Our team of subject expert teachers has prepared and reviewed the NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Geography Chapter 6 Major Landforms of the Earth are given here will help you to prepare well and score good numbers in exams.
Major Landforms of the Earth NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Geography Chapter 6
Class 6 Geography Chapter 6 Major Landforms of the Earth InText Questions and Answers
Look carefully at photograph nos. 1to10. Write one sentence about each of the photographs.
- Camels are the ships of deserts.
- A beach scene.
- People are enjoying the boat race.
- A dense forest area.
- Mountain habitation.
- Women are plucking tea leaves.
- Tourist complexes
- Water rowing
- Animal grazing
- A beautiful scene of a snow-covered area.
Name the landform features shown in the photograph nos. 1, 2, and 7.
- Sand dunes in the desert area.
- A Coastal area.
- Mountain areas.
What appears to be the main use of this land? (Photograph no. 9)
This land is mainly used for animal rearing and grazing.
What activities do you see in the photograph nos? 3,6, 8, and. 9.
- Photograph 3 – Boat racing.
- Photograph 6 – Plucking of tea leaves / Tea plantation.
- Photograph 8 – Boat rafting.
- Photograph 9 – Animal grazing.
What type of houses do you see in photograph nos. 4 and 5.
Types of houses.
- Photograph 4 – Sheds and tents
- Photograph 5 – Typical houses of hilly areas, along with slopy roofs
Name the water sports/games shown in photograph nos. 3 & 8.
- Photograph 3 – Boat racing
- Photograph 8 – Boat rowing/water surfing.
Name two means of transport shown in photograph nos. 1 and 10.
- Photograph 1 – Camels
- Photograph 10 – Roads.
Class 6 Geography Chapter 6 Major Landforms of the Earth Exercise Questions and Answers
Answer the following questions briefly.
(a) What are the major landforms?
(a) (i) Mountains
(b) What is the difference between a mountain and a plateau?
|Mountains are the high and steep landforms that extend above the surrounding areas.||Plateaus are the flat-surfaced areas, bounded by steep slopes|
|Generally, mountains the landforms^ that rise above 606 meters.||These are huge landforms. They cover hundreds or even thousands of kilometers.|
|Their elevation can exceed 8000 m.||Their elevation can exceed 4500 m.|
|Mountains are rich in forests.||Plateaus are the great reservoirs of different minerals.|
|More than half of the world’s fresh water originates in the mountains.||Tlie rivers of plateaus form waterfalls when they fall from a great height.|
|Himalayas, Rockies, and Andes are the main mountains in the world.||Deccan plateau, East African plateau, and Tibet are the major plateaus in the world.|
(f) Why are river plains thickly populated?
Mountains are thinly populated because of the following reasons:
- Undulating topography.
- Harsh climate.
- Less land is available for farming.
- Very few employment opportunities.
- Less developed means of transport.
(g) Why are mountains thinly populated?
Mountains are thinly populated because they have steep slopes and lack good soil. These conditions are not favorable for agriculture. The steep slopes, on the other hand, make transportation and physical communication difficult. Mountain areas in the world are not much developed, so they can’t provide modern facilities to their people.
Tick the correct answers.
(a) The mountains differ from the hills in terms of
(b) Glaciers are found in
(1) the mountains
(2) the plains
(3) the plateaus
(1) the mountains
(c) The Deccan Plateau is located in
(d) The river Yangtze flows in
(1) South America
(e) Am important mountain range of Europe is
(1) The Andes
(2) The Alps
(3) The Rockies
(2) The Alps
Fill in the blanks.
1. A ______ is an unbroken flat or a low-level land.
2. The Himalayas and the Alps are examples of ______ is types of mountains.
3. ______ areas are rich in mineral deposits.
4. The ______ is a line of mountains.
5. The areas are most productive for farming.
On an outline map of the world, mark the following:
(a) Mountain ranges: Himalayas, Rockies, and Andes.
(b) Plateau: Tibet.