These Sample papers are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Paper 2.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Paper 2
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Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 10 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 2 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 10 Social Science is given below with free PDF download solutions.
Time Allowed: 3 hours
Max. Marks: 80
- This question paper consists of 28 questions in all. All questions are compulsory.
- Questions from Serial No. 1 to 7 are very short answer type questions. Each question carries 1 mark.
- Questions from Serial No. 8 to 18 are of 3 marks questions. Answer to these questions should not exceed 80 words each.
- Questions from Serial No. 19 to 25 are of 5 marks questions. Answer should not exceed 100 words each.
- Questions No. 26 and 27 are map questions carrying 1+1= 2 marks from History. After completion, attach the maps inside your answer books.
- Questions No. 28 is a map question of 3 marks from geography.
What do you understand by ‘Romanticism’?
What was ‘Rat Hunt’?
Explain the ‘Idea of Satyagraha’.
What was ‘global agricultural economy’?
What is the ethnic composition of capital city Brussels?
What is ‘Unitary System’ of Government?
What is the term Agro-American used for?
What is life expectancy at birth?
Which sector has contributed the most of the employment in India?
Why did die US become International creditor from International debtor?
State why was jobber employed by Indian Industrialists.
What was the apprehension of religious authorities and monarchs about printing?
How did the novels assist in the spread of silent reading?
What is a dam? What are different types of dams?
Describe the three cropping seasons of India.
State the difference between a mineral and a rock.
Why were the linquistic states created?
What does ‘feminist’ mean? What are feminist movements?
What is multiparty system? Why has India adopted a multiparty system? Explain.
In what ways can employment be increased in urban areas?
State three disadvantages of barter system.
What are the basic functions of foreign trade?
What conditions led to the development of a new middle class in Europe.
Who was Ho Chi Minh? What was his contribution to Vietnam?
Give three historical processes which have shaped modern cities in decisive ways.
How did large participation of women in the Civil Disobedience Movement become an important feature?
How did salt Satyagraha became an effective tool of resistance against British colonialism in India during 1930? Explain.
What are the major drawbacks of cotton textile industries in India?
How do roadways score over railways in India?
Why is tourism considered a trade as well as an industry?
How did Belgian Government solve its ethnic problem?
How does democracy produce an accountable, responsive and legitimate
What factors gave birth to the Consumer Movement in India? Trace its evolution.
How do logos and certification on cover help the consumers to buy standardised products?
It was presumed that it was the responsibility of consumers to be careful while buying. Do you agree with the statement? Give your view points.
On the given outline political map of India, mark the following:
(i) A place where Jallianwala Bagh Massacre took place.
(ii) Congress Session of 1927.
On the given outline map of India, mark Congress session of 1927.
On the given political map of India, identify following—
(a) A major port on the East coast.
(b) A Nuclear Power Station.
(c) One bauxite deposit region.
(d) Major Sugarcane producing state.
Romanticism was a cultural movement which sought to develop a particular
form of nationalist sentiments.
Rat Hunt was started in 1902, the French hired Vietnamese workers and paid them for each rat they caught.
The idea of Satyagraha emphasised the power of truth and the need to search for the truth.
It means food no longer came from a nearby village or town, but from thousands of miles away. It was not grown by a peasant tilling his own land but by an agricultural worker, perhaps recently arrived who was now working on a large farm that only a generation ago had most likely been a forest.
In the capital city of Brussels, 80 percent people speak French while 20 percent are Dutch speaking communities.
Under the Unitary System, either there is only one level of Government or the subunits are subordinate to the Central Government The Central Government can pass on orders to the provincial or the local Government
The term implies Africans who were brought into America as slaves.
Life expectancy at birth denotes average expected length of life of a person at the time of birth.
Primary sector has contributed the most of the employment.
- First World War led to the snapping of economic links between some of the world’s largest economic powers which were now fighting each other to pay for them.
- Britain borrowed large sums of money from US banks as well as from US public.
- Thus, the war transformed the US from being an International debtor to an International creditor. So, the US and its citizens owned more overseas assets than foreign govts, and citizens owned in US.
- Industrialists employed Jobber, an old trusted workers.
- He got people from his village, got them jobs and helped them settle in the cities.
- Jobbers, therefore became persons with authority and power. He began demanding money and gifts for the favour he did and started controlling – the lives of the workers.
- Not everyone welcomed the printed books and those who did also had fears about it.
- It was feared that if there was no control over what was printed and read then rebellious-irreligious thoughts might spread.
- If that happened, the authority of valuable literature would be destroyed.
- By the late 19th century and early 20th century, written fonts were often read aloud for several people to hear. Sometimes, novels were also read in this way, but in general novels encouraged reading alone and in silence.
- Individuals sitting at home or travelling in trains enjoyed them.
- Even in a crowded soon, the novel offered a special world of imagination into which the reader could slip into, and be all alone. In this way, reading a novel was more like day dreaming.
- A dam is a barrier across flowing water that obstructs, directs or retards the flow, often creating a reservoir, lake or impoundment.
- Dams are classified according to their structure, intended purpose or height. On the basis of structure and material used dams are classified as—
(a) Timber dams
(b) Embankment dams or masonry dams.
- According to their height, dams can be categorised as:
(a) Large dams
(b) Low dams
(c) Medium height dams
(d) High dams
- Rabi Season
(a) Crops sown in winters and harvested in summers.
(b) Some of the important rabi crops are wheat, barley, peas, grams and mustard.
(c) States growing rabi crops are—Punjab, Haryana, Himachal, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh.
- Kharif Crop
(a) Crops grown with the onset of monsoons and harvested in September or October.
(b) Important Kharif growing states are—Assam, W. Bengal, coastal regions of Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Maharashtra.
(c) Crops grown during this seasons are—rice, maize, jowar, bajra, tur, moong, urad, cotton, jute, groundnut and soyabean.
- Zaid Season
(a) It falls between the rabi and kharif seasons.
(b) It is a short season during the summer months.
(c) Major crops grown are—watermelon, muskmelon, cucumber, vegetables and fodder crops.
Minerals: A mineral is a homogenous naturally occurring substance with a definable internal structure.
Rock: A rock is an aggregate of different minerals.
Example: The rock granite contains the minerals—quartz, feldspar and mica.
- The creation of linguistic states was the first and a major test for democratic politics in one country.
- Many old states had vanished and many new states had been created.
- Areas, boundaries and names of the states had been created.
- In 1947, the boundaries of several old states of India were changed in order to create new states.
- This was done to ensure that people who spoke the same language lived in the same state.
- Feminist can be a woman or man who believes in equal rights and opportunities for women and men.
- Feminist merchants aim at equal rights and opportunities for women and men.
- These are more radical women’s movements aimed at equality both in personal and family life.
- If several parties compete to power, and more than two parties have a reasonable chance of coming to power either on their own strength or in alliance with others, we call it a Multi-Party System.
- India has evolved a Multi-Party System. It is because the social and geographical diversity in such a large party is not easily absorbed by two or even three parties.
- Party system is not something any country can choose. It evolves over a long time depending on the nature of society, its social and regional divisions, its history of politics and its system of Elections.
- Rapid industrialisation can create employment opportunities for a number of people in urban areas.
- Tourism can be developed in cities providing massive number of jobs by opening hotels, restaurants for the tourists.
- Setting up of new services like IT has also opened up new vistas for plenty of people and provided jobs in urban areas.
Three disadvantages of the barter system are:
- In a barter system, double coincidence of wants is required.
- Here the person required to sell only what the other wishes to buy.
- If both parties do not agree, the goods cannot be exchanged for goods.
- Foreign trade creates an opportunity for the products to reach beyond the domestic markets.
- Producers can sell their produce not only in markets located within the country but can also compete in markets locate in other countries of the world.
- For the buyers, import of goods produced in another country is one way of expanding the choice of goods beyond what is domestically produced.
Conditions leading to the development of a new middle class—
- In Western Europe and parts of Central Europe, the growth of industrial production and trade meant the growth of towns and the emergence of commercial classes whose existence was based on production for the market.
- Industrialisation began in England in the second half of the 18th century but in France and parts of German states, it occurred only during the 19th century.
- In its wake, new social groups came into being, a working class population and middle classes made up of industrialists, businessmen and professionals.
- In Central and Eastern Europe, these groups were smaller in numbers till late 19th century.
- It was among the educated, liberal middle classes that ideas of national unity following the abolition of aristocratic privileges gained popularity.
- Ho Chi Minh was a communist leader.
- In 1930, he brought together competing nationalist groups to establish the Vietnamese Communist Party.
- He was inspired by the militant demonstration of the European Communist Parties.
- In 1940, Japanese occupied Vietnam. So now they had to fight against the Japanese as well as French.
- A league called ‘Viet Minh’ was formed to fight the Japanese and they got back Hanoi in 1945.
- The democratic republic of Vietnam was formed and Ho Chi Minh became its chairman.
- The rise of Industrial Capitalism.
- The establishment of colonial rule over large parts of the world.
- The development of democratic ideas in many countries of the world.
Important features of participation of women in civil Disobedience movement—
- During Gandhi’s Salt March, thousands of women came into from their homes to listen to him.
- They participated in protest marches, manufactured salt and picketed foreign cloth and liquor shops.
- Many went to Jails in urban areas.
- They considered service to the nation as a sacred duty of women.
- Yet, increased public role did not necessarily mean any radical change in the way the position of women was visualised.
- For a long time, congress was reluctant to allow women to hold any position of authority within the organisation.
- It was keen only on their symbolic presence.
- Mahatma Gandhi believed that salt could be powerful symbol to unite the whole nation.
- Salt is one of the most essential items of food to be consumed by the river and pur alike.
- It was one of the most essential ingredients of food in India.
- According to Gandhiji, the tax on salt and the govt’s monopoly once its production could reveal the most oppressive face of the British rule.
- By having successful ‘Salt March’ curying Britishers, Gandhiji showed down upon the British Colonial Government in his own Satyagrahi way.
- The Salt March, indeed was the most significant symbol of resistance against colonialism.
Major drawbacks for the cotton textile industry are following—
- India has a large share in the world trade of cotton yarn but its trade in readymade garments is only 4 percent of the world’s total.
- India’s spinning mills are competitive at the global level and capable of using all the fibres produced.
- But the weaving, knitting and processing units cannot use much of the high quality yarn that is produced in the country.
- There are some large and modern factories in these segments, but most of the productions are in fragmented small units which cater to the local market.
- This mismatch is a major drawback for the industry. As a result many
Indian spinners export cotton yarn while garment manufacturers have to import fabric.
Roadways score over Railways due to following reasons—
- Construction cost of roads is much lower than that of railway lines.
- Roads can traverse comparatively in more dissected and undulating topography.
- Roads can negotiate higher gradients of slopes and as such can traverse mountains such as the Himalayas.
- Road transport is economical in the transportation of few persons and relatively small amount of goods over short distance.
- It also provides door to door service. Thus the cost of loading and unloading is much lower.
- Road transport is also used as a feeder to other models of transport such as they provide link between railway stations, air and sea ports.
Tourism in India has grown substantially over the last there decades.
- Foreign tourists arrival in the country has seen an increase contributing ? 21,828 crores of exchange.
- More than 15 million people are directly engaged in tourism industry.
- Tourism also promotes national integration and provides support to local handicrafts.
- It also helps in the development of International understanding about India Culture and heritage.
- Foreign tourists visit India for heritage tourism, eco tourism, adventure tourism, cultural tourism, medical tourism and business tourism.
- Rajasthan, Goa, J & K and temple town of South India are important destinations of foreign tourists in India.
In Belgium leaders recognised the existence of regional differences and cultural diversities. The Belgian Government accommodated its diverse ethnic population in the following manner—
- Constitution says that the number of Dutch and French speaking Ministers shall be equal in the Central Government
- Thus no single community can make decisions unilaterally.
- Many powers of the Central Government have been given to the state goods of the two regions of the country.
- The state goods are not subordinate to the Central Government
- Brussels has a separate Government in which both the communities have equal representation.
- There is third kind of Government called the ‘Community Government’ This Government is elected by the people belonging to one language community-Dutch, French and German speaking, no matter where they live.
- This Government has the power regarding cultural education and language related issues.
- These arrangements helped to avoid a civic strife between the two major communities and a possible division of the country on linguistic lines.
- Accountable: Democracy produces an accountable Government as it is answerable to the citizens. It is a form of Government in which people rule themselves through their elected representatives. The elected representatives form Government, make policies to run the administration of the Government If they do not fulfill people’s wishes, they become unpopular, therefore unable to form Government in the next elections. Thus Government has to be accountable to the people.
- Responsive: Democracy is such kind of Government which has to be responsive to the needs of the people. The Government has to follow certain producers while making any law or taking any decision. People can also participate in the decision making process of the Government So being responsive Government has to take care of the promises it made to the citizens for coming in power.
- Legitimate Government: A democratic Government is legitimate as it is legally or lawfully, duly elected by the citizens and is formed on the basis of a country’s constitution. The party which is in majority form the Government and the other parties form the opposition. Therefore, a democratic Government is always legitimate.
There are many factors that led to consumer movement in India—
- It began as a ‘social force’ with the need to protect and promote consumer interests against unfair and unethical trade practices.
- Extreme food shortages, hoarding, black marketing and adulteration of food led to the consumer movement becoming an organised arena in the 1960’s.
- Till the 1970’s consumer organisations were mostly busy writing articles and holding exhibitions.
- More recently there has been an upsurge in the number of consumer groups who have shown concern towards ration shops malpractices and overcrowding of public transport vehicle.
- In 1986, the Indian Government enacted the Consumer Protection Act also known as COPRA. This was a major step in the consumer movement in India.
- The logos and certification on cover help consumers get assured of quality while purchasing the goods and services because these are issued by the Government organisation.
- The organisations that monitor and issue these certificates allow producers to use their logos provided they follow certain quality standards.
- For sure products that affect the health and safety of the consumers or of products of mass consumption like LPG cylinders, food colours and additives, cement, packaged drinking water, it is mandatory on the part of the producer to get certified by these organisation.
- Logos and certification for the standardisation are measured time to time for the quantity and quality of the products.
- I do agree with the above statement that it is the responsibility of consumers to be careful while buying.
- Consumer merchants can be effective only with the consumers active involvement.
- Consumers should purchase quality marked products like ISI, Agmark, Hallmark, etc.
- Consumers should always ask for a cash memo with a proper date of purchase for the items purchased whenever possible.
- Consumers should know their rights so that they can file complaint for any malpractice.
- When we as consumers became conscious of our rights, we will be able to save ourselves from any kind of harm afflicted by the producer or seller.
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