NCERT Solutions for Class 9 English Workbook Unit 1 Verb Forms are part of NCERT Solutions for Class 9 English Workbook. Here we have given CBSE Class 9 English Workbook Solutions Unit 1 Verb Forms.
NCERT Solutions for Class 9 English Workbook Unit 1 Verb Forms
Simple Past and Past Perfect Complete this story by Julius Lester. Choose the correct forms of the words given in the brackets:
Brer Rabbit (a)_______(decided/had decided) gardening was too much hard work. So he (b)______(had gone/went)
back to his old ways of eating from everybody else’s garden. Earlier, he (c)_______(made/had made) a tour through
the community to see what everybody (d)_______ (had been/was) planting that summer and his eye (e)_______ (was/had been) caught by Brer Fox’s peanut patch. Soon as the peanuts (f)_______ (had been/were) ready, Brer Rabbit (g)_______ (decided/had decided) to make his acquaintance with them. Every night he(h)_______ (had eaten/ate) his fill and even started bringing his family. Brer Fox (i)_______ (had/had had) a good idea who was eating his peanuts, but he couldn’t catch him. He inspected his fence and finally(j)_______ (had found/found) a small hole on the north side. He tied a rope with a loop knot and put it inside the hole. If anybody(k)_______ (stepped/had stepped) in it, the rope would grab his leg and hoist him up in the air. That night Brer Rabbit (l)_______ (came/had come) down to the peanut patch. He climbed through the hole and WHOOSH!Next thing he (m)_______ (had known/knew), he was hanging in the air upside down. There (n)_______ (wasn’t/hadn’t been) a thing he could do, so he made himself comfortable to catch a little sleep!
(a) had decided (b) went
(c) had made (d) had been
(e) was (f) were
(g) decided (h) ate
(i) had (j) found
(k) stepped (l) came
(m) knew (n) wasn’t
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Answer the following questions based on the story you have read:
- What had Brer Rabbit found out?
- What did he do when the plants grew?
- How did he enter Brer Fox’s peanut patch?
- Brer Fox had an idea of who was stealing from his patch. What did he do to trap Brer Rabbit?
- Brer Rabbit had found out that gardening was a difficult job for him.
- He ate the plants.
- He entered Brer Fox’s peanut patch through a small hole.
- He inspected his fence and found a small hole on the north side. He tied a rope with a loop knot and put it inside the hole. If anybody stopped in it, the rope would grab his leg and hoist him up in the air.
Here is a news story about how crops are saved by climate-proofing them. Complete it by choosing the right words from those given in the brackets:
Among the most worrying aspects of climate change today (a)_________ (is/has been) the effect it (b)_________ (has had/ have had) on the food supply of the world. Scientists (c)_______ (have focused*/focus) their attention and efforts on increasing crop yield and improving crop resilience. Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa (d) ___(have been/are) the most affected today. Their population (e)_______ (is/has been) the world’s fastest growing rice consumer. The most vulnerable agricultural systems (f)_______ (are/have been) the rain-fed uplands and lowlands that form 80% of total rice land. Until recently, scientists (g)_______ (have focused /focused) on improving crop yields, and in a relatively short period of time, (h)______ (give/have given) us, higher yields. Reports warning of increased droughts and floods, (i)_______ (shift/have shifted) scientists’ attention to making crops “climateproof’’.
(a) is (b) has had
(c) have focused (d) are
(e) has been (f) are
(g) have focused (h) have given
(i) have shifted
Answer the questions based on your reading of the passage above:
- What have been the most worrying aspects of agricultural-growth?
- What do scientists today focus on?
- Where is the negative impact of climate most felt?
- What have the scientists focused on so far?
- How has their attention shifted?
- The climate changes have been the most worrying aspects of agricultural growth.
- Scientists today focus on increasing crop yield and improving crop resilience.
- The negative impact of climate is most felt in Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa.
- So far, the scientists have focused only on improving crop yields.
- Reports warning of increased droughts and floods, have shifted their attention to making crops ‘climateproof’.
Working in pairs, fill up the table by asking your partner about what he/she does on the following days and times:
|Day||7.00 am||1.00 pm||6.00 pm|
For sell -attempt.
Write a brief account of his/her actions on the specified times and days, in the space below. Ask further questions, if necessary. Use the simple past/past perfect tense to write your description:
e.g. (a) Rani visited the zoo on Sunday.
(b) She had finished all her homework by 5.00 am on that day.
Look around your classroom and observe the activities in your school in this period. Describe what you, your teacher or class are doing in the form of a paragraph:
e.g. The Blue House is practising its songs for the competition. I can hear the band which is playing patriotic tunes, in the playground.
Simple Past and Past Continuous There was a burglary in your neighbourhood. You saw something suspicious. Tell the police officer all about it by filling in the blanks choosing the correct forms of the words from the options given below:
It (a) was raining last night. I (b)____ TV. (c)______ a little restless. I (d)_________ to the window and was looking out when I (e)______ that Mr Sharma, my neighbour, (f)______near the door. I thought he had gone to shut it. I also (g)___________ Mrs Sharma walking up and down in her garden. Then I heard Mr Sharma calling his wife to come in. I (h)________ back to my table and opened my book. I (i)__________ when I heard a thud and a scream. I (j)________ out of the house and saw a man in a black coat and hat running towards the gate. Mr and Mrs Sharma (k)_______ in the street. I saw a car speeding away with the burglar.
- was raining
- were raining
- were watching
- was watching
- has felt
- was feeling
- had gone
- was going
- was noticing
- were noticing
- were standing
- was standing
- were stood
- was seeing
- had come
- was coming
- were came was reading
- had read
- was read
- were reading
- was rushing
- were rushed
- had screamed
- was screaming
- were screaming
(a) 2. was raining
(b) 3.was watching
(c) 2. felt
(d) 2. went
(e) 4. noticed
(f) 3. was standing
(g) 2. saw
(h) 3. came
(i) 2. was reading
(j) 1. rushed
(k) 4. were screaming
A young girl was kidnapped from the main street of Srutipur at 3 o’clock yesterday afternoon. Chetan was there at that time.
The police interviewed Chetan to get an eyewitness account of the kidnapping. In pairs conduct the interview. One of you can play the role of Chetan and tell your partner, who plays the role of the police officer, what happened when the kidnapping occurred.
Note: The police officer should ask as many relevant questions as possible to get a detailed account. Write the account in your notebooks:
Look at the verbs in the box and put them in the correct columns in the table that follows:
|thought||emotion||possession||perception (often used with can)||measurement|
|thought||emotion||possession||perception (often used with can)||measurement|
Some verbs, like the ones mentioned above, are not normally used in the continuous (-ing) form. However, we do sometimes use such verbs in the continuous form.
Look at the following examples:
1. “I can’t concentrate on my work because I’m thinking about that beautiful scene.”
2.“I think it is beautiful.”
- Which sentence expresses an activity in progress at the moment?___________
- Which sentence expresses a decided opinion?___________
- Sentence 1
- Sentence 2
The Verb ‘to have’
Be careful with the verb ‘to have’, which has many different uses and meanings. Study the box below and consider the sentences that follow:
|Health (H)||Possession (P)||Relationship (R)|
|Mr Sinha||headache||Maruti car||two daughters|
Put a tick (✓) or cross (X) against each sentence according to whether it is correct or incorrect:
Mr Sinha has a severe headache. _____
He is having a blue-coloured Maruti car _____
Mr Sinha has two daughters and no sons. _____
Mr Sinha has a severe headache. __✓___
He is having a blue-coloured Maruti car. __X___
Mr Sinha has two daughters and no sons. __✓___
Now, work individually, and with the help of the information in the box below, write six appropriate sentences:
|Mrs Sharma||fever||Palatial house||brother-in-law living with them|
|Shyam||Sound health||Personal computer||dog|
Mrs. Sharma has fever.
She has a palatial house.
She has a brother-in-law living with her family.
Shyam has a sound health.
He has a personal computer.
He has a pet dog.
Since’ and ‘For’
We often use the Present Perfect with time expressions using ‘since’or for’.
Which expressions go with since and which go with for? (Indicate with a tick). (The first two have been done for you.)
|✓||a short time|
|the day before yesterday|
|✓||a short time|
|✓||the day before yesterday|
We use ‘since’ to express point in time, whereas ‘for’ is used to express period of time.
Choose three ‘since’ expressions and three ‘for’ expressions from the table above. Then write six sentences using the pattern in the box below:
I haven’t seen him since the day before Yesterday.
- I have not seen him since last week.
- I have not seen him since June.
- I have not seen him since 22nd June.
- I have not seen him for a decade.
- I have not seen him for several weeks.
- I have not seen him for 6 months.
(a) Narendra Singh—broke record—long jump—regional meet—Principal sent congratulations—also President Youth Federation
(b) Narendra Singh from St. Michael’s School has broken the regional long jump record. The principal of St. Michael s has sent his congratulations. Best wishes have also come from the President of the Youth Federation.
Work individually, and note down some events that occurred recently in your school or local area in the same way as the example in (a). Write a short report about it in the space given below:
Exchange notes with your partner. Read out your partner’s information as a news broadcast. Use the present perfect tense to report/express actions completed in the recent past but whose effect still remains. Use your imagination to make the news item sound exciting.
Ravi has got a medal for excellence in academic field.
He has secured 99% marks in each subject.
All the teachers and the Principal of the school have congratulated him.
His classmates have presented him a beautiful gift.
Present Perfect Continuous
“What have you been doing?”
Imagine what people have been doing or what are the things that have been happening:
(a) Mohan comes in wearing overalls and is covered in paint.
(b) Ramesh comes in with a smile on his face. He is holding a trophy.
(c) Monica returns home with lots of packets in her hands.
(d) Sheela comes in with red eyes and a wet handkerchief.
- I think he has been painting his house.
- Perhaps he has been painting the door.
- I think he has been playing cricket.
- Perhaps he has been playing hockey.
- I think she has been celebrating her birthday.
- Perhaps she has been shopping in a mall.
- I think she has been crying for some time.
- Perhaps she has been suffering from severe headache.
Now write three situations similar to (a) in the box. Exchange the information with your partner and guess the answer to each other’s situations as in (b).
- Ratan’s father enters with anger on his I think he has been scolding someone outside the house. Perhaps he has been getting annoyed with his boss.
- Saurav enters the room hurriedly. He is gasping. I think he has been running fast. Perhaps he has been suffering from acute asthma.
- Seema comes in with her painting box. I think she has been painting some figures.
Perhaps she has been taking painting class.
“Living conditions have been improving…..” Key
——– Number of children in secondary school.
_____Number of people dying from malnutrition.
__.__ Number of homes with running water.
……….. Number of women working outside the home.
Write a report on the changes in living conditions in Medland between 1950 and now. Suggest reasons for these changes. Use the present perfect continuous where necessary. You may wish to use the words in the vertical box above right.
(a) Over the years since 1950 the number of children in secondary schools has been increasing noticeably. This is possibly because the Government has been building more schools.
(b) The number of homes with running water has been rising sharply since 1985, whereas……………..
Over the years since 1950 living conditions in Medland have been improving gradually. The number of children in secondary school has been increasing noticeably. This is possibly because the government has been building more schools. The number of people dying from malnutrition has been decreasing sharply since 1940. This is possibly because the government has been doing its best for ensuring food security in the country. The number of homes with running water has been rising sharply since 1985. This is possible because the government has been taking initiatives.
‘used to’ and ‘would’
Read the passage given below. Substitute ‘used to’ with ‘would’ wherever appropriate so that the passage reads better.
When I was a student, I used to visit the library frequently. The librarian was a kind man and he would help me select my books. There used to be a small tea shop near the library. After spending a few hours in the reading room of the library, I used to go to this tea shop to meet my friends. There used to be an old waiter who kept a comer table reserved for us.
Could you replace ‘used to’ with ‘would’ m every instance?
No. This is because they are used differently.
Read the passage again and complete the sentences below:
- ‘used to ‘is used to describe_________ in the present as well as situations that existed in the past.
- ‘would’ is used to describe only _______ in the past.
- ‘used to ‘is used to describe a habitual action done in the past but not (necessarily) continued in the present.
- ‘would’ is used to describe only a habitual action in the past not necessarily discontinued afterwards.
Think of the days when you were eight years old. Write down four or five things you would do or used to do or be. Make sentences like those in the box. Share your experiences with your partner.
When I was eight years old, I used to play with toys. My grandfather would give me these toys. My younger brother, who was four years old, used to break the toys. I would complain to my grandfather about him. My parents used to encourage me for devoting more time to study.
Reviewing Verb Forms
Edit the following letter by choosing the appropriate word for each underlined word from the given options:
- is being conducted
- is conducting
- are conducting
- is included
- are included
- is being included
- is requested
- are requested
- is participated
(a) 2 is conducting
(b) 4 include
(c) 2 is requested
(d) 2 participate
Complete the following news item by choosing the correct word from the options given below.
- has celebrated
- was celebrating
- was celebrated
- was being
- has been
- was inaugurating
- had inaugurated
- had been planting
- were planting
- had planted
- had urged
- had been urging
- was presented
- were presenting
- had presented
(a) 4 was celebrated
(b) 3 was
(c) 3 inaugurated
(d) 2 planted
(e) 3 urged
(f) 2 presented
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