Classification of Living Things – Maharashtra Board Class 6 Solutions for General Science (English Medium)
It is necessary to classify living things in order to identify and remember them.
The similarities, differences and variety among living things can be used as the criteria for classifying them.
Characteristics of non-flowering plants:
- They do not bear flowers.
- Their seeds are naked.
- They have distinct outward appearance.
Characteristics of herbs:
- They have soft and flexible stems.
- They are 1 to 1½ metre tall.
Examples of herbs:
- Lemon grass
- Bengal gram
Plants can be classified on the basis of their characteristic structure, leaves, flowers, fruits, colour, smell etc. Animals can be classified on the basis of their habitat, shape of their body, colour, body covering, the sounds they make and their mode of reproduction.
The skin protects the bodies of animals. Vertebrates may also have scales, hair, fur or feathers for protection of their body.
- Chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum is a flowering plant, while mould, mushroom and spirogyra are non-flowering plants.)
- Bengal gram (Bengal gram is a herb, while mango, banyan and palmyra are trees.)
- Grapes (Grapevine is a climber, while oranges, lemon and hibiscus are shrubs.)
- Banyan (Banyan is a perennial plant, whereas sunflower, jowar and bajra are annual plants.)
- Guava (Guava is a perennial plant, whereas radish, carrots and beetroot are biennial plants.)
|A||tree||hard, strong stem||mango|
|B||herb||1 to 1½ m height||holy basil|
|C||shrub||branches close to the
- Flowering plants – Hibiscus, Chrysanthemum
- Non-flowering plants – Spirogyra, Fern
- Trees – Mango, Banyan
- Shrubs – Orange, Lemon
- Climbers/Creepers – Pumpkin, Grapevine
- Annuals – Jowar, Bajra
- Biennials – Carrot, Beetroot
- Perennials – Coconut, Peepal
Differences between flowering and non-flowering plants:
|Flowering plants||Non-flowering plants|
|They bear flowers.||They do not bear flowers.|
|2.||The seeds are enclosed in fruits.||
The seeds are naked.
|3.||They have roots, stem and leaves.||
They may not have roots, stem and leaves.
|Examples: Jasmine, datura||
Examples: Fern, spirogyra
Differences between trees and shrubs:
|1.||Plants which grow very tall and have strong, hard stems or trunks are called trees.||Plants of medium height with strong, hard stems are called shrubs.|
|2.||The branches in a tree appear higher up on the stem.||Shrubs tend to branch near the ground, and so, many branches are seen rising just above the ground.|
|3.||Examples: Mango, banyan||Examples: Earthworm, snail|
Differences between vertebrate and invertebrate animals:
|S.no||Vertebrate animals||Invertebrate animals|
|1.||Animals which have a vertebral column are called vertebrate animals.||Animals which do not have a vertebral column are called invertebrate animals.|
|2.||Vertebrates have a well-developed brain.||Invertebrates do not have a well-developed brain.|
|3.||Examples: Frog, lizard||Examples: Earthworm, snail|
- Wrong. Amphibians live both on land and in water.
- Wrong. Horse is a multicellular animal.