CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 English Core Paper 6 are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 English Core. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 English Core Paper 6.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 English Core Paper 6
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Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 6 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 12 Englsih Core is given below with free PDF download solutions.
Time Allowed: 3 hours
Maximum Marks: 100
- This paper is divided into three sections: A, B and C. All the sections are compulsory.
- Separate instructions are given with each section and question, wherever necessary. Read these instructions very carefully and follow them faithfully.
- Do not exceed the prescribed Word limit while answering the questions.
READING (30 MARKS)
Read the following passage carefully. (12 Marks)
1. People love music for much the same reason they’re drawn to, drugs, gambling and delicious food, according to new research. When you listen to tunes that move you, the study found, your brain releases dopamine, a chemical involved in both motivation and addiction.
2. Even just anticipating the sounds of a composition like Vivaldi’s “Four Seasons” or Phish’s “You Enjoy Myself’ can get the feel-good chemical flowing, found the study, which was the first to make a concrete link between dopamine release and musical pleasure.
3. The findings offer a biological explanation for why music has been such a major part of major emotional events in cultures around the world since the beginning of human history. Through music, the study also offers new insights into how the human pleasure system works.
4. ‘You’re following these tunes and anticipating what’s going to come next and whether it’s going to confirm or surprise you, and all of these little cognitive nuances are what’s giving you this amazing pleasure,” said Valorie Salimpoor, a neuroscientist at McGill University in Montreal. “The reinforcement or reward happens almost entirely because of dopamine.” “This basically explains why music has been around for so long,” she added. “The intense pleasure we get from it is actually biologically reinforcing in the brain, and now here’s proof for it.”
5. In a previous study, Salimpoor and colleagues linked music-induced pleasure with a surge in intense emotional arousal, including changes in heart rate, pulse, breathing rate and other measurements. Along with these physical changes, people often report feelings of shivers or chills. When that happens during a listening experience, Salimpoor’s group and others have found evidence that blood flows to regions in the brain involved in dopamine release.
6. To solidify the dopamine link, the researchers recruited eight music-lovers, who brought to the lab samples of music that gave them chills of pleasure. Most picks were classical, with some jazz, rock and popular music mixed in, including Led Zeppelin and Dave Matthews Band. The most popular selection was Barbar’s Adagio for Strings.
7. After 15 minutes of listening, scientists injected participants with a radioactive substance that binds to dopamine receptors. With a machine called a PET scanner, the scientists were then able to see if that substance simply circulated through listeners’ blood, which would indicate that they had already released a lot of dopamine, and that the dopamine was tying up all available receptors. If most of their dopamine receptors were free, on the other hand, the radioactive substance would bind to them.
8. The technique showed, definitively for the first time, that people’s brains released large amounts of dopamine when they listened to music that gave them chills, the researchers reported in the journal Nature Neuroscience. When the same people listened to less moving music the next day, their dopamine receptors remained wide open.
9. Once the researchers knew for sure that dopamine was behind the pleasure of music, they put participants in an MRI machine and played the moving music for them again. In this part of the experiment, the scanners showed that the brain pumped out dopamine both during the phase of musical anticipation and at the moment when chills hit in full force. The two surges happened in different areas of the brain.
10. “It is amazing that we can release dopamine in anticipation of something abstract, complex and not concrete,” Salimpoor said. “This is the first study to show that dopamine can be released in response to an aesthetic stimulus.”
I. On the basis of your understanding of the passage, answer the following questions by choosing the most appropriate option. (1 × 4 = 4 Marks)
(a) The aim of the study is to explain:
- how brain releases dopamine.
- why music is an integral part of emotional events in all cultures.
- how human pleasure system works.
- both (ii) and (iii).
(b) Salimpoor’s previous study showed that music:
- causes emotional arousal.
- changes heart rate.
- causes physical changes.
- all of the above.
(c) If the radioactive substance circulated through the listener’s blood it would show:
- the listeners were music lovers.
- PET scan is crucial in such studies.
- dopamine had been released during listening to music.
- all radioactive substances can detect dopamine.
(d) The MRI scan showed brain releases dopamine:
- during musical anticipation.
- when chills of pleasures are at their peak.
- in an MRI scanner.
- both (i) and (ii).
II. Answer the following questions as briefly as possible. (1 × 5 = 5 Marks)
(e) What is dopamine? What is its function?
(f) Why is dopamine referred to as the ‘feel-good’ chemical?
(g) How does music give us pleasure?
(h) Why was the PET scanner used?
(i) On whom was the study reported in the journal Nature Neuroscience conducted?
III. Find words from the passage which mean the same as: (1 × 3 = 3 Marks)
(a) strengthening (para 4)
(b) harden (para 6)
(c) artistic (para 10)
Read the following passage carefully. (10 Marks)
1. Queen Victoria was born on May 24, 1819. She was the granddaughter of George III, and her father, Edward was fourth in line to the throne. But when the Prince of Wales died early, his brothers sought to get married and maintain the line of succession.
2. Edward married Princess Victoria from Germany and the couple had just one child, Alexandrina Victoria, who was born at Kensington Palace. As a young girl, Victoria’s father died, followed 6 days later by King George III. The throne then passed to King William IV, but, he too died early. This left Victoria to be crowned at the age of 18, in June 1837. Queen Victoria was to reign until her death on 22nd January 1901.
3. The 19th century was a time of unprecedented expansion for Britain in terms of both of industry and Empire. Although her popularity ebbed and flowed during her reign, If towards the end of her crown, she had become a symbol of British imperialism and pride.
4. The Victorian period also witnessed great advances in science and technology. It is it known as the steam age, enabling people to easily travel throughout the UK and the world.
5. Queen Victoria was emblematic of this period. She was an enthusiastic supporter of the British Empire. She celebrated at Lord Kitchener’s victory in the Sudan, she supported British involvement in the Boer War. She was also happy to preside over the expansion of the British Empire, which was to stretch across the globe. In 1877 Queen Victoria was made Empress of India, in a move instigated by the imperialist Disraeli. Famously, at the end of the Victorian period, people could say ‘the sun never set on the British Empire’.
6. In the early part of her reign she became a close friend and confidante of the Prime Minister, Lord Melbourne. She spent many hours talking to him and relied on his political advice. Lord Melbourne was a Whig, with conservative attitudes. He tried to shield Queen Victoria from the extreme poverty that was endemic in parts of the UK.
7. Queen Victoria was highly devoted to her husband, Prince Albert; together they had nine children. When Prince Albert died in 1861, at the age of 41, Queen Victoria went into deep mourning and struggled to overcome this loss. She became reclusive and was reluctant to appear in public. Parliament and Benjamin Disraeli had to use all their persuasive power to get her to open parliament in 1866 and 1867. This hiding from the public led to a decline in popularity. However, by the end of her reign, her popularity was restored. This was partly due to the rise of Great Britain as the leading super power of the era.
8. For various reasons, several attempts were made on the life of Queen Victoria. These were mostly between 1840 and 1882. She was always unharmed, but her courageous attitude helped to endear her to the public.
I. Answer the following questions by choosing the most appropriate option: (1 × 2 = 2 Marks)
(a) Victoria’s father was:
- George III.
- prince of Wales.
- William IV.
(b) Queen Victoria:
- supported in the expansion of the empire.
- was devoted to her husband.
- did not do much to alleviate poverty.
- both (i) and (ii).
II. Answer the following questions as briefly as possible. (1 × 6 = 6 Marks)
(c) Why was the Victorian period known as the ‘steam age’?
(d) Why was Victoria’s time an unusual period?
(e) What was Victoria’s view of expansion of the empire?
(f) How did Lord Melbourne try to influence Victoria?
(g) When and why did Victoria’s popularity wane?
(h) What was her attitude towards the attempts on her life?
III. Find words from the passage which are similar in meaning to the following, (1 × 2 = 2 Marks)
(a) incited (para 5)
(b) widespread (para 6)
Read the following passage carefully. (8 Marks)
Do you love living life on the edge? Is your idea of a perfect day one where you have a rendezvous with nature. Then look no further, for a career in adventure sports might be just what you are looking for! It also provides you with a unique opportunity to transform your hobby into a rewarding profession.
Adventure tourism is a booming sector. The involvement of the media (television channels such as National Geographic, Discovery, AXN, Animal Planet, etc.) has given additional incentives to people to plan an adventure holiday rather than a routine vacation. The increasing influx of tourists also means that the availability of jobs and the demand for trained professionals far exceeds their availability.
Basic education is sufficient to initiate a career in adventure sports, with no subject restrictions as of class XII. Nevertheless, candidates having a bachelor’s degree in any discipline are given a preference. The candidate must belong to the age group of 16-40 years. The most important criterion, however, is the physical fitness of the applicant. For water- based activities it is mandatory to be proficient in swimming. In addition, proficiency in at least one foreign language is necessary as the candidate might have to deal with tourists from across the world and is a definite help in bagging jobs in travel and tourism agencies. Equally important is for the candidate to have the right attitude for these kinds of careers, in addition to interest and aptitude. Since adventure sports include unusual, risky and exciting activities, the candidate must possess a high degree of risk taking ability, ability to work in different terrains, team spirit and leadership qualities, high levels of commitment and responsibility, environmental awareness and a love for conservation, awareness of first aid, camp management, map, compass reading and survival training and a hospitable and sociable nature in order to deal with the multiplicity of cultures and traditions he/ she will inevitably encounter.
The candidate must also be well informed and aware and must possess an indomitable spirit of adventure, sporting talent and immense mental toughness.
Opportunities for adventure sports professionals exist in excursion agencies, holiday resorts, leisure camps, commercial recreation centres, sports centres and athletic clubs. Those with enough experience in this field can also set up their own adventure sports centre where they can offer services and impart training in their area of specialization. Trained professionals can also work as liaison officers in various travel and tourism agencies or they can work in training organizations specializing in outdoor training. Related jobs are those of an instructor of the discipline and of an adventure sports photographer.
Several institutes offer courses in adventure sports, for beginners as well as experienced sports people. Most adventure sports institutes include technical skills modules in a large variety of sports. Most of the popular sports are water based and tend to take place in coastal areas, or in large lakes. Ocean sports often take place in tropical climates.
A. On the basis of your reading of the above passage make notes on it using headings and sub-headings. Use recognizable abbreviations (wherever necessary—minimum four) and a format you consider suitable. Also supply an appropriate title to it. (5 Marks)
B. Write a summary of the passage in about 80 words. (3 Marks)
ADVANCE WRITING SKILLS (30 MARKS)
You are Saurabh/Surbhi. You wish to sell your plot as you are going abroad. Write a classified advertisement for a local daily advertising your plot in about 50 words. (4 Marks)
You are Sam/Suman, a member of Reading Club of Sunrise Public School, Delhi. Design a poster in about 50 words, on the importance of books for the Book Week celebrations in your school to be put up on the school notice board.
You are Shivam/Seema of M-114, Rajnagar, Faridabad. You are concerned about the rise of prices of essential items. You wonder how the people, especially the poor deal with the price rise. Write a letter to the editor of a national daily expressing your concern about the issue. (6 Marks)
The weekly vegetable and fruit market near your locality leaves your area under insanitary conditions every week. It has become a nuisance as the vendors callously throw rotten, smelly vegetables and fruits on the roads. Due to this, it has become the breeding ground for mosquitoes. This has exposed the residents to dengue and malaria. Write a letter to the Municipal Commissioner, Faridabad requesting him for urgept action. You are Karan/Karuna of M-114, Rajnagar, Faridabad.
You are Yash/Yashita of Sunrise Public School, Delhi. In the increasingly hectic lives of students it is important to create leisure time and use it well. Write an article on ‘Using Leisure Effectively’ in about 150-200 words. (10 Marks)
As the Head Boy of your school you are concerned about the rising number of incidents of bullying in your school. Write a speech to be delivered in the school assembly on ‘Say no to Bullying’ in about 150-200 words.
You are Nikhil/Shreya of Golden Temple Public School, Delhi. You recently visited the Trade Fair held at Pragati Maidan. Write a report on the same inl50- 200 words. (10 Marks)
You are Nitin/Nisha of Sapphire Public School, Delhi. You are going to participate in an interschool debate on the motion ‘Death Penalty should be Abolished.’ Write this debate for or against the motion in about 150-200 words.
TEXTBOOKS AND EXTENDED READING TEXT (40 MARKS)
Read the following extract carefully and answer the questions that follow: (1 × 4 = 4 Marks)
Driving from my parent’s
home to Cochin last Friday
morning, I saw my mother,
doze, open mouthed, her face
ashen like that
of a corpse and realised with pain
that she was as old as she
looked but soon
(a) Why was the mother dozing?
(b) Where was the narrator heading to?
(c) Name the literary device used in the above lines? Cite the line.
(d) What did the narrator realise with pain?
Far far from gusty waves these children’s faces.
Like rootless weeds, the hair tom around their pallor.
The tall girl with her weighed-down head. The paper-
seeming boy, with rat’s eyes. The stunted, unlucky heir
Of twisted bones, reciting a father’s gnarled disease,
His lesson from his desk.
(a) What does the phrase ‘gusty waves’ suggest to you?
(b) Name one poetic device used in the above lines?
(c) What does the phrase ‘rootless weeds’ suggest?
(d) Name the poet.
Answer any four of the following questions in about 30-40 words each: (3 × 4 = 12 Marks)
(a) How does the symbol of‘fog’ convey the future of the children of an elementary school in a slum?
(b) What does Pablo Neruda say about the wars?
(c) Why is the narrator embarrassed at having made ‘a promise that was not meant’?
(d) Why was it troublesome to harbour Gandhi at the home of a government servant those days?
(e) Who was Reverend Stuart McLeery? Did he really come to invigilate?
(f) “I’m not fond of curtains. Shutting things out.” says Mr Lamb. How do these words reveal Mr. Lamb’s personality?
‘Physical diabilities can leave a deep mark on one’s psyche.’ Do you agree? Discuss with reference to the chapter, On the Face of it. (120-150 words) (6 Marks)
One must respect one’s identity and not compromise it at any cost. Discuss with reference to the chapter, ‘Memories of Childhood’. (Word limit 120-150)
Write a note on the lives and dreams of Saheb and Mukesh. (120-150 words) (6 Marks)
Describe Miss Edla Willmansson. How did she succeed in awakening the essential human goodness in the peddler? (120-150 words)
Describe Griffin’s experiments in invisibility. (120-150 words) (6 Marks)
What are the symbols used in the novel, ‘Silas Mamer’? (120-150 words)
Wicksteed proves to be an innocent victim of the maniacal Griffin. Discuss? (120-150 words) (6 Marks)
How does Dunstan fare in the novel, ‘Silas Mamer’? What is Eliot’s view of people like Dunstan? (120-150 words)
I. (a) (iv) both (ii) and (iii).
(b) (iv) all of the above.
(c) (iii) dopamine had been released during listening to music.
(d) (iv) both (i) and (ii).
II. (e) Dopamine is a chemical released by the brain which is involved with motivation and addiction.
(f) Dopamine gives one the feeling of pleasure and happiness.
(g) Music prompts our brain to release dopamine which gives us feelings of pleasure.
(h) PET scanner enabled the scientists to see if a radioactive substance simply circulated through listeners’ blood.
(i) The experiment was conducted on eight music-lovers, who reported that listening to their favourite music gave them chills of pleasure.
III. (a) reinforcing (b) solidify (c) aesthetic
I. (a) (iii) Edward. (b) (iv) both (i) and (ii).
II. (c) The Victorian period is known as the steam age as the railways enabled people to easily travel throughout the UK and the world.
(d) Britain was in a phase of rapid colonization and industrialization in Victoria’s time.
(e) Victoria was an enthusiastic supporter of the British Empire. She celebrated at Lord Kitchener’s victory in the Sudan; she supported British involvement in the Boer War. She was also happy to preside over the expansion of the British Empire, which was to stretch across the globe.
(f) Lord Melbourne who was a confidante of Victoria tried to shield her from the extreme poverty that was endemic in parts of the UK.
(g) When Victoria’s husband Prince Albert died in 1861, Queen Victoria went into deep mourning. She became reclusive and avoided being in public. Parliament and Benjamin Disraeli had to use all their persuasive power to get her to open parliament in 1866 and 1867. This hiding from the public led to a decline in her popularity.
(h) Despite the several attempts on her life she maintained a courageous front. This made her popular.
III. (a) instigated (b) endemic
A. TITLE: Adventure Sports as a Career
1. Facts about adventure tourism:
- a booming sector
- pop. by TV channels
- more tour, mean more jobs
- high demand for experts
- basic edu., no subject restrctn.
- preference to bachelors’ deg
- age 16-40 yrs
- physcl fitness
- knowledge of one foreign language
3. Important personality traits:
- right attitude, interest, aptitude
- high ability to take risk
- envir. awareness
- excursion agencies
- sports centres and athletic clubs
- liaison officers
5. Places to study:
- Many institutes offer courses
- teach technical skills
- water sports taught in coastal areas
Key to Abbreviations
restrctn : restriction
deg : degree
envir : environment
pop : popular
edu : education
tour : tourism
Adventure tourism has been popularized by media. There are more jobs but there’s a scarcity of experts. Basic education is enough to enter the field though bachelor’s degree in any subject is preferred. The candidate should be in the range of 16-40 years, know one foreign language and be physically fit. The person should have the right attitude, aptitude, high risk taking ability, environmental awareness and sociability. One can work in excursion agencies, sports and athletic clubs, as liaison officers and instructors. Many institutes offer training in technical skills. Waters sports are taught in coastal areas.
10th October, 20××
The Times of India
Sub: Rising Prices of Essential Commodities.
Through the columns of your esteemed newspaper, I wish to express my concern and causes of high soaring prices of essential commodities. For the last many months the prices of essential commodities have been rising. With static salary it has become difficult for the majority of the people to make both ends meet. A man with a fixed income finds it all the more difficult to pull on. He is always in trouble. He cannot think a way out. He cannot fulfill even his daily requirements. The prices of essential commodities and things of daily need are rising almost every other week. There is always a solution to every problem. In order to put a check on these ever soaring prices, it is imperative for the Government to plug all the loopholes and check black marketeers, hoarders and profiteers. If it is not put into practice the common man cannot heave a sigh of relief and he will be crushed under the wheel of this price hike.
10th June, 20××
The Municipal Commissioner
Sub: Insanitary conditions in Rajnagar due to weekly market
The weekly vegetable and fruit market near our locality leaves our area under insanitary conditions every week. It has become a nuisance as the vendors callously throw rotten, smelly vegetables and fruits on the roads.
In our area the sweepers are very careless. They do not sweep the roads to remove the discarded and rotting vegetables and fruits from the roads. Heaps of refuse and garbage can be seen everywhere. Flies settle on them and they have become the perfect breeding places for mosquitoes.
To be fair to the vegetable vendors there is no dustbin nearby where they can throw the rubbish. If immediate steps are not taken for the cleanliness of this area, dangerous diseases such as cholera, malaria and typhoid may break out.
I, therefore, request the authorities to issue orders for the cleanliness of this locality and relieve the residents of mental agony.
Using Leisure Effectively
Many people believe that it is important to use spare time for enhancing the mind, for instance, reading and doing word puzzles. Yet others think that it is vital to relax and do nothing during spare time. Some people have very exhausting jobs. Therefore, they would like to relax during leisure, so they do not want to do anything within this time. They think they need to give a rest to their minds and bodies.
There is no dearth of people who have stressful jobs, still they like to enhance the mind. Therefore, they do many things within spare time such as reading a novel, playing, solving puzzles, doing exercises. People who utilise spare time doing activities that boost the mind are more successful than others who love to use spare time for relaxing.
In conclusion, I agree that people should do some activities during spare time that improve the mind, because such activities can contribute to job satisfaction and better quality of work. So leisure should be used effectively, since it is so precious and is earned after a lot of hanjwork.
Say No to Bullying!
Good morning, respected Principal, teachers and my dear friends! As the head boy of a school I want to draw your attention to the rise in the cases of bullying in our school. Bullying is any behavior that is initiated by one or more students against a person that causes physical or psychological intimidation. Bullying behaviors can be direct such as teasing, threatening, hitting, or stealing or indirect such as spreading rumors or causing social isolation.
There are specific behaviors that bullies tend to exhibit. The bullies often need to feel powerful and in control. Bullies tend to defy authority and are likely to break school rules. They seem to have little anxiety and appear to possess high self-esteem. Victims also tend to exhibit specific characteristics. They are often anxious feel cautious, insecure and have low self-esteem. Victims tend to be socially isolated, and may lack social skills and friends because they tend to be weaker than their peers, either physically or socially, r victims rarely retaliate against bullies.
I urge all present here that neither engage in bullying nor be a victim of it, as it has negative effects on the school climate as a whole. Bullying can cause long-term problems for both the victims and bullies themselves.
Trade Fair opens at Pragati Maidan
November 15, Delhi: Visitors flooded Pragati Maidan on the first day of for the 36th edition of the India International Trade Fair. With over 6,000 exhibitors from India and overseas the trade fair will continue till November 27.
Well-known sand artist Subala from Odisha, has been grabbing eyeballs, as he gave form to the Jagannath Temple in Puri outside the state pavilion.
Dexterous artisans convert lac into beautiful gem-studded jewellery, a showcasing of the state’s lac legacy. The prices of the jewellery start from ₹ 80 to ₹ 600.
The one-homed rhinoceros is on sale at the South Africa pavilion. Made from tree trunks, these are priced at ? 800 for smaller replicas and a whooping ₹ 1,80,000 for life-sized models.
Istanbul’s captivating mosaic lamps, rings hiding evil eyes, available in varying shapes of trees, are a delight.
Trade fair is on from 9:30 am – 7:30 pm. Tickets are available at all Delhi Metro stations. There is free bus service inside the complex,
Respected judges, I stand before you to debate for the motion that death penalty should be abolished. Supporters of the death penalty often argue that citing retribution for violent crimes is being instrumental injustice. However, several studies and research have shown that taking the life of another human being through capital punishment only perpetuates a cycle of violence. How can we justify that treating such a crime with a punishment mirror the very thing we so adamantly condemn? Because of this the support of the death penalty can be deemed as moral hypocrisy. Most people on death row commit their crimes in the heat of passion, under the influence of drugs or alcohol, or while suffering from mental illness. Today the population is less favorable towards death penalty than ever before. Another argument is what if an inmate sentenced to death is later found to be innocent of their convictions? What if the uncovering of this innocence comes after he has been put to death? Thus life sentences serve as a better alternative to the death penalty in order to protect the potentially innocent. With these arguments, I reassert that death penalty shoujd be abolished.
(a) The mother was dozing because of tiredness caused by old age.
(b) The narrator was heading to Cochin Airport.
(c) Simile is used in the line ‘ashen like that of the corpse’.
(d) The narrator realised with pain that the mother had become old and was nearing death.
(a) ‘Gusty waves’ suggests energy and outer world. Unfortunately the children lack both.
(b) Similie has been used in the phrase ‘like rootless weeds’ while describing the children.
(c) The phrase ‘rootless weeds’ suggests that the children are unwanted like the weeds and unsupported, i.e. rootless.
(d) The poet is Stephen Spender.
(a) Fog is a symbol of haziness, uncertainty and dimness. Likewise the future of the children of an elementary school in a slum is dark and uncertain as they are underprivileged and lack means and resources. In the absence of education, exposure and opportunities their future is indeed foggy.
(b) The poet Pablo Neruda points out three types of wars. Man is battling with nature and environment and thus fighting ‘green wars’. Then there is a war of poisonous gases that puts all mankind in danger. The war of firearms is all the more dangerous. Neruda is against all types of wars. He urges people to live in harmony and brotherhood.
(c) The narrator asks Saheb, a ragpicker of Seemapuri, to ‘go to school’. Saheb replies that there is no school in the neighbourhood. The narrator asks, him whether he will go to school, when she starts a school. Later, Saheb keeps on asking her: “Is your school ready?” She feels embarrassed. She had glibly made a promise that was not meant to be kept.
(d) People of smaller localities and government servants were afraid to give shelter to freedom fighters like Gandhi, Patel, Tilak and Maulana Azad. They were fighting for Home Rule and the British police were after them. Those who harboured them were tortured. So people were afraid and Indians in government service had the fear of losing their job.
(e) Reverend Stuart McLeery was one of the persons at St. Mary Mags. He was to invigilate during the examination in the prison cell. The man who came to invigilate was not McLeery. The real McLeery was found bound and gagged in his study at his home. Evans’ accomplice had impersonated McLeery and entered the prison.
(f) Mr Lamb’s physical disability doesn’t crush his openness and large-heartedness. He is not alienated from the mainstream of life like Derry. On the other hand, he keeps his house and heart open to people. Anybody can enter his garden. He is not fond of curtains. He doesn’t believe in shutting things out.
Physical disabilities do have the potential to scar people’s psyche and depress their spirits. But how a person will be affected by it depends on the individual’s attitude and choices. This is beautifully exemplified in the chapter ‘On the Face of It. Derry’s problem is his burnt face. One side of his face was eaten up by acid. So he suffers from a tremendous sense of inferiority complex. He tries to escape people and allows himself to be alienated from the world. On the other hand, Mr Lamb, who is lame and has a prosthetic leg doesn’t allow his physical disability to come in his way. He has a positive attitude towards life. Children tease him by calling him “Lamey-Lamb” but he doesn’t mind it. He enjoys reading books and growing weeds and flowers. While Derry is hyper-sensitive, Mr. Lamb is open- minded. He teaches Derry how to love himself and be positive.
One’s‘identity is precious. One must respect and guard it at all costs. In ‘Memories of childhood’, Bama and Zitkala-Sa battle against discrimination and attempts to disrespect their identities.
In ‘The Cutting of My Long Hair’, Zitkala-Sa describes how she suffered extreme indignities. She tried to maintain her identity as a native American. She liked to wear long and thick hair. But the ‘paleface woman’ of the Indian school and others dragged her out. They tied her fast in a chair and cut off her long hair. In ‘We too are Human Beings’, Bama, a Tamil Dalit writer presents the struggle of a girl of a low caste. The people of low castes are not respected and honoured. They have to carry on the errands or their belongings of the upper class without touching them. Bama studies hard and stands first in the class. She attains equality, and honour through education.
Saheb being a ragpicker had a dream of a better life. After some efforts he got a job at a tea stall. He was paid ? 800 along with meals. But still he is not happy. The steel canister he used to carry is heavier than the plastic bag he used to carry as a ragpicker. He is no longer his master.
Mukesh belonged to a family of bangle makes who were steeped in poverty. But Mukesh dared to challenge his fate. He was determined to be a motor mechanic. With had work and focus he could reach his dream.
Miss Edla Willmansson is the oldest daughter of the owner of the Ramsjo Iron Works. She is ‘not at all pretty’. But she seems to be modest and quite shy. She is good natured. Edla’s basic human goodness comes to light when she intercedes for the vagabond. When the truth about his identity is revealed, her father threatens to call the sheriff. But Miss Willmansson insists on keeping the guest with them. She is against sending back a person whom they had invited with the promise of Christmas cheer.
Miss Willmansson has great persuasive powers. Even her father acknowledges it. Her persuasive powers make the stranger surrender to her wish. She feels dejected when she hears that the peddler has robbed the old crofter. She is joyful when the peddler proves his honesty and innocence.
Edla’s kindness awakens the essential goodness in the peddler and saves him from falling into the ‘world’s rattrap’.
At the boarding house, Griffin continued with his experiments. First he made some white wool invisible and then he made a neighborhood cat invisible. That cat experiment took a few tries, and it groaned. The cat’s noise attracted an old woman who lived in the boarding house who had always suspected Griffin of dissecting animals. The old woman and the landlord came up to make sure that Griffin wasn’t experimenting on animals. Realizing that this could lead to trouble, Griffin decided to disappear .Then he started the process of turning himself invisible, which really hurt. During the process, the landlord tried to give Griffin an eviction notice, but Griffin was already in the process of becoming invisible. Eventually Griffin became totally invisible, except for the retina of his eye which was pigmented .When the landlord and his sons finally broke down the door, they couldn’t find Griffin as he had become completely invisible by then.
The novel, ‘Silas Marner’ is rich in symbols. Raveloe, for Silas Marner is an unchanging world in which he and Eppie live happily together; a world that has not yet been affected by industrialization.
The town of Lantern Yard symbolizes the change that Silas Marner undergoes when he is betrayed. Once he is falsely accused, his flight from Lantern Yard symbolizes his emotional separation from others with a literal physical separation.
The stone pits represent the elements of nature and fate that cannot be understood or explained by humans.
The symbol of Gold is strong in the novel. It becomes the recipient of all the human love and affection that he once directed toward his friends and community. The gold symbolizes Mamer’s isolation and his exclusion from human love and affection. Only through Eppie’s appearance does Marner begin to cherish other human beings. Eppie, with her golden hair, turns out to be his gold.
After Kemp’s betrayal Griffin is enraged. He manages to escape Kemp’s house though. Now Griffin is on the run as Kemp and the police, headed by colonel Adye are after him. He cannot find shelter as all doors are shut at the behest of Dr. Kemp. On the way, he encounters Mr. Wicksteed, whom he kills by battering him brutally with an iron rod. Since there are no witnesses, the police hypothesize that the old, harmless man must have followed Griffin out of curiosity. Griffin, now even more violent, malignant, and maniacal must have attacked the poor Wicksteed. The little girl reports to the police the strange way in which she had seen Mr. Wicksteed walking. The people of Burdock wonder who could have killed such an inoffensive and harmless man, Mr. Wicksteed with such wantonness. It is true that he proves to be an innocent victim of Griffin’s wrath.
Dunstan Cass, the Squire’s younger son, is a reckless, manipulative man who will do anything or say anything to get what he wants. He is attracted to greed and wealth, and has no conscience whatsoever. He blackmails Godfrey with the secret of Godfrey’s marriage to the drunkard Molly and steals poor Silas Mamer’s money. He is thought to have disappeared somewhere, but his dead body is found drowned in the Stone-Pits when drained. \ Dunstan is found with Silas’s money. In a sense he embodies evil who causes misery and sadness to many people. Eliot’s portrayal of Dunstan’s is such that the reader cannot sympathize with him. His ignominious death by drowning in the Stone-Pits, is a kind of poetic justice which reveals his evil deeds and brings succor to Silas. Eliot has depicted him as the villain of the novel.
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