These Sample papers are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Paper 8.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Paper 8
|Sample Paper Set||Paper 8|
|Category||CBSE Sample Papers|
Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 10 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 8 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 10 Social Science is given below with free PDF download solutions.
Time Allowed: 3 hours
Max. Marks: 80
- This question paper consists of 28 questions in all. All questions are compulsory.
- Questions from Serial No. 1 to 7 are very short answer type questions. Each question carries 1 mark.
- Questions from Serial No. 8 to 18 are of 3 marks questions. Answer to these questions should not exceed 80 words each.
- Questions from Serial No. 19 to 25 are of 5 marks questions. Answer should not exceed 100 words each.
- Questions No. 26 and 27 are map questions carrying 1+1= 2 marks from History. After completion, attach the maps inside your answer books.
- Questions No. 28 is a map question of 3 marks from geography.
What was the strong demand of the emerging middle class in Europe during 19th Century?
How were supplies carried in Ho Chi Minh Trail?
What was Poona Pact?
When was the first smoke nuisance law passed in India?
What is the basic principle of democracy?
Which two aspects crucial for the practice of federalism?
Give any two differences between Athletes of America and Australia.
Define the term Average Income’.
What is the main purpose of Public Sector?
Explain any three benefits of refrigerated ships in trade.
What steps were taken by East India Company to control the market of cotton and silk goods?
What were the drawbacks of manuscripts?
How did ‘Durgesh Nandini’ written by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay become popular?
Analyse three major causes of water scarcity in India.
How can you say that “India is the largest producer as well as consumer of pulses in India”?
What is the role of a geographer and a geologist in the study of minerals?
Which territories in India do not enjoy the powers of a state?
How does caste get politicised in India?
What are the major differences between the policies of CPI (M) and CPI?
What is skill development? How does it help in creating employment?
Why are transactions made in money? Give suitable reasons.
What are the benefits of MNC’s production to the local companies?
Analyse the measures and practices introduced by the French Revolutionaries to create a sense of collective identity amongst the French People.
What was the role of religious groups in the development of anti-colonial feelings in Vietnam?
How did the British market their goods in India?
How did a variety of cultural processes play an important role in making of nationalism in India? Explain with examples.
According to Gandhiji, what should be the various stages of the Non¬cooperation Movement.
Jute Industry is concentrated in the Hugh Basin”. Validate the statement with suitable reasons.
Explain any five major problems faced by road transport in India?
Describe the features of Golden Quadrilateral Super Highways of India in five points.
How did Belgium and Sri Lanka dealt with the question of power sharing differently?
Evidence shows that in practice many democracies did not fulfill the expectation of producing economic development in the country. Validate the statement with the help of relevant example.
Give reasons for the growth of service sector in India.
Explain any five rights of consumers that protect them from exploitation in the market place.
What is meant by ‘Right to Choose’? Mention three situations in which it is violated.
On the given outline map of India locate the place of Congress Session of December 1920.
On the given outline map of India, show place where cotton mill workers took to Satyagraha.
On the given political map of India identify the following:
(a) A dam in Tamil Nadu
(b) A coal mine.
(c) A Nuclear Power Plant.
(d) Major sugarcane producing state
The emerging middle class of Europe demanded constitutionalism with national unification.
In the trail, supplies were transported in trucks but mostly they were carried by porters, who were mainly women. These porters carried about 25 kilos on their backs or about 70 kilos on their bicycle.
Poona pact gave the depressed classes reserved seats in provincial and central legislative councils, but they were to be voted in by the general elections.
In 1863, Calcutta became the first Indian city to get smoke nuisance legislation.
Basic principle of democracy is that people are the source of all political power. In a democracy, people rule themselves through institutions of self governance.
Two aspects crucial for the practice of federalism are:
- Government at different levels should agree to some rules of power sharing.
- They should also trust that each would abide by its part of the agreement.
Tommie Smith and John Carlos were black while Peter Norman was a white. Smith and Carlos were from US while Norman was from Australia.
Net attendance ratio is the total number of children of the age group 14-15 years attending school as a percentage of total number of children in the same age group.
The purpose of public sector is not just to earn profit but to also think about social justice.
Benefits of refrigerated ships:
- Perishable goods could be easily sent over long distance.
- The animals were slaughtered at the starting point for food in America, Australia or New Zealand then transported to Europe as frozen meat.
- Shipping costs were reduced and meat prices reduced in Europe. Earlier large number of people depended on bread and potatoes but now they could afford to add meat, eggs, butter, and cheese to their diet.
Steps taken by East India Company to control the market of cotton and silk goods are:
- The company eliminated the existing traders and brokers to establish direct control over weavers. It appointed a paid servant called ‘Gomastha’ to supervise weavers, collect supplies and examine the quality of cloth.
- It prevented company weavers from dealing with other buyers. Once an order was placed, the weavers were given loans to purchase the raw material.
- Those who took loans hand to hand over the cloth they produced to the Gomasthas only. They could not take it to any other trader.
Drawbacks of manuscripts are:
- Manuscripts could not satisfy the ever increasing demand for books.
- Copying was an expensive, laborious and time-consuming business.
- Manuscripts were fragile, awkward to handle and could not be carried around easily as they were big and heavy.
Durgesh Nandini became popular due to following reasons:
- Besides the ingenious twists and turns of the plot and the suspense the novel was also relished for its language.
- The prose style became a new object of enjoyment.
- Initially the Bengali novel used a colloquial style associated with urban life. It also used meyeli the language associated with woman’s speech.
- This style was quickly replaced by Bankim’s prose which was sanskritised but also contained a more vernacular style.
The reasons for water scarcity in India are:
- Post-Independence India has witnessed intensive Industrialisation and urbanisation which increased water demand.
- Large urban centres with large and dense population and urban lifestyles have added to the water requirement.
- Increase in population also led to increased demand of water for farming as well as use of underground water.
- Lots of fresh river water gets washed by Industrial effluents fertilisers and chemicals.
- India is the largest producer as well as consumer of pulses in the world.
- Since pulses are the major source of protein in a vegetarian diet, these are used by most of the Indian population.
- They need less moisture and survive even in dry conditions.
- Being leguminous crop, all these crops except arhar, help in restoring soil fertility.
Therefore these are mostly grown in rotation with other crops.
Both geographer and geologist play important role in the study of minerals.
- Geographers: They study minerals as a part of the earth’s crust for a better understanding of landforms. The distribution of mineral resources and associated economic activities are of interest of geographers.
- Geologist: A geologist is interested in the formation of minerals, their age and physical and chemical composition.
- There are some units of the Indian union which enjoy very little power.
- These areas are too small to become an independent state but which could not be merged with any of the existing states as well.
- The areas like Chandigarh, Lakshadweep or the capital city of Delhi are called union territories.
- These territories do not have the powers of a state. The central govt, has special powers in running these areas.
- Each caste group tries to become bigger by incorporating within it, neighbouring castes or sub-castes, which were earlier excluded from it.
- Various caste groups are required to enter into a coalition with other castes or communities and thus, enter into a dialogue and negotiation.
- New kind of caste groups have come up in the political arena like ‘backward’ or ‘forward’ caste groups.
|Policies of CPI (M)||Policies of CPI|
|1. Accepts democratic elections as a useful and helpful means for securing the objective of socioeconomic justice in India.||1. Accepts parliamentary democracy as a means of promoting the interests of the working class, farmers and the poor.|
|2. Critical of the new economic policies that allow free flow of foreign capital and goods into the country.||2. Opposed to the force of successionism and communalism.|
|3. It was formed in 1964.||3. It was formed in 1925.|
Skill development is the development of a particular skill with proper professional training. A trained person can get employment easily than non- skilled person.
- Suppose the government opens new schools to educate people, the teachers will be required to run the schools.
- A study conducted by the planning commission estimates that nearly 20 lakh jobs can be created in the education sector alone.
- Similarly, if we have to improve the health situation, we need many more doctors, nurses, health workers, etc. to work in various parts of one country.
Reasons for transactions to be made in money are:
- A person holding money can easily exchange it for any commodity or service that he or she might want.
- Thus, everyone prefers to receive payments in money and then exchange for money for things that they want.
- Take the case of a shoe manufacture. He wants to sell shoe in the market and by wheat. The shoe manufacture will first exchange shoe that he has produced for money and then exchange the money for wheat.
Benefits of MNCs production to local companies:
- MNCs can provide money for additional investments, like buying new machines for faster production.
- MNCs might bring with them the latest technology for production.
- MNCs also buy some local companies to expand production since they have wealth exceeding the entire budgets of some of the developing countries.
- The feeling of true expression of nationalism or collective identity came to France with the French Revolution in 1789.
- Political and constitutional changes led to the transfer of sovereignty from monarchy to a body of French citizens.
- Various measures and practices were introduced by French revolutionaries which proclaimed that a nation is made by its people and only they can shape up its destiny.
- Concept of a community which is united under one flag and enjoying equal rights came into being.
Following steps were taken to create a feeling of collective identity are:
- The Idea of La Patrie (the fatherland) and Le Citoyen (the citizen) emphasized this notion.
- The tricolours, new French flag replaced royal flag.
- Uniform laws were formulated for all citizens.
- The body of ‘Active Citizens’ elected the Estates General and it was renamed National Assembly.
- In Vietnam, religion played an important role in the development of anti¬colonial feelings in the lives of the people.
- This tact was well used by the imperialists to aid in their control over their colonies.
- Thinking this, the imperialists imposed their religions on the Vietnamese locals.
- However, anti-imperialist feeling arose in Vietnam against the French imperialist forces.
- Vietnam followed Buddhism and Confucianism. The French wanted to convert the Vietnamese into Christians.
- This led to revolts against the French intention in 1868, This revolt was called the’ ‘Scholars’ Revolt, which was followed by the killing of about 1000 Catholics.
- Huynh Phu so began a movement called Hoa Hao, but was declared insane by the French Government.
- Later after getting freed from the mental asylum he was sent to Laos and his followers were sent to the concentration camp.
- Advertisement of the product: Advertisements make products appear desirable and necessary. They try to shape the minds of people and create new needs. During the Industrial age, advertisements played a major role in expanding the markets for products.
- Putting labels on the cloth bundles: The label was needed to make the place of manufacture and the name of the company familiar to the buyers. When buyers saw ‘MADE IN MANCHESTER’ written in bold on a label, they would feel confident about buying the cloth.
- Images of Indian Gods and Goddesses: It was as if association with Gods gave divine approval to the goods being sold. Images of Krishna or Saraswati was intended to make the manufacture from a foreign land appear somewhat familiar to the Indian people.
- Printing calendars to popularise their products: Unlike newspapers and magazines, calendars were used even by people who could not read. They were hung in the tea shops and in poor people’s homes, just as much as in offices and middle class houses.
Role of Cultural processes in making of nationalism in India:
- The sense of collective belonging came partly through the experience of united struggles.
- These were also a variety of cultural processes through which nationalism captured people’s imagination.
- History, fiction, folklore and songs, popular prints and symbols played a part in the making of Nationalism.
- The identity of the nation is most often symbolised in a figure or an image.
- This helped to create an image with which people can identify the nation.
Various stages of Non-cooperation, according to Gandhiji were:
- It should begin with the surrender of Hitler that the government awarded.
- It should be followed by a boycott of civil services, army, police, courts and legislative councils, schools and foreign goods.
- Mahatma Gandhi made extensive countrywide tours to mobilise popular support of the movement.
- There were speculations whether the boycott, of council elections scheduled for 1920 might lead to violence.
- Amidst some confusions at Nagar Congress Session of 1920, National Cooperation Movement was adopted.
Reasons for Jute Industry concentrated in the Hugh Basin are:
- West Bengal is the home of jute. It produces the highest number of bales of the Jute fibre. Adjoining regions of West Bengal and Odisha are also important produces of jute. Thus raw material is easily available.
- Additional requirement of jute is met through imports from Bangladesh.
- Denesly populated area of lower Ganga basin provides cheap labour.
- The industry consumes huge quantity of water which is easily available from the Hugh River.
- Kolkata has a good network of transportation both land and water. It has the facility of transport through rivers, canals, railways and roads.
- International airport and a big port in Kolkata have also helped in the transportation of materials.
- Coal-mines of Raniganj and Asansol provide sufficient supply of power to this Industry in Kolkata, etc.
Five major problems faced by road transport in India are:
- Keeping in view the volume of traffic and passengers, the road network in inadequate.
- About 50% of the roads are unmetalled.
- This limits their usage during the rainy seasons.
- The National Highways are inadequate.
- Moreover the roads are highly congested in cities.
- Most of the bridges and culverts are old and narrow.
Golden Quadrilateral Super highway of India:
- Golden Quadrilaterals of India is connecting four major cities — Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata and back to Delhi.
- These highways reduce the time and distance between these metropolitan cities of India.
- This highway is constructed and maintained by National Highway Authority of India (NHAI).
- These highways are very useful to improve internal trade of India.
- These roads are six lanes roads, and quality of these roads is very good.
- Constructions of these roads involve huge investment.
Belgium: In Belgium leaders recognised the existence of regional differences and cultural diversities. The Belgian governments accommodated its diverse ethnic population by making both Dutch and French speaking ministers shall be equal. Many powers of the state government have been given to the state governments of the two regions of the country. The state governments are not subordinate to the Central Government Brussels would have separate government in which both the communities have equal representation. Community Government’ was introduced to take decisions on culture, education and language related issues.
Sri Lanka: Sri Lanka became independent in 1948. The leaders of Sinhala Community sought to secure dominance over government by virtue of their majority. As a result, the democratically elected government adopted majoritarian measures to establish Sinhala Supremacy. In 1956, an act was passed to recognise Sinhala, as the only official language thus disregarding Tamil. The government followed policies that favoured Sinhala applicants for university positions and government jobs. With a new constitution. Buddhism ! was adopted as a state religion.
- If we consider democracies and all dictatorship for the fifty years between 1950 and 2000. dictatorship have slightly higher rate of economic growth.
- Economic development depends on several factors; country’s population, size, global, situation, cooperation from other countries, economic, priorities adopted by country, etc.
- However the difference in the rates of economic development between less developed countries with dictatorship and democracies is negligible.
- Overall it cannot be said that democracy is a guarantee of economic development. But we can expect democracy not to log behind dictatorship in this respect.
- When such a significant difference in the rates of economic growth between countries under dictatorship and democracy, it is better to prefer democracy as it has several other positive outcomes.
- In any country, several services such as hospitals, educational institutions, post and telegraph services, police stations, courts, village administrative offices, municipal corporations, defence, transport, banks, insurance companies, etc., are required. These can be considered as basic services.
- The development of agriculture and industry leads to the development of service such as transport, trade, storage, etc. Greater the development of the primary and secondary sector, more would be the demand for such services.
- As income levels rise, certain sections of people start demanding many more services like eating out, tourism, shopping, private hospitals, private schools, professional training institutes, etc. These changes can be seen in big cities.
- Over the past decade or so certain new services such as those based on information and communication technology have become important and essential. Therefore, production of these services has been rising rapidly.
Rights of Consumers:
- Right to Information: Manufacturer display the required information on the goods or medicines we purchase, because consumers have the right to be informed.
- Right to Safety: While using many goods and services, we as consumers have the right to be protected against the marketing of goods and delivery of services that are hazardous to life and property.
- Right to Choose: Any consumer who receives a service in whatever capacity, regardless of age, genders and nature of service, has the right to choose, whether to continue to receive the service or not.
- Right to Seek Redressal: Consumers have the right to seek Redressal against unfair trade practices and exploitation. If any damage is done to the consumer, he or she has the right to get a compensation, depending on the degree of damage. There is a need to provide an easy and effective public system by which this can be done.
- Right to be heard: There is a need to provide an easy and effective public system by which this can be done. Consumers can go to the consumer courts to seek redressal. Consumers can take guidance from consumer forums on few to file cases in the consumer courts. By making complaints consumers can express their solidarity.
- Right to choose means that any consumer who receives a service in whatever capacity, regardless of age, genders and nature of service has the right to choose whether to continue to receive the service.
- The following are the situations in which it is violated:
- Sometimes, gas supply dealers insist that we have to buy the stove from them when we take a new connection. So when we are forced to buy things that we may not wish to and we are left with no choice, one right to choose is denied.
- Similarly, when we want to buy toothpaste and the shop owner sells the toothpaste only if you buy a toothbrush and we are not interested in buying the brush, one right to choose is denied.
- In another case when school authorities force a student to buy notebooks and books from school only, one right to choice is denied.
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