These Sample papers are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 4
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 4
|Sample Paper Set||Paper 4|
|Category||CBSE Sample Papers|
Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 4 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 12 Geography is given below with free PDF download solutions.
Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 70
- There are 22 questions in all.
- All questions are compulsory.
- Question numbers 1-7 are very short answer questions carrying 1 mark each. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 40 words.
- Question numbers 8-13 are short answer questions carrying 3 marks each. Out of which one question is a value based question. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 80-100 words.
- Question numbers 14-20 are long answer questions carrying 5 marks each. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 150 words.
- Question numbers 21 and 22 are related to identification or locating and labelling of geographical features on maps carrying 5 marks each.
- Outline maps of the World and India provided to you must be attached within your answer book.
- Use of templates or stencils for drawing outline maps is allowed.
What are economic activities?
Define the term ‘transport network’.
Name the seaports on each end of Suez Canal.
How is the level of urbanization measured in India?
Why did Shershah Suri build the Shahi road?
What is the criterion for the classification of pollution?
Name the country which is the largest trading partner of India.
What is the subject-matter of study of human geography? Explain any three facts.
Explain the meaning of ‘technopolies’. Give two examples of technopolies.
Define the term ‘Trade’. Mention major characteristics of rural marketing centres.
Discuss any three types of ports on the basis of specialised functions with examples.
“Land resources is more crucial to the people whose livelihood is depending on agriculture in India.” Support this statement by any three suitable arguments.
“The assessment, efficient use and conservation of water are necessary to ensure development”. Explain in the light of values regarding conservation of water resources.
When does positive growth of population take place? Explain the geographical factors that influence the distribution of population in the world.
Define the term ‘Nomadic herding.’ Explain its any four characteristics.
Describe the journey of development of land transport from the days of humans as carriers to cable ways of today.
Explain why Kerala has a higher level of human development than other states of India.
Why is the area under pastures decreasing in India? How do the changes in the economy effect the changes in land use? Explain.
“The distribution of roads is not uniform in India.” Support this statement with suitable argument.
How are the industries responsible for polluting water resources in India? Explain with examples.
Identify the five geographical features shown on the given political outline map of the world as A, B, C, D and E and write their correct names on the lines marked near them with the help of the following information.
(A) A mega city
(B) An important airport
(C) A major seaport
(D) An area of Mediterranean agriculture of the world
(E) A country having lowest growth rate of population.
Locate and label the following five features with appropriate symbols on the given political outline map of India.
(i) A state having highest gender ratio.
(ii) A state having urbanised population
(iii) An oil refinery situated in West Bengal
(iv) An Iron and Steel plant located in Karnataka
(v) A software technology park situated in Gujarat
Human activities which generate income are known as economic activities,
Several places/nodes joined together by a series of routes (links) to form pattern.
(ii) Port Said
The level of urbanisation in India is measured in terms of percentage of urban population to total population.
Sher shah Suri built the Shahi Road to strengthen and consolidate his empire.
Pollution is classified on the basis of medium through which pollutants are transported and diffused,
United States of America.
The subject matter of the study of human geography:
(i) To establish the relationship between the physical/natural and the human world. Further to study the spatial distribution of human phenomena.
(ii) The social and economic differences between different parts of the world to be studied.
(iii) To understand the earth as a home of human beings and to study all those elements which have sustained them.
- (i) High-tech industries which are regionally concentrated, self-sustained and highly specialised are called technopolies.
(ii) Planned business parks for high-tech start ups have become the part of regional and local development scheme.
- The Silicon Valley near San Francisco, and Silicon Forest near Seattle are examples of Technopolies.
- Trade is essentially buying and selling of items produced elsewhere.
- (i) Rural marketing centres cater to nearby settlements. These are Quasi-urban centres and serve as trading centres of the most rudimentary type.
(ii) These form local collecting and distribution centres. Most of these have mandis.
There are five ports under this category viz-
(i) Oil ports
(ii) Ports of call
(iii) Packet stations
(iv) Entrepot Ports
(v) Naval ports
(i) Oil Ports: These ports deal in the processing and shipping of oil. Some of these are tanker ports and some are refinery port. Maracaibo in Venezuela, Tripoli in Lebanon are Tanker ports. Abadan is a refinery port.
(ii) Entrepot Ports: These are collection centres where the goods are brought from different countries for export. Singapore is an entrepot for Asia. Rotterdam for Europe and Copenhagen for the Baltic region.
(iii) Naval ports: These are ports which have only strategic importance. These ports serve warships and have repair workshops for them. Kochi and Karwar are the same ports in India.
(i) Agriculture is a land-based activity. Lack of access to land is directly correlated with incidence of poverty in rural areas.
(ii) Productivity agriculture is linked with quality of land.
(iii) Land ownership has a social value and serves as security for credit, natural hazards or life contingencies and adds to the social status associated with agricultural productivity.
Values for water conservation:
As India has a great pressure of population with limited water resource. Population is increasing rapidly and demand of water is increasing.
(i) Awareness and responsibility
(ii) Positiveness and contentment
- Positive growth of population takes place when the birth rate is more than the death rate between two points of time or when people from other countries migrate permanently to a region.
- Geographical factors that influence the distribution of population in the world.
(i) Availability of water
(ii) Land forms
- Nomadic Herding is a primitive subsistence activity in which the herders rely on animals for food, clothing, shelter, tools and transport. They move from one place to another.
(i) They depend on the amount and quality of pastures. Each nomadic community occupies a well-defined territory.
(ii) A wide variety of animals are kept in different regions. In tropical Africa, cattle are the most important livestock whereas in Sahara and Asiatic desert, sheep, goats and camel are reared. Yak and Llamas in Tibet and Andes.
(iii) Their life directly depends on their livestock.
(iv) They move in their herds from one place to other place with change of season. It is known as Transhumance.
The journey of development of land transport:
(i) In early days, humans themselves were carriers, Palki/doli. Later, animals were used as beasts of burden.
(ii) The invention of wheel, the use of carts and wagons became important as a revolution in transport came after the invention of the stream engine in the 18th century.
(iii) Railways became the most popular and fastest form of transport in the 19th century.
(iv) The invention of internal combustion engine revolutioned road transport in terms of road quality and vehicles like motor cars and trucks playing over them.
(v) The newer developments in land transportation are pipelines, rope ways and cable ways. Liquids like mineral oil, water, sludge and sewers are transported by pipelines.
(i) It is believed that ‘Development is freedom which is often associated with modernisation, leisure, comfort and affluence.
(ii) Kerala attained the highest value in HDI, achieving near 100 per cent literacy.
(iii) In the state, programs were started for the empowerment of women. There is higher total literacy rates and less gap between the male and female literacy rates.
(iv) Health facilities are sufficient and effective. Male and female live a healthy life with a higher life expectancy, do their work in energetic condition.
- The area under pasture is decreasing in India due to the pressure from agricultural land and illegal encroachment due to expansion of cultivation on common pasture land.
- Changes in economy affect the change in land use:
(i) Size of economy:
(ii) Composition of the economy:
(iii) Declining contribution of agriculture:
The factors responsible for the uneven distribution of roads are as follow:
- Economic development
(i) Agricultural Development
- Population distribution
- Government policy
(i) Indiscriminate use of water by increasing population and industrial expansion has led dyradation of the quality of water considerably.
(ii) Human beings pollute the water through industrial agricultural and cutural activities. They are the most significant contributor of pollution.
(iii) Industries produce several undesirable products including industrial wastes, polluted waste water, poisonous gases, chemical residues, numerous heavy metals, dust and smoke etc.
(iv) Most of the industrial wastes are disposed off in running water or lakes. Poisonous elements reach the reservoirs, rivers and other water bodies destroy the bio-system of these waters.
(v) Major water polluting industries are leather, pulp and paper, textiles and chemicals
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