NCERT Class 9 Science Lab Manual – Mixture and Compound
- a mixture
- a compound
using iron filings and sulphur powder and distinguish between these on the basis of :
- appearance i.e., homogeneity and heterogeneity.
- behaviour towards a magnet
- behaviour towards carbon disulphide as a solvent.
- effect of heat.
Mixture: When two or more than two substances mix together in any proportion physically and do not show any chemical change, retain their individual properties, then they form a mixture.
Compound: When two or more than two substances combine together chemically in a fixed ratio, such that they can be separated only by chemical means, then a compound is formed.
Differnces between Mixture and Compound:
Separation of Iron and Sulphur from its Mixture
Separation of Iron and Sulphur from its compound
Test tubes, test tube stand, test tube holder, hard glass test tube, Bunsen burner, tripod stand, wire gauze, magnet, China dish and a watch glass.
Iron filings, sulphur powder, carbon disulphide.
- Preparation of a mixture of iron and sulphur powder.
Take a pinch of iron filings and two pinch of sulphur powder, mix them thoroughly. The product obtained is mixture of iron and sulphur. Keep it in a watch glass (A).
- Preparation of the compound of iron and sulphur.
Take a pinch of iron filing and a pinch of sulphur powder in a hard glass test tube. Hold it in a test tube holder, heat it on the flame till the contents glow. The reaction between sulphur and iron filings is seen in the test tube and iron sulphide is formed. Transfer the compound formed in a watch glass (B).
(The mixture of iron filing and sulphur powder can be heated in China dish)
Record your observations in the table.
- Heat the mixture of iron and sulphur in hard glass tube or in a china dish.
- Avoid wasting the chemicals, use very little amount of it.
- Heating activity should be done carefully.
- Carbon disulphide is flammable, keep it away from flame.
Is mixture a pure substance?
Is alloy a homogeneous or heterogeneous mixture?
It is a homogeneous mixture.
Give one test to show that mixtures can be separated physically.
Take sulphur + iron-mixture, roll magnet over it, iron filings clings to magnet.
Why doesn’t air show same composition over all places? .
Air is a mixture but various gases, particles, pollutants keep on adding in air in various proportions.
Give two examples of uniform composition in mixture.
Sugar in water, salt in water.
Give two examples of non-uniform composition.
Sand and salt, sugar and salt, blood.
PRACTICAL BASED QUESTIONS
Why do mixtures show heterogeneous appearance?
The constituents of mixture are not mixed uniformly hence show heterogeneous appearance.
Name the constituents of the following compounds.
Water, Sugar, Magnesium oxide, Iron sulphide.
Water – Hydrogen and Oxygen
Sugar – Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
Magnesium Oxide – Magnesium and Oxygen
Iron sulphide – Iron and Sulphur.
What happens when dilute sulphuric acid is added to a mixture of iron and sulphur?
Iron reacts with dilute sulphuric acid and hydrogen gas is released.
What happens when dilute sulphuric acid is added to a compound of iron and sulphur?
The iron sulphide reacts with dilute sulphuric acid to form hydrogen sulphide gas, it is colourless gas with the smell of rotten eggs.
Classify the following into mixture and compound.
soil, air, alloy, sugar, soap solution, milk, coal, blood, glucose.
Mixture – soil, air, alloy, soap solution, milk, coal, blood Compound – sugar, glucose.
How can you prove that water is a compound?
On electrolysis of water we get hydrogen and oxygen gas is separated in fixed ratio always
i. e., H : O is 2 : 1.
Why do we use carbon disulphide as a solvent to dissolve sulphur?
As sulphur does not dissolve in water, carbon disulphide is used as a solvent.
Give two examples of mixture formed by compounds.
Common salt + sugar.
Smoke + methane + carbon dioxide in air.
Give two examples of mixture formed by two or more elements.
Nitrogen and oxygen in air, copper and gold in alloy.
NCERT LAB MANUAL QUESTIONS
Why does brass react with dilute hydrochloric acid and is corroded in rainy season to form CuC03.Cu(OH)2?
Brass is an alloy of copper and zinc. It is a homogeneous mixture. The combining elements retain their properties. Hence the copper in the brass reacts with the carbonates in the air to form CuC03.Cu(OH)2
MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS (MCQs)
Questions based on Procedural and Manipulative Skills
A student was given a challenge to separate mixture of iron filings and sulphur powder, which method should he take?
(a) dissolve the mixture in water
(b) dissolve the mixture in dil.H2S04 and filter
(c) dissolve the mixture in carbon disulphide
(d) dissolve the mixture in alcohol.
In the laboratory, what precaution needs to be taken while handling carbon disulphide.
(a) Keep it away from flame
(b) Keep it away from sunlight
(c) Keep it away from magnet
(d) Keep it away from distilled water.
Which is not the property of a mixture?
(a) It is a heterogeneous system
(b) It is a system of constant composition
(c) It is a system of variable composition
(d) Its components can be separated by physical methods.
Water in alcohol can be grouped as:
(b) homogeneous mixture
(c) heterogeneous mixture
(d) immiscible liquids.
Choose the homogeneous mixture
(d) sugar syrup.
The process used to separate a mixture of iron filings, iodine and common salt is:
(a) sublimation followed by magnetic separation
(b) dissolution in water followed by sublimation and magnetic separation
(c) magnetic separation followed by sublimation
(d) any order can be followed
To prepare iron sulphide by heating a mixture of iron filings and sulphur powder we should use a
(a) copper dish
(b) watch glass
(c) china dish
(d) petri dish
The components of a mixture of iron filings and sulphur are separated by:
(c) using magnet
In laboratory, carbon disulphide should be:
(a) kept away from flame
(b) kept away from distilled water
(c) kept away from alcohol
(d) kept away from sunlight
Which of the following would be the correct set of apparatus required if you have to separate camphor and common salt?
(a) Round bottom flask, funnel, burner, condenser, wire gauze, stand with clamp.
(b) Conical flask, filter paper, funnel, beaker, stand with clamp, wire gauze.
(c) Separating funnel, beaker, conical flask, tripod stand, burner wire gauze.
(d) China dish, funnel, burner, cotton plug, tripod stand, stand with clamp, wire gauze.
Questions based on Observational Skills
When we heat mixture of sulphur powder and iron filings, the first observation made is:
(a) sulphur melts
(b) iron filings start melting
(c) mixture becomes red hot
(d) mixture evaporates.
When iron and sulphur are heated at high temperature:
(a) yellow coloured iron sulphide is formed
(b) black coloured FeS is formed
(c) mixture of iron and sulphur is formed
(d) they do not react.
The smell of H2S is
(b) like that of rotten eggs
(c) like that of burning sulphur
(d) none of these.
Sulphur is soluble in
(b) carbon disulphide
(c) both (a) and (b)
(d) none of these.
Colour of the compound of iron and sulphur is
When a mixture of sulphur powder and iron filings is heated for a little longer time:
(a) iron filings starts melting
(b) the mixture sublimes
(c) the mixture melts
(d) only sulphur melts.
When iron filings and sulphur are heated:
(a) a black mass is obtained
(b) the mixture changes from black to yellow
(c) a pungent smelling gas is obtained
(d) the mixture becomes brown.
When a mixture of iron filings and sulphur is added to a test tube containing CS2.What is observed?
A mixture of iron filings and sulphur is heated, the colour of the mixture will change
(a) black to yellow
(b) yellow to black
(c) black to brown
(d) brown to yellow
What is observed when carbon disulphide is added to a mixture of iron filings and sulphur powder taken in a test tube? .
(a) iron filings turn red
(b) sulphur powder dissolves to give a colourless solution
(c) sulphur powder remains unaffected.
(d) A brisk effervescence
What is not observed when a magnet is moved repeatedly through a mixture of iron filing and sulphur placed on a paper?
(a) iron filings stick to the magnet
(b) A black mass of iron sulphide is formed
(c) sulphur powder is left on the paper
(d) Each of the above
A mixture of iron filings and sulphur is heated in a hard boiling tube. Which of the following will be observed?
(a) mixture sublimes
(b) Iron will melt first
(c) sulphur will melt first
(d) mixture becomes red hot without melting
Questions based on Reporting and Interpretation Skills
Which of the following will not happen when CS2is added to a mixture of iron filings and sulphur in a beaker?
(a) Iron filings do not dissolve in CS2
(b) Sulphur will dissolve forming a yellow solution
(c) Iron sulphide will dissolve in CS2
(d) none of these.
On mixing iron filings, sulphur and sulphuric acid
(a) hydrogen sulphide is released
(b) hydrogen gas is released
(c) iron sulphide is formed
(d) sulphur dioxide is formed.
A student by mistake mixed iron filings and sulphur powder. What should be added to separate the mixture?
(a) Ethyl alcohol
(b) Carbon disulphide
(d) Cold water.
In which of the following mixtures the separation of the components may be done by using a magnet?
(a) A mixture of ferrous sulphide and copper sulphide.
(b) A mixture of iron filings and ferrous sulphide.
(c) A mixture of sulphur powder and ferrous sulphide,
(d) A mixture of carbon disulphide and ferrous sulphide.
Select a pure substance
(c) sugar solution
(d) carbon dioxide gas.
Which amongst the following is not a mixture?
(a) dry ice
(c) sugar syrup
(d) copper sulphate solution.
Which amongst the following is not a compound?
Select the mixture made up of two elements.
(a) Sand + water
(b) Sugar + water
(c) C02 + H2
(d) Gold jewellery.
Select the mixture made up of an element and a compound.
(a) Copper sulphate solution
(b) Sulphur solution in Carbon disulphide
(c) An alloy of iron and steel
(d) Exhaust with smoke and carbon particles.
Select the mixture made up of two compounds.
(a) iron and water
(b) iron and sulphur
(c) iron oxide and carbon
(d) iron oxide and salt.
Select the heterogeneous mixture
(a) water + sugar
(b) water + salt
(c) water + glucose
(d) water + oil.
Choose the reaction that will result into the formation of mixture
(a) freezing of water to form ice
(b) adding water into lime (CaO)
(c) adding CS2 into sulphur
(d) heating magnesium in air.
How can you separate a mixture of two immiscible liquids?
(a) heating in distillation flask
(c) separating funnel
The process of evaporation is fast when the mixture is
(a) heated but not covered
(b) heated but covered
(c) covered but not heated
(d) neither heated nor covered
SCORING KEY WITH EXPLANATION
- (c) Sulphur will dissolve in carbon disulphide and iron can be filtered.
- (a) It is highly flammable.
- (b) No constant proportion is present in mixtures.
- (b) Alcohol dissolves in water.
- (d) Sugar syrup is stable and uniform throughout.
- (c) Iron can be separated by magnet and iodine sublimes, leaving behind salt.
- (c) China dish is the right apparatus used for strong heating.
- (c) Iron is magnetic in nature.
- (a) Carbon disulphide is highly flammable.
- (d) All necessary apparatus given.
- (a) The melting point of sulphur is less than iron.
- (b) Sulphur reacts with iron to form a black colour compound FeS.
- (b) It is the property of the gas.
- (b) Sulphur does not dissolve in water but dissolves in organic solvent.
- (a) FeS is black colour compound.
- (d) The melting point of sulphur is low.
- (a) FeS is black colour compound.
- (d) Sulphur dissolves and iron gets deposited at the bottom of the tube.
- (b) Sulphur is yellow in colour and iron sulphide is black.
- (b) Sulphur dissolves and iron gets deposited at the bottom of the test tube.
- (b) FeS is not formed by mixing iron and sulphur unless we heat the mixture strongly.
- (c) The melting point of sulphur is less than iron.
- (c) Iron sulphide is a compound of sulphur and its properties are different from sulphur.
- (b) Fe being more reactive will displace hydrogen.
- (b) Sulphur will dissolve in carbon disulphide and iron can be filtered.
- (b) Iron filings are magnetic and will attract to the magnet.
- (d) Elements or compounds are pure substances, carbon dioxide is a compound.
- (a) Dry ice is solidified carbon dioxide.
- (c) The components of air are not in proportion.
- (d) In gold jewellery, gold is mixed with either copper or silver.
- (b) Here sulphur is an element and carbon disulphide is a compound.
- (d) Both are compound but, iron, sulphur and carbon are elements.
- (d) Oil and water are not miscible and form heterogenous solution.
- (c) Sulphur dissolves in organic solvent i.e., carbon disulphide.
- (c) Separating funnel can separate the two immiscible liquids.
- (a) For evaporation the substance should not be covered.