NCERT Class 9 Maths Lab Manual – Verify the Algebraic Identity (a+b)³ = a³+b³+ 3a²b + 3ab²
To verify the algebraic identity (a+b)³ = a³+b³+ 3a²b + 3ab².
- Acrylic sheets
- Adhesive/Adhesive tape
- Geometry Box
- Concept of cuboid and its volume.
- Concept of cube and its volume.
- Cuboid A cuboid is a solid bounded by six rectangular plane surfaces, e.g. Match box, brick, box, etc., are cuboid, (see Fig. 7.1)
Properties of cuboid are
- In a cuboid, there are 6 faces, 12 edges and 8 corners (four at bottom and four at top face) which are called vertices.
- Opposite faces of a cuboid are equal and parallel.
- The line segment joining the opposite vertices of cuboid is called the diagonal of a cuboid.
- There are four diagonals in a cuboid which are equal in length.
Volume of cuboid = lbh
where, l = length, b = breadth and h = height
- Cube A cuboid whose length, breadth and height are same, is called a cube, (see Fig. 7.2)
Properties of cube are
- In a cube, there are 6 faces, 12 edges and 8 corners (four at bottom and four at top face) which are called vertices.
- All the six faces of a cube are congruent square faces.
- Each edge of a cube have same length.
Volume of cube = a³
where, a is side of cube.
- Cut six squares of equal side a units from acrylic sheet. Paste all of them to form a cube by using adhesive tape/adhesive, (see Fig. 7.3)
- Cut six squares of equal side b units (b < a) from acrylic sheet. Paste all of them to form a cube by using adhesive tape/adhesive, (see Fig. 7.4)
- Also, cut 12 rectangles of length b units and breadth a units and 6 squares of side a units. Paste all of them to form a cuboid, (see Fig. 7.5)
- Cut 12 rectangles of length a units and breadth b units and 6 squares of side b units. Paste all of them to form a cuboid, (see Fig. 7.6)
- Arrange the cubes obtained in Fig 7.3 and Fig 7.4 and the cuboids obtained in Fig 7.5 and Fig 7.6 as shown in Fig 7.7
For Fig. 7.3, volume of cube of side a units = a³
For Fig. 7.4, volume of cube of side b units = b³
For Fig. 7.5, volume of a cuboid of dimensions a x a x b units = a²b
So, volume of all three such cuboids = a²b + a²b + a²b = 3a²b
For Fig. 7.6, volume of a cuboid of dimensions a x b x b units = ab²
So, volume of all three such cuboids = ab² + ab² + ab² = 3ab²
In Fig. 7.7, we have obtained the cube of side (a + b) units.
So, volume of cube = (a + b)³
As, volume of cube of Fig. 7.7 = (Volume of cube of Fig. 7.3) + (Volume of cube of Fig. 7.4) + (Volume of three cuboids of Fig. 7.5) + (Volume of three cuboids of Fig. 7.6)
=> (a+b)³ = a³+b³+ 3a²b + 3ab²
Here, volume is in cubic units.
On actual measurement, we get
a =…….. , b = …….. ,
So, a³ =…….. , b³ = …….. ,
a2b = …….. , 3a²b = …….. ,
ab² = …….. , 3ab² = …….. ,
(a + b)³ = …….. ,
Hence, (a+b)³ = a³+b³+ 3a²b + 3ab²
The algebraic identity (a+b)³ = a³+b³+ 3a²b + 3ab² has been verified.
The identity is useful for
- calculating the cube of a number which can be expressed as the sum of two convenient numbers.
- simplification and factorization of algebraic expressions.
Is (a + b)³ a trinomial?
No, because (a + b)³ has four terms.
What is the degree of polynomial (x + 2y)³ ?
3, because the highest power of variable in the expansion of (x + 2 y)³ will be 3.
In the identity of (a + b)³, what do you mean by a³ and 3a²b?
a³ means volume of cube of side a and 3a²b means volume of three cuboids of dimensions a, a and b.
What is the maximum number of zeroes that a cubic polynomial can have?
What is the expanded form of (a + b)³ ?
(a+b)³ = a³+b³+ 3a²b + 3ab²
For evaluating (101)³, which formula we should use?
We should use (a+b)³ = a³+b³+ 3a²b + 3ab² by taking a = 100 and b = 1
Verify that (a+b)³ = a³+b³+ 3a²b + 3ab² by taking x = 11 units, y- 3 units.