NCERT Solutions for Class 9 English Workbook Unit 6 The Passive are part of NCERT Solutions for Class 9 English Workbook. Here we have given CBSE Class 9 English Workbook Solutions Unit 6 The Passive.
CBSE Class 9 English Workbook Solutions Unit 6 The Passive
Here is a newspaper report of a young girl who went back in time to see how her home town looked seventy years ago.
In the newspaper report above, the focus is on the changes as observed by Kareena.
- Kareena’s hometown had not been invaded by the marvels of technology.
- Industries had not been set up.
- The air was not polluted.
- Some children were listening to stories told to them by their grandmothers.
Fill in the table to identify the subject, verb and object in the sentences listed above. You may include the object/agent where necessary.
|had not been
|(by) the marvels
Was not polluted
|had not been invaded||(by) the marvels
|Industries||had not been set up|
|The air||was not polluted|
|Some children||were listening||(to) their grand
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Present Passive: “Where are they made?” Match the words from columns A, B, C, and D to produce factually correct sentences. Write your answer in full sentences. (Remember to make your subject and verb “agree”.)
e.g. Coffee is grown in Brazil.
|Maruti cars||are||eaten in||Malaysia.|
|The most expensive watches||is||grown in||India.|
|Uranium||mined in||the Middle East.|
Oranges are grown in Morocco.
Wine is produced in France.
Maruti cars are manufactured in India. Coffee is grown in Brazil.
The most expensive watches are manufactured in Switzerland.
Uranium is mined in South’Africa.
Satay is eaten in Malaysia.
Deshdashes are worn in the Middle East.
Past Passive—“Where was it made?” Look at what your partner is wearing. Imagine where the various items of clothing were (or might have been) made, and tell your partner. Use your imagination!
Passives in Headlines and Notices Headlines.
Newspaper headlines are short and crisp. They often use the passive as it may not be necessary to focus on the doer.
Expand the following headlines using passives as shown:
(a) Oscar award for A.R. Rahman’s Jai Ho
A.R. Rahman was awarded the Oscar for his
song Jai Ho in the movie Slumdog Millionaire.
(b) Son of business tycoon kidnapped
(c) Explosive found near Regal Cinema
(b) The son of a business tycoon has been kidnapped.
(c) An explosive device was found near the Regal Cinema.
Convert these sentences into headlines:
- The sealink between Bandra and Worli has been inaugurated.
- Twelve non-stop superfast trains have been introduced in the recent railway budget.
- One more case of swine flu has been confirmed in Hyderabad.
- Sealink between Bandra and Worli inaugurated.
- twelve Non-stop superfast trains introduced in railway budget.
- Another swine flu case confirmed in Hyderabad.
Read the following captions. Change them into active (voice) and explain their meaning:
e.g: All credit cards accepted. We accept credit cards.
Meaning: The organization accepts credit cards from customers for all their transactions.
- Domestic help required
- All types of computer servicing undertaken.
- Using cellphones is not allowed (University Campus)
- Spoken English classes conducted.
- All Recharge Coupons sold here.
- We require domestic help.
Meaning: The house owner requires a domestic help for the smooth running of her household work.
- We undertake all types of computer servicing.
Meaning : The shop undertakes all types of computer servicing work.
- We don’t allow cellphones in University Campus.
Meaning : The University authority does not allow the students to use cell phones in the campus in order to maintain discipline.
- We conduct spoken English classes.
Meaning : The institute conducts spoken English classes for those who are willing to improve their English.
- We sell all Recharge Coupons.
Meaning : The shop sells all recharge coupons.
The Passive in Tentative Statements
The passive is often used in tentative statements where the writer tries to be as neutral as possible.
Look at the box below. Write tentative statements following the pattern in the table above:
- Qutub Minar is regarded as the tallest ancient minaret.
- The Sahara Desert is considered to be the hottest region of the earth.
- Hieroglyphics is regarded as one of the oldest forms of writing.
- The Cheetah is considered to be the fastest land animal.
- Women are considered to be healthier than men.
- The Amazon is regrarded as the longest river in the world.
- Gunpowder and printing are considered to be invented by the Chinese.
Read these instructions from a computer operating manual:
How to start
- Link up the monitor, keyboard and printer.
- Plug in the main cable.
- Switch on the monitor at the back.
- When the light appears on the screen, place the Day Disk in Drive A.
- Push in the disk until the button clicks out.
(It takes about 30 seconds for the computer to load the program.)
- Press the Drive button and the disk shoots out.
- Replace the Day Disk with the Document Disk.
- Press function key 7.
- Start work!
Convert these instructions into the past passive by filling in the blanks. The first sentence has been completed as an example:
Firstly the monitor, keyboard and printer were linked up. Then the main cable was plugged in. The monitor was switched on at the back. When the light appeared on the screen, the Day Disk was placed in Drive A. The disk was pushed in until the button clicked out. It took the computer 30 seconds to load the program. The Drive button was pressed and the disk shot out. The Day Disk was replaced with the Document Disk. Finally, function key 7 was pressed. The word processor was then ready to use.
At a party, Gautam met a friend (Ravi) who talked about his experiences in staging a play.
Read the dialogue:
Gautam decides to make a written record of how Ravi produced a play in order to try it too.
Write this record, using the passive where appropriate. The first few words have been provided for you.
Three possible plays were selected and Ravi’s friends were divided ……………………………
Three possible plays were selected and Ravi’s friends were divided into reading groups. Then views were exchanged and a decision was arrived at. Once the script got ready, the cast was selected. Auditions were held for the main parts and a preliminary selection was made. Eventually a final choice was made and the roles were assigned. Then their rehearsals were planned. They met for a couple of hours every evening. As the play took shape, longer and more intensive rehearsals were held. Once they were out of the initial phase, the stage crew and the technicians were involved in the production.
Present Perfect Passive
Inspector Narayan has been called to investigate a burglary. When he arrives, there is total chaos in the room. He makes notes about what has been damaged. You are Inspector Narayan. Look at the picture and complete the description, using the Present Perfect Passive:
The windowpanes have been broken. One of the windows has been unhinged. The almirah and the rack have been burgled. The telephone wire has been cut or disconnected. The jewellery box has been emptied. It means all the precious items have been stolen.
Maintaining a point of view
Read the following passage. Underline the verbs in the active voice and put circles around verbs in the passive voice. The first two have been completed:
From whose perspective or point of view is this description given? How does the use of the passive voice help maintain this?
The description is given from Dr. Godbole’s point of view. Passive voice is used to show the prominence of the expert.
Review of Passives
Look back on the exercises in this Unit. Discuss why the passive is used in each of these different circumstances.
Can you think of any other times when it is best to use the passive?
Imagine you are a famous person. Write a brief report (maximum 80 words) of a day in your life. Use the passive voice where you think it is appropriate. An example of how you might start is given below:
I woke up at 7 a.m. and was given tea. It was a lovely cool morning so I decided to walk to the film studio. Normally I am driven…. to the shooting site. Despite being early hours, the road was crowded. I was recognised by some of my friends and fans. Very soon I was caught up in a mess. I was requested to give my autograph. I got nervous. The crowd was growing and becoming out of control. By chance it was noticed by the mobile police assistance. Soon, the crowd was dispersed and I was brought to a safe place. Then I was dropped to my destination in a car. Finally, I decided never to move in such a way.
Your class will be divided into two groups. One member of each group is contesting an election representing his/her party. The two parties are United Students’ Front and United Youth Power. The group writes the election manifesto stating changes that will be brought about in schools and colleges if their candidate is selected.
Begin like this:
If I am elected, the following changes will be implemented with immediate effect.
- Participation in any one of the sports activities will be made compulsory.
The candidates will read out their manifesto to the whole class.
- Facilities of tutorial classes for the weaker section will be provided by the senior students.
- Library will be enriched.
- Laboratories will be equipped with all the facilities.
- Participation of students’ representatives in the school/college management will be ensured.
- Participation of girls ’ representatives in decision-making will be ensured.
- Good sanitary conditions and better computer facilities will be provided.
Prevention is better than cure.
Swine flu Jias been declared (as) a pandemic.
In groups of four discuss the following:
(a) What has been done by the authorities to cope with the problem?
(b) What are the consequences of such a major worldwide infection?
Write out the answer to the questions as a flow chart using the passive form of the verb:
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