Our team of subject expert teachers has prepared and reviewed the NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science History Chapter 4 In the Earliest Cities People are given here will help you to prepare well and score good numbers in exams.
In the Earliest Cities NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science History Chapter 4
Class 6 History Chapter 4 In the Earliest Cities People InText Questions and Answers
Very often, old buildings are pulled down to make way for new construction. Do you think it is important to preserve old buildings?
Old buildings may have a beautiful ground plan, it may be designed carefully. But, the old has to give way to the new, e.g. recently when Metro rail was made in Delhi many old buildings were dismantled.
List at least two differences between the houses described in the chapter and those that you studied about in chapter 3.
The houses in Harappa were either one or two storeys high, with rooms built around a courtyard. Most houses had a separate bathing area and some had wells to supply water. At Mehrangarh, near Bolan Pass remains of the square and rectangular houses have been found. Each house had four or more compartments, some of which may have been used for storage.
Who is a craftsperson?
Craftspeople are men and women, making all kinds of things- either in their own houses or in a special workshop.
Make a list of the people who lived in the city. Were any of the people listed s living in villages such as Mehrgarh?
The people who lived in the city were
- Rulers, who planned the construction of the city
- Traders and merchants who travelled to distant lands to get metal, precious stones etc.
- Scribes, people who wrote and helped to prepare seals and wrote on other materials also.
- Craftsperson – including both men and women who made ornaments, vessels, beads, toys, pots.
Mehrgarh was one of the earliest villages. Here the people had learnt to grow barley and wheat and rear sheep and goats.
Was metal used in the villages you have learned about in Chapter 3? Was stone used to make weights?
The metal was not used in the villages. They made stone tools. In Daojali Hading they made tools from fossil wood, (ancient wood that has hardened into stone). Weights have not been found either at Mehrgarh or Daojali Hading.
Seals are used even today. Find out what they are used for.
Today seals have many uses. They are used to stamp bags or packets containing goods that are sent from one place to another.
Do you think that kings in Egypt would have needed things like food & drink, ornaments and utensils etc. after death?
The king would not have needed things like food and drink ornaments, clothes etc. These objects were buried along with the king because of faith and belief.
Imagine you are travelling with your parents about 4000 years ago, from Lothal to Mohenjodaros. Describe how you would travel, what your parents might carry with them and what would you see in Mohenjodaro.
Most of the journey from local to Mohenjodaro will be done on, bullock carts, along the dusty roads. My parents will carry food, water and clothes. In Mohenjodaro I would see
- A great tank i.e. the great bath.
- Big storehouse
- Houses with one or two storeys
- A well
- Streets with covered drains
- A citadel
Class 6 History Chapter 4 In the Earliest Cities Exercise Questions and Answers
How do archaeologists know that cloth was used in the Harappan civilization?
Actual pieces of cloth have been found in Mohenjodaro, attached to the lid of a silver vase and some copper objects. Spindle whorls have also been discovered, which were used to spin thread. This indicates cloth was used in the Harappan civilization.
Match the following :
Why were metals, writing, the wheel, and the plough important for the Harappans?
- Metals were used for Copper and bronze: Making tools, weapons, ornaments, vessels. Gold and silver: Ornaments, vessels.
- Writing has always been a very important means of communication. It was important for the Harappans also.
- The wheel was used in carts and pottery.
- The plough was used to dig the earth for turning the soil and for planting seeds.
Make a list of all the terracotta toys shown in the lesson. Which do you think children would have enjoyed playing with the most?
Most of the terracotta toys are the models of clay, which show = animal figures. Most probably the toys are models of cattle, rhinoceros, cow etc.
Make a list of what the Harappans ate, and put a tick mark against the things you eat today.
The people of Harappa grew wheat, barley, pulses, peas, rice, sesame, linseed and mustard. We today eat all these things they collected ber, hunted wild animals and caught fish.
Do you think that life of farmers and herders who supplied food to the Harappan cities was different from that of the farmers and herders you read about in chapter 3? Give a reason for your answer.
Some points of difference between the lives of farmers and herders who supplied food to the Harappan cities, and those of the previous chapter:
- Tools. Harappan farmers and herders used a wooden tool called plough which was used for turning the soil and planting seeds. The earlier farmers and herder used mortars and pestle for grinding grain. Their tools were also made of bone. ‘
- Irrigation. Harappan farmers and herders used irrigation for better productivity while the earlier ones did not.
- Storage. The Harappan farmers stored food in well-built granaries and not in clay pots, baskets, etc.
- Residence. Harappan farmers lived on the outskirts of cities, whereas there were no settled cities in the time of the farmers and herders in Chapter 3.
Describe three important buildings in your city or village. Are they located in a special part of the settlement (e.g. the centre)? What are the activities that take place in these buildings?
The three important building in my city, Delhi, are :
- Rashtrapati Bhavan: It is the official residence of the president of India.
- Parliament Houses Here the elected representatives of the people meet and discuss all important issues regarding the country.
- Supreme Court: ll is the highest court in the country where all the cases are decided. The building is called the supreme court building.
Is there any old building in your locality? Find out how old they are and who looks after them.
Yes, there are some old buildings in our locality. These buildings are looked after by a government department. The name of this department is the Archaeological Survey of India.