CBSE students can refer to NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 3 Data Handling Ex 3.3 Textbook Questions and Answers are provided by experts in order to help students secure good marks in exams.
Class 7 Maths NCERT Solutions Chapter 3 Data Handling Ex 3.3
Ex 3.3 Class 7 Maths Question 1.
Use the bar graph to answer the following questions.
(a) Which is the most popular pet?
(b) How many students have a dog as a pet?
Clearly, from the given bar graph:
(a) The most popular pet is a cat.
(b) Eight children have a dog as a pet.
Ex 3.3 Class 7 Maths Question 2.
Read the bar graph which shows the number of books sold by a bookstore during five consecutive years and answer the following questions:
(i) About how many books were sold in 1989? 1990? 1992?
(ii) In which year were about 475 books sold? About 225 books sold?
(iii) In which years were fewer than 250 books sold?
(iv) Can you explain how you would estimate the number of books sold in 1989?
(i) The number of books sold in 1989 = 175 (approx.)
The number of books sold in 1990 = 475 (approx.)
The number of books sold in 1992 = 225 (approx.)
(ii) About 475 were sold in the year 1990. About 225 books were sold in the year 1992.
(iii) Fewer than 250 books were sold in the years 1989 and 1992.
(iv) The length of the bar corresponding to 1989 is about 1.75 cm. The scale is 1 cm = 100 books.
So, the number of books estimated to be sold in 1989 = 1.75 × 100 = 175.
Ex 3.3 Class 7 Maths Question 3.
The number of children in six different classes is given below. Represent the data on a bar graph.
(a) How would you choose a scale?
(b) Answer the following questions :
(i) Which class has the maximum number of children? And the minimum?
(ii) Find the ratio of students of class sixth to the student of the class eighth.
(a) Start the scale at 0. The greatest value in the data is 135, so end the scale at a value greater than 135, such as 140. Use equal divisions along the axes, such as increments of 10. Here, we take 1 unit for 10 children. The bar graph is as under :
(b) (i) The fifth class has the maximum number of children.
The minimum number of children is in class tenth.
(ii) Ratio of students of class sixth to eighth is 120 : 100 = 6 : 5.
Ex 3.3 Class 7 Maths Question 4.
The performance of a student in 1st Term and 2nd Term is given. Draw a double bar graph choosing the appropriate scale and answer the following:
- In which subject has the child improved his performance the most?
- In which subject is the improvement the least?
- Has the performance gone down in any subject?
The graph is as under :
- In Mathematics the child has improved his performance the most.
- In Social Science, the child has improved his performance the least.
- Yes, the performance has gone down in Hindi.
Ex 3.3 Class 7 Maths Question 5.
Consider this data collected from a survey of a colony.
(i) Draw a double bar graph choosing an appropriate scale. What do you infer from the bar graph?
(ii) Which sport is most popular?
(iii) Which is more preferred, watching or participating in sports?
(i) The graph is as under:
We infer from the bar graph that the residents of the colony like cricket, the most, and athletics, the least.
(ii) Cricket is most popular.
(iii) Watching sports is preferred more than participating in sports.
Ex 3.3 Class 7 Maths Question 6.
Take the data giving the minimum and the maximum temperature of various cities given at the beginning of this chapter. Plot a double bar graph using the data and answer the following:
- Which city has the largest difference in the minimum and maximum temperature on the given date?
- Which is the hottest city and which is the coldest city?
- Name two cities where the maximum temperature of one was less than the minimum temperature of the other.
- Name the city which has the least difference between its minimum and the maximum temperature.
The graph is as under:
- Jammu has the largest difference in the minimum and maximum temperatures on the given date.
- Jammu is the hottest city and Bangalore is the coldest city.
- Bangalore and Jaipur or Bangalore and Ahmedabad