NEET Chemistry Chapter Wise Mock Test – Chemistry in Everyday life
The chemical extracted from the plant Rauwolfia serpentina is
Barbituric acid and its derivatives are well known
The final product X is a medicine. Which of the following is incorrect regarding X ?
(a) It is analgesic with antipyretic properties
(b) It helps to prevent heart attack
(c) It suppresses the gastric anomalies
(d) It has antiblood clotting action
The pH value of gastric juice in human stomach is about 1.8 and in the small intestine, it is about 7.8. The pKa value of aspirin is 3.5. Aspirin will be
(a) completely ionised in the small intestine and in the stomach
(b) unionised in the small intestine and in the stomach
(c) ionised in the small intestine and almost unionised in the stomach
(d) ionised in the stomach and almost unionised in the small intestine
Which of the following can possibly be used as analgesic without causing addiction and modification?
The drugs used to bring down fever are known as
(d) sulpha drugs
A drug that is antipyretic as well as analgesic is
(d) chloropromazine hydrochloride
Which among the following is not an antibiotic?
(a) narrow spectrum antibiotic
(b) broad spectrum analgesic
(c) broad spectrum antibiotic
(d) broad spectrum antibacterial
Sulpha drugs are alternatives to
A broad spectrum antibiotic is
A narrow spectrum antibiotic is active against
(a) gram positive or gram negative bacteria
(b) gram negative bacteria only
(c) single organism or one disease
(d) both gram positive and gram negative
Antiseptics are different from disinfectants as
(a) antiseptics merely inhibit the growth and disinfectants kill the microorganisms
(b) antiseptics are used against microorganisms while disinfectants are used against insects
(c) antiseptics are used only over skin while disinfectants can be taken orally also
(d) antiseptics are used over living tissues while disinfectants cannot be used over living tissues
One of the most known antiseptics, dettol is admixture of terpenol and
Phenol is used as
(a) an antiseptic
(b) a disinfectant
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) a styptic
Chloramine-T is a
Tincture of iodine is
(a) aqueous solution of I2
(b) solution of I2 in aqueous KI
(c) alcoholic solution of I2
(d) aqueous solution of KI
Which is the correct statement about birth control pills?
(a) contains estrogen only
(b) contains progesterone only
(c) contains a mixture of estrogen and progesterone derivatives
(d) progesterone enhances ovulation
Compound used as a food preservative is
(a) sodium acetate
(b) sodium is o-propionate
(c) sodium benzoate
(d) sodium oxalate
The preservative which is ultimately excreted in urine as hippuric acid is
(a) sodium benzoate
(b) sodium metabisulphite
(c) sodium propionate
(d) sodium sorbate
Aspartame is one of the good artificial sweeteners whose use is limited to cold foods and soft drinks because
(a) aspartame has very low boiling point
(b) aspartame gets dissociated at cooking temperature
(c) aspartame is sweeteners at low temperatures only
(d) aspartame is not soluble at higher temperatures
Which of the following chemicals can be added for sweetening of food items at cooking temperature and does not provide calories?
The safest and the most common alternative of sugar is
To maintain the platability and wholesomeness of food, some of the preservatives are used. The cucumber is coated from wax to preserve that. The wax acts as
Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA), butylated hydroxy toluene (BHT) are important
(a) organisms that cause diseases
(b) medicines, that inhibit the disease causing organisms
(c) medicines, that kill the disease causing organisms
(d) environment where disease causing organisms develop
Which of the following is pheromone? ‘
Glycerol is added to soap. It functions
(a) as a filler
(b) to increase lathering
(c) to prevent rapid drying
(d) to make soap granules
Which of the following does not behave as a surfactant?
Select the detergent that is used to prepare cosmetics.
(b) Polyethylene glycol
(c) Cetyltrimethylammonium chloride
Pick out the statement which is not true?
(a) Tetrazine is harmful edible colour
(b) Alitame is an artificial sweetener
(c) BHT is an antioxidant
(d) Sodium alkyl sulphate is a cationic detergent
Hair shampoos belong to which class of synthetic detergents?
(a) Anionic detergents
(b) Cationic detergents
(c) Non-ionic detergents
(d) All of the above
Structurally biodegradable detergents should contain
(a) normal alkyl chain
(b) branched alkyl
(c) phenyl side chain
(d) cyclohexyl side chain
Choose the incorrect statement regarding detergents.
(a) It has non-polar organic part and a polar group
(b) It is not easily biodegradable
(c) It is sodium salt of fatty acids
(d) It is a surface active reagent
Which of the following is an example of non-biodegradable detergent?
Which of the following is not a surfactant?
The detergent which is used as germicide is
(a) sodium lauryl sulphate
(b) cetyltrimethyl ammonium chloride
(c) lauryl alcohol ethoxylate
(d) sodium 2-dodecyl benzene sulphonate
Which one of the following forms micelles in aqueous solution above certain concentration?
(b) Dodecyl trimethyl ammonium chloride
(c) Pyridinium chloride
Direction (Q.No.40): In the following question, more than one answers given may be correct. Select the correct answers and mark it according to the codes.
(a) 1,2 and 3 are correct
(b) 1 and 2 are correct
(c) 2 and 4 are correct
(d) 1 and 3 are correct
Which among the following is/are analgesic?
Direction (Q.NOs.42-45): Each of these questions contains two statements: Assertion and Reason, Each of these questions also has four alternative choices, only one of which is the correct answer. You have to select one of the codes (a), (b), (c) and (d) given below.
(a) Assertion is true, Reason is true; Reason is a correct explanation for Assertion
(b) Assertion is true, Reason is true; Reason is not a correct explanation for Assertion
(c) Assertion is true, Reason is false
(d) Assertion is false, Reason is true
Assertion: Aspirin (2-acetoxy benzoic acid) has antipyretic properties also.
Reason: Aspirin gives relief from pain.
Assertion: A straight chain alkyl sulphonate is almost biodegradable while branched alkyl sulphonate is non-biodegradable.
Reason: The hydrocarbon side chain stops bacteria from attacking and breaking the chains.
Assertion: Precipitation of soap is made by the addition of salt (NaCl).
Reason: Presence of common ion suppresses the dissociation of weak acid.
Assertion: Bithional is added to soap as an antiseptic
Reason: Bithional is a sulpha drug.
Bithional is generally added to the soaps as an additive to function as a/an
(c) Buffering agent
Artificial sweetener which is stable under cold conditions only is
Antiseptics and disinfectants either kill or prevent growth of microrganisms. Identify which of the following statements is not true?
(a) Chlorine and iodine are used as strong disinfectants
(b) Dilute solutions of boric acid and hydrogen peroxide are strong antiseptics
(c) Disinfectants harm the living tissues
(d) A 0.2% solution of phenol is an antiseptic while 1% solution acts as a disinfectant
Which of the following is bacteriostatic?
(c) Amino glycodine
Which one of the following is employed as antihistamine?
(a) Diphenyl hydramine
Which one of the following is employed as a tranquilizer drug?
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