Our team of subject expert teachers has prepared and reviewed the NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science History Chapter 2 On the Trial of the Earliest People are given here will help you to prepare well and score good numbers in exams.
On the Trial of the Earliest People NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science History Chapter 2
Class 6 History Chapter 2 On the Trial of the Earliest People InText Questions and Answers
List the skills and knowledge that the children of these communities had. Do you have these skills & knowledge?
The children of these communities gradually learned about hunting, gathering fruits, roots, nuts, seeds, leaves, stacks, and eggs. Collecting them was not easy because they had to find out about the fruits and when they will ripen, they also had to find, which parts were edible or whether they were poisonous or not.
We only know which fruits come in which season e.g. mango in the summer season. Oranges in the winter season.
How do you come to school?
I come to my school by school bus.
How long would it take you to walk from your home to school?
If I walk from my home to school, it would take me 1 hour.
How long would it take you if you took a bus or rode a bicycle?
If I take a bus it will take just 20 minutes. And if l ride a bicycle it will take around 40 minutes.
Some uses of stone tools are given. Make a list of what these tools were used for and try and decide which of these tasks could be performed using a natural pebble. Give reasons for your answer.
Some of the stone tools were used to
- Cut meat and bone.
- Scrape bark from trees and hides form animals
- Chop fruits and roots
- After attaching handles of wood or bone, spears & arrows were used for hunting.
- Tools were used to chop wood, which was used as firewood. Wood was also used to make huts & tools.
- Digging ground to collect edible; roots.
- Stitch clothes made out of animal skin. The natural pebbles have a smooth and shiny surface. It does not have sharp edges that can chop wood or scrape bark from the trees. How they could be used for hunting animals. They can be aimed at running animals.
If you had to describe the place you live in, which of the words would you choose?
(c) habitation cum factory
(d) any other
(d) Any other – locality
Find Kurnool caves. Traces of ash have been found here. What do we use fire for today?
We use fire
- To cook food
- For the setting of metals e.g. iron
- For making steam from coal & water and it is used for transportation. e.g., railways.
- For molding metals etc.
Look at the illustration on page 13. Do you notice any difference in the tools belonging to these periods?
The tools of the Palaeolithic age were, large and bulky. It was difficult to carry and hold them in hand. The tools of that) Mesolithic age was tiny and could be stuck to handles of bones or wood to make tools such as saws and sickles. They had a sharper edge.
What do you think the term Neolithic means.
The word Neolithic comes from two Greek words Neo (meaning new) and Lithos (meaning stone). Hence Neolithic means the new Stone Age.
What do you think the beads could have been used for?
Beads could have been used for prayers. Beads are a small perforated ball used in counting prayers, to date.
Where do we find ostriches, today?
Ostriches are native to Africa. yare also found in New Zealand, Canada, etc.
At some of the sites, evidence suggests that tools were made. Can you think of a term for the second type of site?
These sites are called ‘factory’.
The cave found in France has paintings on the walls, it is possible these paintings were done for ceremonial purposes or for special rituals, performed by the hunters. Can you think of some reasons?
It can be possible that these paintings
(a) Were painted during leisure time and were a way of recreation.
(b) The man imagined that he should be successful against wild animals and so gave a form to his imagination.
You live in a rock shelter like the one shown on page IS about 12,000 years ago. Your uncle is painting one of the inner walls of the cave and you want to help him. Will you mix the colors, draw the lines, Fill in the colors? What are the stories he might tell you?
I shall mix colors for him. My uncle would be telling me about his hunting activities at that time.
Class 6 History Chapter 2 On the Trial of the Earliest People Exercise Questions and Answers
Complete the sentences.
- Hunter-gatherers chose to live in caves and rock shelters because ……….
- Grasslands developed around ………… years ago.
- Early people painted on the ……….. of caves.
- In Hunsgi, tools were made of …………
- Hunter-gatherers chose to live in caves and rock shelters because they gave shelter from rain, heat, and wind.
- Grassland developed around 12000 years ago.
- Early people painted on the walls of the caves.
- In Hunsgi tools were made of limestone.
Look at the Present-Day Political map of the subcontinent on page 136 of the textbook, Find out the states where Bhimbetka, Hunsgi, and Kurnool are located. Would Thshar’s train have passed near any of these sites?
Yes, Tushar’s train would have passed near these sites.
Why did the hunter-gatherers travel from place to place, in what? ways are these similar to/different from the reasons for which we travel today?
file hunter-gatherers traveled from place to place to hunt animals and collect fruits, berries, and leaves of the plant. They followed the seasonal migration of animals. Whenever fruits were less. They went to a new place. Today we travel for different reasons like going on business trips, excursions, visit religious places, etc. We also go to buy goods. everyday use.
What fools would use today for cutting fruit? What would? they are made of?
- We will use knife, cutter, shilter, dagger, spoon, fork, machine, etc. for cutting fruits.
- They would be made of different metals like copper, bronze, iron, steel, etc.
List three ways in which hunter-gatherers used fire. (See page 16 of the textbook) Would you use fire for any of these purposes today?
Hunter-gatherers used fire for purposes like:
- A source of light
- A resource of cook meat
- A way to scare away wild animals.
Nowadays we use fire for:
- To keep ourselves warm.
Make two columns in your notebook. In the left-hand column, list the foods hunter-gatherers ate. (See page It of the textbook) In the right-hand column list some of the foods you eat. Do you notice any similarities/differences?
|Hunter-gatherers||Food which we eat|
|They ate the meat of wild animals, caught fish and birds, gathered fruits, roots, nuts seeds, leaves, and shalks and eggs. Most probably they ate raw meat.||Food consists of several bowls of cereal, pulses, fruits, and vegetables. It also contains meat, milk, and milk products. Some of the food like vegetables can both be cooked or eaten raw.|
If you had a natural pebble-like one shown on page 13, what would you use it for?
- I would have used some of these stone tools to cut meat and bone, scrape bark (from trees) and hides (animal skins), chop fruit, and roots.
- Some may have been attached to handles of bone or wood, to make spears and arrows for hunting.
- Other stone tools were used to chop wood, which was used as firewood.
List two tasks that are performed by both men and women at present. List another two that are performed only by women, men two that are performed by men only. Compare your list with that of any two of your classmates. Do you notice any similarities/ differences in your lists?
(a) Both men and women work in the offices as clerks, managers.
(b) Both men and women work in the police department.
(c) They work as pilots, doctors, engineers.
(d) Newsreaders on television & radios and anchoring other programs.
(a) Water transport. Mostly men row the boats or captain of the ship.
(b) Underwater divers, who explore the sunk ships.
The student should compare this list with others yourself.