These Sample papers are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Paper 4.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Paper 4
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Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 10 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 4 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 10 Social Science is given below with free PDF download solutions.
Time Allowed: 3 hours
Max. Marks: 80
- This question paper consists of 28 questions in all. All questions are compulsory.
- Questions from Serial No. 1 to 7 are very short answer type questions. Each question carries 1 mark.
- Questions from Serial No. 8 to 18 are of 3 marks questions. Answer to these questions should not exceed 80 words each.
- Questions from Serial No. 19 to 25 are of 5 marks questions. Answer should not exceed 100 words each.
- Questions No. 26 and 27 are map questions carrying 1+1= 2 marks from History. After completion, attach the maps inside your answer books.
- Questions No. 28 is a map question of 3 marks from geography.
Who remarked “When France sneezes the rest of Europe catches cold”?
How was maritime silk route useful for Vietnam?
Who ware the two main leaders of the Khilafat Movement?
What was Bengal Gazette?
Why was the tension more acute in Brussels between two communities?
What are ‘Union Territories’?
Why do social differences arise?
Define the term ‘Sustainable development’.
How does activity of dairy fall under primary sector?
Why was there anxiety and uncertainty about work after World War-I?
“The system of advance proved harmful for the weavers”. How?
Who was Mercier? What were his views about books?
Who did the characters of ‘Pariksha Guru’ attempt to bridge two different worlds?
Give various methods of rainwater harvesting since ancient times.
Which important millets are grown in India? Give a brief description about them.
What are ‘placer deposits’?
Describe the three fold distribution of legislative powers between the Union and State govts.
State two reasons to say that caste alone cannot determine election results in India.
How does a country choose a party system?
Other than agriculture, in which sectors can underemployment occur?
How are demand deposits accepted as a means of payment?
What changes do you find with the arrival of MNC’s in the markets?
What role did Count Cairns and Garibaldi play in unification of Italy?
Describe the Ho Chi Minh Trail’s features.
Describe the cultural process through which nationalism captured people’s imagination.
Differentiate between the reasons for the participation of the rich peasants and the poor peasants in the Civil Disobedience Movement.
How did Non-cooperation Movement spread in cities? Explain.
What is the contribution of industry to the national economy?
Classify roads on the basis of their capacity.
Analyse the physiographic and economic factors that have influenced the distribution pattern of the railway network in one country.
What kind of power sharing problems were faced by Belgians and Srilankans?
Do democracies lead to peaceful and harmonious relations among citizens?
Describe the popular struggle of Bolivia.
How does a consumer exercise his right to be informed in case a defective product is sold?
If you have any experience of exploitation in the market place, please explain it with exploitation experience.
On the given outline map of India, mark the place where Congress Session of September 1920 held.
On the given outline map of India, mark the place where non-cooperation movement called off.
On the given outline map of India, identify the following:
(a) A nuclear Power Plant.
(b) An Iron Ore Mine.
(c) A dam on river Narmada.
(d) Nellore (Mica Mines).
Metternich remarked ‘When France sneezes the rest of the Europe catches cold.’
Vietnam brought in goods, people and ideas from China from Maritime silk route.
Two young brothers Mohammad Ali and Shaukat Ali started Khilafat Movement.
Bengal Gazette was a weekly magazine that described itself as a ‘commercial paper, open to all, but influenced by none’.
There was more tension in Brussels because the dutch speaking people constituted a majority in the country, but a minority in the capital.
These areas are too small to become an independent state but they could not be merged with any of the existing state. These areas are called Union Territories. These territories do not have the power of the state. Central Govt, runs these areas.
Social differences arise due to difference in race, religion and language.
Sustainable development refers to the development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the needs of the future generation.
In the activity of dairy, we are dependent on biological process of the animals and availability of fodder, etc. The product milk is also a natural product.
- The war had led to an economic boom, to a large increase in demand, production and employment. When the war boom ended, production contracted and unemployment increased.
- At the same time the govt, reduced bloated war expenditure to bring them into line with peacetime revenues.
- These developments led to huge job losses-in 1921, one in everv five British workers was out of work. Indeed anxiety and uncertainty about work became an enduring part of the post war scenario.
- As loans flawed in and the demand for five textiles expanded, weavers eagerly took the advances, hoping to earn more.
- Many weavers had small plots of land which were cultivated to take care of their family needs. Now they had to lease out the land and devote all their time to weaving.
- Weaving required the labour of the entire family with children and women all engaged in different stages of the process. Now after loosing land, the weavers became dependent on others for their food supplies and other needs.
- Mercier was a novelist in the 18th century.
- He declared that “the printing press is the most powerful engine of progress and public opinion is the force that will sweep despotism away.”
- Mercier believed that power of print will bring down despotism.
- In the novel, we see the characters attempting to bridge two different worlds through their actions.
- They take to new agricultural technology, modernise trading practices.
- It also changed the use of Indian languages making them capable of transmitting both western sciences and Indian wisdom.
- Guls or Kuls: In hilly or mountainous regions, people built diversion channels called kuls or Guls in the Western Himalayas. A kul or Gul leads to a circular village tank, from which water is released when required.
- Inundation Channels: In the flood plain of Bengal, people developed inundation channels to irrigate their field.
- Khadins and Johads: In arid and semi arid regions, agricultural fields were converted into rainfed storage structures that allowed the water to stand and moisten the soil, called ‘Khadins’ in Jaisalmer and Johads’ in other parts of Rajasthan.
- Tankas: In Bikaner, Phalodi and Barmer of Rajasthan, almost all the houses traditionally had underground tanks or tankas for storing drinking water.
Jowar, Bajra and Raagi are three important millets.
- Ragi: Ragi is very rich in iron, calcium and other micro nutrients and roughage. It is a crop of dry regions and grows well on red, black sandy, loamy and shallow black soils. Karnataka is the largest producer followed by Tamil Nadu.
- Jowar: It is a rain fed crop mostly grown in the moist areas which hardly needs irrigation. Maharashtra is the largest producer followed by Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.
- Bajra: It grows well on sandy soils and shallow black soil. Rajasthan is the largest producer of bajra followed by Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Haryana.
- Certain minerals may occur as alluvial deposits in sands of valley floors and the base of hills.
- The deposits are called ‘place deposits’, and generally contain minerals, which are not corroded by water.
- Gold, Silver, Tin and Platinum are the most important among such minerals.
It contains three lists—
- Union list: It includes subjects of national importance such as defence of the country, foreign affairs, banking, communication and currency. They are included in this list because we need a uniform policy on these matters through the country.
- State list: The list contains subjects of state and local importance such as, police, trade, commerce, agriculture and irrigation. The state govts, alone can make laws relating to the subjects mentioned in the state list.
- Concurrent list: Includes subjects of common interest to both the Union Govt, as well as state govts, such as education, forests, trade unions, marriage, adoption and succession. Both the union as well as state govts, can make laws on the subjects mentioned in this list. If their laws conflict with each other, the law made by union govt, prevails.
- No party wins the votes of all the voters of a caste or community. When people say that caste is a ‘vote bank’ of one party, it usually means that a large proposition of voters from that caste vote for that party.
- No parliamentary constituency in the country has a clear majority of one single caste. So, every candidate and party needs to win the confidence of more than one caste and community to win elections.
Party system is not something any country can choose—
- It evolves over a long time, depending on the nature of its society, its social and regional divisions, its history of politics and its system of elections.
- These cannot be changed very quickly.
- Each country develops a party system that is conditioned by its special circumstances. No system is ideal for all countries and all situations.
- Underemployment can also happen in other sectors.
- There are thousands of casual workers in the services sector in urban areas who search for daily employment.
- They are employed as painter, plumbers, repair persons and others doing odd jobs.
- Many of them do not find work everyday.
- We also see other people of service sector on the streets pushing a cart or selling something where they may spend the whole day but earn very little.
- They are doing this work because they do not have better opportunities.
- Demand deposits offer another important facility. It helps in making the payment in cheque.
- A cheque is a paper instructing the bank to pay a specific amount from person’s account to the other persons or to the account holder.
- Thus, we see that demand deposits share the essential features of money.
- The facility of cheques against demand deposits makes settlement of payment possible without using cash.
- Since demand deposits are accepted widely as a means of payment along
with currency, they constitute money in the modern economy.
- A consumers in today’s world, some of us have wider choice of goods and services before us.
- The latest models of digital cameras, mobile phones and television made by the leading manufacturers of the world are within one reader.
- Every season, new models of automobiles can be seen on the Indian roads.
- Giuseppe Garibaldi was the most celebrated of Italian freedom fighter.
- He played an instrumental role.
- In 1833, he joined the ‘Young Italy’ movement and participated in a republican uprising in Piedmont in 1834.
- In 1860, Garibaldi led the famous expedition of the ‘Thousand to South
- In 1867, Garibaldi led an army of volunteers to Rome to fight the last obstacle to the unification of Italy.
- Apart from regular troops, a large number of armed volunteers made the leadership of Giuseppe Garibaldi joined.
- In 1860, they marched into South Italy and the kingdom of the two Sicilies, and succeeded in mining the support of the local peasants in order to drive out the Spanish rulers.
- Count Cavour was the Italian Chief Minister who unified the regions of i Italy. He was neither a revolutionary nor a democrat.
- He spoke French and with his tactful diplomacy who sought the help of France in defeating Austrian forces in 1859.
- Ho Chi Minh Trail is one way of understanding the nature of war that the Vietnamese fought against the US. It has a great significance.
- It symbolises how the Vietnamese used their limited resources to great advantage.
- The Trail, an immense network of footpaths and roads, was used to transport men and materials from North to South.
- The Trail was improved from the late 1950s and from 1967 about 20,000 North Vietnamese troops came to South each month on this trail.
- This had support bases and hospitals along the way. In most of the parts, supplies were carried by porters. Trucks were also used.
- Most of the Trail was outside Vietnam in neighbouring Laos and Cambodia with branch lines extending to South Vietnam.
- The US regulatory bombed this Trail with an aim to disrupt supplies but efforts to destroy the supply line by intensive bombing failed because they were rebuilt quickly.
- Nationalism spread when people begin to believe that they are all part of the same nation, when they discover some unity that binds them together.
- There were variety of cultural processes through which nationalism captured people’s imagination.
- Allegory of Indian nation- Bharat Mata helps create an image with which people can identify the nation.
- Devotion to this mother figure came to be seen as evidence of one’s nationalism.
- It was essential to preserve folk traditions, folk tales in order to discover one’s national identity and restore a sense of pride in one’s part.
- National Flag designed by Gandhiji as Swaraj flag, represented the Gandhian ideal of self help. Carrying the flag, holding it aloft, during marches became a symbol of defiance.
- Reinterpretation of past also developed the interest of people in nationalist histories.
- Rich peasants were hit hard by the trade depression and falling prices, whereas the poor peasant’s cash income dwindled and they could not pay their rents.
- Refusal of the Govt, to reduce the revenue demand led to widespread resentment among the rich peasants, whereas the poor peasants wanted the unpaid rent to the landlords to be remitted.
- For the rich peasants fight for Swaraj was a struggle against high revenues and for the poor peasants were disappointed with the congress as it was unwilling to support them.
- Non-Cooperative Movement started with middle-class participation in the cities.
- Thousands of students left govt, controlled schools and colleges, head masters and teachers resigned and lawyers gave up their legal practices.
- The council elections were boycotted in most provinces except Madras.
- Foreign goods were boycotted, liquor shops picketed and foreign clothes burnt in huge bonfires. The impost of foreign goods halved.
- In many places merchants and traders refused to trade in foreign goods and finance foreign trade.
- As the boycott movement spread, and people began discarding imported clothes and wearing only Indian ones, production of Indian textile mills and handlooms went up.
Contribution of industry to the National Income—
- Over the last two decades, the share of manufacturing sector has stagnated to 17 percent of the GDP, which is required to be increased.
- The trend of growth rate in manufacturing over the last decade is around 7 percent per annum, whereas the desired growth rate is 12 percent.
- Since 2003, manufacturing is once again growing at the rate of 9 to 10 percent per annum.
- With proper policies of the govt, and efforts by the industry to improve productivity, economists predict that manufacturing can achieve its targets over the next decade.
- The National Manufacturing Competitiveness Council (NMCC) has been set up with this objective.
Classification of Roads on the basis of their capacity—
- Golden Quadrilateral Super Highways: These projects are implemented by the National Highway Authority of India (NHAI). These are three major super highways. Golden Quadrilateral starts from Delhi, moves to Mumbai then Chennai, Kolkata and back to Delhi. The North South Corridor starts from Srinagar to Kanyakumari. The East-West Corridor connects Silcher to Porbandar.
- National Highways: These roads are laid and maintained by Central Public Works Department (CPWD). A number of major highways run in North-South and East-West directions. Example: Sher Shah Suri Marg which is also called National Highway No. 1 starting from Delhi to Amritsar.
- State Highways: Roads linking a state capital with different district headquarters are known as state Highways. These roads are constructed and maintained by states and Union Territories.
- District Roads: These roads connect the district headquarters with other places of the district. These roads are maintained by Zila Parishad.
- Rural Roads: These roads link rural areas and villages with towns. These roads are constructed under the Pradhan Mantri Grameen Sadak Yojna.
- The northern plains with their vast level land, high population density and rich agricultural resources provided the most favourable conditions for their growth.
- However, a large number of rivers requiring construction of bridges posed some obstacles.
- In the hilly terrains of Peninsular region, railway tracks are laid through low hills, gaps or tunnels.
- The Himalayan mountainous region is also unfovaourable for the construction of railway lines due to high relief, sparse population and lack of economic opportunities.
- In the sandy plains, it is difficult to lay railway lines particularly in Rajasthan and swamps of Gujarat, forested tracks of Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha and Jharkhand.
- The Sahyadri stretch could also be crossed only through gaps or passes.
- Recently the development of the Konkan railway along the west coast has facilitated the movement of passengers and goods in this most important economic region of India.
- It has also faced a number of problems such as sinking of track in some stretches and landslides.
- In Belgium, the Dutch Community could take advantage of its numeric majority and force its will on the Flourish and German speaking population.
- This would have pushed the conflict among all these communities further.
- This could lead to a very messy partition of the country as both the sides would claim control over Brussels.
- In Srilanka, the Sinhala Community enjoyed even bigger majority and could impose its will on the entire country.
- The govt, followed policies that favoured Sinhala applicants for universitv positions and govt. jobs.
- With a new constitution, Buddhism was also adapted as a state religion.
- Democracies usually develop a procedure to conduct their competition. This reduces the possibility of these tensions becoming explosive or violent.
- No society can fully and permanently resolve conflicts among different groups.
- But we can certainly respect these differences and we can also evolve mechanisms to negotiate the differences.
- Democracy is best suited to produce this outcome.
- Non-democratic regimes often turn a blind eye to suppress internal social differences. Ability to handle social differences, divisions and conflicts is thus, a definite plus point of democratic regimes.
Popular struggle of Bolivia
- People’s struggle against privatisation of water in Bolivia power that struggles are integral part of democracy.
- The world Bank pressurised the government to give up its control of municipal water supply. The government sold these rights to a multinational company which increased the price of water by four times. Many people received monthly water bill of-? 1,000 in a country where average income is around ?5,000 a month.
- In January 2000, a new alliance of labour human rights and community leaders organised a successful gone day strike.
- The government agreed to negotiate and the strike was called off.
- The police resorted to brutal regression when the agitations started in February followed in April and the government imposed martial law.
- But the power of people forced the officials of the MNC to flee the city and made the government concede to all the demand of the protestors.
- The contract with MNC was cancelled and the water supply was restored with the municipality at old rates. This popular struggle came to be known as ‘Bolivia’s Water Cool’.
Consumer exercises his right to be informed in the following manner.
- Manufacturers display the required information on the goods or medicines we purchase, because consumers have the right to be informed.
- Consumers can then complain and ask for compensation or replacement, if the product proves to be defective in any manner.
- For example—If we buy a product and find it defective sell within the expiry period, we can ask for replacement. If the expiry period is not printed, the manufacturers would blame the shopkeeper and will not accept the responsibility.
- One can protest and complain if some one sells a good at more than the printed price on the packet. This is indicated by the Maximum Retail Price (MRP). In fact, consumers can bargain with the sellers to sell at less than MRP.
- On October 2005, the Govt, of India enacted a law known as Right to Information Act (RTI), which ensures its citizens all the information about the functions of Govt, departments.
Consumers are exploited in the market place in many ways.
- If we go to the market, many vegetable or fruit sellers weigh less than what they should be.
- If we go to the big showrooms, we find that they charge much more than MRP and are not ready to accept the fact.
- There are still many small traders who sell adulterated or defective goods for which we came to know only after its use by then they are not ready to take back the product.
- Normally false information is passed through media like fairness cream or any other makeup product which in actual life do not show that result.
- Expired medicines are given to them only who are very careless and do not have the habit of checking the medicines and hence demands cashmemo. Children are soft targets for it or illiterate people.
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