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Lifelines of National Economy Class 10 MCQs Questions with Answers
BRO stand for
(a) Broader Roads Organisations
(b) Border Region Organisation
(c) Border Religion Organisation
(d) None of the above.
Answer: (a) Broader Roads Organisations
Which port is the biggest one in India ?
Answer: (a) Mumbai
Air transport was nationalised in
Answer: (b) 1953
Which state is not connected by HVJ pipeline ?
(a) Uttar Pradesh
(b) Madhya Pradesh
Answer: (d) Rajasthan.
Which one of the following groups of terminal stations is connected with National Highway No. 8 ?
(a) Delhi and Kolkata
(b) Delhi and Amritsar
(c) Delhi and Mumbai
(d) Varanasi and Kanyakumari.
Answer: (c) Delhi and Mumbai
Which one of the following ports is the premier iron-ore exporting port of the country?
(a) New Mangalore Port
(b) Marmagao Port
(c) Vishakhapatnam Port
(d) Paradip Port.
Answer: (b) Marmagao Port
Which one of the following means of transport is used for carrying solids in a slurry form ?
Answer: (c) Pipelines
Which one of the following ports was developed as a subsidiary port, in order to relieve the growing pressure on the Kolkata port ?
(d) Jawaharlal Nehru Port.
Answer: (a) Haldia
The first class mail includes which one of the following ?
(a) Book packets
(b) Registered newspapers
(c) Envelopes and cards
(d) Periodicals and journals.
Answer: (c) Envelopes and cards
Which one of the following in an Inland riverine port ?
Answer: (b) Kolkata
Name the extreme stations which are connected by the North-South Corridor.
Answer: Srinagar and Kanyakumari.
Who maintains and lays National Highways ?
Answer: Central Public Works Department.
Name the extreme cities which are connected by NH-1.
Answer: Delhi and Amritsar.
Who maintains and lays State Highways ?
Answer: Public Works Department.
Who maintains District Roads ?
Answer: Zila Parishad.
Mention the three means of transport with one example of each.
(i) Land – Roadways
(ii) Water – Ship
(iii) Air – Aeroplanes.
Mention any two factors which have converted the vast world into a global world.
Name the extreme stations which are connected by the East-West Corroidor.
Answer: Silchar and Porbandar.
Who maintains Border Roads ?
Answer: The Border Roads Organisation.
In which year was the Border Roads Organisation established ?
Answer: In 1960.
What are unmetalled roads?
Answer: The roads which are made up of soil are known as unmetalled roads.
Which is the principal mode of transportation for freight and passengers in India?
What is the total route length of Indian railway ?
Answer: 66,030 km. (March 2017).
Which is the fastest means of transportation ?
Define density of road.
Answer: The length of road per 100 sq km of area is known as density of road
What is national density of road ? Which state has the highest density of road ?
Answer: National Density – 143 km, Highest Density – Kerala 375 km.
What is the total length of road network in India ?
Answer: 4.8 million km (2015).
What are metalled roads ?
Answer: The roads which are made up of cement, concrete or even bitumen are called metalled roads.
Name the company which provides helicopter services to Oil and Natural Gas Commission.
Answer: Pawanhans Helicopter’s Ltd.
Mention any one limitation of airways.
Answer: It is not within the reach of the common people.
What is the total length of inland navigation waterways of India ?
Answer: 14,500 km.
Name any four ports of east coast.
Name the state where the following ports are located: .
(ii) New Mangalore
(i) Marmagao – Goa
(ii) New Mangalore – Karnataka
(iii) Paradip – Odisha
(iv) Tuticorin – Tamil Nadu
Explain the term Port.
Answer: The part of harbour where goods are loaded and unloaded from ships.
Write one natural and artificial port of India.
Artificial Port – Chennai
Natural Port – Mumbai
On which coast of India:
(i) Mumbai port is situated ?
(ii) Chennai port is situated ?
(i) Western Coast
(ii) Eastern Coast
What is Paradip famous for ? Also name the state in which it is located ?
Answer: It is the main export port of India and is located in Odisha.
Name an important port located near Tropic of Cancer.
Answer: Kandla in Gujarat.
Name any four ports of west coast of India.
Answer: Mumbai, Kandla, Marmagao, New Mangalore and Cochin.
Which is the biggest port of India ?
Name any four iron ore exporting ports of India.
(ii) New Mangalore
Name the premier iron ore exporting port of the country.
Answer: Marmagao in Goa.
Name the deepest landlocked port of India.
Which means of transportation is a new arrival on the transportation map of India ?
Name any one important network of pipeline transportation in India.
Answer: Gas pipeline from Hazira (Gujarat), Jagdishpur (UP), Via VIjaipur (M.P).
What is the length of coast line of India?
Answer: 7,516.6 km.
Name any two means of mass communication.
Answer: Radio and television.
What are considered first class mail ?
Answer: Cards and envelopes.
What are considered second class mail ?
Answer: Packets and registered newspapers.
“Means of mass communication help in strengthening democracy.” Justify by giving two reasons.
(i) Means of mass communications like radio and television create awareness among people about various national programmes and policies.
(ii) People can express their opinion through mass media.
What do you mean by Balance of Trade ?
Answer: The difference between exports and imports of a country is known as Balance of Trade.
What is market ?
Answer: It is a place/location where goods and services are exchanged.
Mention any four major items of export.
(i) Agricultural products especially tea, coffee, jute etc.
(iii) Textile products
(iv) Gems and jewellery.
Why have mail channels been introduced ?
Answer: For quick delivery of mails in cities and large towns.
In which language are the largest number of newspapers published ?
(i) Which country is the largest producer of feature films in the world ?
(ii) Name the agency which certifies both Indian and Foreign films.
(ii) The Central Board of Film Certification.
What is trade ?
Answer: Trade is an exchange of goods or services between two parties such as people, states and countries.
Define the term ‘tourism’.
Answer: The cultural, recreational and commercial visit to internal places is known as tourism.
What is international trade ?
Answer: Exchange of goods or services between two or more than two countries.
Mention the two components of international trade.
Mention any four msyor items of import.
(i) Mineral oil
(ii) Capital goods
(iii) Pearls, precious and semi-precious stories
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