The ethnic composition of this small country is very complex. Of the country’s total population 59 per cent live in Flemish region and speak French. Remaining one percent of the Belgians speak German. In the capital city Brussels, 80 per cent people speak French while 20 per cent are Dutch speaking.
There have been certain shortcomings or weaknesses of democracy:
- Though GDP has increased about 50 per cent children below five years are still malnourished.
- People are still living in poverty, illiteracy and unemployment.
- More than 60 per cent of Indian people do not access to sanitation.
- Economic development has not been accomplished by institutional changes.
- About 35 per cent of the Indian population still live below the poverty line.
- Women representation in governance is not even 6 per cent.
- Socio-economic inequalities continue to exist in one society.
- Society is divided in the name of caste, religion and creed.
- Increasing corruption has shaken the faith of people in the political system. Democracy is considered to be a means of making easy money at the cost of public welfare.
- Failure to evolve a strong and effective opposition has led to complacency in the ruling party.
Importance of Petroleum:
- Petroleum is the major energy source in India. ‘
- Provides fuel for heat and lighting.
- Provides lubricant for machinery.
- Provides raw material for a number of manufacturing industries.
- Petroleum refineries act as nodal industry for synthetic, textile, fertilizer and chemical industries.
- Most of the petroleum occurrences in India are associated with anticlines and fault traps.
- In regions of folding, anticline or domes, it occurs where oil is trapped in the crest of the upfold.
- Petroleum is also found in fault traps between porous and non-porous rocks.
Rights of Consumers:
- Right to Information: Manufacturer displays the required information on the goods or medicines are purchased, because consumers have the right to be informed.
- Right to Safety: While using many goods and services, we as consumers have the right to be protected against the marketing of goods and delivery of services that are hazardous to life and property.
- Right to Choose: Any consumer who receives a service in whatever capacity, regardless of age, gender and nature of service, has the right to choose, whether to continue to receive the service or not.
- Right to Seek Redressal: Consumers have the right to seek Redressal against unfair trade practices and exploitation. If any damage is done to the consumer, he or she has the right to get a compensation, depending on the degree of damage. There is a need to provide an easy and effective public system by which this can be done.
- Right to be heard: There is a need to provide an easy and effective public system by which this can be done. Consumers can go to the consumer courts to seek redressal. Consumers can take guidance from consumer forums on few to file cases in the consumer courts. By making complaints consumers can express their solidarity.
The right to information Act 2005, ensures the citizens all information about the functions of government departments.
- Consumers have the right to be informed about the goods and services. They purchase, so that they can complain and ask for comparative or replacement if the product proves to be defective.
- Information about goods like cars, geysers, medicines and food products safeguards the consumers against exploitation.
- Consumers can explain and ask for composition in case of using information or promise.
- It makes the manufacturer responsible about what he is manufacturing.
- This keeps us informed about progress of any work and makes the government department answerable.
- It helps get files to more faster and the work may be done faster.
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