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Federalism Class 10 MCQs Questions with Answers
Which is not a key feature of Federation ?
(a) A written Constitution
(c) Division of powers
(d) Centralization of powers.
Answer: (d) Centralization of powers.
Who can make laws on State List ?
(b) Union Government
(c) State Government
(d) Chief Minister.
Answer: (c) State Government
Who is empowered to make laws on Union List ?
(b) Central Government
(c) Prime Minister
(d) None of these.
Answer: (b) Central Government
Subjects that are not covered in any of the list in Indian Constitution are described as:
(a) Concurrent list
(b) Residuary subjects
(c) Unidentified list
(d) None of these.
Answer: (b) Residuary subjects
Who can declare a law as unconstitutional if it conflicts with the provision of the Constitution ?
(b) Prime Minister
(d) Lock Shabha Speaker.
Answer: (c) Judiciary
Which state in India enjoy a special status in the Indian Constitution ?
(a) Tamil Nadu
(b) Jammu and Kashmir
Answer: (b) Jammu and Kashmir
Which of the following state was not created due to its linguistic identity ?
(a) Tamil Nadu
(b) Andhra Pradesh
Answer: (c) Uttrakhand
What kind of power sharing is referred as Federation ?
(a) Horizontal power sharing
(b) Vertical power sharing
(c) Power sharing between political parties
(d) Power sharing between different pressure groups.
Answer: (b) Vertical power sharing
Which of the following does not form the basis of distribution of power in Indian Federal system ?
(a) Union list
(b) State list
(c) Parliamentary list
(d) Concurrent list.
Answer: (c) Parliamentary list
‘There are two kinds of routes through which federations have been formed.’ Name the two routes by giving one example of each.
(i) Coming together federations – USA
(ii) Holding together federations – India.
Name any two examples of coming together federation.
Answer: USA and Australia.
Name any two holding together federation.
Answer: India and Spain.
What is Unitary Government ?
Answer: Under the unitary system, either there is only one level of government or the subunits are subordinate to the central government.
‘The federal system has dual objective’. Mention the dual objectives.
Answer: To safeguard and promote the unity of the country, while at the same time accommodate regional diversity.
Categorise the following under Union list or Concurrent list.
(i) Currency – Union List
(ii) Education – Concurrent List.
Name an Indian state which enjoys a special status.
Answer: Jammu and Kashmir.
What are Union Territories ?
Answer: These are areas which are too small to become an independent State but which could not be merged with any of the existing states.
Who governs the Union Territories ?
Answer: The Union Government.
What is Gram Panchayat ?
Answer: It is a council consisting of several ward members, often called panch and a president or sarpanch.
What is Zila Parishad ?
Answer: All the Panchayat Samiti’s or Mandals in a district together constitute the Zila Parishad.
Who is a Mayor ?
Answer: He is an elected Chairperson of the Municipal Corporation.
What is Panchayat Samiti ?
Answer: A few gram panchayats are grouped together to form a Panchayat Samiti or block or mandal.
How are village Sarpanch or Panches elected ?
Answer: They are directly elected by all the adult population living in that ward or village.
How had federalism helped Belgium to solve the ethnic problem ?
(i) Before 1993 most of the powers in Belgium were in the hands of the central government, i.e., Belgium had a unitary government.
(ii) After 1993 the regional governments were given constitutional powers. Thus, Belgium shifted from a unitary to a federal form of government.
Which law will remain prevalent if there is any conflict over a subject mentioned in the Concurrent list ?
Answer: The law passed by the Union Government will prevail.
How many languages have been recognised as scheduled languages ?
Answer: 22 languages.
What was the main objective of the Constitutional Amendment made in 1992 in India ?
Answer: To strengthen the three tier system of governance under Panchayati Raj Institution as well as the Urban local bodies.
Which two languages have been identified as the official languages?
Answer: English and Hindi.
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