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Definition of Participle
A participle is a word which is formed from a verb and which takes the nature of both as a verb and adjective.
e.g. Looking at the snake, Mayank screamed and sprang up out of his chair.
In this sentence, ‘looking’ is the present participle (look+ ing) which qualifies the noun ‘Mayank.’ Hence it acts like an adjective. It is formed from a verb and also denotes the action of looking. Hence it acts as a verb too.
The above sentence can also be written as By / After / On looking at….
These are two other forms of participle Past and Perfect Participle.
Participle Exercises for Class 8 CBSE With Answers – English Grammar
It is formed by adding ‘ing’ to the original form of the main verb.
e.g. Knowing, following etc.
It is used in three forms as follows
- As a verb (in continuous tense)
(i) I am reading the novel of William W.
(ii) The children were playing in the park.
- As a verb and adjective
(i) Seeing that you are busy, I went to the other window.
(ii) Knowing that this is harmful, we should keep away from this.
- As an adjective before a noun
(i) This is an interesting
(ii) The rising Sun often fascinates me.
The third form of the verb is called past participle,
e.g. Frozen, loaded etc.
It is also used in forms as follows
- As a verb
(i) Meera has devoted herself to Krishna.
(ii) She was not interested in his stories.
- As a verb and adjective
(i) Charmed with her looks, Kunal tried to talk to her.
(ii) Fully excited, the student shouted with joy.
- As an adjective
(i) The Marines saw a dead child at the bank of the river.
(ii) They felt that it was an enchanted pool.
It shows that the action is complete, either at some time in the past or at present.
- Having walked continuously, I am fully exhausted now.
- Having lost his wallet, he had to ask others for help.
- Having collected enough matter, you can now write your essay.
- Mr Chawla wants to retire from his business having earned a huge wealth.
To Sum Up
- A participle is a verbal adjective. Hence it may qualify a noun or a pronoun.
(i) Having his goals, decided, Geetika went for M tech.
(ii) Fed up with his lies, Shubhra decided to go away from there.
- Since it is a verb, it can be qualified by an adverb.
(i) Totally fed up with his lies, Shubhra decided to go away from there.
(ii) Deliberately ignoring the rules, he jumped over the red signal.
- Since it is an adjective, it may qualify noun.
(i) We had to walk a long distance in such a scroching heat.
(ii) Who is the stunning actor in your opinion?
- Can be used attributively.
(i) The sizzling summer has arrived again.
(ii) The winning team will get fabulous prizes.
Points to Remember
Identify the participle in each of the following sentences. Also write whether it is present, past or perfect participle and how it is used.
- Being fully satiated, the children did not want to eat any more.
- The child felt quite ashamed on getting scolded by his favourite teacher.
- Having visited Agra twice earlier, Priya did not want to go there any more.
- Deluding yourself, you can be happy for a short . period of life.
- Having missed his regular train, he had to take a special train in order to reach the court on time.
- Highly irritated by his boring speech, we all wanted to just keep our mouths shut for a while.
- Her grinning welcome puzzled everyone.
- The gypsies can be seen wondering throughout the year.
- Extremely fascinated by the scenery, Abhay decided to settle there.
- She has the habit of keeping her things well organised all the time.
- Being—Present participle
- Getting—Present participle
- Having visited—Prefect participle
- Deluding-Present participle
- Having missed—Perfect participle
- Irritated—Past participle Boring—Present participle (as an adjective)
- Grinning—Present participle (as an adjective)
- Wondering—Present participle (predicatively)
- Fascinated—Past participle
- Organised—Past participle (predicatively)
Rewrite the following sentences using participle.
- They had their breakfast. They went to play cricket.
- You practice these questions again and again. And you will master them.
- When I get the notification of leave, I will let you know.
- He will not do so because he knows it is risky.
- Since I have read all the notes, I am fully prepared for the exam.
- Give me a missed call when you become free.
- None of us wanted to go to the desert which bewilders us.
- As Sejal knew that it was going to rain she took an umbrella with herself.
- If the man finds his wife, he will throw a party.
- Since she has listened to the entire story, the judge can, now, announced her judgement.
- After having their breakfast, they went to play cricket.
Having their breakfast, they went to play cricket.
- By practising these questions again and again you will master them.
- On getting the notification of leave, I will let you know.
- He will not do so knowing that it is risky.
- Having read all the notes, I am fully prepared for the exam.
- Give me a missed call on becoming
- None of us wanted to go to the bewildering
- Knowing that it was going to rain, she took an umbrella with herself.
- On finding his wife, the man will throw a party.
- Having listened to the entire story, the judge can, now, announce her judgement.
Combine each of the following pairs of sentences using either past participle or perfect participle.
- He was badly beaten by the rain. He started sneezing and coughing.
- Pritam worked for several hours together. He is very tired now.
- Parul has prepared the first chapter. Now she will to study the second one.
- Mridul has fully recovered from his prolonged illness. He can join office from Monday.
- They have explored entire Asia. Now they are planning to tour the Western World.
- Jo was very excited for his first musical show. He got up early in the morning today.
- I was fascinated by the city. So, I decided to settle here.
- Chhaya was lost in her thoughts. She could not hear anything.
- Their house is surrounded by tree. It looks extremely beautiful.
- The man was arrested by the police. He became speechless.
- Having badly beaten by the rain, he started sneezing and coughing.
- Having worked for several hours together, he is very tired now.
- Having prepared the first chapter, Parul will now study the second one.
- Fully recovered from his prolonged illness, Mridul can join office from Monday.
- Having explored entire Asia, they are planning to tour the Western World.
- Very excited for his first musical show, Jo got up early in the morning today.
- Fascinated by the city, I decided to settle here.
- Lost in her thoughts, Chhaya could not hear anything.
- Having been surrounded by trees, their house looks extremely beautiful. .
- Arrested by the police, the man become speechless.