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Manufacturing Industries Class 10 MCQs Questions with Answers
The Steel plant located in coastal area is at :
Answer: (b) Vishakhapatnam
Which one of the following agencies markets steel for the public sector plants ?
(c) Tata Steel
Answer: (b) SAIL
In which one of the following states are 60 per cent of India’s steel units located ?
(a) Karnataka and Tamil Nadu
(b) Uttarakhand and Bihar
(b) Punjab and Haryana
(d) Jharkhand and Odisha.
Answer: (d) Jharkhand and Odisha.
Which of the following industries uses bauxite as a raw material ?(NCERT)
Answer: (a) Aluminium
Which one of the following industries manufactures telephones, computers, etc. ?
(d) Information Technology.
Answer: (c) Electronic
Which one of the following industries generates the largest amount of employment ?
(a) Cotton Industry
(b) Jute Industry
(c) Silk Industry
(d) Textile Industry.
Answer: (d) Textile Industry.
Which one of the following countries is giving stiff competition to India with regard to jute industry ?
Answer: (b) Bangladesh
Limestone is the basic raw material for which one of the following industries ?
(a) Iron and steel industry
(b) Fertilizer industry
(c) Cement industry
(d) Automobile industry.
Answer: (c) Cement industry
Which one of the following cities has emerged as the ‘electronic captial’ of India ?
Answer: (c) Banguluru
On what basis is the industrial sector classified into public and private sectors?
(a) Employment conditions
(b) The nature of economic activity
(c) Ownership of enterprises
(d) Number of workers employed in the enterprise.
Answer: (c) Ownership of enterprises
Which one of the following public sector plants is located in Chhattisgarh ?
(a) Bokaro Steel Plant
(b) Bhilai Steel Plant
(c) Durgapur Steel Plant
(d) Rourkela Steel Plant.
Answer: (b) Bhilai Steel Plant
‘State any two components through which countries’ economic strength is measured.
(i) Development of manufacturing industries
(ii) Development of agriculture.
Why has the government set up the National Manufacturing Competitiveness Council ?
Answer: To improve the productivity of the manufacturing industries so that it can achieve higher growth rate.
Industrialisation and urbanisation go hand in hand’. Justify by giving two points.
(i) Cities provide market and also provide services such as banking, insurances, transport, labour, consultants and financial advice etc.
(ii) Workers need houses and other facilities. The provision of these facilities can convert a small town into a big city.
State any two physical factors that affect the location of industries.
(i) Availability of raw materials
(ii) Availability of power resources.
Name any two human factors that affect the location of industries.
(i) Availability of labour
(ii) Availability of market.
Under which category the firm will fall if the investment is Rs 7 crore ?
Answer: Large Scale industry.
What is a small scale industry ? Give an example.
Answer: Any industry which has an investment upto five crore is known as small scale industry.
What is a public sector industry ?
Answer: The industry which is controlled and owned by the government is known as public industry, e.g., Bhilai Steel Plant.
What is a joint sector industry ?
Answer: It is a industry which is controlled and owned by state as well as private industrialists or firms, e.g. Oil India Ltd.
What is an agro-based industry ?
Answer: The industry which gets its raw material from agriculture is known as agro-based industry, e.g., sugar industry.
Name the most important agro-based industries of India.
Answer: Sugar, Cotton, Jute and Vegetable oil.
Which is the largest industry of India ? Name any four states where this industry is located.
Answer: Cotton textile industry. Maharashtra, Gujarat, Bengal and U. E
Name any two important cotton textile centres of Uttar Pradesh.
Answer: Kanpur, Moradabad, Agra and Modinagar.
State any two factors which are responsible for the decentralisation of cotton textile mills in India.
(i) Cotton textile mills have a very high demand throughout the country.
(ii) Major inputs like hanking, electricity, transportation are available in almost every part of the country.
Name the two states in which most of the sugar mills are concentrated.
(i) Uttar Pradesh
‘Sugar industry is ideally suited to the co-operative sector’. Give reasons.
(i) The industry is seasonal in nature
(ii) The industry is dependent on raw material.
Name any two countries which import cotton goods from India.
(v) Sri Lanka
Which state is the leading producer of jute products in India ?
Name the countries which are providing stiff competition to jute industry.
Answer: Brazil, Philippines, Egypt and Thailand.
“In recent years there is a tendency for the sugar mills to shift and concentrate in the southern and western states”. Give any two reason.
(i) The cane produced here has a higher sucrose content.
(ii) Cooler climate ensures a larger crushing season.
Iron and steel is a heavy industry’. Give reason.
Answer: All the raw materials as well as finished goods are heavy and bulky entailing heavy transportation costs.
Why most of the sugar mills are concentrated near the sugarcane fields ? State any two reasons.
(i) The raw material is very heavy.
(ii) The raw material is perishable and starts losing its sugar content after some days.
‘Iron and steel industry is known as the basic industry.’ Give a reason.
Answer: All the other industries – heavy, medium and light, depend on it for their machinery.
Name the agency which markets steel for the public sector plants.
Answer: Steel Authority of India Ltd.
Name the iron and steel plants of Karnataka.
Answer: Vijaynagar and Bhadravati.
Name iron and steel plants of Jharkhand.
Answer: Bokaro and Jamshedpur.
Name any other four electronic centres of India.
Answer: Important centres of electronic goods are Mumbai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Pune, Chennai, Kolkata, Lucknow and Coimbatore.
What is mineral based industry ?
Answer: Industries using minerals as their raw materials are known as mineral based industries.
What are the harmful effects of nuclear energy ? Mention any two points.
(i) Wastes from nuclear power plants cause cancer, birth defects and miscarriages.
(ii) The radioactive materials cause adverse impact on the aquatic life.
What are software technology parks ?
Answer: These are the centres which provide single window service and high data communication facility to the software experts.
Name any four industries which are responsible for water pollution.
Mention any four solid wastes of the industries which pollute the environment.
(i) Fly ash
(iii) Iron and steel slags
Why are sugar mills concentrated in sugarcane producing areas ?
Answer: Because the sucrose content of the sugarcane starts decreasing within 24 hours of harvesting.
Mention any two ill effects of noise pollution.
(i) Noise pollution causes irritation and anger.
(ii) It can cause hearing impairment and can also cause high blood pressure and physiological effects.
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