These Sample papers are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Paper 3.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Paper 3
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Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 10 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 3 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 10 Social Science is given below with free PDF download solutions.
Time Allowed: 3 hours
Max. Marks: 80
- This question paper consists of 28 questions in all. All questions are compulsory.
- Questions from Serial No. 1 to 7 are very short answer type questions. Each question carries 1 mark.
- Questions from Serial No. 8 to 18 are of 3 marks questions. Answer to these questions should not exceed 80 words each.
- Questions from Serial No. 19 to 25 are of 5 marks questions. Answer should not exceed 100 words each.
- Questions No. 26 and 27 are map questions carrying 1+1= 2 marks from History. After completion, attach the maps inside your answer books.
- Questions No. 28 is a map question of 3 marks from geography.
Who was proclaimed the King of United Italy in 1861?
Write two lines on ‘Ho Chi Minh’?
Why did Awadh Movement of Peasants begin?
What was ‘fly shuttle?’
What was the result of Civil War in Srilanka?
What are the dual objectives of Federal System?
What does the Civil Rights Movement of the USA signify?
What are common developmental goals of a person?
What does ‘GDP’ mean?
Why did the Bretton Woods Institution begin to shift its attention more towards developing countries?
Give reasons why Manchester could not recapture its old position in the Indian market after the war.
How did the Printing Press help in collecting children as its new readership?
What kind of stories were taken for adolescent girls in novels?
What are the main factors of river pollution in India?
What is ‘slash and burn’ agriculture? Explain with the suitable examples.
Which factors affect the economic viability of a reserve?
How is Panchayat Samiti formed and at what level?
Define the following terms—urbanisation, occupational mobility and caste hierarchy.
What is the difference between a national party and a state party?
Why is tertiary Sector called ‘Service Sector’?
Why are the terms of credit required for a loan or credit?
What do you mean by liberalisation of foreign trade?
“Culture had played an important role in the development of nationalism in Europe during eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.” Support the statement with example.
Explain the situation and aftermath of EJS involvement in the war in Vietnam.
Give a brief description of land reclamation in Bombay.
“The plantation workers in Assam had their own understanding of Mahatma Gandhi and the nation of Swaraj.” Support the statement with argument.
How did Mahatma Gandhi decide to call off Civil Disobedience Movement? Explain.
Classify industries on the basis of ownership.
What are the major zones of railways and their headquarters? State any four merits of railways.
Analye any five problems of Indian road transportation.
What was the ethnic composition of Srilanka?
What are the conditions under which democracies accommodate social diversities?
Mention two factors which cause exploitation of consumers.
If standardisation ensures the quality of a commodity, why are many goods available in the market without ISI or AGMARK Certification.
“Consumers Movements can be effective only with the consumer’s active involvement” which values according to you are these that can support?
On the given outline political map of India, mark the place where movement of Indigo planters began.
On the given outline political map of India, mark the place where cotton mill workers went in Satyagraha.
On the given political map of India, identify the following:
(a) A Thermal Power Plant
(b) A Dam on river Krishna
(c) A major food grain crop production area
(d) Woollen Textile industry
Victor Emmanuel-II was proclaimed king of United Italy in 1861.
Ho Chi Minh brought together the competing nationalist groups to establish the Vietnamese Communist Party, later renamed as the Indo Chinese Communist Party. He was inspired by the militant demonstrations of the European Communist Party.
The movement was against Taluqdars and Landlords, who demanded from peasants exorbitant rents and a variety of other taxes. Peasants had to do begar and work at landlords farms without any payment.
It was a mechanical device used for weaving, moved by means of ropes and pullies. The invention of fly shuttle made it possible for weavers to operate large looms and weave wide pieces of clothes.
As a result of civil war between two communities, thousands of people from both the communities were killed. Many families were forced to leave the country as refugees and many more lost their livelihood.
The dual objectives of the Federal System are to safeguard and promote unity of the country and at the same time accommodate required diversity.
Civil Rights Movement of the USA signifies a reform movement against the social discrimination of Agro-Americans.
Common developmental goals are regular work, better wages and better standards of living.
GDP is Gross Domestic Product. The sum of production in three sectors gives what is called GDP.
- The IMF and the World Bank were designed to meet the financial needs of the industrial countries.
- They were not equipped to cope with the challenge of poverty and lack of development in the former colonies.
- But as Europe and Japan rapidly rebuilt their economies, they grew less dependent on the IMF and the World Bank.
- Thus from the late 1950’s the Bretton Wood’s Institution began to shift its attention more towards developing countries.
- Unable to modernise and complete with the US, Germany and Japan, the economy of Britain crumbled after the war.
- Cotton production collapsed and exports of cotton cloth from Britain fell dramatically.
Within the colonies, local industrialists gradually consolidated their position substituting foreign manufacturers and capturing the home market.
- Women of upper and middle classes faced higher level of isolation, although other lives were made easier by domestic maids.
- Women who worked for wages had some control over their lives particularly among the lower social classes.
- As women lost their industrial jobs and conservative people rallied against their pressure in public places and women were forced to withdraw into their homes.
- Primary education had become compulsory from late 19th century.
- Publishing industry started production of school textbooks.
- A Children Press was set up in France in 1857.
- The Grimm Brothers in Germany spent years compiling traditional folk tales.
- Anything that was considered unsuitable for children was not published.
- Old fairy tales and folktales were written.
- Have stories written for adolescent girls also became popular in this period, especially in the US.
- Some of the works of farmers for that period were ‘Romana’ by Helen Hunt Jackson.
- Sarah Chancy Woolsey had also written ‘What Katy did’. He wrote under the pen name‘Susan Coolidge’.
- India’s rivers especially the smaller ones have all turned into toxic streams,
- Even the big ones like Ganga and Yamuna are far from being pure.
- The assault on Indian rivers is from the population growth.
- It increases the pollution in the river and reduces the amount of water available for industries and agriculture.
- Besides that, other culprits are the modernisation of agriculture, urbanisation and the growth of industries.
- The chemical fertilisers and the effluents from industries on the river banks are also responsible for its pollution.
- In this agriculture farmers clear and patch of land and produce cereals and other crops to sustain their families.
- When the soil fertility decreases, the farmers shift and clear a fresh patch of land for cultivation.
- This type of shifting allows nature to replenish the fertility of the soil through natural processes.
- Land productivity in this type of agriculture is low7, as the farmers do not use fertilisers or any other modern inputs.
Following factors affect the economic viability of a reserve—
- The concentration of mineral in the ore.
- The ease of extraction.
- Closeness to the market.
- Panchayat Samiti is formed at the block level.
- The members of this representative body are elected by all the Panchayat members in that area.
- A few Gram Panchayats are grouped together to form a Panchayat Samiti or Block or Mandal.
- Urbanisation: It is a shift of population from rural areas to urban areas.
- Occupational Mobility: Shift from one occupation to another, usually w’hen a new generation takes up occupations other than those practised by their ancestors.
- Caste Hierarchy: A ladder like formation in which all the caste groups are placed from the ‘highest’ to the ‘lowest’ castes.
There are three major differences between a national and regional or state party—
- National parties have influence all over the country or in several states of India. The influence of a state party is limited to a state or a region.
- National parties take interest in national as well as international issues; whereas regional or state parties are interested in promoting regional/ state interest only.
- The national parties have to harmonise the national as wrell as state interest; whereas state parties usually stand for greater autonomy for states.
- Since the activities of tertiary sector generate services rather than goods, it is called service sector.
- It includes some essential services that may not directly help in the production of goods.
- We require teachers, doctors and those who provide, personal services such as washermen, barbers, cobblers, lawyers and people to do administrative and accounting works.
- In recent times, certain new services based on information technology
such as internet cafe, ATM booths, call centres, software companies, etc. have become important.
- Terms of credit are required so that the borrower knows the conditions to take the loan.
- The collateral in the form of security or guarantee, is given to the lender until the loan is repaid.
- If the borrower fails to repay the loan, the lender has all the rights to sell the assets or collateral to obtain the payment.
- Removing barriers or restrictions set by the govt, is known as liberalisation.
- With the liberalisation of trade, businesses are allowed to make decisions freely about what they wish to import or export.
- The govt, imposes lesser restrictions than before and is therefore, said to be more liberal.
- Culture played an important role in creating the idea of the nation art and poetry, stories and music helped to express and shape nationalist feelings.
- Emotions, intention and musical feelings were not focussed.
- Their effort was to share collective heritage, a common cultural past, as the basis of a nation.
- They criticized the glorification of reasons and science.
- German philosopher Johann Gottfried popularised true spirit of nation through folk songs, folk poetry and folk dance.
- US entry into the war proved costly to the Vietnamese as well as to the Americans.
- They remained in Vietnam from 1965 to 1972.
- Thousands of US troops arrived with heavy weapons and tanks and were backed by the most powerful bombers of the time-B52.
- They used chemical weapons-Napalm, Agent, orange and Phosphorus bombs to destroy Vietnamese village.
- The US watched the unification of North and South Taiwan with fear. It did not want the communist to gain power so it intervened.
- The earliest project began in 1784. The Bombay governor William Horn by approved the building of the great sea-wall which prevented the flooding of the low lying areas of Bombay.
- Since then, there have been several reclamation projects.
- The need for additional commercial space in the mid 19th century led to the formulation of several plans both by government and private companies for the reclamation of more land from the sea.
- In 1864, the Back Bay Reclamation Company won the right to reclaim the western foreshore from the tip of Malabar Hills to the end of Colaba.
- Reclamation often meant levelling of the hills around Bombay.
- As the population continued to increase rapidly in the early 20th century, every bit of available area was built over and new areas were reclaimed from the sea.
- The plantation workers in Assam had their own understanding of Mahatama Gandhi and nation of Swaraj.
- For plantation workers in Assam, freedom meant the right to move freely in and out of the confined space in which they were enclosed.
- Under the hand Emigration Act of 1859 plantation workers were not permitted to leave the Tea-Gardens without permission.
- When they heard of the Non-Cooperation Movement, thousands of workers defined the authorities, left plantation and headed home.
- They believed that Gandhi Raj was coming and everyone would be given land in their own villages.
Mahatma Gandhi decided to call off Civil Disobedience Movement because—
- Worried by the development of CDM the colenial govt, began arresting the congress leaders one by one.
- This led to violent movements at many places.
- When Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan, a devoted disciple of Mahatma Gandhi was arrested. Angry crowds demonstrated in the street of Peshawar, facing armoved cars and police firing, many were killed.
- A month later, when Mahatma Gandhi was arrested. Industrial workers in Sholapur attacked police force, municipal buildings, law covets, railway stations and all other structures that symbolised British rule.
- A frightened govt, responded with the policy of brutal repression.
On the basis of ownership, industries can be classified as—
- Public Sector: These industries are aimed and operated by the govt, agencies.
- Private Sector: These industries are owned and operated by private entrepreneurs, e.g. Tisco, Bajaj Auto Ltd., Reliance Industries, Dabur Industries, etc.
- Joint Sector: These industries are jointly run by the state and individual or a group of individuals. Oil India Ltd. (OIL) is jointly owned by public and private sectors.
- Cooperative Sector: These industries are owned and operated by the producers or suppliers of raw materials, workers or both. They pool in the resources and share the profits or losses proportionately such as the sugar industry in Maharashtra, the coir industry in Kerala.
Merits of Railways—
- Railway is the Principal mode of transportation for freight and passengers in India.
- Railways also make it possible to conduct a number of activities like business, sightseeing, pilgrimage along with transportation of goods over long distances.
- Apart from being a means of transport, the Indian Railways has been a great integrating force for more than 150 years.
- Railways in India binds the economic life of the country by developing industry and agriculture through transportation.
- Indian railways is the largest public sector undertaking in India.
- To encourage tourism railways have introduced Superfast train like Rajdhani and trains like Palace on Wheels for foreigners for Rajasthan tone.
Problems faced by road transportation in India are following.
- Road network is inadequate.
- About half of the roads are unmettled and this limits their usage during rainy season.
- The National Highways are also inadequate.
- The highways are highly congested in cities and most of the bridges and culverts are old and narrow.
- The maintenance of roads is also quite poor.
- Road side amenities like emergency help services, police protection and communications are not sufficient and approachable.
- Roads face traffic jams as density of roads is less in comparison to vehicular traffic.
- Journey by roads is not safe and prone to various accidents.
The ethnic composition of Srilanka is—
- The major social groups of Srilanka are the Sinhala speakers (74 percent) and the Tamil speakers (18 percent).
- Among Tamils there are two to sub-groups: Tamil natives of the country are called ‘Srilankan Tamils’ and the rest whose forefathers came from India as plantation workers during colonial period are called ‘Indian Tamils’.
- Srilankan Tamils are concentrated in the north and east of the country.
- Most of the Sinhala-Speaking people are Buddhists, while most of the Tamils are Hindus or Muslims.
- There are about 7 percent Christians who are both Tamils and Sinhalas.
The following are the conditions under which democracies accommodate social diversities.
- Democracies develop a procedure to conduct their competition. This reduces the possibility of these tensions becoming explosive or violent.
- No society can run fully and permanently resolve conflicts among different groups. But we can certainly learn to respect these differences and can evolve mechanism to negotiate these differences.
- Ability to handle social differences, divisions and conflicts is thus a definite plus point of democratic regimes.
- For example: Belgium has successfully negotiated differences among ethnic population. This reducers the possibility of tensions.
- Democracies accommodate social diversities as it does not believe in any type of discrimination based on the basis of class, caste, religion, sex, creed, etc. All the citizens are given equal rights.
The factors which cause exploitation of consumers are as follows—
- Producers are always looking for easy profits.
- Adulterated or low-quality goods have less production costs, and if the consumer is unaware or illiterate, it becomes easier to cheat him/her.
- Also shopkeepers brush off their responsibility by claiming that the manufacturer is to be blamed. Consumer feels helpless in this situation.
- Often when the consumers are known for not checking the retail price of a commodity on its packing, sellers add extra charges to the same.
- In the places where there is no awareness of consumer rights and the COPRA, consumer exploitation is rampant.
Standardisation no doubt ensures the quality of a product but it is expensive to avail it. Also, it is not mandatory in the case of most of the consumers products in the market.
Though the organisations which monitor certain products, its standards, its quality, its authenticity, do not make it compulsory for all produces to follow standards.
However for some products that affect the health and safety of consumers or of products of mass consumption like LPG cylinders, food colours, additives, concept elicit is mandatory on the past of the producers to get their products certified by these organisations.
Following values of consumers can support Consumer Movements.
- Consumer shared voluntarily participate in such movements.
- Awareness is the first step in the process of support. The consumer has to be aware of his rights and duties. They should diligently follow it.
- Consumers should exercise his interpersonal skills which can be applied during social communications and interactions. Having Interpersonal skills increases the productivity in the organisation and society.
- Consumers should respect each others’ viewpoints and their abilities. They should never be over confident or have superior complex.
- Consumers should be responsible for themselves. We evaluate people of group as responsible or irresponsible depending on how seriously they take up the responsibility.