NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 10 Vector Algebra Ex 10.2 are part of NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths. Here we have given NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 10 Vector Algebra Ex 10.2.

Board |
CBSE |

Textbook |
NCERT |

Class |
Class 12 |

Subject |
Maths |

Chapter |
Chapter 10 |

Chapter Name |
Vector Algebra |

Exercise |
Ex 10.2 |

Number of Questions Solved |
19 |

Category |
NCERT Solutions |

## NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 10 Vector Algebra Ex 10.2

**Question 1.**

Compute the magnitude of the following vectors:

**Solution:**

**Question 2.**

Write two different vectors having same magnitude.

**Solution:**

Such possible answers are infinite

**Question 3.**

Write two different vectors having same direction.

**Solution:**

Let the two vectors be

Hence vectors have the same direction but different magnitude

**Question 4.**

Find the values of x and y so that the vectors are equal.

**Solution:**

We are given

If vectors are equal, then their respective components are equal. Hence x = 2, y = 3.

**Question 5.**

Find the scalar and vector components of the vector with initial point (2,1) and terminal point (-5,7).

**Solution:**

LetA(2, 1) be the initial point and B(-5,7) be the terminal point

∴The vector components are and scalar components are – 7 and 6.

**Question 6.**

Find the sum of three vectors:

**Solution:**

**Question 7.**

Find the unit vector in the direction of the vector

**Solution:**

**Question 8.**

Find the unit vector in the direction of vector , where P and Q are the points (1,2,3) and (4,5,6) respectively.

**Solution:**

The points P and Q are (1, 2, 3) and (4, 5, 6) respectively

**Question 9.**

For given vectors find the unit vector in the direction of the vector

**Solution:**

**Question 10.**

Find a vector in the direction of which has magnitude 8 units.

**Solution:**

The given vector is

**Question 11.**

Show that the vector are collinear.

**Solution:**

vector have the same direction they are collinear.

**Question 12.**

Find the direction cosines of the vector

**Solution:**

let

Now a = 1,b = 2,c = 3

**Question 13.**

Find the direction cosines of the vector joining the points A (1,2, -3) and B(-1, -2,1), directed fromAtoB.

**Solution:**

Vector joining the points A and B is

**Question 14.**

Show that the vector are equally inclined to the axes OX, OY, OZ.

**Solution:**

Let , Direction cosines of vector are

which shows that the vector a is equally inclined to the axes OX, OY, OZ.

**Question 15.**

Find the position vector of a point R which divides the line joining the points whose positive vector are in the ratio 2:1

(i) internally

(ii) externally.

**Solution:**

(i) The point R which divides the line joining the point in the ratio m : n

**Question 16.**

Find position vector of the mid point of the vector joining the points P (2,3,4) and Q (4,1, -2).

**Solution:**

Let

**Question 17.**

Show that the points A, B and C with position vector respectively form the vertices of a right angled triangle.

**Solution:**

**Question 18.**

In triangle ABC (fig.), which of the following is not

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

**Solution:**

We know that

Hence option (c) is not correct

**Question 19.**

If are two collinear vectors then which of the following are incorrect:

(a) , for some scalar λ.

(b)

(c) the respective components of are proportional.

(d) both the vectors have same direction, but different magnitudes.

**Solution:**

Options (d) is incorrect since both the vectors , being collinear, are not necessarily in the same direction. They may have opposite directions. Their magnitudes may be different.

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