These Sample papers are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Paper 7.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Paper 7
|Sample Paper Set||Paper 7|
|Category||CBSE Sample Papers|
Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 10 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 7 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 10 Social Science is given below with free PDF download solutions.
Time Allowed: 3 hours
Max. Marks: 80
- This question paper consists of 28 questions in all. All questions are compulsory.
- Questions from Serial No. 1 to 7 are very short answer type questions. Each question carries 1 mark.
- Questions from Serial No. 8 to 18 are of 3 marks questions. Answer to these questions should not exceed 80 words each.
- Questions from Serial No. 19 to 25 are of 5 marks questions. Answer should not exceed 100 words each.
- Questions No. 26 and 27 are map questions carrying 1+1= 2 marks from History. After completion, attach the maps inside your answer books.
- Questions No. 28 is a map question of 3 marks from geography.
Describe the role of Guiseppe Mazzini in Italy’s Unification.
Who had overthrown Bao Dai regime?
What was Inland Emigration Act of 1859?
What was Bengal Gazette?
How did Belgians tackle the problems of different communities?
What are residuary subjects?
What is the origin of social differences?
What does ‘Infant Mortality rate’ mean?
What changes can be seen in Secondary Sector of India?
How did the small scale industries predominate in India?
How did people entertain themselves in Chawls?
Who was Manacchio? Why was he executed?
What were the reasons for the popularity of novels among women?
Why did Jawahar Lai Nehru proudly proclaimed the dams as ‘Temples of Modern India’?
Differentiate between Commercial farming and plantation farming.
What are the various uses of coal?
How are Gram Panchayat’s formed?
Suggest the steps to improve the social status of women in Indian society.
How do parties perform the job of making laws for the country?
How would income and employment increase if farmers were provided with irrigation and marketing facilities?
How are cooperatives functioning in the rural areas to solve the problems of credit?
How are companies providing services benefitted by globalisation?
How did the concept of Nation States develop in Europe? Was it successful in the formation of Nation States? Explain with the help of suitable examples.
What ideas did Phan Boi Chau and Phan Chu Trinh share in common and what did they disagree on?
What was the impact of colonialism on various colonies?
How did business classes of India relate to Civil Disobedience Movement?
What did Gandhiji mean when he said Satyagraha is active resistance?
“The textile industry is the only industry in the country which is self reliant and complete in the value chain”. Justify the statement.
What is trade? Explain the importance of International trade.
Explain any five reasons why a dense and efficient network of transport and communication is pre-requisite for trade of today.
Differentiate horizontal and vertical power sharing in modern democracies.
What outcomes are expected of a democracy?
How is gender division understood in Indian society? How does political mobilisation of women on this question help to improve women’s role in public life?
Why are quality measurements used?
How did the consumer movement arise out of dissatisfaction of the consumer? You can give any example of your own life.
On the given outline map of India, locate the place where Congress Session of 1929 held.
On the given outline map of India, mark the place where Jallianwala Bagh incident took place.
On the given outline map of India identify the following:
(a) A software Technology Park.
(b) Black soil predominant region
(c) Krishna Raja Sagar Dam
(d) Major Sugarcane producing state.
Mazzini had sought to put together a coherent programme for a unitary Italian Republic. He had formed a secret society, called ‘Young Italy’ for achieving his goal.
The Bao Dai regime was overthrown by a coup led by Ngo Dinh Diem, who built a repressive and authoritarians government.
Under the Inland Emigration Act of 1859, Plantation workers were not permitted to leave the Tea-Gardens’ without permission and in fact, they were rarely given such permission.
Bengal Gazette was a weekly magazine that described itself as a ‘commercial paper, open to all, but influenced by none’.
In Belgium, the leaders have realised that the unity of the country is possible only by respecting the feelings and interests of different communities and regions. Such a realisation resulted in mutually acceptable arrangements for sharing power.
Subjects which do not fall into any of the three lists. In this subjects like computer software and its related issues are included. Only union government has the power to legislate on these subjects.
These social differences are mostly based on accident of birth. Normally we don’t choose to belong to one community.
Infant mortality rate indicates the number of children that die before the age of one year as proportion of 1000 live children born in that particular year.
New methods of manufacturing were introduced, factories came up and started expanding. People from rural areas migrated to work in Factories and demands for manufactured goods has also increased.
While factory/industries grew steadily after the war, large industries formed a small segment of the economy. Most of them were located in Bengal and Bombay.
- Over the rest of the country, small scale production continued to predominate.
- In some instances, handicrafts production actually expanded in the 20th century.
- While cheap machine made thread wiped out the spinning industry in the 19th century, handloom cloth production survived, despite problems.
- Liquor shops and akharas came up in every empty spot.
- Magicians, monkey players or acrobats used to perform their acts on the streets.
- The Nandi bull used to come to predict their future.
- Chawls were also the place for the exchange of news about jobs, strikes, riots or demonstrations.
Menocchio was a milles in Italy who began to read books that were available in
- He interpreted the message of the Bible and formed his own ideas of God that engaged the Roman Catholic Church.
- Menocchio was declared a heretic and ultimately executed.
- The Roman Catholics then imposed severe controls over publishers and booksellers and began to maintain an index of prohibited books.
- It allowed for a new conception of womanhood.
- Stories of Love – which was a staple theme of many novels – showed women who could choose or refuse their partners and relationship.
- It showed women, who could to some extent, control their lives. Some women authors also wrote novels about women who changed the world of both men and women.
- Multipurpose projects launched after independence with their integrated water resources management approach, we thought of as the vehicle that would lead the nation to development and progress.
- Jawahar Lai Nehru proclaimed the dams as the temples of modern India as it would integrate the development of agriculture and village economy with rapid industrialisation and growth of the urban economy.
|Commercial Farming||Plantation Farming|
|(i) In this type of farming, crops are grown only for commercial purpose.||(i) In this type of farming, a single crop is grown on a large area.|
|(ii) Farmers make use of higher dose of modern inputs, HYV seeds, chemicals fertilises, insecticides etc.||(ii) Labour is employed to work in large tracts of land, using capital Intensive devices.|
|(iii) Eg: Rice is a commercial crop in Haryana and Punjab.||(iii) Eg: Tea gardens produce tea and coffee plantation produce coffee.|
Use of Coal:
- In India coal is the most abundantly available fossil fuel.
- It provides a substantial part of nation’s energy needs.
- It is used for power generation, to supply energy to industry as well as for domestic needs. India is highly dependent on coal for meeting its commercial energy requirements.
Rural local govt, is popularly known as Panchayati Raj. Gram Panchayat is the
smallest unit at the village level.
- Each village or a group of villages in some states has a gram Panchayat.
- This is a council consisting of general ward members often called Panch and a President or Sarpanch.
- They are directly elected by all the adult population living in that ward or village.
- It is decision – making body of the entire village.
- The Panchayats work under the overall supervision of the gram sabha. All voters in the village are its members.
- It has to meet at least twice or thrice in a year to approve the annual budget of the gram Panchayat and to review the performance of the gram Panchayat.
Steps to improve social status of women.
- The national commission for women should be straightened so that it may take initiative in cumbating injustice against women .
- The training cum Employment programme for women should be launched to straighten and develop skills and employment opportunities for women.
- The Laws regarding minimum age for marriage should be strictly enforced and strict laws against dowry should be followed.
- Parties play a decisive role in making laws for a country.
- Formally, laws are debated in the form of first, second and third readings and then by popular voting, the bill is passed.
- But since most of the members belong to a party, they follow what their leader says, irrespective of their personal opinions.
- Suppose a new dam is constructed and canals are dug to irrigate many such farms, it could lead to a lot of employment generation with in the agricultural sector itself and in reducing the problem of underemployment.
- Farmers required to transport their products to a nearby town. If the government invests some money in transportation and storage of crops or makes better rural roads, so that mini trucks can reach everywhere. This activity can provide productive employment to not just farmers but also others such as those in services like transport or trade.
Functions of cooperatives in rural areas:
- Besides banks the other major source of cheap credit in rural areas are the cooperatives.
- Members of a cooperative, pool their resources for cooperation in certain areas.
- Cooperatives form members, who accepts deposits from its members. With these deposits as collateral, the cooperative obtains a large loan fromthe bank. These funds are used to provide loans to members. Once these loans are repaid, another round of lending can take place.
- Globalisation has also created new opportunities for companies providing services, particularly those involving IT.
- These are Indian companies which are producing magazines for the London based and call centres are also existing due to globalisation only.
- Besides a host of services such as data entry, accounting, administrative tasks, engineering are new being done cheaply in developing countries such as data entry, accounting, administrative tasks engineering are new being done cheaply in developing countries such as India are exported to the developed countries.
- During the 19th century, nationalism emerged as a force which brought about sweeping changes in the political and moral world of Europe,
- It resulted into ‘Nation states’ in place of the multinational dynastic empires of Europe.
- It was a concept of modern states having centralised powers exercising sovereign control over their own territory.
- In a nation state people living in it develop a sense of common identity and shared history.
- This commonness was developed through struggle, actions of leaders and the struggles of the common people.
- This has given every nation state a single or common language, common culture or tradition and an identity with that particular territory and do and die feeling.
Both Phan Bai Chou and Phan Chu Triuh were nationalists. Both of them wanted to free Vietnam from colonial occupation.
- Phan Boi Chou: He was a Confucian scholar. He formed a revolutionary society in 1903, with Prince Cuong as the head. He wrote a book ‘The History of the Loss of Vietnam’, which became best seller in Vietnam and China. He focussed on two topics in his book:
- The loss of sovereignty.
- Severing of lies with China – ties that bond the elites of two countries within a shared culture.
- Phan Chu Trinh: He did not favour monarchy and opposed the idea of resisting the French with the help of court. He wanted to establish a democratic republic. He was profoundly influenced by the west and did not want total rejection of western civilisation. He demanded that the french set up legal and educational institutions and developed agriculture and industry.
- Trade flourished and markets expanded in the late 19th century but it also led to loss of freedom and livelihoods.
- European conquests produced many painful economic, social and ecological changes through which the colonised societies were brought into the world economy.
- Rival European powers in Africa drew up the borders demarcating their respective territories, being called as paper partition.
- Britain and France made vast additions to their overseas territories in the late 19th century. Belgium and Germany became new colonial powers.
- The US also became a colonial power in the late 1890’s by taking over some colonies that were earlier held by Spain.
- During the first World War, Indian merchants and industrialists had made huge profits and became powerful.
- Keen an expanding their business, they now reacted against colonial policies that restricted business activities.
- They wanted protection against imports of foreign goods and a rupee starling foreign exchange ratio that would discourage imports.
- The industrialist attacked colonial control over indian economv and supported the civil disorder movement when it was launched.
- They gave financial assistance and refused to buy or sell imported goods.
- According to Gandhiji the idea of Satyagraha emphasised the power of truth.and the need to search for the truth.
- To him (Gandhiji) it is a novel method of mass agitation, which he called satyagraha.
- His thought of that without being violent or aggressive, a Satyagrahi could win the battle through non-violence.
- This could be done by appealing to the conscience of the oppressive or British.
- Mahatma Gandhi believed that this Dharna of non-violence could unite all Indian, which would help them to get Independence.
The textile industry is self reliant and complete in value chain:
- It contributes significantly to industrial production (14%).
- Employment generation as 35 million people are employed directly which is second largest after agriculture.
- It earns foreign exchange which is about 24% of the total foreign exchange.
- It contributes 4 percent toward GDP.
- Today these are nearly 1600 cotton and human made fibre textile mills in the country. About 20 percent of them area in private sector and rest are in public sector and cooperative sector.
Trade: The exchange of goods among people, states and countries is referred
to as trade.
- International trade of a country is an index to its economic prosperity.
- It is considered the economic barometer of a country.
- As the resources are space bomb no country can survive without International trade.
- Countries have trade relations with the major trading blocks.
- Exchange of commodity and goods have been superseded by the exchange of information and knowledge.
Transport and Communication for trade
- The pace of development of a country depends upon the production of goods and services as well as their movement over space.
- Therefore efficient means of transport is a prerequisite for fast development.
- For a long site, trade and transport were restricted to a limited space.
- With the development in Science and technology, the area of influence of trade and transport expanded far and wide.
- Today the world has been converted into a large village with the help of efficient and fast moving transport.
- Transport has been able to achieve this with the help of equally developed communication system.
- Therefore transport, communication and trade are complimentary.
|Horizontal division of Power||Vertical Division of Power|
|1. In it power is shared among different organs of the government.||1. In it power is shared among governments at different levels.|
|2. Here the power is shared among legislatures, executive and judiciary||
2. There is governments at the central level and the governments at the state level too.
|3. It allows different organs of the government placed at the same level to exercise different power.||3. This kind of governments is also called federal division of power or federal governments.|
|4. In this kind of government each organ checks the other. This results in a balance of power among various Institutions.||4. Here subjects or their functions are divided and they work at their own levels within their own limits.|
Outcomes expected of a democracy are:
- People should get a chance to choose their representatives without any fear.
- Elections are held periodically on the basis of universal Franchise.
- Free and fair elections are conducted by an independent machinery.
- The elected representatives are accountable to the people.
- There is more than are political party which competes for power.
- Pressure and Interest groups play a prominent role in the system.
- People are guaranteed fundamental, sights like right to life, liberty, equality, religion by the constitution.
- The constitution provides for an impartial Judiciary, which protects the rights of the people
- These should be a strong opposition which should act as a watchdog on government both inside and outside the Parliament.
- These should be an enlightened public opinion so that people can put pressure on the govt.
- The court provides for a written set of roles which divides power between the center and the state.
- Freedom of press should be allowed.
- The unity, integrity and sovereignty of the country should be maintained.
- People should be vigilant and participate activity in the process of governance.
- Boys and Girls are brought to believe that the main responsibility of women is household work and bringing up children.
- Women do all work inside the house such as cooking, cleaning, washing clothes, tailoring, looking after the children, etc. and men do all the work outside the house. It is not that men cannot do such work they simply think that it is for women, to attend to.
- Political mobilisation has helped to improve women’s role in public life.
- Now women are scientists, space astronaut^, doctors, engineers, lawyer
and college and university teachers which were earlier not considered suitable for them.
- Despite certain improvement, Indian Society remains a male dominated and patriarchal society. Women still face torture, discrimination in various ways.
- Now women are scientists, space astronaut^, doctors, engineers, lawyer
- In urban areas, poor women work as domestic helps in middle-class homes while middle-class women work in offices.
- In fact the majority of women do some sort of paid work in addition to domestic labour. But their work is not valued and does not get recognition.
The quality measurements are used to satisfy consumers:
- While buying many commodities, there is a logo with letters like ISI, AGMARK or Hallmark.
- These logos and codification help consumers get assured of quality while purchasing the goods and services.
- The organisations that monitor and issue these certificate allow produces to use their logos provided they follow certain quality standards.
- Though then organisations develop quality standards for many products, it is not compulsory for all the produces to follow standards.
- However for some products that affect the health and safety of consumes or of products of mass consumptions like LPG cylinders, food colours, additives cement, packaged drinking water, it is mandatory on the pact of the produces to get their products certified by these organisations.
- The consumers movement arouse out of dissatisfaction of the consumers as many unfair practices were being practised by the sellers.
- There was no legal system available to consumers to protect them from exploitation in the market place.
- In India, the consumer movement as a ‘social force’ originated with the necessity of protecting and promoting the interest of consumers against unethical and unfair trade practices.
- Rampant food shortages, hoarding, black marketing, adulteration of food and edible oil gave birth to the consumer movement in an organised form in 1960’s.
- Till 1970’s consumer organisations were largely engaged in writing article and holding exhibitions. They formed consumer groups to look into malpractices of ration stops and over crowding in the road passenger transport. More recently India witnessed an upsurge in the number of consumers groups.
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