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The Age of Industrialisation Class 10 MCQs Questions with Answers
The Indian industries expanded during the First World War because:
(a) of technological innovations
(b) British government removed restriction from trade
(c) as the war continued the British government placed orders with the Indian Industries.
(d) Manchester textiles stopped coming to India. Indian mills had a vast home market to supply
Answer: (d) Manchester textiles stopped coming to India. Indian mills had a vast home market to supply
Which of the following is a seasonal industry?
(d) Gas work
Answer: (a) Textile
The main work of the jobber was:
(a) to get new workers for the industrialists .
(b) to give loans to the workers
(c) he was the headman of the workers
(d) to give jobs to the workers.
Answer: (a) to get new workers for the industrialists .
The cotton mill in India was first established at:
Answer: (a) Bombay
Handloom production expanded in the 20th century because :
(a) they used flying shuttle
(b) the weavers produced coarse and fine varieties of cloth
(c) the weavers worked for long hours
(d) All of the above
Answer: (d) All of the above
The early cotton mills in India produced:
(a) coarse cotton yarn
(b) coarse cotton cloth
(c) cotton fabric
(d) superior cotton cloth.
Answer: (a) coarse cotton yarn
Six joint stock companies were set up by
(a) Dinshaw Petti
(b) Dwarkanath Tagore
(c) Jamestjee Nausserwanjee
(d) Seth Hukum Chand
Answer: (b) Dwarkanath Tagore
Name any two regions of colonial India which were famous for large-scale industries.
Which were the two most dynamic industries of Britain in the early 19th century ?
Answer: Cotton and metal.
“In Victorian Britain, the upper classes – the aristocrats and the bourgeoisie – preferred things produced by hand.” Give reason.
Answer: Hand-made products came to symbolise refinement and class.
Why women workers attacked the spinning Jenny, a machine which was introduced in Britain ?
Answer: The fear of unemployment made workers hostile to the introduction of new technology.
Name any three pre-colonial ports of India.
Answer: Surat, Masulipatnam and Hoogly.
Name the ports which grew during the colonial period.
Answer: Bombay and Calcutta.
Name any four major centres of cotton textile of India during the colonial period.
(i) Bombay -1854
(ii) Kanpur -1860
(iii) Ahmedabad -1861
(iv) Madras -1874.
Name any four entrepreneurs of India who set factories during colonial period.
(i) Dwarakanath Tagore
(ii) Dinshaw Petit
(iii) Jamset Ji Nusserwanji Tata
(iv) Seth Hukumchand.
What was importance of advertisements in expanding the market during the colonial period ?
(i) Advertisements make products appear desirable and necessary.
(ii) These try to shape the minds of people and create new needs.
“When Indian manufacturers advertised, the nationalist message was clear and loud.” What was the message?
Answer: If you care for the nation, then buy products that the Indians produce.
Who manufactured the new model of the steam engine ?
Answer: Mathew Boulton.
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