Our team of subject expert teachers has prepared and reviewed the NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science History Chapter 3 From Gathering to Growing Food are given here will help you to prepare well and score good numbers in exams.
From Gathering to Growing Food NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science History Chapter 3
Class 6 History Chapter 3 From Gathering to Growing Food InText Questions and Answers
Can you think of any reasons why the dog was perhaps the first animal to be tamed?
The dog is
(a) Smaller in size and could be easily kept
(b) They are gentle and man learned they are loving creatures who followed their masters.
(c) Dog is an intelligent animal when it is compared with other animals like pig, sheep, and goat.
Look at the two sets of teeth given in the textbook page 23. Which do you think belongs to a wild pig and which to a domesticated animal.
Among the two sets of teeth
- One is much smaller in size and teeth are not sharp, they have rounded edges. They belong to domesticated animals.
- Another set of teeth are very large. It has sharp pointed teeth, may be used for tearing meat. They belong to the wild pigs.
Do you think hunters-gatherers would have made and used pots? Give reasons for your answer.
As grain had to be stored for both and seed, people and to think of ways of storing it. In many areas, they began making large clay pots. Hunter-gatherers went hunting animals and gather fruits and berries every day. So they did not need clay pots.
Apart from food, what are the other things that could have been obtained from animals? What are the animals used for today?
Apart from food animals give
- Skin and hide, used for making clothes.
- The bones were used to make tools.
- The blood was used for painting the walls of the caves.
- The sinews have used a thread
- The fat could be used to light the caves
Today we use animals
(a) beast of burden to cany loads
(b) for transportation, pulling the carts
(c) informing operations
Make a list of all the activities performed by men in tribal societies. What do women?
Men in the tribal societies did the following activities e.g. hunting, gathering, farming, herding, and fishing, in search of pasture for animals. Women did most of the agricultural work, including preparing the ground, sowing seed looking after the growing plants, driving away animals and birds that may eat them, women also thresh, husk, and grind grain.
Are there any activities that are done by both men and animals?
The activities done both by men and women are
- Cleaning and milking of animals.
- Making of pots, baskets, tools, huts.
- They also take part in singing, dancing, and decorating their huts.
What makes a tribe different from many other societies.
The tribes are different from many other societies because land, forests, grasslands, and water are regarded as the wealth of the entire tribe, and everybody shares and use these together. There is no sharp difference between the rich and the poor.
Look at layers 2 and 3. Which do you think is the earlier layer. Why?
Layer 3 is the earlier layer. When the mound is dug up, what is found from the upper layers of the mound is generally forms at a later time than what is found from the lower layers of the mound, which are older.
You are in charge of a small plot of land and have to decide what food crops to grow. What are the plants you would choose? Where would you get the seeds from? How would you plant them? How would you look after your plants? And when would they be ready for harvesting?
- I would like to plant wheat in my plot.
- I will get the seeds of wheat from the government outlet of seeds.
- To plant these seeds I will, first of all, prepare the land by proper plowing. Then 1 will sow the seeds and arrange for timely irrigation.
- I will protect my crop from the birds and insects by putting statues of fake men and using insecticides.
- The crop will be ready for harvesting around mid-April.
Class 6 History Chapter 3 From Gathering to Growing Food Exercise Questions and Answers
Why do people who grow crops have to stay in the same place for a long time?
People growing crops have to stay in the same place for a long time since the crops require maintenance, like constant watering and care for proper growth.
Look at the tabs on page 25 of the textbook, if Neinuo wanted to eat rice, which are the places she should have visited?
If Neinuo wanted to eat rice she should have gone to the state of West Bengal (a major rice producer area).
Why do archaeologists think that many people who lived in Mehrgarh were hunters to start with and that herding became more important later?
- Archaeologists who excavated the site of Mehrgarh found evidence of many kinds of animal bones from the earliest levels.
- These included bones of wild animals such as the deer and pig.
- In later levels, they found more bones of sheep and goats.
- And in still later levels, cattle bones are most common, suggesting that these were the animals that were kept generally by the people of Mehrgarh.
- The people of Mehrgarh were hunters to start with and that herding became more important later.
State whether true or false.
(a) Millets have been found at Hallur.
(b) People in Burzahom lived in rectangular houses.
(c) Chirand is a site in Kashmir.
(d) Jadeite, found in Daojali Hading, may have been brought from China.
List three ways in which the lives of farmers and herders would have been different from that of hunter-gatherers?
|Farmers – herders||Hunter-gatherers|
|Farmers and to stay at once place because they had to lend the plants and look after the fields.||The hunter had to migrate to those places where the game was plentiful.|
|Farmers could much more than was needed by his family.||The hunters-gatherers collected what was needed by them.|
|They stored the surplus food or sold them in the market.||They could not store food or sell them in the market.|
Make a list of all the animals mentioned in the table (Page 25 of the textbook). For each one, describe what they may have been used for
- Sheep – Meat and wool
- Goat – milk, and meat
- Dog – to look after the fields
- Cattle – for dairy and milk products
- Buffalo – milk giving the animal
- Ox – for plowing the field and pulling the carts
- Pig – for meat.
List the cereals that you eat?
List of the cereals:
- Black gram
- White gram
Do you grow the cereals you have listed in answer no 7. if yes draw a chart to show the stages in growing them. If not, draw a chart to show how these cereals reach you from the farmers who grow them.
The farmers grow the cereals. The various steps involved are :
- Plowing the field and putting manure.
- Sowing the seeds.
- Looking after the tender plants and saving them from pests.
- Watering the fields when necessary.
- Harvesting the crop.
- Storing them in the sheds.
The cereals reach the people from the farmers. The chart given below show it.