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Paragraph Writing for Class 8 CBSE Format, Topics Exercises, and Examples
- A paragraph is a group of sentences that develops one topic or idea.
- It has three main parts.
- The first part is the topic sentence. It is called the topic sentence because it states the topic or the subject of the paragraph.
- The second part is the supporting sentences. The supporting sentences develop the topic. This means that they explain the topic sentence in detail.
- The last part is the concluding sentence. The concluding sentence summarises the paragraph and/or adds a final comment.
- Important elements of Paragraph Writing
Element 1: Unity- A basic paragraph structure usually consists of five sentences: the topic sentence, three supporting sentences, and a concluding sentence. But the secret to paragraph writing lies in four essential elements, which when used correctly, can make a okay paragraph into a great paragraph. Every paragraph has one single, controlling idea that is expressed in its topic sentence, which is typically the first sentence of the paragraph. A paragraph is unified around this main idea, with the supporting sentences providing detail and discussion. In order to write a good topic sentence, think about your theme and all the points you want to make. Decide which point drives the rest, and then write it as your topic sentence.
Element 2: Order. Order refers to the way you organise your supporting sentences. Whether you choose chronological order, order of importance, or another logical way of presentation of detail, a solid paragraph always has a definite organisation. In a well-ordered paragraph, the reader follows along easily, aided by the pattern you’ve established. Order helps the reader grasp your meaning and avoid confusion.
Element 3: Coherence. Coherence is the quality that makes your writing understandable.. Sentences within a paragraph need to connect to each other and work together as a whole. One of the best ways to achieve coherence is to use transition words. These words create bridges from one sentence to the next. You can use transition words that show order (first, second, third); spatial relationships (above, below) or logic (furthermore, in addition, in fact). Also, in writing a paragraph, using a consistent verb tense and point of view are important ingredients for coherency.
Element 4: Completeness. Completeness means a paragraph is well-developed. If all sentences clearly and sufficiently support the main idea, then your paragraph is complete. If there are not enough sentences or enough information to support your idea, then the paragraph is incomplete. Usually three supporting sentences, in addition to a topic sentence and concluding sentence, are needed for a paragraph to be complete. The concluding sentence or last sentence of the paragraph should summarise your main idea by reinforcing your topic sentence.
Junk food has no or very little nutritional value and irrespective of the way it is marketed, they are not healthy to consume. Most of the food items labelled as junk food are high in saturated fats and sugar components and also excess of salts and lack any fiber. The only reason for their gaining popularity and increased consumption is that they are ready to eat or easy to cook. In the light of above statement, write a short paragraph describing the ill effects of junk foods.
The term junk food is self explanatory, it defines the food items that do no good to your body and they are completely unimportant to the body. People, of all age groups are moving towards junk food as it is hassle free and often ready to grab and eat. Soft drinks, chips, wafers, noodles, pizza, burgers, french fries, etc. are few examples from the vast variety of junk food available in the market.
The characteristic of junk food causes a spike in the energy levels and hence it lures people back to eat more, this makes it even more harmful. This eating pattern is likely to cause aggravated energy levels that fail to come down even at bed time and result in sleeping disorders. The most common bad effect is obesity which has become very common even amongst children aged as low as 3-5 years. Heart diseases, increased levels of blood pressure and sugar are more likely affect on person who is a regular consumer of oily junk foods.
Not only the heart, but liver can also be damaged due to excessive cholesterol formed in the body due to junk food habits. Digesting junk food consumes large amounts of energy from the body people consuming it experience lack of oxygen levels which gradually causes the brain to function properly. No fiber in junk food means strain on stomach and digestive ‘ system resulting in constipation.
Nutrition experts have researched the bad affects of junk food and come to the conclusion that junk food manufacturing companies are fooling the people by showing deceptive advertisements that show junk food as healthy. We must substitute junk food with healthier food like fruits and vegetables. So the next time you think of grabbing that burger, hotdog, pizza, samosa, kachori or even ice cream in a restaurant, eating joint or a party, stop your instincts and look for some healthier food options instead.
There’s a lot of indiscipline in your school. It is not liked by the school authorities. They ask you, the vice Head Boy, to talk to the junior children about the ‘Value of Discipline’ so as to make them understand the importance of discipline in one’s life. Write a paragraph on the above-mentioned topic.
Value of Discipline
Discipline is the law of nature. It is in man’s best interest to observe discipline in all walks of life. Discipline is the backbone of character. Without discipline, nothing great can be achieved in life. A man who does not observe discipline in life has to suffer. He becomes lethargic and arrogant. He is disliked by all. A student who does not obey his teachers and does not do his homework does not get success. An employee who does not work sincerely in office may be sacked any time. If sportsmen do not observe discipline cannot hope to win any match.
In the army, discipline is of utmost importance. Discipline leads to harmony whereas indiscipline leads to confusion. No life is worth living without discipline.
Conclusion A disciplined person is an asset to himself, to his family, to his society, to the nation and to mankind. Discipline works everywhere. It controls the physical movements and our morals. There is no sphere in heaven and the Earth where discipline does not dominate.
There is a fall in values in today’s life. Keeping this cue in mind, write a paragraph on ‘The Need For Moral Education in Schools’, so as to make the youth of today, aware of high moral standards.
Need for Moral Education in Schools
Philosophers have explained that the main purpose of education is to have a sound character. For this reason, moral education is gaining importance in the field of education. Man is a social animal. He learns social habits like helping people, respecting elders and being polite, during school years. When he learns good social habits, he becomes a responsible citizen. Moral education enables a person to choose the right path. It’s not that only teachers in schools can impart moral education to the children, but parents also play a great role by becoming role models for the children. What is moral education? It can be anything which teaches a person moral values and virtue. Values are the set of guidelines that a human being learns to follow.
Nobody is born with moral values in him or her. It is inculcated in him or her by his or her education and experience of life.
Conclusion Therefore, it becomes essential to inculcate moral values during school years as these are the most formative years in a child’s life. Education moulds the moral values in our characters. By educating children about morals and the young learners values in life we can make them fit for the society as well as the nation.
Write a paragraph on ‘The Importance of Good Health’.
The Importance of Good Health
Health is wealth. Good health is the greatest blessing that a person can have. It is the key to happiness. It is the secret of every happy man. Only a healthy person can enjoy life to its fullest and discharge his duties well. On the other hand, an ailing person is a burden on all. Therefore, we must try our best to maintain sound health. Fresh air, balanced diet, regular exercise, proper rest and stress free life are pre-requisites for good health. We should drink plenty of water, avoid over eating and should refrain from alcohol.
Most of all, we should have regular health check-ups. We must laugh more as laughing is a therapy and the secret of good health. The care of the body regarding food, exercise, rest and protection against disease, are essential for the preservation of sound health.
Conclusion Life is for living. Without health, life is deprived of not only much of its usefulness, but also its joys and pleasures. Let us remember that life is worth living only by a healthy body, mind and soul.
The level of pollution in big cities is increasing steadily. It is becoming more and more
important to bring pollution under control. Write a paragraph on ‘Environmental Pollution’ so as to make the people aware of the factors causing pollution.
The problem of environmental pollution is becoming more and more serious day by day. The ecological cycle is being disturbed by the people. Man is exploiting nature to the extent that natural resources are depleting. The main reason for environmental pollution is over population and poverty. The increased demand for food and other resources forces man to cut down forests which leads to an increase in the carbon dioxide ratio in the atmosphere. This results in heating up of the atmosphere. This is called global warming. Due to this, seasons are also undergoing a change.
All this forecasts disaster for human beings and other living beings. In order to bring pollution under control we need to conserve our forests, reduce the use of paper, petrol etc. Earth must be saved at any cost for the sake of survival.
Conclusion The need of the hour demands a check in environmental pollution. The government should take necessary steps in this direction.
Reading skills are essential to succeed in society. It is a source of knowledge and pleasure. Write a paragraph on ‘The Importance of Reading’.
The Importance of Reading
Reading broadens the vision of an individual. Bacon wrote in his essay. ‘Of Studies’. “Reading maketh a full man: conference a ready man: and writing an exact man”. In shaping the personality of an individual, the importance of reading cannot be denied. A person reads not only for the sole purpose of gaining knowledge, but also to get pleasure, provoke critical and original thinking and to broaden his vision. Reading makes man a better conversationalist and helps to relieve stress. Newspaper reading has become an important aspect in the life of a modern man.
Conclusion A typical modern man may get his breakfast or not, but he must get his newspaper. A good reader leads a disciplined life. Reading helps him to become a well informed. It boosts imagination and creativity in an individual. He is able to mix well with others and is never alone as books are his best friends.
Observe the following visual and write a paragraph on the famous personality.
Arvind Kejriwal was born on 16th August, 1968. He is an Indian politician and social activist. He served the Indian Revenue Service as an officer. He was the seventh Chief Minister of Delhi. He is also the current Chief Minister, having won the 2015 Delhi Assembly Elections. He is the leader of the Aam Admi Party (AAP). Kejriwal is a Mechanical Engineering graduate. In 2006, Kejriwal was awarded the Ramon Magsaysay Award for ‘Emergent Leadership’ recognisihg his involvement in a movement Parivartan, using the RTI legislation. It was a campaign against corruption. He donated his Magsaysay award money to the Public Cause Research Foundation, a Non-Governmental Organisation (NGO). In 2012, he launched the Aam Admi Party and defeated Chief Minister Shiela Dixit. Following the election, he became the Chief Minister of Delhi on 28th December, 2013. He resigned 49 days later, an action he later regretted.
Conclusion He apologised for quiting midway. He achieved a sweeping majority in the Delhi Legislative Assembly Elections and is proud to become the Chief Minister of Delhi for a second term.