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Nouns Exercises for Class 8 CBSE With Answers – English Grammar
Definition of Noun
A noun is defined as the name that is given to any person, place, thing or an idea.
- The Sun shines brightly.
- The Jasmine smells sweet.
Kinds of Noun
The kinds of noun are as follows
A proper noun is the name given to a particular person or a place. A proper noun always begins with capital letter.
- Maria lives in the United States of America.
- World War I started in the year 1914.
A common noun is a name given in common to every person or thing of the same class or kind. Common nouns are not written in capital letters.
- India is a country.
- Daniel is a boy.
Differences between Proper Noun and Common Noun
|Proper Noun||Common Noun|
An abstract noun is a word that is used to indicate an idea, activity, action, a quality or a state which is considered separate from the object to which it relates. The names relating to arts and sciences are also included in abstract noun.
- Idea A thought, suggestion, belief, dream etc.
- Activity Marketing activity, advertising, economic activity, playing etc.
- Action Hatred, movement, operation, laughter etc.
- Quality Hardness, honesty, goodness, kindness etc.
- State Death, darkness, childhood, poverty etc.
- We are studying Mathematics.
- Ken thought of a brilliant idea for his story.
A collective noun is the name that is given to a group/number of persons or things in collection,
- A staff of employees.
- A troupe of dancers.
Material nouns are names of substances of which things are made.
- I bought a gold ring.
- Plastic toys are very colourful.
According to grammatical distinction, the nouns can be classified as either countable or uncountable.
The countable noun represents the names of the people or the object that we can count,
- There are two books in my bag.
- Our house has six rooms.
The uncountable noun represents the names of the people or the object that we cannot count, but can measure or weigh.
- There is no information about him.
- Have you got some paper?
There are certain nouns that can be used as both countable and uncountable according to the context,
- There are 3-4 hairs on my table.
- She has a black, shiny hair.
- ‘hair’ is used as countable nouns, while in examples
- hair is uncountable noun.
According to numbers, the nouns can be categorised as singular and plural.
A noun that represents one person or one thing is known as singular number,
- It is a very tall tree.
- I am writing with a blue pen.
A noun that represents more than one person or a thing is known as a plural number.
- The boys are playing in the ground.
- The cows are eating grass.
- I like to read stories.
Rules for Changing the Singular into Plural
Nouns that end with a consonant are made plural by adding ‘-s’ to the singular.
Nouns that end with -s, -ss, -ch, -sh, -z, -x are pluralised by adding ‘-es’.
Nouns that end with -o and there is a consonant before -o then plural is made by adding ‘-es’.
Nouns that end with -y and there is a consonant before -y, then plural is made by changing ‘y’ to ‘i’ and adding ‘-es’.
Nouns that end with -y and there is a vowel before -y, then plural is made by adding ‘-s’.
Nouns that end with double vowel are pluralised by adding ‘-s’.
Some nouns are pluralised by the change in their inside vowel.
Nouns that end with -f or -fe pluralised by adding ‘-es’ after -f or -fe is changed to ‘-v’.
Compounds nouns are pluralised by adding the principal word.
Man-Servant → Men-Servants
Lord-Justice → Lord-Justices
Nouns that end with -man’ are made plural by changing ‘-man’ into ‘-men’
According to gender, the nouns can be classified as masculine, feminine, common and neuter gender.
A noun that represents a male is known as the masculine gender.
e.g. boy, man, lion, king etc.
A noun that represents a female is known as the feminine gender.
e.g. girl, woman, lioness, actress, queen etc.
A noun that represents either a male or a female is known as the common gender.
e.g. friend, guardian, guest, infant, owner,
parent, passenger, pig, pupil etc.
A noun that represents a thing which is neither a male nor a female as a neuter gender,
e.g. box, bread, butter, chair, chalk etc.
All non-living objects and animals fall into this category.
Rules for Changing Masculine into Feminine
Masculine can be changed into feminine by adding ‘-ess’.
In some nouns,- ending in V, after masculine can be changed into feminine by adding ‘-ess’ removing the ‘vowel’ before the last letter.
Masculine can be changed into the feminine by using a completely different word.
Feminine of the compound nouns are made by changing the masculine word of the compound noun that comes to the front.
Feminine of some masculine are made by removing the last vowel and consonant and then by adding ‘-ess’.
Compound nouns change their gender masculine word into feminine coming later.
Identify Common Noun and Proper Noun in each of the following sentences.
(i) The house is on main street.
(ii) Shashi played with her sister.
(iii) Sita is a girl.
(iv) Australia is a country.
(v) Ram goes to bank.
(vi) I went to the city. –
(viii) Mr Brown is a kind man.
(viii) Vihaan went on a holiday.
(ix) Joe is my cousin.
(x) Mrs Wood took her baby to the park.
(xi) New Delhi is the Capital city of India.
(xii) Kashish likes her new dress.
(xiii) Anita is bad. –
(xiv) Peter has a bag of lollies.
(xv) Our new classmate came from Africa.
(xvi) Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India.
(xvii) The crowd was very big.
(xviii) We went to the zoo in Melbourne.
(xix) I go to the temple on Monday.
(xx) The Godavari is a river.
Choose the correct form of noun given in the brackets.
- We all love…………………… (honest/honesty)
- The knife needs……………………. (sharping/sharpening)
- My house has……………………. rooms, (four/some)
- A large is expected,…………………… (crowd/crowds)
- There are three in my team……………………. (woman/women)
- There are many in my house……………………. (children/childrens)
- of soldiers visited our academy……………………. (An army/A group)
- The are very good……………………. (cloth/cloths)
- There is a at my school today……………………. (holidays/holiday)
- I wear polished…………………… (shoes/shoe)
- an army
Pick out the correct sentence from the following.
- (a) All the news were sad
(b) All newses were sad
(c) All the news was sad
(d) Every news were sad
- (a)Richard gifted her three gold jewellery
(b) Richard gifted her three gold jewelleries
(c) Richard gifted her three items of gold jewellery
(d) Richard gifted her three items of gold jewelleries
- (a) The people of India are peace loving
(b) The people of India is peace loving
(c) The people of India are peace loving
(d) The peoples of India is peace loving
- (a) Riya has four pencil
(b) Riya has four sticks of pencil
(c) Riya has four sticks of pencils
(d) Riya has four pencils
- (a) You need a lost of patience
(b) You needs a lot of patience
(c) You need a lot of patience
(d) You need a lot of patiences
- (a) The old woman lifted the woods
(b) The old woman lifted the bunch of wood
(c) The old woman lifted the bunch of woods
(d) The old woman lifted the bunches of woods
- (a) I purchased the crockery for two thousand rupees
(b) I purchased the crockeries for two thousand rupees .
(c) I purchased the crockery for two thousands rupee
(d) I purchased the crockeries for two thousand rupee
- (a) Vibha is ten year old
(b) Vibha is ten years old
(c) Vibha was ten yea“r old.
(d) Vibha were ten years old
- (a) The three women are sister
(b) The three woman are sisters
(c) The three woman is sisters
(d) The three women are sisters
- (a) Abhi and Aryan are her brother-in-laws
(b) Abhi and Aryan are hers brother in law
(c) Abhi and Aryan her brothers in law
(d) Abhi and Aryan are her’ brother-in-laws
Find all the nouns in the passage given below. It is a great thing to take pride in our work. Anything that is worth doing at all, is worth doing well. Even in the humblest task we should be ambitious to do it as well as we can, if possible better than anyone else. e.g. a
cobbler should not think that because his job is a humble one, it can be scaneped and done anyhow; he should be determined to make better shoes than any other cobbler; and a tinker should take pride in mending even an old kettle better than any other tinkercad.
Listed below are some nouns. State their two forms when used in the plural.
- Brothers Brethren
- Cloths Clothes
- Dies Dice
- Indexs Indices