NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture are part of NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science. Here we have given NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture.
|Subject||Social Science Geography|
|Number of Questions Solved||10|
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture
From the exam point of view, the students should be able to :
- Recognise the different types of farming with their features practiced in India
- Examine how varied conditions of climate and agricultural development have led to the use of different farming techniques
- Understand that agricultural production cannot be regulated as it depends on physical conditions
- Evaluate the contribution of agriculture to the national economy
- Identify agricultural problems and the technological and institutional measures implemented by the government to solve them
Which one of the following describes a system of agriculture where a single crop is grown on a large area?
(a) Shifting agriculture
(b) Plantation agriculture
(d) Intensive agriculture
Which one of the following is a rabi crop?
Which one of the following is a leguminous crop?
Which one of the following is announced by the government in support of a crop?
(a) Maximum support price
(b) Minimum support price
(c) Moderate support price
(d) Influential support price
Name one important beverage crop and specify the geographical conditions required for its growth.
Tea is an important beverage crop.
Geographical conditions required for its growth:
Temperature : Hot-humid climate with a temperature of 20°C to 30°C
Rainfall : Annual rainfall between 150 cm to 300 cm. Frequent showers evenly distributed over the year ensure continuous growth of tender leaves.
Name one staple crop of India and the regions where it is produced.
Rice is the staple crop of India. It is mainly produced in plains of northern India, deltas of eastern coastal plain and north-eastern states.
Enlist the various institutional reform programmes introduced by the government in the interest of farmers.
(a) Land reforms like abolition of zamindari, consolidation of holdings, etc.
(b) System of crop insurance/Kisan Credit Card/Personal Accident Insurance
(c) Rural Banks and Cooperative Societies to provide easy loan facilities.
The land under cultivation has got reduced day by day. Can you imagine its consequences?
(a) Reduction of land under cultivation will result in food shortage.
(b) Agro-based industries will suffer due to shortage of raw material.
(c) Import of foodgrains to meet the needs will put more pressure on our financial resources.
(d) It will put maximum pressure on limited land.
(e) It will reduce share of agriculture in the Indian economy.
Suggest the initiative taken by the government to ensure the increase in agricultural production.
Describe any four reforms brought in the Indian agriculture after independence through the efforts of the Indian government. 
What initiatives have been taken by the government to ensure an increase in agricultural production? 
Government has taken following steps to ensure the increase in agricultural production since 1951.
(a) Abolished zamindari system and consolidated small land holdings
(b) Introduced large scale use of HYV seeds, chemical fertilisers, pesticides, etc.
(c) Opened rural banks and cooperative societies to provide agricultural loans to farmers
(d) Introduced crop insurance against drought, flood, cyclone, fire and disease
(e) Introduced special weather bulletins on radio and television
(f) Announced minimum support price for crops to check the exploitation of farmers
Describe the geographical conditions required for the growth of rice.
Explain the favourable geographical conditions required for the production of rice. Also mention the major rice producing states of India. [2010   
Rice is the most important staple food crop of India. It is cultivated in kharif season.
Geographical conditions required for the growth of rice:
(a) Temperature : It requires high temperature with high humidity. The mean monthly temperature of about 25°C with minor variations at the time of sowing, ripening and harvesting is suitable for the growth of rice plants.
(b) Rainfall : It requires good rainfall, i.e., more than 100 cm. It needs much water both in and upon the soil. In the areas of less rainfall, it can be grown with heavy irrigation, for example, Punjab and Haryana.
(c) Soil : It can grow in a variety of soils but it grows best in fertile alluvial soil with a clayey layer above.
The main rice-producing states are West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Punjab, Odisha, Karnataka, Assam and Maharashtra.
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