These Sample papers are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 5
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 5
|Sample Paper Set||Paper 5|
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Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 5 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 12 Geography is given below with free PDF download solutions.
Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 70
- There are 22 questions in all.
- All questions are compulsory.
- Question numbers 1-7 are very short answer questions carrying 1 mark each. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 40 words.
- Question numbers 8-13 are short answer questions carrying 3 marks each. Out of which one question is a value based question. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 80-100 words.
- Question numbers 14-20 are long answer questions carrying 5 marks each. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 150 words.
- Question numbers 21 and 22 are related to identification or locating and labelling of geographical features on maps carrying 5 marks each.
- Outline maps of the World and India provided to you must be attached within your answer book.
- Use of templates or stencils for drawing outline maps is allowed.
Why is the age structure considered an important indicator of population composition? Mention one reason.
“Leading a long and healthy life is an important aspect of human development.” Give an argument to support the statement.
“Agri-business farms are mechanized and large in size”. Examine the statement.
Examine the functioning of World Trade Organisation.
Name the state of India with highest literacy rate as per 2011 census.
Which major sea port on the eastern coast of India has a land locked harbour?
Name the state of India with largest area.
“Nature and human beings are so intricately intertwined that they can’t be separated.” Substantiate the statement.
Study the diagram given below and answer the questions that follows:
9.1 Identify and name the given rural settlement pattern.
9.2 In which type of areas do we find such type of settlement patterns?
9.3 Give an important characteristics of this type of settlement pattern.
Study the following diagram and answer the questions that follow:
10.1 Identify and name the steel plant shown in this diagram.
10.2 Name the mining field which supply iron ore to this plant
10.3 Mention the source of water and power for this plant.
“The promotion of the use of non-conventional source of energy in India is the need of the hour.” Support the statement.
“Many of the modem towns in India were developed during the period of British domination.” Substantiate the statement.
“The urban waste should be properly treated as a resource for various needs of mankind.Explain the values that can help in changing the urban waste into resources.
What is ‘demographic cycle? Describe three stages of demographic transition theory.
Differentiate between Nomadic herding and commercial livestock rearing, stating any five points of distinction.
“The Suez and the Panama canals are two vital man-made navigation canal which serve as gateways of commerce for both the eastern and western worlds.” Explain the economic significance of these two canals.
Define the term ‘Information Technology’. How has it helped in the development of quaternary activities?
What is migration? Explain the causes of migration of unskilled migrants from rural to urban areas is India and their sufferings.
“Low productivity and fragmentation of land holdings are the major problems of Indian agriculture”. Suggest and explain measures to overcome these problems.
What are the uses of Manganese? Describe its producing states.
Identify the five geographical features shown on the given political outline map of the world as A, B, C, D and E and write their correct names on the lines marked near them with the help of the following information.
(A) A major airport
(B) A major seaport
(C) A region of secondary activities
(D) A mega city
(E) An area of Primitive Subsistence Agriculture
Locate and label the following five features with appropriate symbols on the given political outline map of India.
(i) Leading producing state of Jowar.
(ii) An industrial region located in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu
(iii) A mine of bauxite situated in Odisha
(iv) A copper mine located in southern Jharkhand
(v) A steel plant located in Odisha
Age structure represents the number of people of different age groups. It helps in planning process and estimates future population.
Health is an important area of Human development. Healthy people are able to use of all type of resources and earn money for their better life.
In extensive commercial grain cultivation, size of the farm is very large, so entire operations of cultivation from ploughing to harvesting are mechanised.
WTO is the only international organisation dealing with the global rules of trade between nations.
(i) Nature and humans cannot be separated.
(ii) Through mutual interaction, human beings created social-cultural environment in Physical environment.
(iii) It is interesting to note that both physical and human phenomena are described in metaphors using symbols from the human an anatomy. “Face of the earth, eye of the storm, mouth of the river, snout of the glacier, etc.
All these elements are not separated from the physical elements.
9.1 Cross-shape pattern
9.2 They are found in plains, or wide inter-mountain valleys.
9.3 In such settlements, roads are rectangular and cut each other at right angles.
10.1 Visvesvaraiya Steel plant
10.2 Bababudan hills
10.3 It gets water from River Bhadravati and electricity from Jog falls hydel power project.
Fossil fuel sources such as coal, petroleum, natural gas and nuclear energy use exhaustible raw materials.
(i) Non-conventional energy sources are highly valuable. They can be tapped easily.
(ii) They are the renewable energy sources like solar, wind, hydro, geothermal and bio-mass. They are more equally distributed.
(iii) They are pollution free as they do not have smoke or ash when used. They have no environmental hazards.
(iv) These energy sources will provide more sustained energy.
(v) They are also cheaper energy sources after the initial cost is taken care of.
Hence, India has to promote these resources to meet coming demands.
It is true that many towns were developed during British period.
(i) They developed a number of towns in India starting their foothold on coastal locations and developed some trading ports—Surat, Daman, Goa, Pondicherry. Then they held around Bombay, Madras and Calcutta and built them in the British style.
(ii) They established their administrative centres, hill-towns as summer resorts and added new civil, administrative and military areas to them.
(iii) Towns based on modem industries also evolved after 1850. Jamshedpur can be citied as an example.
(ii) Community participation
(iv) Positive altitude (Any three)
(a) Population of any region changes from high births and high deaths to low births and low
deaths as society progresses from rural agrarian and illiterate to urban industrial and literate society. These changes occur in stages which are collectively known as the demographic cycle.
(b) Three stages of Demographic transition theory
(I) The first stage: High fertility and high mortality.
(II) The second stage: Fertility remains high and decline in mortality.
(III) The third stage: Both fertility and mortality decline.
Difference between Nomadic Herding and Commercial Livestock Rearing:
(i) Nomadic Herding is a primitive subsistence activity, but commercial livestock rearing is more organised and capital intensive.
(ii) The herders rely on animals for food, clothing, shelter, tools and transport whereas commercial livestock rearing depends on one type of animal in professional manner.
(iii) Nomads move from one place to another along with their livestock, depending on the amount and quality of pastures and water, but in later group livestock ranching is associated with western culture and practised on permanent ranches.
(iv) Each nomadic community occupies a well-identified territory as a matter of tradition whereas in commercial livestock rearing ranches cover large area, and divided into many parcels. When the grass of one parcel is grazed, animals are moved to another parcel. Animals are kept according to the capacity of the pasture.
(v) A wide variety of animals is kept in different regions. Cattle, sheep, goats, camel, yak etc. according habitats whether in comparative, one type of animal is reared in one group. Sheep, cattle, goats, horses. Products as meat, wool, hides, skin processed and paked scientifically.
Economic significance of Suez and Panama canals.
(a) Suez Canal:
(i) It is constructed in Egypt between Port Said in the north and Port Suez in south linking Mediterranean Sea and Red Sea.
(ii) It gives Europe a new gateway to the Indian Ocean and reduces distance between Liverpool and Colombo.
(iii) About 100 ships travel daily takes 10-12 hours to cross this canal.
(iv) The tolls are so heavy, ships find it cheaper to go by the longer Cape Route. Delay is not important.
(v) It gives new trading scopes between western countries with Asian countries.
(b) Panama Canal:
(i) It shortens the distance between New York and San Francisco by 13000 km by sea.
(ii) The distance between western Europe and west coast of USA, North-Eastern and central USA and East-South-East Asia is shortened.
(iii) Economic significance of this canal is relatively less than the Suez.
(iv) It is vital to the economies of Latin America.
(a) Information technology is the synthesis of computers and telecommunication, transmission of stored and processed information.
(b) The information technology acts as a boon in the development of quaternary activities as follows:
(i) Information technology brought the major breakthrough in genetic engineering.
(ii) They can be applied in various fields such as energy, medicines, healthcare and manufacturing.
(iii) One of the most important repercussions of the information technology is the global cities to act as the control and command centres of the world system.
(iv) The digitalization of information technology has merged with telecommunication to form integrated network through internet.
(a) Migration is the movement of people from one place to another in search of better opportunities with an intention to settle.
(b) The causes of migration of unskilled migrants from rural to urban areas in India and their sufferings are as under:
(i) Due to poverty
(ii) Non-availability of regular work, lower wages, high population pressure at native places.
(iii) Lack of basic infrastructural facilities like healthcare, education.
(iv) To get regular work and relatively higher wages in urban centres..
Suggestions to overcome remove low productivity:
(i) Proper facilities for irrigation. Seeds, Manure, fertilizers and pesticides should be provided at right time.
(ii) Intensive training programmes to be given to the farmers under specialists.
Availability of laboratories for soil testing in nearby areas, where accessibility should be easy.
To solve problems of Fragmentation of land holdings:
(ii) Work may be done on Common Property Resources
(iii) Farming on Cooperative pattern
(a) Manganese is an important raw material for smelting of iron ore. It is also used for manufacturing ferroalloys.
(b) Producing States: It is found in almost all geological formation and mainly associated with Dharwar system.
(i) Odisha is the leading producer of manganese. Major mines are located in the central part of the iron ore belt of India; in Bonai, Sundergarh, Gangpur, Koraput etc.
(ii) Karnataka is the major producer. Its mines are located in Dharwar, Bellary, Belgaum, north Canara, Shimoga, Tumkur etc.
(iii) Maharastra is an important producer of manganese which is mined in Nagpur, Bhandara and Ratnagiri districts.
(iv) Andhra Pradesh, Goa and Jharkhand are other minor producers of manganese.
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