Our team of subject expert teachers has prepared and reviewed the NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Civics Chapter 4 Key Elements of a Democratic Government are given here will help you to prepare well and score good numbers in exams.
Key Elements of a Democratic Government NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Civics Chapter 4
Class 6 Civics Chapter 4 Key Elements of a Democratic Government InText Questions and Answers
What were Hector and his classmates protesting about?
Hector and his classmates protested against learning the Afrikans language in school. This was the language that white spoke. They were forced to learn this language, but they wanted to learn their own language, Zulu.
List five ways in which the non-whites were discriminated against.
The five ways in which non-whites were discriminated against were
- In South Africa, the government practiced apartheid laws, i.e., separation on the basis of race.
- The different races were not allowed to mingle with each other or live near each other or even to use common facilities.
- Hospitals and ambulances were separate. Ambulances meant for the whites had more facilities and were well equipped.
- The ones meant for black people were not.
- Non-whites were not allowed to vote.
- The best land in the country was reserved for the white people, and non-whites had to live on the worst available land.
Do you think it is important for all persons to be treated equally? Why?
All people are born equal and enjoy the right to life, liberty, and property. If a section of the people is denied these rights, it will create conflicts in society. No one has to right to suppress others.
Look at soma newspapers and discuss some elections that you may have read about. Why do you think elections are required after a fixed period?
All governments are elected for fixed periods. In India, the elections are held after every five years. Once elected, the government can stay in power for that period only. If they want to continue to be in power, they have to be re-elected. This is the moment when people think that they have an important role to play. In this way, the powers of the government get limited by regular elections.
Read the story again: Do you think the police shooting of Hector could have been avoided? How?
If the government and the people who were protesting had come together and discussed the problem, then the police shooting of Hector could have avoided.
In Maya’s story did the government support the idea that people are equal?
No, the government did not think that all people are equal. The black people were discriminated against and denied all basic human rights.
Dr. Ambedkar’s story did the practice of untouchability support the idea that people are equal?
Untouchability means that a section of the people is denied basic human rights. Untouchability denies basic rights so untouchability cannot be equated with democracy.
How do you think lowering the school fees would help girls attend school?
Very often the parents do not send their daughters to school because they cannot afford to give fees and if the fees are lowered more people will send their daughters to school.
Can you think of any experience from your life in which you have helped someone out of a situation that you thought was unfair? Did everyone else see it the same? Viva did you have to say to convince others that what you did was fair?
While traveling on a train, 1 heard some people shouting and fighting. I heard that the main cause of the fight was that some people had occupied the seats which belonged to other passengers. The seats were reserved seats. The people who had occupied the seats that ‘first come first serve’ is the motto they came earlier and occupied the seats. The other passengers argued that the reserved seats mean that every person carrying the ticket will have the seat. It was an unfair situation.
At this point, I decided to stop the shouting and fighti&g. I asked the passenger who had taken the seat, that why reserved tickets are issued. It means everyone has a right to take a seat. The seat was vacated, when the realization dawned on one of them that motto is not ‘first come first serve’ but to respect the rights of others.
Class 6 Civics Chapter 4 Key Elements of a Democratic Government Exercise Questions and Answers
How would Maya’s life be different in South Africa today?
Maya’s life would be different in South Africa today in terms of equal status in society. She would get a school where children from all classes, rich or poor, high or low, black or white study together. The same hospital would treat her which treats all sorts of people. There would be no ambulance to be used separately for any white or ruling class. She would get equal voting right. She would use the language of her choice. She would lead a free life.
What are the various ways in which people participate in the process of government?
The people in a democracy participate in the process of government in the following ways:
- The people elect their leaders by voting in the elections, who represent them. They take decisions on behalf of the people.
- Besides voting, people participate by taking an interest in the working of the government and criticizing it, when required.
- There are ways in which people express their views and make the government understand what actions they should take. These include dhammas. rallies, strikes’ signature campaigns. Things that are unjust and unfair are also brought forward.
- Newspapers, magazines, TV also play a role in discussing government issues and responsibilities.
- People organize themselves in social groups that seek to challenge the government and its functioning. Members of unprivileged groups like Dalits, Adivasis, women, and others participate in this manner.
Why do you think we need the government to find solutions to any disputes or conflicts?
Government is a constitutional body that maintains law and order. It consists of the representatives of all classes from all parts of the country. Problems or conflicts arise in states, between two or more states, and sometimes between two nations. The government represents the country and also the head of the constitutional system. So, it can resolve conflicts in the interest of the people at large. A system without a government may face crisis and lawlessness. Hence, the government is necessary.
What actions does the government take to ensure that all people are treated equally?
One of the important principles of democracy is equality and justice. Equality and justice are inseparable, they go hand in hand. Our Constitution provides Fundamental Rights and one of them is the Right to Equality and according to it, untouchability is banned by law.
The government makes special provisions for underprivileged people. The government takes steps to provide justice by providing special provisions, e.g., the girl child suffers injustice at the hands of the parents and society. In order to overcome this injustice, fees of the girls in the school may be waived or lowered in government schools or colleges.
Read through the chapter and discuss some of the key ideas of a democratic government. Make a list. For example, all people are equal.
Some of the key ideas of a democratic government are:
- All people are equal.
- Justice to all.
- Opportunities for equal education to all.
- Abolition of discrimination.
- Equal status to all religions.
- Abolition of untouchability.