CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Paper 4 are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Paper 4.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Paper 4
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Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 4 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 12 History is given below with free PDF download solutions.
Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 80
(i) Answer all the questions. Some questions have internal choice. Marks are indicated against each question.
(ii) Answer to question nos l to 3 carrying 2 marks should not exceed 30 words each.
(iii) Answer to question nos. 4 to 9 carrying 4 marks should not exceed 100 words. Students should attempt only 5 questions in this section.
(iv) Question 10 (for 4 marks) is a value based question and compulsory question.
(v) Answer to question nos 11 to 13 carrying 8 marks should not exceed 350 words.
(vi) Questions 14 – 16 are source based questions and have no internal choice.
(vii) Question 17 is a map question includes ‘identification’ and significant’test items.
PART – A
Answer all the Questions Given Below:
Mention any one of the most challenging episode in the Mahabharata.
Mention any two features about the location of the city of Vijaynagara.
Why was the Permanent settlement of land revenue rarely extended to any region beyond Bengal? Give two reasons.
PART – B
Section – I
Answer any Five of the Following Questions:
Discuss the factors that helped Magadha to become the most powerful Mahajanpada.
Discuss the rules that contained in the Dharmasutras and Dharmashastras about the ideal occupations of the four categories of vamas.
According to Bernier “Crown ownership of land had disastrous consequences for the state and the society”. Discuss.
Explain the relationship between the Mughals and the Ottomans.
Which strategies were devised by the Zamindars of Bengal to survive in the pressure of high revenue demand and auction of their lands.
“The congress rejected the offer of the Muslim league to form a joint Government”. Justify the statement.
Value Based Question
Read the following passage and answer the question that follow.
“Duryodhana invited Yudhisthira to a game of dice. The latter, who was deceived by his rival, staked his gold, elephants, chariots, slaves, army, treasury, kingdom, the property of his subjects, his brothers and finally himself and lost all. Then he staked their common wife Draupadi and lost her too.
Explain the values which can be expressed through this passage.
PART – C
Answer All the Questions Given Below:
Examine the factors which were the responsible for the collapse of the mature Harappan civilization by C 1800 BCE.
Archaeologists opted some strategies to find out the social or economic differences among the people living with in Harappan civilization. Discuss briefly.
Explain the significance of Kabir’s poems and the traditions the drew to describe the ultimate reality
Explain the factors which helped in the success of sufism.
How Gandhiji’s mass appeal was undoubtedly genuine in the context of Indian polities and how it contributed to his success in broadening the basis of nationalism? Discuss.
Why was the state monopoly in the manu feature and sale of salt unpopular among the marses? How the salt March of Mahatma Gandhi was notable? Explain.
PART – D
Source Based Questions
Reading the following excerpt carefully and answer the questions that follow
The Pandye chief Sengutturan visits the forest
This is an excerpt from the Silappadikaram, an epic written in Tamil: (When he visited the forest) people came down the mountain, singing and dancing … just as the defeated show respect to the victorious king, so did they bring gifts – ivory, fragrant wood, fans made of the hair of deer, honey, sandalwood, red ochre, antimony, turmeric, cardamom, pepper, etc…. they brought coconuts, mangoes, medicinal plants, fruits, onions, sugarcane, flowers, areca nut, bananas, baby tigers, lions, elephants, monkeys, bear, deer, musk deer, fox, peacocks, musk cat, wild cocks, speaking parrots, etc. ..
- What were the gifts people brought? Mention.
- Why did people bring these gifts?
- What would the chiefs have used there for?
Read the following excerpt carefully and answer the questions that follows.
Bom in 1754, Colin Mackenzie became famous as an engineer, surveyor and cartographer. In 1815 he was appointed the first Surveyor General of India, a post he held till his death in 1821. He embarked on collecting local histories and surveying historic sites in order to better understand India’s past and make governance of the colony easier. He says that “it struggled long under the miseries of bad management … before the South came under the benign influence of the British government”. By studying Vijayanagara, Mackenzie believed that the
East India Company could gain “much useful information on many of these institutions, laws and customs whose influence still prevails among the various Tribes of Natives forming the general mass of the population to this day”.
- Who was Maekanzie? Mention his contribution to the study of India’s past.
- How was his account useful for the East India Company?
- Write the sources which enable historians reconstruct the story of Vijaynagara kingdom.
Read the following excerpt carefully and answer the questions that follows.
This is an example of a petition from a ryot of the village of Mirajgaon, Taluka Kaijat, to the Collector, Ahmednagar, Deccan Riots Commission: The sowkars (sahukars )… have of late begun to oppress us. As we cannot earn enough to defray our household expenses, we are actually forced to beg of them to provide us with money, clothes and grain, which we obtain from them not without great difficulty, nor without their compelling us to enter into hard conditions in the bond. Moreover the necessary clothes and grain are not sold to us at cash rates. The prices asked from us are generally twenty-five or fifty per cent more than demanded from customers making ready money payments … The produce of our fields is also taken by the sowkars, who at the time of removing it assure us that it will be credited to our account, but they do not actually make any mention of it in the accounts. They also refuse to pass us any receipts for the produce so removed by them.
- Why were the ryots not given loans by sowkars?
- Explain the difficulties the ryots had to face for getting loan from the sowkars.
- Why were the ryots unable to pay the inflated demand? Explain.
PART – E
17.1. On the given outline map of India, locate and label the following with appropriate symbols.
17.2. On the same outline map of India, three centres related to the important kingdoms have been marked A, B and C. Identify them and write their correct names on the lines drawn near them.
(i) One of the most challenging episodes in the Mahabharata is the marriage of Draupadi with the Pandavas.
(ii) This is an example of polyandry that is central to the narrative.
(i) The natural basin formed by the river Tungabhadra which flows in a north easterly direction.
(ii) The surrounding landscape is characterised by stunning granite hills that seem to form a girdle around the city.
(i) After 1810 agriculture prices rose, increasing the value of harvest produce and enlarging the income of Bengal Zamindars.
(ii) Revenue demand was fixed under the permanent settlement of the colonial state could not claim any share of this enhanced income.
(i) It was the region whose agriculture was especially productive.
(ii) Iron mines were accessible and provided resources for tools and weapons.
(iii) Elephants, an important component of army were found in forest in the region. The Ganga and its tributaries provided a means of cheap and convenient communication.
(iv) The policies of individuals like ruthlessly ambitious kings of whom Bimbisara, Ajatasutra and Mahapadma Nanda are the best known and their ministers who helped implement their policies.
(i) The Dharmasutras and Dharmashastras contained rules about the ideal occupations of four
categories. Brahmans were supposed to study and teach the vedas, perform sacrifices and get sacrifices performed and receive gifts.
(ii) Kshatriyas were to engage in warfare, protect the people and administer justice, study the vedas get sacrifices performed and make gifts.
(iii) Vaishyas were assigned to study the Vedas get sacrifices performed and make gifts as the Kshatriyas and in addition were also expected to engage in agriculture, pastoralism and trade.
(iv) Shudras were assigned only one assignment that of serving the three higher status.
The four vamas had to follow the rules about the ideal occupations as given in Dharmasutras and Dharmshastras.
(i) Bernier was a firm believer in the virtues of private property and saw crown ownership of land as being harmful to both the state and its people.
(ii) He thought that in Mughal Empire the emperor owned all the land and distributed it among his nobles and that this had disastrous consequences for the economy and society.
(iii) As the ownership of land vested with the Crown, the land owners could not pass on their land to their children. They were aversed to long term investment in the sustenance and expansion of production.
(iv) Bernier saw the Mughal Empire, its king was the king of ‘beggars and barbarians’. Cities and towns were ruined and contaminated will ill air and its fields overspread with bushes and fall of pestilential marshes’. Reason for this was ‘Crown ownership of land’.
(i) It was marked by the concern to ensure free movement for merchants and pilgrims in the
territories under Ottoman control.
(ii) This was especially true for the Hijaz that part of Ottoman Arabia were the important pilgrims centres. Mecca and Madina were located.
(iii) The Mughal Emperor usually combined religion and commerce by exporting valuable merchandise to Aden and Mokha both Red Sea ports.
(iv) They distributed the proceeds of the sales in charity to the keepers of shines and religious men there. Aurangzeb discovered cases of misappropriation of funds sent to Arabia. He favored their distribution in India which he thought, was as much a house of God as Mecca.
Two strategies devised by Zamindars of Bengal to service the pressure of high revenue demand and auction of their lands.
(a) (i) Fictions Sale-It involved series of manoeuvres. Raja of Burdwan, first transfered
some of his zamindaris to his mother.
(ii) The East India Company had decreed that the property of women would not be taken over.
(b) Manipulating of auction by agents of zamindars:
- The revenue demand of the company was deliberately with held and unpaid balances were allowed to accumulate.
- When a part of the estate was auctioned the zamindar’s men bought the property, out bidding other purchasers.
- They refused to pay up the purchase money, so that the estate had to be resold. Once again it was bought by the zamindar’s agents. Once again the purchase money was not paid, once again there was an auction.
- This process was repeated endlessly; exhausting the state and other bidders at the action.
- At last the estate was sold at a low price back to the zamindar.
- The zamindar never paid the full revenue demand, the company rarely recovered the unpaid balances that had piled up.
- The congress rejected the offer of the Muslim League to form a joint government due to
many reasons. In 1937, elections for provincial legislatures were held for the first time.
- The Congress secured absolute majority in out of eleven provinces and forming governments in seven of them.
- It did badly in the constituencies reserved for Muslims, but the Muslim league faired poorly and got only 4.4% of the total Muslim votes cast in the election.
- In the united Provinces, Muslim League wanted to form a joint government with the Congress. As the Congress had won an absolute majority in the province so it rejected the offer.
(i) Deceive like injustice
(ii) Kinship and wife are not property.
(iii) Game of dice is cause of lost of wisdom & wealth
(iv) Be careful with rivals.
- The possible factors for collapsing of the mature Harappan civilisation are as follow:
(iii) Climatic change
(v) Excessive Flood
(vi) Drying up of rivers.
- Many views are expressed by various scholars regarding the collapsing and disappearance of mature Hrappan culture.
- Perhaps the excessive use of deforestation caused by the use of trees for making burnt bricks. Civic standard in the leading to ultimate decay.
- Frequent floods were also responsible for the evacuation of Mohenjodaro. At least on three occasions devasting floods swept over the city according to geological evidence.
- Progressive desiccation due to change of climate is offered one possible reason for the decline of the land deterioration of agriculture.
- In the Rigveda Indra is said to have earned the name of Purandara by destorying the Purasor forts. These forts are mentioned in the Rigveda that Indus people found in Harappa, Mohenjodaro and other places.
- The ultimate extinction was certainly due to invasion by the people who were probably the Aryans. It must have come collapsed about C1800 BCE.
(i) Archaeologists generally use some strategies to find out the social and economic differences amongst people living within a particular in Harappan civilization.
- At burials in Harappan sites the dead were laid down in pits, which were made in different ways like the hollowed out spaces were lined with bricks.
- Some graves contained pottery and ornaments indicating a belief that these could be used in the after life. Jewellery was also found in burials of both men and women.
- An ornament consisting of three skull rings a jasper, bead and hundreds of micro beads was found in excavations at the cometary in Harappan in mid 1980s. Dead were found hurried with copper mirrors in some cases.
- Objects of daily use made of ordinary materials like stone or clay which were quems, pottery, needles, flesh-rubbers were usually found distributed throughout settlements.
- Archaeologists found out objects which were rare and made of costly, non-local materials. Little pots of faience were consider precious as they were difficult to make.
- The distribution of rare artefacts of valuable materials were concentrated in large settlements like Mohenjodaro and Harappa and rarely found in smaller settlements.
- Miniature pots of faience used as perfume bottles, were found in Mohenjodaro and Harappa.
The findings of the above artefacts prove that there were social and economic differences in Harappan culture.
- Kabir, the most popular Bhakti Saints of 15th century believed that God is one but may be called different names-Hari, Allah, or Rahim.
- His poems survived in several languages and dialects. Some are composed in the special languages.
- He believed in the equality of human beings and opposed prejudice concerning untouchability and distractions based on caste.
- The language of his poetry was a form of spoken Hindi widely understood by common people and used by nirguna poets-Sant Basha, others are known as ulatbansi.
- Kabir drew on a range of traditions to describe God-the ultimate Reality.
- He described God as ‘Allah’, Hazrat and Pir. He drew on Vedantic traditions referring God as Alakh (the unseen), Nirakar (formless Brahman and Atman).
- Terms which had mystical connotations like ‘Shabda’ (Sound) or ‘Shurya’ were taken from yogic traditions.
- He preached the religion of love. He used the sufi concept of’Zikr’ and ‘Ishq’.
- The approach of sufi towards individual salvation made them a vibrant force in society. They promoted the idea that salvation could be achieved in life through charity.
- Their emphasis that God should not only be accepted as creator but he should be experienced by living his creations helped Sufi movement transcend the narrow and purposeless confines of theology.
- The flexibility of the Sufis helped them adapt to the nature of the milieu as was evident
1 from their adoption of ritualistic parties and qawwalies in their khanqahs.
- Hinduism did not arise aversion in them as it did among traditional Islamic clerics. They derived inspiration from many Hindu religious ideologies and philosophical treatises- Hatha yog and Nath cult.
- It did not favour forced conversions. Its real face lay in the compelling personalities of the pirs, idea of brotherhood and simple life.
- Sufi attitude was demonstrated in local language and music. Songs were composed in Hindavi and unlike the ulama and nobility did not cling to any one language for the sake of exclusivity.
- Love for humanism, emphasis on equality and brotherhood made them popular among the hitherto discriminated castes and classes.
- The early converts to sufism emerged from the lower castes and strata.
(a) Gandhiji mass appeal:
- He appeared to the Indian peasant as a saviour, who would rescue them from high taxes and oppressive officials and restore dignity and autonomy to their lives.
- Gandhiji appeal among the poor and the peasants in particulars, was enhanced by his ascetic lifestyle and by his shrewed use of symbols such as the dhoti and the Charkha.
- Gandhiji’s simple life style and love of working with ‘his hands’ allowed him to empathise more fully with the labouring poor and then in turn to empathise with him.
- Gandhiji’s mass appeal was undoubtedly genuine in the context of Indian politics.
(b) Gandhiji mass appeal contributed to his success in broadening the basis of nationalism was based on careful organisation.
- New branches of the Congress were set up in various parts of India.
- A series of ‘Praja Mandals’ were established to promote the nationalist creed in the princely states.
- Gandhiji encouraged the communication of the nationalist message in the mother tongue rather than the language of the rulers, English.
- In these different ways nationalism was taken to the farthest comers of the country and embraced by all the social groups.
(a) State monopoly in the manufacture and sale of salt was unpopular among the masses.
- Because in every Indian household, salt was indispensible, yet people were forbidden from making salt even for domestic use compelling them to buy it from shops at a high price.
- The state monopoly over salt was deeply unpopular.
- By making it his target Gandhiji heped to mobilise a wider discontent against British rule.
(b) How salt march was noticeable:
- It was this event that first brought Mahatma Gandhi to world attention.
- The march was widely covered by the European and American press.
- It was the first nationalist activity in which women participated in large numbers.
- The socialist activist Kamla Devi Chattopadhyay had persuaded Gandhiji not to
restrict the protests to men alone.
- It was the salt march which forced upon the British the realisation on their Raj would not last forever and that they would have to devalue some power to the Indians.
(i) (i) Ivory
(ii) Fragrant wood
(iv) Red choire
(v) Medicinal plants
(vi) Fruits – coconut, manages
(ii) (a) To mark respect
(b) To pay homage
(iii) (a) The chief would have used these gifts from his Subordinates.
(b) They were subordinated amongst his supporters as generally there were no regular armies and officials in chiefdoms.
(i) (a) Colin Mackenzie was an employee of the East India Company, an engineer, surveyor and cartographer.
(b) He brought to light the ruins at Hampi, of the Vijaynagar kingdom.
(ii) (a) Helped the English better understand India’s past.
(b) Made governance of the colony easier-Enabled the foreign rulers-the English better understand Indian institutions, laws, customs thats influence remain prevailed among the local masses.
(iii) (a) Oral tradition-recollections of people living in the Krishna and Tungabhadra doab.
(b) Archaeological finds and monuments.
(c) Inscriptions and other records.
(i) (a) The ryots were not given loans by sowkars because he no longer had confidence in the ryots capacity to repay.
(b) When the ryots were unable to pay the inflated demand when prices were falling and cotton fields were disappearing.
(ii) (a) The oppression of the sowkars.
(b) Compelled the ryots to enter in to hard conditions in the bond for obtaining loan from them.
(c) The produce of their fields was also taken by the sowkars. They refused to pass them any receipts for the produce so removed by them.
(iii) (a) The ryots were unable to pay the inflated demand because as the credit dried up; revenue demand increased.
(b) The first revenue settlement was in the 1820 and 1830s. Now it was time for the next. In new settlement the demand was increased dramatically from 50 to 100 per cent.
(2) (A) Shakas, (B) Satavahanas, (C) Cheras
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