These Sample papers are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 3
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 3
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Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 3 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 12 Geography is given below with free PDF download solutions.
Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 70
- There are 22 questions in all.
- All questions are compulsory.
- Question numbers 1-7 are very short answer questions carrying 1 mark each. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 40 words.
- Question numbers 8-13 are short answer questions carrying 3 marks each. Out of which one question is a value based question. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 80-100 words.
- Question numbers 14-20 are long answer questions carrying 5 marks each. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 150 words.
- Question numbers 21 and 22 are related to identification or locating and labelling of geographical features on maps carrying 5 marks each.
- Outline maps of the World and India provided to you must be attached within your answer book.
- Use of templates or stencils for drawing outline maps is allowed.
Write the sub-fields of Political geography.
Mention the ‘Natural advantage v/s social disadvantages’ of females.
Which waterways has drastically reduced the oceanic distances between India and Europe?
Name two member nations of LAIA.
What are satellite towns?
Explain the most important feature of the pipeline constructed from Naharkatia oil field to Barauni.
Which port is known ‘as riverine port’?
What do mean by border roads? Mention their importance.
The free run which the development economies attempted to take has already resulted in the greenhouse effect, ozone layer depletion, global warming, receding glaciers and degrading lands. Mention the human values by which such problems may be minimised or controlled.
Study the given map and answer the questions that follow.
10.1 Napie the largest metropolitan city and the state where it is located?
10.2 Name two states of Northern India without any metropolitan city.
10.3 Give a reason for the absence of metropolitan city in these states.
Jute is a fibre crop grown in India. Explain.
What do you mean by water quality? Why is the quality of water in India deteriorating? Give any two reasons.
Explain the contribution of sugar industry in the economic development of the country.
Government of India launched: The National Youth Policy in 2003. Why did government of India launch it? What are its objectives? Explain.
Question 15. Name two types of Iron ore found in India fairly in abundance. How did development of the iron and steel industry open the doors to rapid industrial development in India? Describe the role of raw-material in development of iron and steel industry in a specific region of a country.
Indian Railways network facilitates the movement of both freight and passengers and contributes to the growth of Indian economy.” Discuss five points to justify the statement by citing the improvements made by Indian Railways.
How many countries record low levels of human development? Trace out the reasons for countries with low Human Development Index value.
What is Kolkhoz? Describe its main characteristics.
Classify and explain the industries on the basis of raw materials with at least one example of each.
Explain the main characteristics of the Danube Waterway, the Volga Waterways and the Mississippi Waterways.
Identify the five geographical features shown on the given political outline map of the world as A, B, C, D and E and write their correct names on the lines marked near them with the help of the following information.
(A) A major seaport
(B) A major airport
(C) A Mega city
(D) Western terminal city of trans continental Railway
(E) An area of Nomadic Herding
Locate and label the following five features with appropriate symbols on the given political outline map of India.
(i) The state leading in groundnut production.
(ii) An international airport situated in Karnataka.
(iii) Headquarter of Southern Railway Zone.
(iv) An industrial region of Kerala.
(v) An oil refinery situated in Punjab.
Electoral Geography and Military Geography.
Females have a biological advantages over males as they tend to be more resilient than males but it is canceled out by the social disadvantages and discrimination that they face.
Brazil and Argentina.
Some old towns developed around metropolitan cities, such towns are known as satellite towns—Ghaziabad, Gurugram (Gurgaon).
It was Asia’s first cross country pipeline covering a distance of 1157 km.
(i) Road laid along international boundaries are called border roads.
(i) They play an important role in integrating people in remote areas with major cities and providing defence.
(ii) All countries have such roads to transport goods to border villages and military camps.
(i) To follow sustainable development concept
(ii) to be Eco-friendly
(iii) Awakening and cooperation
(i) Mumbai, (Maharastra)
(ii) Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand.
(iii) Nature of Terrain, climate, and poor facilities of employment and transportation.
(i) Jute is used for making coarse cloth, bags, sacks, and decorative items. It is a cash crop in West Bengal and adjoining eastern parts of the country.
(ii) India produces about three-fifth of jute production of the world and West Bengal accounts about three-fourth of the production in the country.
(iii) Bihar and Assam are the other jute growing areas. Being concentrated only in a few states, this crop accounts for only 0.5 percent of total cropped area in the country.
(i) Water quality refers to purity of water or water without unwanted foreign substances.
Deterioration of Water Quality:
(i) Water gets polluted by foreign matter such as micro organisms, chemicals, industrial and sewage wastes.
(ii) Such matters deteriorate the quality of water and render it unfit for human use. When toxic substances enter lakes, stream, rivers, ocean and other water bodies, they get dissolved in water. This result in pollution of water, quality of water deterioration.
(i) The sugar industry is the second most important agro based industry in the country. India, is the largest producer of both sugarcane and canesugar and contributes about 8% of total sugar production in the world.
(ii) Khandasari and gur or jaggery are also prepared from sugar. All these are used with or in place of sugar. India export these things to the many countries of Asia, Europe, Africa etc.
(iii) This industry provides employment for more than 4 lakh persons directly and large number of farmers indirectly. It is seasonal industry.
The National Youth Policy:
(i) An important aspect of population growth in India is the growth of its adolescents. The population in the 10-19 years is about 22 per cent (2001). The adolescent population is regarded as the youthful having high potentials.
(ii) Adolescents are quite vulnerable if not guided and channelised properly. There are many challenges for the society as far as these adolescents are concerned—lower age at marriage, illiteracy-female illiteracy; school dropouts, low intake of nutrients, high rate of maternal mortality, HIV/AIDS, infections, physical and mental disability, drug abuse etc.
(iii) In view of these, government of India has undertaken certain policies to impart proper ,education to them so that their energies are better chanelised and proper utilised. It is to look into the overall development of youth and adolescent population,
(i) The thrust of this policy is youth empowerment in terms of their effective participation in decision making and carrying the responsibility of an able leader.
(ii) Special emphasis was given in empowering women and girl child to bring parity in the male-female status.
(iii) Deliberate efforts where made to look into youth health, sports and recreation, creativity and awareness about new innovations in the spheres of science and technology.
- (i) The two main types of iron ore found in our country are Hematite and magnetite.
- (i) The iron and steel industry is basic to the industrial development of the country.
The development of the iron and steel industry opened the doors to rapid industrial development in India.
(ii) All sectors of the Indian industry depend heavily on the iron and steel industry for their basic infrastructure.
- (i) Raw materials besides iron ore and coking coal, essential for iron and steel industry are lime-stone, dolomite, manganese and fine clay. These are weight losing materials.
(ii) The development of iron and steel industries in India has happened due to the best location, near the source of raw materials. There is crescent shaped region comprising parts of Chhattisgarh, Northern Orissa, Jharkhand and western West Bengal, which is extremely rich in high grade iron ore, good quality coking coal and other supplementing raw materials.
Improvements made by Indian Railways.
(i) Indian Railways has launched extensive programme to convert the metre and narrow gauges to broad guage.
(ii) Steam engines have been replaced by diesel and electric engines. This step has increased the speed as well as the haulage capacity.
(iii) The replacement of steam engines run by coal has also improved the environment of the stations.
(iv) Metro rail has revolutionised the urban transport system in Kolkata, Delhi, Lucknow, Jaipur etc. The speed of trains have been increased. New trains for different destinations have been started. Many new towns cities and areas are connected with Indian Railways.
(v) Construction and’operation of Konkan Railway, 760 km long, is a great achievement of Indian-Railways. It is between Roha in Maharashtra to Mangalore in Karnataka. An engineering marvel, computerised/online ticket booking facilities are being provided to the passengers.
- 46 countries record low levels of human development. A large proportion of these are small countries.
- (i)Political Turmoil: The Human Development Index will remain low in the countries where political turmoil is present. Such practice is found in the countries of Africa and Asia continents.
(ii)Social instability: It is a major cause of low human development index. Some times it bursts as civil war. Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan and Yemen are the main examples.
(iii)Famine or high incidence of diseases: In this condition, when a large portion of population is in hunger/ or starvation condition or no positive results may be expected in this concept. AIDS, Cancer, TB etc are the main disease of such area.
(iv)More expenditure on defence than social sector: There are many countries which spend a major part of their budget on defence than on their social sector. Therefore, they are lagging in social sector.
- (i)The collective farming is based on social ownership of the means of production and collective labour. This model was known as Kolkhoz, introduced in Soviet Union.
- (i)The farmers used to pool in all their resources like land, livestock and labour. They were allowed to retain very small plots to grow crops in order to meet their daily requirements.
(ii)Yearly targets were set by the government and the produce was also sold to the state at fixed prices.
(iii)Produce in excess of the fixed amount was distributed among the members or sold in the market. Farmers had to pay taxes on the farm produces, hired machinery etc.
(iv)Members were paid accordingly to the nature of the work allotted to them by the farm management. Exceptional work was rewarded in cash or kind.
Industries based on raw material:
(c) chemical based
(d) forest based
(e) animal based
- (а) Agro based Industries: Agro-processing involves the processing of raw materials from the field and the farm into finished products for rural-urban markets. Sugar, pickles, fruit- juices, beverages and rubber are the main examples.
- (b) Mineral based Industries: These industries use minerals as a raw material. Some industries use ferrous metallic minerals, some use non-ferrous metallic minerals- Aluminum, Copper etc.
- (c) Chemical based Industries: Natural chemical minerals (petroleum) is used in petro-chemical industry. Salt, sulphur and potash industries use natural minerals. Some raw materials obtained from wood and coal. Synthetic fibre, plastic are the examples of chemical industries.
- (d) Forest based Industries: The forest provides many major/minor products used as raw materials. Timber for furniture industry. Wood, bamboo and grass for paper industry.
- (e) Animal based Industries: Leather for leather industry, wool for woolen textiles obtained form animals.
- The Danube Waterway:
(i) An important inland waterway serves Eastern Europe, it rises in the Black forest and flows eastwards.
(ii) It is navigable upto Tauma Severin. Wheat, maize, timber and machinery are the main items to export through it.
- The Volga Waterway:
(i) It is an important waterway of Russia. It provides a navigable waterway of 11,200 km and drain into Caspian Sea.
(ii) The Volga-Moscow canal connects it with the Moscow region and Volga-Don canal with Black Sea.
- The Mississippi Waterways:
(i) The Mississipi-Ohio waterway connects the interior part of USA with Gulf of Mexico in the south.
(ii) Large steamers can go through this route up to Minneapolis.
(iv) Kollam-Thiruvananthapuram region
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