CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 English Core Paper 1 are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 English Core. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 English Core Paper 1.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 English Core Paper 1
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Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 1 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 12 Englsih Core is given below with free PDF download solutions.
Time Allowed: 3 hours
Maximum Marks: 100
- This paper is divided into three sections: A, B and C. All the sections are compulsory.
- Separate instructions are given with each section and question, wherever necessary. Read these instructions very carefully and follow them faithfully.
- Do not exceed the prescribed Word limit while answering the questions.
READING (30 MARKS)
Read the following passage carefully. (12 Marks)
1. What does it mean to live a healthy lifestyle? It is a way of living that allows you to enjoy more aspects of your life in a more fulfilling way. It is not just about trying to avoid one illness after another, or trying to just not feel as bad as you normally do. It is about feeling and being well physically, mentally and socially. It is about making specific choices that give you the opportunity to feel your best for as long as you can. Living a healthy lifestyle is about saying YES to life.
2. Do you want to have a body that can support you well into your old age? Do you wish to have mental clarity, quality relationships, good working internal functions, or even an overall feeling of wellbeing? Well, living a healthy lifestyle is what can get you there, or at least improve your condition. There are three specific things that you should do:
3. You shouldn’t be surprised that this one is on the list. It is unavoidable. Physical activity is essential to healthy living. The body is meant to move, and when it does not, it can become unhappy and ill. Physical activity stimulates the body’s natural maintenance and repairs systems that keep it going. It improves circulation to our heart and lungs. It gives us strength to stave off injuries, and it increases the mobility in our muscles and joints. Physical activity also releases endorphins; the feel good hormones that create a sense of general wellbeing. Physical activity is good for the body and the mind.
4. Exercises include brisk walking, cycling, dancing, swimming, rowing, elliptical workouts and jogging. Yoga and pilates are also good exercise workouts; however, they should be performed in conjunction with the cardiovascular type workouts mentioned above.
5. Have you ever heard of the saying “You are what you eat” or “Garbage in garbage out”? Well, it is true. What you put into your body directly affects how you feel physically, your mood, your mental clarity, your internal workings, and even your skin. Eating healthy does not mean eating expensive foods with little taste. As a matter of fact, there are some fantastic health recipes online and in cookbooks that are very healthy. Basically, you want to aim for a diet that is low in salt, fat and unprocessed foods and is high in fruits, vegetables, whole grains and omega-3 fatty acids. It is also good to take a multi vitamin to ensure you are meeting your nutrient requirements.
6. We have got to get rid of all of this stress. Stress happens when your life becomes out of balance physically, mentally or emotionally. This imbalance can be caused by internal stress like worrying too much, environmental stress like pressure from work, family or friends, or by stress from being fatigued or overworked. Being stressed out has the potential to affect your health in a variety of ways. You can become tired, sick, tense, irritable, and unable to think clearly. If you want to live a healthy lifestyle, you will need to manage the stress in your life so that it does not overtake you. This means taking charge of your thoughts, emotions, tasks, and environment to get your body back in balance. “Instead of dealing with the outcome of your angry outburst, deal with it scientifically,” says alternative healer, Rama Awasthi.
I. On the basis of your understanding of the passage, answer the following questions by choosing the most appropriate option. (1 × 4 = 4 Marks)
(a) Healthy living means:
- Just avoiding illness.
- feeling better than normal.
- eating expensive foods.
- enjoying more aspects of life in a more fulfilling way.
(b) Physical activity:
- improves blood circulation.
- improves natural response system.
- releases feel good hormones.
- all of the above.
(c) Which of the following is not a cardiovascular excercise?
- brisk walking
(d) Stress management does not involve:
- managing thoughts.
- taking multi-vitamins.
- balancing one’s body.
- managing one’s environment.
II. Answer the following questions as briefly as possible. (1 × 5 = 5 Marks)
(e) What do you understand by ‘Healthy lifestyle’?
(f) What will healthy lifestyle lead to? .
(g) How is physical activity useful for healthy living?
(h) What does the writer suggest about yoga and pilates?
(i) Explain the concept of ‘eating healthy’.
III. Find words from the passage which mean the same as: (1 × 3 = 3 Marks)
(a) develops (para 3)
(b) combination (para 4)
(c) result (para 6)
Read the following passage carefully. (10 Marks)
1. I am happy to join with you today in what will go down in history as the greatest demonstration for freedom in the history of our nation.
2. Five score years ago, a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the Emancipation Proclamation. This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope to millions of Negro slaves who had been seared in the flames of withering injustice. It came as a joyous daybreak to end the long night of their captivity.
3. But one hundred years later, the Negro still is not free. One hundred years later, the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination. One hundred years later, the Negro lives on a lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity. One hundred years later, the Negro is still languished in the corners of American society and finds himself an exile in his own land. And so we’ve come here today to dramatize a shameful condition.
4. In a sense we’ve come to our nation’s capital to cash a check. When the architects of our republic wrote the magnificent words of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence, they were signing a promissory note to which every American was to fall heir. This note was a promise that all men, yes, black men as well as white men, would be guaranteed the “unalienable Rights” of “Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.” It is obvious today that America has defaulted on this promissory note, insofar as her citizens of color are concerned. Instead of honoring this sacred obligation, America has given the Negro people a bad check, a check which has come back marked “insufficient funds.”
5. But we refuse to believe that the bank of justice is bankrupt. We refuse to believe that there are insufficient funds in the great vaults of opportunity of this nation. And so, we’ve come to cash this check, a check that will give us upon demand the riches of freedom and the security of justice.
6. We have also come to this hallowed spot to remind America of the fierce urgency of Now. This is no time to engage in the luxury of cooling off or to take the tranquilizing drug of gradualism. Now is the time to make real the promises of democracy. Now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice. Now is the time to lift our nation from the quicksands of racial injustice to the solid rock of brotherhood. Now is the time to make justice a reality for all of God’s children.
7. It would be fatal for the nation to overlook the urgency of the moment. This sweltering summer of the Negro’s legitimate discontent will not pass until there is an invigorating autumn of freedom and equality. Nineteen sixty-three is not an end, but a beginning. And those who hope that the Negro needed to blow off steam and will now be content will have a rude awakening if the nation returns to business as usual. And there will be neither rest nor tranquility in America until the Negro is granted his citizenship rights. The whirlwinds of revolt will continue to shake the foundations of our nation until the bright day of justice emerges.
8. But there is something that I must say to my people, who stand on the warm threshold which leads into the palace of justice: In the process of gaining our rightful place, we must not be guilty of wrongful deeds. Let us not seek to satisfy our thirst for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred. We must forever conduct our struggle on the high plane of dignity and discipline. We must not allow our creative protest to degenerate into physical violence. Again and again, we must rise to the majestic heights of meeting physical force with soul force.
(Extract from Martin Luther King, Jr speech ‘I Have a Dream’)
I. Answer the following questions by choosing the most appropriate option: (1 × 2 = 2 Marks)
(a) Martin Luther considers the Negro’s situation shameful as:
- they are still slaves.
- they are exiled.
- while other Americans become richer they are still poor.
- there is no brotherhood in America.
(b) Luther expects America to:
- come out of the attitude of gradualism.
- fulfil the promise of democracy.
- end slavery.
- both (i) and (ii).
II. Answer the following questions as briefly as possible. (1 × 6 = 6 Marks)
(c) What is the ‘momentous decree’ that Luther talks about?
(d) How did the decree change the fate of the Negro slaves?
(e) What is Luther’s regret?
(f) According to Luther what are inalienable rights?
(g) How has America dishonored the promise to the colored people?
(h) How will America suffer if blacks are denied their due?
III. Find words from the passage which are similar in meaning to the following. (1 × 2 = 2 Marks)
(a) historic (para 2)
(b) isolation (para 3)
Read the following passage carefully. (8 Marks)
India’s economy is doing well and we are right to celebrate that. But what we do not like to acknowledge, let alone address, is another fact; our economy, and society, and is still extremely biased against women. Perhaps paying attention to such inconvenient truths would distract us as we march towards superpower status. In the latest gender gap index report released by the World Economic Forum (WEF), India keeps company with the worst in the world. Among the 128 countries that have been evaluated by the WEF, India is ranked 114, followed among others by Yemen, Chad, Pakistan and Saudi Arabia. Even China, Philippines, Sri Lanka and Botswana fare much better than us.
The survey considers the proportion of resources and opportunities made available to women on educational, economic, political and health. It is only in the realm of political empowerment that we seem to have done somewhat better, ranking 21st. It begs the question why women are so badly off in our country if they are politically empowered.
To begin with, we are still largely a feudal and patriarchal society. In many parts of our country especially in UP, Bihar, Rajasthan, Haryana and Punjab women are often treated as if they were a piece of property. In these parts, the sex ratio is most skewed because families often snuff out the lives of girl children before, or immediately after, they are bom, in many parts of India women are viewed as an economic liability despite contributing in several ways to our society and economy.
The state has not covered itself with glory either in bridging the gender divide. Its policies and projects for women are woefully inadequate. For instance, the literacy rate for females is a mere 48 per cent against 73 per cent for males. Unless we put more of our girl children in schools and equip them with quality education as opposed to making them merely literate we can forget about sustainable progress. Public health is another area of failure. Hundreds of women in rural India die every year during childbirth for want of medical attention. There are thousands more who do not even have access to a primary health centre. Importantly, reforming property laws more rigorously so that gender parity becomes a reality must rank among the government’s priorities. While these changes are necessary, they will amount to nothing if we, as a society, continue to deny our women the dignity, liberty and opportunities that are rightfully theirs. No society will ever prosper as a whole as long as half of it is constantly created as somehow less than the other half.
A. On the basis of your reading of the above passage make notes on it, using headings and sub-headings. Use recognizable abbreviations (wherever necessary—minimum four) and a format you consider suitable. Also supply an appropriate title to it. (5 Marks)
B. Write a summary of the passage in about 80 words. (3 Marks)
ADVANCE WRITING SKILLS (30 MARKS)
Mother Teresa Public School in Delhi requires Assistant Ice Hockey Coaches. Draft a suitable advertisement in about 50 words to be published in the column of the National Herald giving the necessary details. You are the Principal of the school. (4 Marks)
As librarian of the Modem Public School, Gwalior, draft a Notice asking the students to return all library books they have borrowed two days before the commencement of summer vacations or they would be penalised ? 5 per day.
A tour to Delhi’s all historical monuments was an eye-opener for you. Because of the apathy of the concerned authorities, the indifferent tourists, the Municipal Corporation of Delhi and a callous younger population, the precious heritage has been painted with graffiti. Write a letter to the Editor of the Hindustan Times in 120-150 words drawing the attention of the Archaeological Survey of India department to save our heritage from getting ruined. You are Navin/Navita of M-l 13, Vasant Lok, Delhi. (6 Marks)
You are Bharat/Bharati, you have recently bought a Samsung washing machine from Lexis Electronics at the Big Bazaar at Noida. It developed a problem within a month of purchase. Write a letter in 120-150 words to the dealer and ask him to do the needful. You are Bharat/Bharati of M-113, Vasant Lok, Delhi.
Teenage is generally perceived as the most carefree time of the life but the pressure of the competitive world they live in has made their lives a series of successive unhappy events where they face depression. As Deepak/Dipti, write an article on the topic, ‘Life of a Teenager’ in about 150-200 words. (10 Marks)
Every activity that man indulges in, is creating some kind of waste. In fact the need of the hour is to reuse, reduce and recycle. As a member of the ‘Green Peace Campaign’, write a speech to be delivered in your school morning assembly. You are Akash/Akanksha.
You are Ritesh/Rita. You attended a week long workshop for honing your skills in adventure sports. Delegates from schools all over India attended this workshop. Write a report for your school magazine report with all details in not more than 150-200 words. (10 Marks)
You are a Special Correspondent, Anil/Soha of ‘Lucknow Today’ and you have been asked to cover an accident of derailment of Shatabdi Express just before the Central Station. About 5 people have died and 50 have sustained serious injuries. The Chief Minister and the local administration have reached the spot to give instant help. Write a report with all details in not more than 150-200 words.
TEXTBOOKS AND EXTENDED READING TEXT (40 MARKS)
Read the following extract carefully and answer the questions that follow: (1 × 4 = 4 Marks)
The stunted, unlucky heir
Of twisted bones, reciting a father’s gnarled disease,
His lessons from his desk. At back of the dim class
One unnoted, sweet and young. His eyes live in a dream,
Of Squirrel’s game, in the tree room, other than this.
(a) What is the reference to ‘gnarled disease’?
(b) What is the ‘unnoted’ child doing?
(c) Pick two images each of despair and disease from these lines.
(d) Name the poem and the poet.
When Aunt is dead her terrified hands will lie
Still ringed with ordeals she was mastered by
The‘Tigers in the panel that she made
Will go on prancing proud and unafraid
(a) Why are Aunt Jennifer’s hands described as being ‘terrified’?
(b) What impression does one get of the aunt’s status in the family?
(c) What do these tigers symbolise?
(d) What do the last two lines suggest?
Answer any four of the following questions in about 30-40 words each: (3 × 4 = 12 Marks)
(a) What does Stephen Spender wish for the children of the slum?
(b) What does Keats consider an endless fountain of immortal drink? Why does he call its drink immortal?
(c) Why did the teacher advise the children and the townspeople to hold onto their language?
(d) Seemapuri is on the periphery of Delhi yet it is miles away from it metaphorically. Explain.
(e) Why was the Maharaja anxious to kill the hundredth tiger?
(f) Why do the servants leave Dr. Sadao’s house?
Poverty is a vicious circle for refugees, slumdwellers and banglemakers. Express your views in the light of ‘Lost Spring. (100-125 words) (6 Marks)
The environment and circumstances in which Sophie lived made her a person who felt more comfortable in her unrealistic world. Justify this statement in the context of the chapter ‘Going Places’. (120-150 words)
“If all the Japs were like you there wouldn’t have been a war,” said Tom. Justify his statement. (120-150 words) (6 Marks)
Describe Jack’s art of story-telling. How does Jack narrate the story ‘Should Wizard Hit Mommy?’. (120-150 words)
Describe Griffin’s interaction with Teddy Henfrey. (120-150 words) (6 Marks)
Which people are described as ‘alien-looking men,’ in the novel, Silas Mamer? Why are they thus described? (120-150 words)
Griffin’s passion for invisibility came to naught when he came to experience its disadvantages. Comment. (120-150 words) (6 Marks)
How does George Eliot make Silas Mamer an interesting novel? (120-150 words)
I. (a) (iv) enjoying more aspects of life in a more fulfilling way
(b) (iv) all of the above.
(c) (iii) yoga
(d) (ii) taking multi-vitamins.
II. (e) Healthy lifestyle means enjoying more aspects of life in a more fulfilling way and feeling and being well physically, mentally and socially.
(f) Healthy lifestyle will lead to mental clarity, feeling of wellbeing, quality relationships and good working of internal functions.
(g) Physical activity improves our body’s natural maintenance repairs system, improves blood circulation and give us strength to stave off injuries. It also helps us feel good.
(h) They should be performed in coordination with cardiovascular type workouts.
(i) Eating healthy means consuming a diet that is low in salt, fat and high in fruits, vegetables, whole grains and omega-3 fatty acids. It should also have multi-vitamins.
III. (a) stimulates (b) conjunction (c) outcome
I. (a) (iii) while other Americans become richer they are still poor.
(b) (iv) both (i) and (ii).
II. (c) The signing of the proclamation that ended slavery is the momentous decision that Luther talks about.
(d) It brought hopes of equality and justice to millions of blacks.
(e) Luther’s regret is that one hundred years later, the Negro is still not free and exiled from the fruits of democracy and prosperity.
(f) According Luther, inalienable rights guarantee Life, Liberty and the pursuit of happiness to all Americans.
(g) America has dishonored the promise by sending to the blacks the riches of freedom and the security of justice.
(h) Negro’s legitimate discontent will not pass until steps are taken to ensure freedom and equality to them. There will be neither rest nor tranquility in America until the Negro is granted his citizenship rights.
III. (a) momentous (b) segregation
A. TITLE: Women’s status in India
1. Women’s status:
- biased against women.
- India is ranked 114 in gender gap index
- low proportion of resources and oppor. for women
- female foeticide, infanticide
- feudal and patriar. society
- treated as piece of property
- seen as liabil
3. State’s neglect:
- policies and projects inad (a) low liter rate
- poor medi. services
4. Reforms reqd. for gender parity:
- inproportion law
- ensure their rights and dignity
Key to Abbreviations
oppor : opportunity
patriar : patriarchal
liabil : liability
inad : inadequate
liter : literacy
medi : medical
In India women still suffer from bias. It ranks 114 in the gender gap index. Low proportion of resources and opportunity are available to women. Foeticide and infanticide have skewed the sex ratio. The reason behind the problem is the patriarchal mindset that views women as a liability and property. The inadequate policies and projects of the state have kept women illiterate and deprived of healthcare. The government needs to reform property law and ensure women’s rights and dignity for inclusive progress.
M-113, Vasant Lok
10th February, 20××
Archaeological Survey of India
Sub: Indifference towards our priceless heritage
My recent tour to Delhi’s historical monuments was an eye-opener for me. Because of the apathy of the concerned authorities, the indifferent tourists, and callous younger population the beautiful heritage has been painted with graffiti.
Historical monuments are being vandalized by visitors. They were built with hard work and love in dedication to something but are being destroyed by uncivilized visitors as they carve pictures on the monument or write on these historical monuments. This defacing of historical monuments is a growing trend amongst the new generation of laila-majnu’! Tourists or visitors also steal the gems which are stuck on the monuments. These monuments are of great value as they remind us about our culture.
Tourist spots boost economy. Thus we are spoiling our own resources. We must not wrong our ancestors by destroying all their dedication and hard work.
Historical monuments are the link between today’s world and yesteryears’ world. Therefore it is our duty to protect them. I hope the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) with their expertise and the public will join hands for the upkeep of the treasure of India.
M-113, Vasant Lok
12th March, 20××
The Sales Manager
Sub: Fault in washing machine
May I remind you that I purchased a washing machine BPL-258 from your showroom vide cash memo no. 528 dated 2nd February, 20xx. You praised its quality, stability and functioning. But to my surprise, the washing machine did the best service only for a month but now it has ceased functioning. Actually its washing system does not work properly as the digital panel indicates incorrect information. Also it has become very noisy. It seems that some fault has crept into it. Its plastic gauze has developed many cracks and the internal body along with its parts are wearing off very fast.
You supplied me with a guarantee card for a period of one year in case any difficulty arises in due course. You are requested to replace the same at your earliest as it is still covered by guarantee.
Life of a Teenager
The period of adolescence is nestled between childhood and adulthood. Teenagers no longer intend to play like children but don’t yet have the knowledge and experience to be fully engaged in adult pursuits. Youth is one of the most precious periods of a person’s life, and yet one of the most difficult.
A young person is like fire. With direction and guidance, he or she can change the very shape of the world. Without direction, the fires of youth are wasted at best, while at wors’t, they can become a dangerous, destructive force. To lead a meaningful life means harnessing the fires of youth; but first we must understand the purpose of youth itself.
Teenagers often think, “I can change the world.” Adults, burdened with the pressures of everyday life, convince themselves that the world is just the way it is, but young people cannot tolerate such resignation. This is the constant conflict between the two groups: young people abhor the status quo, while adults’ lives revolve around it.lt is critical that they find a mentor to trust, who will appreciate their strengths and potential and can help motivate them to achieve their dreams.
Good morning, respected Principal, teachers and my dear friends!
As a member of the Green Peace Campaign of the school, I stand here to urge all of you to reuse, reduce and recycle whatever you can.
The three R’s—reduce, reuse and recycle—help to cut down on the amount of waste we throw away. They conserve natural resources, landfill space and energy. The best way to manage waste is to not produce it. Avoid over-packaged goods, especially ones packed with several materials such as foil paper and plastic which are difficult to recycle, though you pay more for the package. Use cloth napkins instead of paper napkins. Use a dish cloth instead of paper towels. Use a ceramic coffee mug instead of paper cups. Reuse grocery bags or bring your own cloth bags to the store. Do not take a bag from the store unless you need one. Buy products made from recycled material. Look for the recycling symbol or ask store managers or salesmen. The recycling symbol means either the product is made of recycled material, or the item can be recycled. Use recycled paper for letterhead, copier paper and newsletters.
I urge you to follow these tips and do your bit in saving mother earth.
Workshop organised on Adventure Sports
To equip the adventure sports lovers and professionals with the latest development in the field of mountaineering and allied sports, the Himalayan Mountaineering Centre (HMC), Darjeeling organised a seven-day national workshop on ‘Adventure Sports’ and ‘Certificate Course in Mountaineering and Allied Sports’ from September 23 to 29 at HMC.
Over 250 students from different states of the country participated in it.
Padma Shree laureate Santosh Yadav, first woman in the world to climb Mt. Everest twice, H.C. Pokhriyal, 7UP Naval Unit NCC, Prof. Sushma Ghildyal, department of Physical Education had designed the workshop.
Mr. Reddy gave valuable information related to adventure sports like rafting, paragliding, rock climbing. He also conducted in depth lecture as well as practical sessions. The finer points of mountaineering and allied sports were demonstrated at the HMC Complex. Mr. Reddy said “Adventure sports require not only passion but also training.”
A one-day exhibition related to mountaineering, flora and fauna of the mountains, adventure sports, achievements of HMC, was also held at exhibition hall of HMC.
Shatabdi Derails—5 killed, 50 injured
20th October, 20××, Lucknow: The Shatabdi Express derailed just before the Central Station, Lucknow. The accident happened in the wee hours of the morning. About 5 people have died and 50 have sustained serious injuries. The Chief Minister, the local administration reached the spot to give instant help. Seven ambulances reached the spot within 20 minutes. The dead and the injured were immediately transferred to the ambulances and taken to civil hospital.
The railway authorities have come to the conclusion that the derailment of the train was caused due to washing away of ballast and formation soil beneath the track. This was due to the heavy rainfall in this area that washed away the soil from beneath the tracks. The chief minister said, “Best medical relief and financial compensation will be provided to the victims. We need to devise ways to avert such disastrous derailments.”
(a) The thin slum boy is the unlucky heir. He has inherited poverty, despair and disease of twisted bones from his parents.
(b) A young boy sits at the back. He is different from others. His eyes not full of despair but are lost in a world of his dreams.
(c) The images of despair are, ‘unlucky heir’, ‘dim class’, and that of diseases are, ‘twisted bones, gnarled disease’.
(d) An Elementary School Classroom in a Slum by Stephen Spender,
(a) Her hands express her terrified mental state.
(b) The aunt is subjugated by the husband and is oppressed.
(c) The tigers symbolise the qualities of freedom and power which the aunt aspires to.
(d) The last two lines bring out the idea that even death will not set the aunt free from fear and oppression while the tigers will always remain free as ever.
(a) Spender wants the children to enjoy the joys and beauties of life, to be let out in the open sun and be creative and motivated. He also wants good quality education to be imparted to them.
(b) Because beauty is a constant source of motivation to live life. It is like an endless fountain which pours forth bounties on earth. We drink it and get rejuvenated.
(c) Hamel advised the people to hold onto their language as it was their mother tongue It was a beautiful language and they should guard it. It was like security for enslaved people and a key to their prison.
(d) Seemapuri is home to ragpickers for 30 years yet it is devoid of basic amenities. Ironically it is so close to the prosperous and affluent Delhi yet bereft of the benefits of the city.
(e) The astrologers had predicted that the king would die due to the hundredth tiger. So after killing ninety-nine tigers, the king was desperate to kill the hundredth tiger and save his life and also disprove the prophesy and avert his death.
(f) All the four servants are excessively patriotic and fear the punishment they may have to bear for being party hiding and harbouring and enemy soldier. So they refuse to support Sadao and leave the house. But they all return after the soldier leaves.
Poverty is indeed a vicious circle for the slumdwellers and banglemakers. It compels them to live subhuman existence without any scope of progress.
In the chapter Lost Spring, the slum dwellers are refugees who have migrated from . Bangladesh. They live in the slum of Seemapuri and are forced to engage in ragpicking as there is no other employment option available to them. Deprived of all basic amenities and rights of a citizen they are forced to vote in exchange for ration cards.
The banglemakers of Firozabad live in very poor and hazardous conditions; they are unable to break free of a traditional mindset and vicious circle of sahukars, police, middlemen. Thus they live and die in squalor. Managing three square meals is a challenge to these people who have spent their lifetime making bangles .Thus poverty and related deprivations prevent them from breaking free. They cannot muster hope and efforts in order to get out of the trap.
Sophie’s family belonged to the lower middle class of the society. When she looked around her house, she found a small room steamy from the stove and cluttered with the heavy¬breathing man in his vest at the table and the dirty washing piled up in the corner. All this made her feel suffocated and hopeless. The thought living forever in such common circumstances made her miserable. To escape this she felt comfort in a world of her imagination. Therefore she dreamt of professions that would release her from such a life and take her to a life of luxury and sophistication. She also imagined that her brother inhabited such a world. She did not approve of his carelessness about his looks and attire. Going on an imagined date with Danny Casey was also a wish to be fulfilled on her part, a desperate effort to achieve the unattainable.
The wounded American soldier was an enemy. In spite of all this Dr Sadao gave him shelter in his house. He didn’t hand him over to the police. He operated on him. Dr Sadao risked his own life but saved an enemy from dying. Tom was right. If all the Japanese were like him, there would not have been a war between America and Japan.
Dr Sadao was first a doctor. He and his wife faced the displeasure of their servants. The old gardener thought that his master must let the white man die. Dr Sadao ignored all these warnings. He heard the call of his profession and humanity and operated on the prisoner of war.
Lest Tom be arrested, he made elaborate arrangements for his escape. He did all these sacrifices putting himself and his wife at maximum risk. He rose to the occasion and did what only a devoted doctor could have done in the circumstances .If love and humanity prevail there can be no possibility of war.
Jack has to narrate a bedtime story to Jo everyday. Jack has a basic tale. Each new story is a slight variation of the basic tale. There is a small creature, usually named ‘Roger’ in every story. Then there is a wise old owl and a wizard with a magic wand. Jack understands the interest of his little daughter, Jo. So he creates special effects to keep her interested. He would imitate the voice of the old wizard. He would narrate the story in a way that suited the occasion. He is always full of creative enthusiasm.
In this story a new smelly animal, named Roger Skunk is chosen. All little creatures keep away from him. No one plays with him. Roger goes to the wise old owl. The owl directs him to the wizard. He tells his tragic story to him. He gives seven pennies to the wizard. He becomes very happy and makes Roger smell like roses and is loved by the creatures. Jack sticks to his version of the story. He makes no change in it as desired by Jo. Jo wants the ‘stupid mommy to be punished as she has made the wizard Roger smell bad again.
Teddy Henfrey is a villager and a clock jobber, which means that he fixes clocks. Henfrey makes his way to the Coach and Horses that afternoon as Mrs hall has asked him to fix a clock in the stranger’s room. Henfrey is curious about the man’s appearance. Mrs. Hall leaves Henfrey to fix the clock. Henfrey takes a long time with the clock on purpose, so that he can see more of the stranger. The stranger catches him ‘humbugging’, i.e. wasting time, and rudely tells him to finish up and get out. Henfrey wonders what the man’s secret is- maybe he’s wanted by the police? On his way through the village, Henfrey runs to Mr. Hall and tells him that he has lodged an unidentified, strange man in the inn. This makes Mr. Hall a little suspicious. But he’s also a little drunk, so his wife tells him to mind his own business. Although, truth be told, secretly Mrs. Hall is a little suspicious of the stranger herself.
The ‘alien-looking men’ mentioned in the first chapter of Silas Marner are the weavers, one of whom is Silas Marner.
The opening of George Eliot’s novel describes the age of the setting of one of pre-industrial rural England days in which there were individual weavers, wheelwrights, shoemakers, smiths of all kinds individuals who performed alone the tasks that machines soon would do, making such people anachronistic.
In Chapter I, the solitary figure of the weaver who bends under the burden of his linen or the flaxen thread creates a strange, solitary figure, as he crosses the hills. Dogs, frightened by his bizarre appearance, bark at him.
The apt use by Eliot of the phrase ‘alien-looking men’ anticipates the future occurrences of the novel as Silas Marner is an isolated figure, one who rather easily incites the superstitious nature of the conventional and rigid villagers of Lantern Yard.
Griffin’s wild idea of invisibility, of conquering the world and creating a reign of terror led him to be oblivious to the drawbacks he would have to be exposed to once he achieved it. At first it was hard for him even to walk, for he could not see his legs since people could not see him and they bumped into him and thus he was prone to being hurt. Dogs could smell him and would chase him. He could not walk in crowds, for he would be felt. It was really hard for him in every season other than summer. In rain and snow, it would make an outline of him and it was very difficult to remain naked in cold weather of England. Also the impressions of his foot on the mud gave him away. Griffin had never anticipated that invisibility would make his day to day living a challenge.
The novel Silas Marner: The Weaver of Raveloe, touches the hearts of readers and captures their interest with elements of betrayal, mystery, villainy, chance, solitude and eccentricity, dark secrets, love triangles, innocence and redemption with every turn. It is also notable for its social realism in its treatment of religion, human relations, and industrialization. Lantern Yard, now with a factory and all its smoke and lifelessness stands in stark contrast to Raveloe with its fresh air and friendly inhabitants. This highlights the deprivation and unwholesomeness of industrialization which is one of Eliot’s motifs. A variety of characters like the traitor Dane, Nancy Lammeter make the novel gripping. Symbolism too is employed effectively. Eppie is not just a beautiful child but also as worthy as gold to Silas. The theme of redemption is brought to a satisfying completion with Silas’ reverting back to his original loving self under the influence of Eppie.
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