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Resource and Development Class 10 MCQs Questions with Answers
For converting gifts of nature into a resource, man requires.
(a) Skill and technology
(c) Capital, labour
(d) All of these.
Answer: (a) Skill and technology
Punjab and Haryana have high percentage of net sown area under farming because of.
(a) Fertile soils
(b) Perennial rivers and canals
(c) Modern farming methods
(d) All of the above
(e) None of the above.
Answer: (d) All of the above
Laterite soil is formed by the process of.
Answer: (c) Leaching
Which type of resource is solar energy ?
(a) Exhaustible resource
(b) Soil resource
(c) Biotic resource
(d) Non-exhaustible resource.
Answer: (d) Non-exhaustible resource.
Gully erosion of soil is mainly caused by :
(a) Streams formed by rainwater
(c) Terrace farming
(d) Sea waves.
Answer: (a) Streams formed by rainwater
Which one of the following can lead to soil erosion ?
(a) Contour ploughing
(b) Terrace farming
(d) Mixed cropping.
Answer: (c) Deforestation
Which one of the following type of resource is iron ore ? .
Answer: (d) Non-renewable.
Under which of the following type of resource, the tidal energy can be put ?
Answer: (d) Non-exhaustible.
Soil erosion is the state of Punjab is due to which one of the following reasons ?
(a) Excessive cultivation
Answer: (b) Overirrigation
In which one of the following states is the terrace cultivation practised ?
(b) Plains of Uttar Pradesh
Answer: (d) Uttarakhand.
How can the resources be divided on the basis of exhaustibility?
Answer: Renewable and non-renewable.
Which type of resources dbes iron ore belong to ?
Answer: Non-renewable resources.
Classify the following resources as biotic and abiotic.
(i) Metals – abiotic
(ii) Fauna – biotic
Give a single word for the following:
(i) Materials which have the potential to satisfy human needs but human beings do not have the appropriate technology.
(ii) The resources which can be renewed or reproduced by physical, chemical or mechanical processes.
What is total geographical area of India ?
Answer: 3.28 million sq km.
Mention any two factors which determines the land use pattern of a nation.
Name any two states which have high percentage of net sown area.
Answer: Punjab and Haryana.
Name any two states which have very low percentage of net sown area.
Answer: Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram.
How much degraded land is present in India ?
Answer: 130 million hectares.
Name any two states where over grazing is one of the main reasons for land degradation.
(i) Madhya Pradesh
What are biotic resources ?
Answer: These are obtained from biosphere and have life such as human beings, flora and fauna, fisheries, livestock, etc.
How over irrigation leads to land degradation ?
Answer: Over irrigation degrades land due to water logging leading to increase in salinity and alkalinity of the soil.
How can land degradation be checked in Rajasthan as the state is having arid soil? Mention any two methods.
(i) Control on overgrazing
(ii) Stabilisation of sand dunes.
Mention any two factors which have contributed in the development of various types of soils.
(i) Varied relief features
(ii) Varied climatic conditions.
‘The entire northern plains are made of alluvial soils’. Name the rivers due to which the soils have been deposited.
Answer: The Indus, the Ganga and the Brahmaputra.
How can the alluvial soil be classified according to their age ?
Out ot Khadar and Bangor soils which is more fertile ? Give one reason.
Answer: Khadar soil is more fertile because it has more fine particles.
Name any two minerals present in alluvial soil which makes it ideal for the growth of sugarcane, paddy, wheat and other cereals?
Answer: Potash and lime.
Which soil is well known for their capacity to hold moisture ? Give reason.
Answer: Black soil. Because black soil is made-up of extremely fine clayey material.
Name a mineral in which the black soil is poor.
Answer: Phosphoric contents.
Why black soil is tilled immediately after the first shower ?
Answer: These soils are sticky when wet and difficult to work on.
Name the soil which develops on crystalline igneous rocks.
Answer: Red soil.
Which state has mostly laterite soil ?
Which soil type is the result of intense leaching due to heavy rainfall ?
Answer: Laterite soil.
Name any two crops associated with laterite soil.
Answer: Tea and coffee.
Which soils are generally sandy in texture and saline in nature ?
Answer: Arid soils.
What is contour ploughing?
Answer: Ploughing along the contour lines is known as contour ploughing.
How contour ploughing helps in the soil conservation?
Answer: Ploughing along the contour lines decelerates the flow of water down the slopes.
Mention any two man-made and two natural factors responsible for land degradation.
(i) Man-made : Deforestation, overgrazing, mining, quarrying.
(ii) Natural: Water logging, wind, running water.
Name any four minerals in which the black soil is rich.
(i) Calcium carbonate
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