CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Paper 6 are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Paper 6.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Paper 6
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Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 6 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 12 History is given below with free PDF download solutions.
Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 80
(i) Answer all the questions. Some questions have internal choice. Marks are indicated against each question.
(ii) Answer to question nos 1 to 3 carrying 2 marks should not exceed 30 words each.
(iii) Answer to question nos. 4 to 9 carrying 4 marks should not exceed 100 words. Students should attempt only 5 questions in this section.
(iv) Question 10 (for 4 marks) is a value based question and compulsory question.
(v) Answer to question nos 11 to 13 carrying 8 marks should not exceed 350 words.
(vi) Questions 14 -16 are source based questions and have no internal choice.
(vii) Question 17 is a map question includes ‘identification’ and significant’ test items.
PART – A
Answer all the Questions given below:
How did Brahmanas develop a sharper social divide? Mention two points.
What do you mean by ‘Sufi Silsila’?
Mention the account which was used by Cunningham to locate the early settlements of Harappan civilization.
PART – B
Section – I
Answer any Five of the following questions:
How was Kharosthi deciphered? Explain.
“The Mahabharata is a good source to study the Kinfolk’s values of ancient times”. Justify the statement.
Describe the condition of an average peasant of North India during the 17th century.
How did the white officers make it a point during the 1820s till 1840s to maintain friendly relations with the Sepoys?
“Somnath Lahiri, a communist member, saw the dark hand of British imperialism hanging over the deliberations of the Constituent Assembly”. Examine the statement with support.
Discuss the important features of Islamic religion which contributed to its spread through the sub-continent.
Section – II
Value Based Question
Read the following passage and answer the question that follow.
“Nawab Wajid Ali Shah was widely loved and when he left his beloved Lucknow, there were many who followed him all the way to Kanpur singing songs of lament. The widespread sense of grief and loss at the Nawab’s exile was recorded by many contemporary observers. One of them wrote: “The life was gone out of the body and of this town had been left lifeless. There was no street or market and house which did not wail out the cry of agony in separation of Jan-i-alam’. On folk song be moaned that the honorable English came and took the country”
Which values are revealed in the above passage?
PART – C
Answer all the questions given below:
Explain the organization of the army during the rule of Akbar as given in ‘Ain’.
Discuss the important functions of the Panchayat in the Mughal era.
Discuss broad architectural styles used by the British for the public buildings in the colonial cities.
Why did the fifth report become the basis of intense debate in England? Explain.
How did the Constituent Assembly seek to resolve the language controversy? Discuss.
Discuss the sources from which the history of partition has been constructed.
PART – D
Source Based Questions
Read the following excerpt carefully and answer the questions that follow
The Sudarshana (beautiful) lake in Gujarat
The Sudarshana lake was an artificial reservoir. We know about it from a rock inscription (c. second century CE) in Sanskrit, composed to record the achievements of the Shaka ruler Rudradaman. The inscription mentions that the lake, with embankments and water channels, * was built by a local governor during the rule of the Mauryas. However, a terrible storm broke the embankments and water gushed out of the lake. Rudradaman, who was then ruling in the area, claimed to have got the lake repaired using his own resources, without imposing any tax on his subjects. Another inscription on the same rock (c. fifth century) mentions how one of the rulers of the Gupta dynasty got the lake repaired once again.
- Write the achievements of Rudradaman during the 2nd century CE.
- Write about the irrigation system of the Mauryan Empire.
- Mention the values demonstrated by Rudradaman that can be taken from the passage.
Read the following excerpt carefully and answer the questions that follow.
This is perhaps one of the most poignant descriptions by Bernier: At Lahore I saw a most beautiful young widow sacrificed, who could not, I think, have been more than twelve years of age. The poor little creature appeared more dead than alive when she approached the dreadful pit: the agony of her mind cannot be described; she trembled and wept bitterly; but three or four of the Brahmanas, assisted by an old woman who held her under the arm, forced the unwilling victim toward the fatal spot, seated her on the wood, tied her hands and feet, lest she should run away, and in that situation the innocent creature was burnt alive. I found it difficult to repress my feelings and to prevent their bursting forth into clamorous and unavailing rage.
- How has Bernier described the practice of sati?
- Describe the feelings of Bernier that he has expressed the passage.
- How has Bermier highlighted the treatment of women as a crucial marker of difference between Western and Eastern societies?
Read the following excerpt carefully and answer the questions that follow.
Dakshayani Velayudhan from Madras, argued: What we want is not all kinds of safeguards. It is the moral safeguard which gives protection to the underdogs of this country … I refuse to believe that seventy million Harijans are to be considered as a minority… what we want is the … immediate removal of our social disabilities.’
- Mention the recommendations made by the constituent Assembly regarding Depressed castes.
- What was the new point of the Depressed castes in the Constituent Assembly.
- What was Ambedkar’s demand for the Depressed castes during the Nnational Movement? Why did Gandhi oppose it?
PART – E
17.1. On the given outline map of India, locate and label the following with appropriate symbols.
17.2. On the same outline map of India three centres related to the main centres of the Revolt of
1857 have been marked as A, B and C. Identify them and write their correct names on the lines drawn near them.
(i) Brahmanas developed a sharper social divide by classifying some categories as untouchables.
(ii) These who supposed themselves pure stopped taking food from those they considered untouchables.
(i) Sufi-Silsilas started to form in many parts of the Islamic world around the 12th century.
(ii) Silsila literally means an unbroken chain, symbolising a continuous link between master and disciple, stretching an uninterrupted spiritual genealogy to the Prophet Muhammad.
(a) To locate the early settlements of Harappan Civilization, Cunnigham used accounts left by Chinese Buddhist pilgrims.
(b) They had visited the subcontinent in between the 4th and 7th centuries CE to locate early settlements.
(i) The finds of coins of Indo Greek kings who ruled over the area during C 2nd – 1st centuries BCE have definitely facilated the decipherment of Kharosthi.
(ii) These coins had the names of kings written in Greek and Kharosthi scripts. European scholars who could read Greek compared letters of Greek and Kharosthi.
(iii) The sign for ‘a’ could be found in both scripts for writings names such as Apollodotus.
(iv) James Princep identified the language of the Kharosthi inscriptions as Prakrit; with this it became easy to read longer inscriptions.
(i) The Mahabharata is a good source to study the kinfolk’s values of ancient times. Families
are not identical. People belonging to the same family share food and various resources and live, work and perform rituals together.
(ii) Families bonds are generally considered as ‘natural’ and based on blood. They are defined in different ways. Some societies consider cousins as being blood relations, whereas others do not consider so.
(iii) It is a story of kinship relations. It narrates a feud over land and power between two groups of cousins, the Kauravas and the Pandavas who belonged to a single ruling family.
(iv) Draupadi’s marriage with the Pandavas is one of the most challenging episodes in the Mahabharata, an example of polyandry. It indicates that polyandry may have been prevalent amongst ruling elites.
(i) During the 17th century condition of an average peasant of North-India was rather
miserable. They had to face untold difficulties after a famine.
(ii) The average peasant did not have more than a pair of bullocks and two ploughs generally. Most of the peasants had even less.
(iii) Their lands were bought and sold in the same way as the lands of other property holders,
(iv) There were two kinds of peasants (i) Khud-Kashta and (ii) Pahi-Kashta. First one, who had their lands and later, were the non-resident cultivators who belonged to some other village. They cultivated lands elsewhere on a contractual basis.
(i) Prior to the revolt of 1857, the relationship of the sepoys with their superior white officers subjected to a significant change.
(ii) The white officers made it a point to keep friendly relation with the sepoys. They would actively took part in their leisure activities. Several could speak in Hindustani easily and were familiar with cultural and traditions of the country.
(iii) In the 1840s, the balance of mutual relationship changed drastically. The white officers created a sense of superiority and started keeping the sepoys as their racial inferiors.
(iv) The equation of superior and interior changed the whole script of mutual relationship. The elements of abuse and physical violence became routine activities. The distance between sepoys and officers became wider so mutual suspicious cropped up.
(i) Somnath Lahiri was a communist member. He interpreted that the interim government was working under the influence of British government in London.
(ii) An interim administration headed by Jawahar Lai Nehru was in place but it could only operate under the direction of the viceroy and the British Government in London.
(iii) The Constituent Assembly was British made and was ‘working the British plans as the British should like it to be worked out.
(iv) For every, little difference and had to run to the Federal Court. The final power was still in the British hands and the question of power was not finally decided.
(i) There were some important features of Islamic religion which contributed to its spread.
Muslim rulers adopted a moderately flexible policy towards their subjects. Many rulers gave land endowments and granted tax exemptions to Hindu, Jain, Christian etc.
(ii) The coming of Islam were not restricted to ruling aristocrats, actually they spread far and wide through the subcontinent, amongst various social strata-peasants, artisans, warriors, merchants etc.
(iii) The people who adopted Islam accepted, in principle, the five pillars of the faith, that there is one God; Allah and Prophet Muhammad, his messenger, offering prayers five times a day, giving alms, fasting during the month of Ramzan and performing the pilgrimage to Mecca.
(iv) There universal characteristics were overlaid with diversities in practice derived from sectarian affiliation and the influence of local customary practices, concerts from various social milieus.
(v) The complex blend of a universal faith with local traditions is probably exemplified in the architecture of mosques. The Sufis laid emphasis on seeking salvation through intense devotion and love for God by following.
(i) Emotional bond between ruler and his subject.
(ii) Insurmountable and extensive love for ruler.
(iii) Sentimental bridge between the ruler and subject.
(iv) Feelings of people were mercilessly suppressed.
- We get a comprehensive account of the organisation of the army during the rule of Akbar from the Ain-i-Akbari of Abul Fazl Allami. Akbar’s army comprised three parts.
- (a) The troops provided by the Rajas or Chiefs who were band to supply military assistance to the emperor.
(b) The contingents of the mansabdars.
(c) Emperor’s standing army.
- There were two other groups of soldiers. They were known as Dakhils and Ahdis. Those soldiers had to serve the Mughal Emperor as his bodyguards and were handsomely paid,
- The imperial army consisted of the main branches which were as followed:
(a) The infantry
(b) The artillery
(c) The cavalry
(c) The elephant crops
(e) The navy.
- The infantry and artillery were not highly skilled, however tried to improve their skills and efficiency.
- The cavalry was the main strength of the army. The emperor maintained a big stable.
- The Mughals were not a naval power yet Akbar had a naval department.
The important functions of the panchayat in the Mughal era were as follow:
(a) Collection of Funds:
- The panchayat derived its funds from contributions made by individuals to a common financial pool. These funds were used for meeting the casts of entertaining revenue officials who visited the village from time to time.
- Expenses for community welfare activities such as funding over natural calamities were also not from these funds.
- The funds were also deployed in construction of a bund or digging a canal.
(b) Regarding caste boundaries:
- One of die most important functions of the panchayat was to ensure that caste boundaries among die various communities inhabiting the village were uphold.
- In eastern India all marriages were held in die presence of the mandal.
- The duty of the village headman was to oversee the conduct of the members of village community so as to do any offence against their caste.
(c) Authority to levy fines:
- The Panchayats had the authority to levy fines and inflict more serious forms of punishment like expulsion from die community.
- It meant the person was forced to leave the village and become an outcaste and he lost the right to practice his profession. Such a measure was taken as a violation of caste norms.
(a) The Neo-classical style:
- The neo-classical or the new classical had several features. It comprised construction of geometrical structures fronted with raised pillars.
- This style was adopted from the buildings of ancient Rome. The British wanted to display the grandeur of imperial Rome.
- This architectural style was also suitable for tropical weather of India. The Town hall in Bombay was built in this style.
(b) New Gothic Style:
- This style was imported from fashions prevalent in Europe. It is characterised by high pitched roofs, pointed arches and detailed decoration.
- The Gothic style has its roots in churches built in Northern Europe during the medieval period.
- Many Indian merchants- Sir Cawasjee Jehangir, Premchand, Roychand adopted the building style in the belief it would help make Bombay a modem city.
- The Secretariat, university of Bombay, High Court, Victoria terminus are the most spectacular example.
(c) Indo-Saracenic Style:
- It is a hybrid style, began in 20th century and characterised by domes Dalis, Chhatris and arches.
- The inspiration for this style was medieval buildings in India. By integrating Indian and European styles in public architecture the British tried to express their legitimacy as rulers of India.
- Best examples-The Gateway of India and Taj Mahal Hotel.
- The language controversy was a sensitive and tedious issue before the Constituent Assembly. It was a challenging task to untwist this knotty problem R.V. Dhulekar, a Congressman from the united provinces made a strong plea that Hindi should be used as the language of constitution making.
- When Dhulekar was told that not all the members of the Constituent Assembly knew the language, at this Dulekar retorted.
- People who are present in this house to fashion a constitution for India and do not know Hindustani are not worthy to be members of this Assembly. They better leave”.
- The pungent remark created lots of commotion in the house. Dhulekar proceeded with his speech in Hindi. Nehruji intervened at this crucial juncture to restore peace in the house.
- Controversial issue contributed to disrupt proceedings of the Constituent Assembly and agitate members over the subsequent three years. On 12 Sept 1947, Dhulekar’s speech on the language of the nation once again kicked in huge storm.
- The language committee of the Constituent Assembly submitted its report and had thought of a compromise formula to resolve dead lock between those advocated Hindi as the National language and those who opposed it committee had decided but not formally declared Hindi in the Devangri script, would be the official language.
- The tradition to Hindi would be in stages for the first 15 years, English would continue to be used for all official purposes. By referring to Hindu as the official rather than the national language; the committee expected to satisfy boiling emotions and arrive at a solution that would be acceptable to all.
- Shrimati Durgabai from Madras explained her worries and informed in the house these that opposition in the South against Hindi was very strong. Discussion became bitter, many members of the Assembly appealed for the split of accommodation.
T. A. Ramalingam Chettier emphasised that whatever was done had to be done with caution, the cause of Hindi would not be helped if it was pushed too aggressively. The fears of the people, they were unjustified; has to be allayed or else, bitter feelings left behind.
Many sources are given from which the history of partition has been constructed.
- It helps us grasp experiences and memories in detail. It enables historians to write richly textured vivid accounts of what happened to people during events such as partition.
- It is impossible to extract this kind of information from government documents. The latter deals with the policy and party matters and various state sponsored scheme.
- In case of partition, government reports and files as well as the personal writings of high level throw ample light on negotiations between the British and the major political parties about the future of India.
(b) Memories and Experiences:
- Millions of people viewed Partition in terms of the suffering and challenges of the time. It was no more constitutional divisions or just the party politics of the Muslim league, congress and others.
- Memories and experience shape the reality of an event, the unexpected alterations in life unfolded between 1946 and 1950 and beyond requiring psychological, emotional and social adjustment.
(c) Oral Narration:
- Oral history allows historians to broaden the boundaries of their discipline by rescuing from oblivion, the lived experiences of the poor and the powerless.
- The oral history of partition has succeeded in exploring the experiences of those men and women whose experience has been ignored taken for granted only in passing in mainstream history.
(d) Family Histories: It tells us about the agonies faced by the members of the families, their sufferings and trauma during the partition.
(1) (a) A terrible storm broke the embankment and water gushed out of the lake.
(b) Rudradaman claimed to have got the lake repaired.
(c) Rudradaman used his own resources without imposing any tax on his subject.
(2) (a) Irrigation was done through wells and tanks.
(b) Canals were used for irrigation.
(3) (a) He adopted positive attitude towards his subjects. It is a good example of public welfare.
(b) He got the lake repaired using his own resources without imposing any tax.
(1) (i) A beautiful young widow, not more than 12 years was being sacrificed.
(ii) The poor little creature appeared more dead than alive when she approached the dreadful pit.
(iii) The young widow was trembling and weeping bitterly, was being held by 3 or 4 Brahmanas assisted by an old man. They forced her towards the fatal spot and made her seated on the wood, her hands and feet were tied.
(2) (a) It was a terrible scene that moved Bernier’s feelings.
(b) Bernier found it difficult to repress his feelings.
(3) (a) In the western societies sati system is not found.
(b) The system was in vogue in the Eastern societies till 20th century.
(1) (a) Untouchability be abolished.
(b) Hindu temples be thrown open to all castes.
(c) Reservation of seats in legislatures for lower castes.
(2) (a) The view point of the Depressed Castes was presented by N. Nagappa, Dakhayini Velyudhan and K. J. khanderkar. Problem of Depressed castes-Untouchables could not be resolved through protection and safeguards.
(b) Disabilities were caused by social norms and moral values of caste society. What was needed, were moral safeguards and immediate removal of social disabilities.
(3) (a) Ambedkar demanded for separate electorates for the depressed castes.
(b) Gandhiji opposed his demand as it could segregate the depressed castes from the rest of the society.
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