These Sample papers are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 6
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 6
|Sample Paper Set||Paper 6|
|Category||CBSE Sample Papers|
Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 6 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 12 Geography is given below with free PDF download solutions.
Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 70
- There are 22 questions in all.
- All questions are compulsory.
- Question numbers 1-7 are very short answer questions carrying 1 mark each. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 40 words.
- Question numbers 8-13 are short answer questions carrying 3 marks each. Out of which one question is a value based question. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 80-100 words.
- Question numbers 14-20 are long answer questions carrying 5 marks each. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 150 words.
- Question numbers 21 and 22 are related to identification or locating and labelling of geographical features on maps carrying 5 marks each.
- Outline maps of the World and India provided to you must be attached within your answer book.
- Use of templates or stencils for drawing outline maps is allowed.
What is the average sex ratio in the world?
How has the ‘New Ruhr’ landscape emerged?
Assess the positive aspect of ‘trade liberalisation’.
What is the main thrust of the National Youth Policy of Government of India, 2003?
“The proportion of workers in the agricultural sector in India has shown a declining trend over the last few decades”. What does this trend indicate?
Name the two countries which are the largest trading partners of India as per economic survey report of 2011 -12.
Name the deepest port, situated on the eastern coast.
“The knowledge and understanding of the laws of nature are extremely valuable to human kind”. Explain the values that can help to use the gifts of nature in a sustainable manner.
Study the table given below and answer the questions that follow:
9.1 Name the two continents which have shown the highest growth rate of million cities from 1950-2000.
9.2 What could have been the reason for such growth of million cities?
9.3 Give the meaning of a ‘million city’.
What does the literacy rate of a country indicate?
How tourism has become the single largest tertiary activity?
Study the diagram given below and answer the questions that follow:
12.1 Identify and name the steel plant shown in this diagram.
12.2 Name the mining areas which supply coal and iron ore to this plant.
12.3 Which is the source of power supply to this plant?
How is rainwater harvesting helped in the development of certain areas of India? Explain with examples.
Explain any three ‘push’ and any two ‘pull’ factors that influence the migration of population in the world.
Explain the importance of communication services in the world.
“The Rhine waterways is the world’s most heavily used inland waterway.” In the light of this statement examine the significance of this waterway.
Examine the economic and social consequences of migration in India.
‘Indebtedness’ and degradation of cultivable land are the serious problems of Indian agriculture. Suggest and explain measures to overcome these problems.
Why is conservation of resources essential? Suggest steps to conserve minerals.
Which is the apex body in India to improve the quality of National Highways? Examine the significance of National Highways.
Identify the five geographical features shown on the given political outline map of the world as A, B, C, D and E and write their correct names on the lines marked near them with the help of the following information.
(A) The country with largest area in Oceania
(B) An area of mixed farming
(C) A major sea port
(D) An international airport
(E) A mega city
Locate and label the following five features with appropriate symbols on the given political outline map of India.
(i) The state with lowest density of population
(ii) The state with highest percentage of urban population
(iii) An International airport located in West Bengal
(iv) An important tower situated in the west of East-West Corridor
(v) A cotton textile industries located in Madhya Pradesh
On an average, the world population reflects a sex ratio of 102 males per 100 females.
The demand for coal declined, the industries started shrinking, industries used imported ore as iron ore got exhausted. Prosperity of this area is less based on products of coal and steel. New industries – Opel car assembly plant, chemical plants, universities etc have appeared.
Trade liberalisation allows goods and services from everywhere to compete with domestic products and services.
The main thrust of the National Youth Policy is youth empowerment in terms of their effective participation in decision making and carrying the responsibility of an able leader.
This indicates a shift of workers from farm-based occupation to non-farm based ones indicating a sectoral shift in the economy.
Countries which are largest trading partners of India are UAE and China.
(i) Welfare of human beings
(ii) sustainability in development
(iv) harmony with their natural environment.
9.1 (i) Africa
9.2 In developing countries people migrate from rural areas to cities for the purpose of earning livelihood, thus increasing the urban population or million cities.
9.3 A million city is one where the population is one million or more than one million (10 lakh).
(i) Proportion of literate population of a country is an indicator of its socio-economic development.
(ii) It reveals the standard of living, social status of females, availability of educational facilities and policies of government.
(iii) Level of economic development is both a cause and consequence of literacy.
(i) Tourism has become the single largest activity in the total registered jobs and total revenue, as it not only serves the purpose of recreation but also provides employment to many local people.
(ii) They provide services like transport, accommodation, entertainment and other services.
(iii) Tourism fosters the growth of infrastructure industries, retail trading and craft industry. It also increases national income.
1. Rourkela Steel Plant
2. Coal from Jharia and Iron ore from Sundergarh and Kendujhar
3. Hirakud project supplies power.
Rain Water Harvesting:
(i) It is valuable to recharge the groundwater. It is of low cost and eco-friendly technique for preserving every drop of water.
(ii) It increases the availability of groundwater and improves the quality of groundwater. It controls soil erosion and floods.
(iii) In Rajasthan, rainwater harvesting structures, locally known as Kund or Tanka, are constructed near the house or village to store harvested rainwater.
(i) Unemployment, poor living conditions.
(ii) Political Turmoil.
(iii) Unpleasant climate and Natural disasters.
(iv) Epidemics and socio-economic backwardness (Any three)
(i) Better job opportunities and living conditions
(ii) Peace and stability
(iii) Security of life and property
(iv) Pleasant climate (Any two)
Importance of‘Communication Services’ in the world:
(i) Communication involves transmission of words, messages facts, ideas etc. from one place to another. All types of communication is nearly dependent on means of transport.
(ii) Where transport is efficient, communication is also efficient there.
(iii) It helps to spread the messages from one place to another very quickly.
(iv) These services have linked the entire world. Time has been reduced to spread the messages.
(v) The global communication has revolutionised the world, and whole world has become one global village.
The significance of the Rhine waterway:
(i) The Rhine flows through Germany and the Netherlands, navigable for 700 km from Rotterdam at its mouth in the Netherlands to Basel in Switzerland.
(ii) Ocean-going Vessels can reach upto Cologne. The Ruhr river joins the Rhine from the east. It flows through a rich coal field and the whole basin has become a prosperous manufacturing area.
(iii) Dusseldorf is the Rhine port for this region. Huge tonnage moves along the stretch south the Ruhr.
(iv) This waterway is the world’s most heavily used waterway.
(v) It connects the industrial areas of Switzerland, Germany, France, Belgium and the Netherlands with the North Atlantic Sea Route.
Economic and social consequences of Migration:
- Economic consequences:
(i) A major benefit for the source region is the remittance sent by migrants. Remittances from the international migrants are one of the major sources of foreign exchange.
(ii) In 2002, India received US $ 11 billion as remittances from international migrants. Punjab, Kerala and Tamil Nadu receive very significant amount from their international migrants.
(iii) The amount of remittances sent by the internal migrants is very meagre as compared to international migrants, but plays an important role in the growth of economy of the source area.
- Social consequences:
(i) Migrants acts as agents of social change. The new ideas related to new technologies, family planning, girl’s education etc. get diffused from urban to rural areas through them.
(ii) It leads to inter mixing of people from diverse cultures. It has positive contribution such as evolution of composite culture and breaking through the narrow considerations and widens up the mental horizon of the people.
(iii) It has negative consequences such as anonymity, which creates social vacuum and sense of dejection among individuals. Continued feeling of dejection may motivate people to fall in the trap of anti-social activities like crime and drug abuse.
Measures to overcome indebtedness and degradation of cultivable land:
(i) Minimum support price to be fixed.
(ii) Provisions of subsidies on seeds and fertilizers. Cheap loan facilities to be provided to the farmers for their purchases and marriages.
(iii) More Gramin banks, banks and Cooperative banks to be opened in rural areas. Storage facilities be provided to the farmers. Roads should be developed in rural areas.
(iv) To supplement the economy of farmers, rearing of wild animals is essential.
- Measures to overcome degradation of cultivable land:
(i) Check water logging
(ii) Use of organic manure
(iii) Cultivation of leguminous crops
(iv) Rotation crops .
(i) To achieve economic development with least environmental impact, the goals of sustainable development must be kept in mind in order to impact the future generation.
(ii) The alternative energy sources like solar power, wind, wave, geothermal energy are inexhaustible resources. These should be developed to replace the exhaustible resources.
(iii) In the case of metallic minerals, use of scrap metals will enable recycling of metals. Use of scrap is specially significant in metals like copper, lead and zinc in which India’s resources are meagre.
(iv) Use of substitutes for scarce metals may also reduce their consumption.
(v) Export of strategic and scarce minerals must be reduced, so that the existing reserve may be used for a longer period.
- National Highway Authority of India (NHAI)
- Significance of National Highways:
(i) It runs across the country and connects the state capitals, major cities and important ports and railway junctions.
(ii) National Highways are meant for Inter-state transport.
(iii) Roads are meant for the movement of defence personnel and other materials in all strategic areas.
(iv) The National Highways being approximately 2 per cent of total road length carries 40 per cent of the total road traffic. The total length of National Highways in India is 97,991 km (2015-16).
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