CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 English Core Paper 2 are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 English Core. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 English Core Paper 2.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 English Core Paper 2
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Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 2 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 12 Englsih Core is given below with free PDF download solutions.
Time Allowed: 3 hours
Maximum Marks: 100
- This paper is divided into three sections: A, B and C. All the sections are compulsory.
- Separate instructions are given with each section and question, wherever necessary. Read these instructions very carefully and follow them faithfully.
- Do not exceed the prescribed Word limit while answering the questions.
READING (30 MARKS)
Read the following passage carefully. (12 Marks)
1. The Youth is a dynamo, an ocean, an inexhaustible reservoir of energy. But this energy cannot be held in a prison. Its basic nature is to flow, to express itself. The youth energy on the basis of the nature of its expression can be divided into four categories.
2. The vast majority of the youth today are with the establishment whose formula in the life is to learn, earn, burn and enjoy. It means that they learn to operate the modern devices and employ them to earn the maximum amount of wealth to the point of burning the natural resources of the earth, as well as themselves out and then enjoy their own funeral! This category of youth is intelligent, skilful and hardworking but it lacks insight and foresight. They are self-indulgent, any sense of moral code of conduct is alien to their nature and foreign to their texture or the way of life. Neither are they able to see in depth nor able to see the purpose of human life. They don’t have the capacity to look beyond their nose to find out the consequences of their approach. They are ends unto themselves and enjoyment is the Motto of their life!
3. The second category of youth in nature and approach is the same but as it is less privileged and less qualified and skilled, it has lesser opportunities for learning and enjoying. Such youth rebel against the establishment for this gross injustice being meted out to them. This opposition takes various forms. When it is well organised and systematic it may take the form of political opposition and even go to the extent of expressing itself in violent ways. The various insurgent and terrorist groups the world over are its manifestations. When the opposition is not so intense and organised, it remains content with giving verbal expression to its resentment, periodically.
4. The third section of the youth is sober and thoughtful which objectively observes and studies the phenomenon of development and the trends of the world. They discover that Man in his insatiable thirst for consumption has become blind and lost the sense of distinguishing between milk and blood! Today Man in his mad rush for exploitation is sucking the blood of the resources in Nature, leading up to their destruction and thereby digging his own grave! But as a ray of hope, this responsible category of youth is looking for alternative model of development based on cooperation between man and man. This development based on mutual love, friendship and harmony is not only sustainable prosperity but is a hand shake with new life! To bring about natural revolution from death movement towards life movement is the aim of this group of youth.
5. The fourth and the most vital group of youth which is going to usher humanity into the third millennium and acts as a pioneer for the future development of planetary life is engaged in evolving a new way of life and releasing a new principle of global consciousness through a fundamental research in the science of life. This science of life is a new branch of knowledge which takes the whole man into account without dividing him into subjective and objective halves and does not treat him as a refined thinking animal or an eternal entity having its base in some other non-physical world. It, rather, recognises man as a basic unit of conscious life which has got immense, practically inexhaustible possibilities and potentialities of evolution, development and growth. As per the Vedic formula man is micro-cosmos and his flowering would happen only when he recognises his worth in the cosmos!
6. This perfection of human life which leads to realisation and establishment of harmony and order between Man n’ God, between Man n’ Nature and between Man n’ Man! The moment this new order enforces itself, the old disorder and chaotic jumble created by the mutilated vision of man then recedes. This process paves the way for the new and the Golden dawn tomorrow with the advent of the third millennium.
7. This period of transition, unprecedented in history where an old order, because of inherent contradictions, is collapsing and a new one on the wings of a new vision and a creative spirit is emerging, leading to the birth of a world in a new age. The burden of this golden future is being borne by the sons of humanity, the sons of the earth and the fathers of Gods that our youth are! This is their privilege, this is their glory and this is their destiny! The youth of the world is overwhelmed with this bestowment of grace in the form of the crown of great responsibility on its head! The youth is proud and confident of carrying this mission of establishing a new life order in the third millennium. May God be with the Youth! (J.N. Puri — The Tribune)
I. On the basis of your understanding of the passage, answer the following questions by choosing the most appropriate option. (1 × 4 = 4 Marks)
(a) The vast majority of youth lack:
- a moral code.
- the ability to see the deeper purpose of life.
- all of the above.
(b) The third section of the youth:
- are irresponsible.
- believe in finding solutions.
- believe in enjoying life.
- are rebellious.
(c) The new way of life:
- sees man as a basic unit of life.
- recognises that man has unlimited potential.
- is a chaotic jumble.
- both (i) and (ii).
(d) The new way of thinking is expected to:
- end exploitation of nature.
- end chaos.
- make man realise his relation with the cosmos.
- all of the above.
II. Answer the following questions as briefly as possible. (1 × 5 = 5 Marks)
(e) What is the most prominent quality attached to the youth?
(f) How can we say that the pro-establishment youth lacks insight and foresight?
(g) How does the energy of youth rebelling against government express itself?
(h) How has man become blind in his thirst for consumption? How does youth react to this trend?
(i) How is the humanity likely to enter the new millennium?
III. Find words from the passage which mean the same as: (1 × 3 = 3 Marks)
(a) rebellious (para 3)
(b) fact (para 4)
(c) unparalleled (para 7)
Read the following passage carefully. (10 Marks)
1. Hell Row was a block of thatched, bulging cottages that stood by the Brookside on Greenhill Lane. There lived the colliers who worked in the little gin-pits two fields away. The brook ran under the alder trees, scarcely soiled by these small mines, whose coal was drawn to the surface by donkeys that plodded wearily in a circle round a gin. And all over the countryside were these same pits, some of which had been worked in the time of Charles II, the few colliers and the donkeys burrowing down like ants into the earth, making queer mounds and little black places among the corn-fields and the meadows. And the cottages of these coal-miners, in blocks and pairs here and there, together with odd farms and homes of the stockingers, straying over the parish, formed the village of Bestwood.
2. Then, some sixty years ago, a sudden change took place. The gin-pits were elbowed aside by the large mines of the financiers. The coal and iron field of Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire was discovered. Carston, Waite & Co. appeared. Amid tremendous excitement, Lord Palmerston formally opened the company’s first mine at Spinney Park, on the edge of Sherwood Forest.
3. About this time the notorious Hell Row, which through growing old had acquired an evil reputation, was burned down, and much dirt was cleansed away.
4. Carston, Waite & Co. found they had struck on a good thing, so, down the valleys of the brooks from Selby and Nuttall, new mines were sunk, until soon there were six pits working. From Nuttall, high up on the sandstone among the woods, the railway ran, past the ruined priory of the Carthusians and past Robin Hood’s Well, down to Spinney Park, then on to Minton, a large mine among corn-fields; from Minton across the farmlands of the valleyside to Bunker’s Hill, branching off there, and running north to Beggarlee and Selby, that looks over at Crich and the hills of Derbyshire: six mines like black studs on the countryside, linked by a loop of fine chain, the railway.
5. To accommodate the regiments of miners, Carston, Waite & Co. built the Squares, great quadrangles of dwellings on the hillside of Bestwood, and then, in the brook valley, on the site of Hell Row, they erected the Bottoms.
6. The Bottoms consisted of six blocks of miners’ dwellings, two rows of three, like the dots on a blank-six domino, and twelve houses in a block. This double row of dwellings sat at the foot of the rather sharp slope from Bestwood, and looked out, from the attic windows at least, on the slow climb of the valley towards Selby. (An extract from Sons And Lovers by D. H. Lawrence)
I. Answer the following questions by choosing the Most appropriate option: (1 × 2 = 2 Marks)
(a) The change that took place in Bestwood was:
- the ginpits were improved.
- coal fields of Nottingham were discovered.
- Cartson, Waite & Co. appeared.
- both (i) and (iii).
(b) The six coal pits:
- were connected by railway.
- were sunk by Carston Waite & Co.
- drew much excitement.
- both (i) and (ii).
II. Answer the following questions as briefly as possible. (1 × 6 = 6 Marks)
(c) Describe Hell Row.
(d) How old were the gin pits?
(e) Why was Hell Row shut down?
(f) Where and why were the quadrangles built?
(g) Where was the place called ‘The Bottoms’ erected?
(h) What could be seen from the attic windows of the dwellings in Bestwood?
III. Find words from the passage which are similar in meaning to the following. (1 × 2 = 2 Marks)
(a) enormous (para 2)
(b) pushed away (para 2)
Read the following passage carefully. (8 Marks)
Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) attract many people deeply committed to working for the uplift of the disadvantaged. Both freshers and people with experience who ‘want to give something back to the society’ are increasing in numbers and seek an opportunity in this sector. Many have indeed found their real calling in certain social organizations. They cannot only use their skills for the welfare of the society but are also paid well. The sector gets a lot of funding from government and foreign funding agencies. You can pick your area of work from a wide spread that covers culture, women’s issues, child labour, public health, environment and more.
There are two kinds of NGOs. One is the activist types, who work in villages and with tribals. Working with them involves a certain amount of hardship. There is much to do, and money may be limited. Moreover, a city person may not be able to work in remote villages. Yet, many do so and discover a live that goes beyond job satisfaction. “The poor need educated people who can help them or deal with the district administration for them. The idea is to give a voice to the poor,” says an activist. An engineer, he has given up his job to work in a backward area.
Among the second lot, fall the urban NGOs. But here one has to pick and choose the dedicated ones, for many have been floated by academicians, politicians and bureaucrats merely to corner development funds or prime plots through contacts in government or foreign bodies. The flow of foreign aid skews the sector towards organizations which organize seminars and meetings just to please the foreign donor. Leaflets and magazines are published which are mostly distributed free and get very few concerned readers. Tickets to international meetings are obtained by working in this sector. The sector, as a whole, suffers on account of certain organizations which virtually act as agents for foreign funding agencies.
Some of the organizations are doing commendable work. Many people have discovered their real vocation by working with them. If you are a fresher, a degree in social welfare or rural management might help. But if you have experience, any background will do. The voluntary sector needs doctors, teachers, lawyers, artists, managers and so on. All you need is interest and desire. Personnel with fund-raising capability are in particular demand.
Making a career in this sector is, however, another matter. There are many reasons for this. First, funding of NGOs is for particular projects and when a project finishes, so does the job. Second, many are poorly managed. They are usually run by the founder or the principal fund-raiser as a small business. This, together with lack of objectives or a managerial approach, is the reason why the sector has not been able to attract many professionals from the corporate sector even though many executives are keen to work in the social sector, at least on a part time basis.
A. On the basis of your reading of the above passage make notes on it, using headings and sub-headings. Use recognizable abbreviations (wherever necessary—minimum four) and a format you consider suitable. Also supply an appropriate title to it. (5 Marks)
B. Write a summary of the passage in about 80 words. (3 Marks)
ADVANCE WRITING SKILLS (30 MARKS)
Vikas Institute is soon going to start coaching classes in personality development. Draft an advertisement for a local daily giving relevant details in 50 words. You are Shivam/Shreya. (4 Marks)
Draft an appealing poster on behalf of the Ministry of Tourism, Delhi on ‘Delhi: The Heart of India’ in 50 words.
You feel concerned about the excessive consumerism in society. Gone are the days of simple living and high thinking. Write a letter to the editor of a national daily expressing your concern and also suggest how to spread the value of simple „ living among people. You are Namit/ Namita of C-230, Narayan Road, Nagpur. (6 Marks)
You feel concerned about the rising disregard for good manners among children. Often they use abusive language in public. Write a letter to the editor of a national daily expressing your concern and also suggest how to spread awareness about the importance of good manners. You are Pratik/Ritika of M-50, Vikas Puri, Delhi.
These days young boys and girls are attracted towards hefty pay packages offered by multinational companies especially in the call-centres. But the same has created a health hazard for these ambitious children as they are prone to obesity, blood pressure, heart problems and above all exposed to high levels of stress! As Namit/ Namita write an article on such hazards in about 150-200 words. (10 Marks)
You are Prakash/Preeti of Sunrise Public School. Recently your school organized I a workshop on time management for the students of senior classes. There was a discussion on problems that result from poor time management and their solutions were discussed. Write a report on the workshop for your newsletter in 150-200 words.
A series of recent news about wasteful marriage preparations shocked you. Write an article on this issue giving suggestions to eradicate the culture of expensive marriages. You are Abhi/Abha. (10 Marks)
A series of recent news about high levels of pollution post Diwali alarmed you. Write an article on this issue giving suggestions to bring down the pollution levels within safe limits. You are Arpan/Apama.
TEXTBOOKS AND EXTENDED READING TEXT (40 MARKS)
Read the following extract carefully and answer the questions that follow: (1 × 4 = 4 Marks)
For once on the face of Earth
Let us not speak in any language.
Let us stop for one second,
And not move our arms so much.
It would be an exotic moment
Without rush, without engines
We would all be together in sudden strangeness.
(a) What does speaking in ‘any language’ imply?
(b) Why does the poet urge all to suspend all activity?
(c) What exotic moment does the poet refer to and what would it bring about?
(d) Why has the poet chosen the words ‘rush’ and ‘engines’?
Surely, Shakespeare is wicked, and the map a bad example
With ships and sun and love tempting them to steal—
For lives that slyly turn in their cramped holes
From fog to endless night?
(a) Which map is being referred to here?
(b) Which ideas do ships and the sun convey?
(c) Who is ‘them’?
(d) Explain the reference to ‘cramped holes’.
Answer any four of the following questions in about 30-40 words each: (3 × 4 = 12 Marks)
(a) What does Stephen Spender expect from the governor, teacher, and the visitor?
(b) What was different about the school on the day of the last lesson?
(c) Why did the British wish to release the Champaran peasants from the sharecropping arrangement?
(d) How long did it take Bama to walk home from her school and why?
(e) How did the dewan help the Maharaja achieve his mission?
(f) What pain does the poet of ‘My Mother at Sixty-six’ experience while driving to the airport?
What are the qualities of a good leader? How did the victory of the Champaran farmers prove to be a victory of Gandhi’s leadership? (100-125 words) (6 Marks)
‘Fear can limit one’s life and narrow one’s horizons.’ Discuss the statement in the light of the chapter ‘Deep Water.’ (120-150 words)
What impression do you form of the General in the story ‘The Enemy ’. (120-150 words) (6 Marks)
Describe the character of Jack in the story ‘Should Wizard Hit Mommy’? (120¬150 words)
Describe Wicksteed’s murder. What was peculiar about it? (120-150 words) (6 Marks)
What are the differences between Silas at Lantern Yard and Silas at Raveloe? (120-150 words)
How did Kemp and colonel Adye plan to nab Griffin? (120-150 words)(6 Marks)
In Silas Mamer, what is Molly’s plan? (120-150 words)
I. (a) (iv) all of the above.
(b) (ii) believe in finding solutions.
(c) (iv) both (i) and (ii).
(d) (iv) all of the above.
II. (e) Youth is a dynamo, an ocean of energy, and can’t be held back in prison.
(f) They are self-indulgent with no sense of moral code, no indepth knowledge, no capacity to look beyond their nose.
(g) It expresses itself in violent ways like joining terrorist groups, expressing resentment through their reactions.
(h) Man has no sense of discrimination between milk and blood. He is digging his grave, by antagonizing nature and humanity.
(i) Man is likely to enter a new millennium by thinking about development of planet and future advancement of earth and ushering it into new millennium.
III. (a) insurgent (b) phenomenon (c) unprecedented
I. (a) (iv) both (ii) and (iii).
(b) (iv) both (i) and (ii).
II. (c) Hell Row was a block of thatched, bulging cottages that stood by the Brookside on Greenhill Lane. It had coal fields where the colliers worked and lived.
(d) Some of the pits, had been worked since the time of Charles II.
(e) Hell Row, growing old, had acquired an evil reputation, and hence it was burned down.
(f) To accommodate the regiments of miners, Carston, Waite & Co. built the Squares, great quadrangles of dwellings on the hillside of Bestwood.
(g) The Bottoms was erected in the brook valley, on the site of Hell Row.
(h) The attic windows looked out to the slow climb of the valley towards a place called Selby.
III. (a) tremendous (b) elbowed
A. TITLE: Career in NGOs:
1. About NGOs :
- attract freshers and experienced ppl
- pay well
- get ample funding
- give job satis.
2. Activist type NGOs:
- work with backward ppl.
- much work , not much money
3. Urban NGOs :
(i) floated to get:
(a) dev fund
(b) prime plots
(c) foreign aid
(d) free intrnat travel
(ii) interested need to choose carefully
4. Career in NGOs not desirable as :
- project based employ
- poor managmt
- run by a principal fund raiser
Key to Abbreviations
ppl : people
satis : satisfaction
dev : development
intrnat : international
managmt : management
NGOs attract both freshers and experienced. They pay well and get ample government funding and offer job satisfaction. The activist type NGOs work with backward people. Here the work is hard and the pay is unsatisfactory. There are urban NGOs too but one needs to choose the genuine ones. Many are floated to secure prime plots, development funds, foreign aid, free international travel. NGOs suffer from poor management as they are run by a main fund raiser. The employment is temporary.
C-230, Narayan Road Nagpur
20th October, 20××
The Times of India
Sub: Rising consumerism in society
I write this letter to register my concern about the rising consumerism in Indian society. The culture of consumerism is on the rise in Indian society. No doubt it is a fallout of capitalism and the resultant availability of a number of goods in the market coupled with the rising purchasing power of people. Be it adults or children—everyone seems to be in the mad rush of buying something or the other on a regular basis.
Gone are the days of simplicity when new purchases were made with great zest during festivals and everybody looked forward to it. ‘Simple living and high thinking’ has no meaning now. Today sales tactics powered by aggressive advertising has put people in perpetual consumption mode. The sanctity and beauty of a simple life is lost on people. Going to malls has taken greater priority than meeting friends and family.
I request you to give my concern some space in your newspaper so that people wake up to the addictive nature of consumerism.
M-50, Vikas Puri
1st March, 20××
The Times of India
Sub: Rising Disregard for Good Manners
Last week, when I was commenting on one of my friends’ observation, a schoolmate suddenly yelled at me from behind my back. She said she had not liked like my comment. Her rudeness in public shocked me. Many others were also speechless.
I believe this incident reflects worsening manners among students who lack self-control. You can regularly witness similar cases. Recently I heard a student using foul language while talking to another student. Students also talk loudly on their mobile phones, some may be found talking to their elders while chewing gum. Also they do not show due respect towards elders
Compared with earlier generations, youngsters today are often less polite and considerate. They are more confident but not always in a positive way.
As for the student who had spoken badly to me, I forgave her. I think people should mind their manners and be polite to others.
It is the need of the hour that good manners be emphasized in schools. After all being good mannered person is a sign of civilized upbringing.
Health or a Hefty Salary?
Long hours of work, permanent night shifts, incredibly high work targets, are the dark clouds that threaten to mar the ‘sunshine’ call center industry in India. The odd timings and nature of work roots people to a chair 9 hours a day. Here the three acts of listening, watching and talking—all at the same time—never get a break. The performance monitoring also puts enormous stress on the employees. A considerable number of employees working in the call center complain of eye problems. Soreness, dryness, blurred vision, light sensitivity, headache, all these put together is labeled as the Computer vision syndrome. Digestive disorders are common among employees in the call center.
Employees are facing the possibility of losing their voice. The problem known earlier as ‘the teacher syndrome is now being found in the young workers of call centers. Some of them may face the acute manifestation of this in the form of permanent loss of voice. There is an urgent need to address this problem. It is a fact that one cannot survive without money in today’s materialistic world. But are we ready to pay the price of such jobs by harming our health?
Workshop on Time Management
3rd July, Delhi: Sunrise Public School organized a workshop on time management for the students of classes IX-X on 2nd July, 20××. SK Doshi, an alumnus of the school and an MBA from IIM, Ahmedabad, conducted the workshop from 9 am to 1 pm in the multipurpose hall.
There was an interactive session on problems that result from poor time management and their solutions were discussed. Students learned techniques of time management like ‘Do, Dump, Delay, Delegate.’ They also committed to spending time responsibly to achieve their goals and avoid procrastination.
The workshop broke at 11.30 am for snacks. Students and teachers interacted with Mr. Doshi and asked several questions.
Mr Doshi congratulated the enthusiastic students for being a very receptive audience.
The Principal, Mr. K Ahmed proposed vote of thanks. He said, “It was an honor to have such a distinguished speaker in the school.” He also thanked and praised the student audience for their wholehearted participation and involvement.
Wasteful Indian Weddings
Indian weddings have always been special occasions, celebrated with zest, enthusiasm, and, in the case of the wealthy, elaborate settings and food. But as a growing economy pumps new wealth into the country, weddings have turned into veritable showpieces. Following the rich the poor and the middle classes also spend too much money that they don’t have. As the girl’s side bears the burden, the high expenditure on weddings fuels a string of ills namely female foeticide and infanticide, poverty, malnutrition, illiteracy and even suicides.
A person who marries his daughter in a simple wedding ceremony (even assuming that he gets the boy’s family to accept such a thing) is looked down in society. In any traditional society, honor is important. It can become more important than food or education. Community comes before self.
The neo rich, who are overwhelmed with their newly acquired wealth, find weddings the best platform for extravagant show of their riches. Inordinate amount of money is spent on countless exotic cuisines and exorbitant decorations. Thus money is merrily thrown down the drain just to satisfy one’s foolish vanities. Imagine the amount of useful work that can be done by making this wasteful expenditure available for the poor and the needy. This culture of foolish spending needs to stop even if legislation is required for it.
Diwali Time, Pollution Time
Every year pollution soars to hazardous levels in Delhi on the night of Diwali, the Hindu festival of light. This is due to the massive quantities of smoke of fireworks go up during the festival. Often the pollution reaches hazardous levels.
The WHO recommends a maximum of 50 micrograms of PM10 particulates, which are very hazardous to health per cubic metre but, post Diwali, the levels rose to 2,000 micrograms per cubic metre. A World Health Organization (WHO) survey in 2014 found that 13 of the most polluted 20 cities in the world were in India. Delhi was the most polluted city in the world, the survey added.
Ahead of the festival, the government in Delhi had appealed to residents to stay away from fireworks, but old habits die hard and people do not heed the advice.
Delhi’s pollution in winter is also aggravated by a drop in temperature which leads to the city’s poor burning rubbish at night to stay warm. Agricultural waste is also set on fire across thousands of hectares around Delhi to clear cropland, which burns for days on end.
There is an urgent need to spread awareness about pollution causing practices and urge the concerned people to follow them. Proper legislation and effective implementation is the key to stop the menace.
(a) The poet wants all people not to speak anything in any language that can spark a dispute or fight.
(b) By keeping quiet and still, we all would be alike as if we are together.
(c) The poet refers to the moment of complete silence and stillness which will surely be exotic as it would be rare and unprecedented.
(d) The two words are chosen to highlight our busy lifestyle that we have chosen. Engines are symbolic of all the gadgets and machines that we have created for our comforts.
(a) The map referred to here is displayed on the walls of the classroom in a slum.
(b) Ships and the sun convey the idea of the vast, open and refreshing outdoors that the children remain unexposed to.
(c) ‘Them’ refers to the children sitting in the classroom in a slum.
(d) ‘Cramped holes’ are the small suffocating hole-like houses the children live in.
(a) Stephen Spender urges the governors, teachers, inspectors, invigilators and visitors to come forward and educate the slum children. They should be taken to the horizons of the blue sky so that they can progress and cope with the other world. Through education their life can be made to change.
(b) The scene in the school on the day of the last lesson in French was different from that on other days. German was going to be imposed on them from the next day. Hence, all students and even the village elders had gathered there. There was silence and all were listening to the teacher most attentively. The love for their native language French dominated all other things.
(c) The Champaran peasants planted indigo on 15 percent of their land holdings. The entire indigo harvest used to be paid as rent to the British landlords. In the meanwhile, the British landlords learnt that Germany had developed synthetic indigo. So they obtained agreement from the sharecroppers to pay them the compensation for release from the contract. It was because the price of indigo would fall with the arrival of synthetic indigo. It would diminish the demand of natural indigo.
(d) Bama took about half an hour to an hour to cover the distance from her school to home. She used to watch all the fun, entertainment and games on the way. All novelties and oddities in the streets and shops attracted her attention. Performing monkeys, snake charmers and sweet stalls attracted and stopped her from going home.
(e) Since the Maharaja had killed 99 tigers, his anxiety to kill the last reached a fever pitch. The dewan could lose his job if he didn’t search the tiger. He brought a tiger from the People’s Park in Madras and kept it hidden in his house. He dragged the tiger to the forest where the Maharaja was hunting hoping that it would prove to be the last tiger to die at the hands of the king. The Maharaja believing that he had killed the hundredth tiger heaved a sigh of relief and so did the dewan.
(f) While driving to the airport the poetess realised the deep pain in her heart to see her ageing mother’s face lifeless like that of a corpse.
A good leader is committed to the welfare of the poor and the weak. He has mass appeal as people see him as their messiah. He is perceived as sincere, and committed to service. He is also above narrow prejudices and works for time tested values of justice, patriotism, to name a few. His life is transparent and he has high standard of morality. To him purity of ends is as important as the means.
Gandhi epitomized all these leadership qualities. In the chapter ‘Indigo’, Gandhi takes up the case of the Champaran farmers after ascertaining that their cause was just. He then employed the principle of civil disobedience to politely defy British orders to restrain him. Throughout he advocated non-violence and even helped in regulating the peasant crowd from the prison. Eventually he won the case and even got compensation for the peasants. In refusing the help of Charles Andrews, an Englishman, he showed his commitment to his high moral standard.
Fear is a vital response to physical and emotional danger—if we didn’t feel it, we couldn’t protect ourselves from legitimate threats. But often we fear situations that are far from life-or-death, and thus hang back for no good reason. Our traumas or bad experiences can trigger a fear response within us that is hard to quell. Yet exposing ourselves to our personal demons is the best way to move past them and broaden our horizons and life experiences.
In, the chapter ‘Deep Water’, Douglas escaped drowning and since the fear of water stayed with William Douglas, it ruined his fishing trips. It deprived him of the joys of canoeing, boating and swimming.
Finally, he decided to employ an instructor and learn to swim. He went to a pool and practised five days a week, and became an expert swimmer. This way he threw his limitation and embraced a fuller life.
The General held Sadao in high regard owing to Sadao’s professional expertise. He himself needed his services often so he refrained from sending him to the war front. Sadao informed him about his harbouring an American prisoner. He didn’t order immediate arrest of the enemy. Nor did he take any action against Dr Sadao. He only offered to send two private assassins to get him killed secretly. But he forgot to send those men. It seems that the old General didn’t take the issue of the prisoner of war very seriously. He chose to overlook Sadao’s transgression and also the American’s presence in Japan. Perhaps he wanted to save both the men. He knew that Sadao’s good judgment and professional expertise will compel him to save the American at all cost. All this could be attributed to the General’s ill health and self absorption thereof. But it can also be explained as his silent condoning of both Sadao and the prisoner.
Jack is not used to his authority being questioned and so is confused by Jo’s questioning. Though a loving parent he finds it uncomfotable that Jo now has a mind of her own. His insensitivity and impatience come across in his dealings with his daughter, and the fact that an adult’s viewpoint is biased by personal experiences. Jack has the adult tendency to quell the questioning mind of a child. Jack is conscious of his duties as a father and husband. He has been telling stories to his daughter, Jo, since she was two years old. But now he is irritated by her constant questioning. He has the typical parental attitude that parents know what is best for their children and stifles her objections. He disliked women taking r anything for granted to the extent that he extends the story, giving it the end he wants to.
After Griffin escapes from Kemp’s house everyone else seems to be out hunting him with guns and dogs. To make things worse, Kemp spreads the news that people need to prevent the Invisible Man from eating or sleeping. That doesn’t prevent Griffin from killing an old man named Wicksteed. There were no witnesses to the crime. Wicksteed was found beaten to death with an iron rod. A child reported her having seen an iron rod moving in air and a man probably, Wicksteed walking in a strange way under some invisible force. Some men around there heard a voice “wailing and laughing, sobbing and groaning”. The narrator thinks that maybe Griffin was upset after killing Wicksteed. Griffin has trouble finding shelter. The police try to infer from these accounts how the invisible man must have perpetrated the crime. They also notice that wanton cruelty had been used in the murder of this harmless man.
In ‘Silas Marner’ by George Eliot, Silas, is portrayed as changing dramatically due to the events that transpired at Lantern Yard.
Marner, in his earlier life in Lantern Yard had been a well-liked and well-respected member of a small dissenting congregation. He was engaged to be married, and was a happy, well-adjusted member of his community. After he was framed by his close friend, William Dane, for a theft, he changed radically.
The first major change is that he moves away from the city to a small isolated village and becomes a misanthrope, living in an isolated cottage, and avoiding all human company. He . not only retreats from society, but also he becomes a miser, hoarding the modest income he makes and focusing obsessively on his spinning. It is only after his gold is stolen and he discovers the infant, he named Eppie on his doorstep that he slowly rejoins human society.
Kemp explains to Adye that they have to take measures against Griffin because he is insane, a person of “pure selfishness” who wishes to go to South America to unleash a reign of terror. They have some advantages, though. For one thing, they know that Griffin wants to get to Marvel and get his stolen books and money. Also Kemp knows that they can keep him insecure and vulnerable by making sure he doesn’t get a moment to eat or sleep. He knows that they can use dogs against Griffin. Kemp even suggests that they put powdered glass on the roads, but Adye objects that “it’s unsportsman like” to catch him by using underhanded means. Griffin’s actions have brought about his own undoing. So Kemp remarks, “His blood be upon his own head” thus absolving himself of any guilt in his arrest or possible death.
While her husband is courting another woman, Nancy, at the party, Godfrey’s opium- addicted wife, Molly has something else on her mind. While Godfrey is doing his best to forget Molly, she is trying to ensure that nobody will forget about her. The journey on New Year’s Eve was an act of vengeance ever since Godfrey, had told her he would sooner die than acknowledge her as his wife. She knew that there would be a great party at the Red House on New Year’s Eve. Her husband would be enjoying, keeping her existence a secret. She decides that she would go in her rags with her little child and disclose herself to the Squire as Godfrey’s wife and publicly denounce Godfrey. This would be her revenge on Godfrey for wronging her for so long and denying her rightful place by his side.
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