NEET Physics Chapter Wise Mock Test – Oscillations
An elastic ball is dropped from a certain height and returns to the same height after elastic collision on the floor. What is the nature of repeated motion of the ball?
(a) Simple harmonic, oscillatory and periodic
(b) Simple harmonic, oscillatory but not periodic
(c) Simple harmonic, periodic, but not oscillatory
(d) Oscillatory, periodic but not simple harmonic
The graph between restoring force and time in case of SHM is
(a) a straight line
(b) a circle
(c) a parabola
(d) a sine curve
The displacement of SHM is given by
y = 5 cos(10t + 0.6)
What is the initial phase of the SHM?
(a) 5 rad
(b) 10 rad
(c) 0.6 rad
(d) None of these
A system is subjected to two SHMs given by
y1 = 6 cosωt and y2 = 8 cosωt The resultant amplitude of SHM is given by
A mass of 2.0 kg is put on a flat pan attached to a vertical spring fixed on the ground as shown in the figure. The mass of the spring and the pan is negligible. When pressed slightly and released the mass executes a simple harmonic motion. The spring constant is 200 Nm-1. What should , be the minimum amplitude of the motion, so that the mass gets detached from the pan? (take, g = 10 ms-2)
(a) 8.0 cm
(b) 10.0 cm
(c) Any value less than 12.0 cm
(d) 4.0 cm
The displacement of a particle varies with time according to the relation y = a sinωt + b cosωt
(a) The motipn is oscillatory but not SHM
(b) The motion is SHM with amplitude a + b
(c) The motion is SHM with amplitude a2 + b2
(d) The motion is SHM with amplitude √(a2 + b2)
A particle executes simple harmonic oscillation with an amplitude a. The period of oscillation is T. The minimum time taken by the particle to travel half of the amplitude from the equilibrium position is
A particle executes SHM with a period of T second and amplitude A metre. The shortest time it takes to reach point metre from its mean position in seconds is
Figure shows the circular motion of a particle. The radius of the circle, the period, sense of revolution and the initial position are indicated on the figure. The simple harmonic motion of the x-projection of the radius vector of the rotating particle P is
The equations of two linear SHM’s are x=a sinωt, along X-axis y = a sin2ωt, along Y-axis If they act on a particle simultaneously, the trajectory of the particle is
The time period of a SHM is 16 s. It starts its motion from the equilibrium position. After 2 s its velocity is Π ms-1. What is its displacement amplitude?
(a) √2 m
(b) 2√2 m
(c) 4√2 m
(d) 8√2 m
If at any time the displacement of a simple pendulum be 0.02 m, then its acceleration is 2 ms-2. What is the angular speed of the pendulum at that instant?
(a) 100 rads-1
(b) 10 rads-1
(c) 1 rads-1
(d) 0.1 rads-1
The x-t graph of a particle undergoing simple harmonic motion is shown below. The acceleration of the particle at t= 4 / 3 s is
If the length of a pendulum is quadrupled, its time period is
A SHM has an amplitude A and time period T. The time required by it to travel from x = A to x =A/2 is
A tunnel is bored along the diameter of the earth and a stone is dropped into it. What happens to the stone?
(a) It oscillates between the two ends of the tunnel
(b) It comes to rest at the centre of the earth
(c) It will go out of the other end of the tunnel
(d) It will come to a permanent stop at the other end of the tunnel
A tunnel is made along a chord inside the earth and a ball is released in it. What will be the time period of oscillation of the ball?
(a) 2Π √(R/2g)
(b) 2Π √(R/g)
(c) 2Π √(2R/g)
(d) Π √(R/g)
The displacement of a particle is represented by the equation y = 3 cos (Π/4-2ωt). The motion of the particle is
(a) simple harmonic with period 2Π/ω
(b) simple harmonic with period Π/ω
(c) periodic but not simple harmonic
A particle moves such that its acceleration, a is given by a = -bx, where x is the displacement from equilibrium position and b is a constant. The period of oscillation is
(a) 2Π √b
(d) 2√( pi/b)
A cylindrical piston of mass M slides smoothly inside a long cylinder closed at one end, enclosing a certain mass of gas. The cylinder is kept with its axis horizontal. If the piston is disturbed from its equilibrium position, it oscillates simple harmonically. Its period is
A spring is vibrating with frequency n under some mass. If it is cut into two equal parts and same mass is suspended, then the new frequency is
(c) n √2
From the ceiling of a train, a pendulum of length l is suspended. The train is moving with an acceleration a0 on horizontal surface. The period of oscillation of the pendulum is
A wire of length l, area of cross-section A and Young’s modulus of elasticity Y is suspended from the roof of a building. A block of mass m is attached at lower end of the wire. If the block is displaced from its mean position and released, then the block starts oscillating. Time period of these oscillations will be
A block of mass m is suspended by different springs of force constant shown in figure.
Let time period of oscillation in these four positions be T1, T2, T3 and T4. Then, which of the following statement is correct?
(b) T1 = T2 and T3 = T4
(d) T1= T3 and T2 = T4
On a smooth inclined plane a body of mass M is attached between two springs. The other ends of the springs are fixed to firm supports. If each spring has a force constant’ k, the period of oscillation of the body is (assuming the spring as massless)
A rectangular block of mass m and area of cross-section A floats in a liquid of density ρ. If it is given a small vertical displacement from equilibrium it undergoes oscillation with a time period T. Then,
(a) T ∝ √ρ
(b) T ∝ 1/√A
(c) T ∝ 1/√ρ
(d) T ∝ 1/√m
A girl is sitting on the roof of a flat toy car of mass 6 kg. If no slipping takes place between car and the girl, then what should be the mass of the child in order to have period of system equal to 0.758 s?
(a) 9 kg
In the given figure, the spring has a force constant k. The pulley is light and smooth the spring and string are light. The suspended block has a mass m. If the block is slightly displaced from its equilibrium position and then released. The period of its vertical oscillation is
(a) 2π √(m/k)
(c) 2π √(k/m)
(d) 4π √(k/m)
Two springs of force constants k1, and k2 are connected in series. The spring constant of the combination is
What will be the force constant of the spring system as shown in the figure?
As shown in figure, a simple harmonic motion oscillator having identical four springs has time period.
The mass M shown in the figure oscillates in simple harmonic motion with amplitude A. The amplitude of the point P is
The particle executing SHM has a kinetic energy K0cos2ωt. The maximum values of the potential energy and the total energy respectively are
(a) 0 and 2K0
(b) K0/2 and K0
(c) K0 and 2K0
(d) K0 and K0
A load of mass m falls from a height h on to the scale pan hung from a spring as shown in figure. If the spring constant is k and mass of the scale pan is zero and the mass m does not bounce relative to the pan, then the amplitude of vibration is
The angular frequency and amplitude of a simple pendulum are ω and A, respectively. At the displacement y from the mean position, the kinetic energy is K and potential energy is U. What is the ratio of K/U ?
The potential energy of a long spring when stretched by 2 cm is U. If the spring is stretched by 8 cm, the potential energy stored in it is
(c) 16 U
A particle executing simple harmonic motion of amplitude 5 cm has maximum speed of 31.4 cms-1. The frequency of its oscillation is
(a) 3 Hz
(b) 2 Hz
(c) 4 Hz
(d) 1 Hz
The total energy of SHM is E. What will be the kinetic energy of the particle, when displacement is half of the amplitude?
(a) √3 E/2
A body executing SHM has amplitude of 4 cm. What is the distance at which the body has equal value of both KE and PE?
(a) 2√2 cm
(b) 1/√2 cm
(c) √2 cm
(d) √2/6 cm
A mass of 0.5 kg moving with a speed of 1.5 ms-1 on a horizontal smooth surface, collides with a nearly weightless ‘ spring of force constant k = 50Nm-1. compression of the spring would be
(a) 0.15 m
(b) 0.12 m
The amplitude of a damped oscillator becomes half in 1 min. The amplitude after 3 min will be 1/X times the original, where X is
(d) 3 x 22
Direction (Q. Nos. 43-45): In each of the following questions a statement of Assertion is given followed by a corresponding statement of Reason just below it. Of the statements mark the correct answer as
(a) If both Assertion and Reason are true and the Reason is the correct explanation of the Assertion
(b) If both Assertion and Reason are true but the Reason is not the correct explanation of the Assertion
(c) If Assertion is true but Reason is false
(d) If both Assertion and Reason are false
Assertion (A): The time period of a simple pendulum of infinite length is finite.
Reason (R): The time period of simple pendulum is directly proportional to the square root of length.
Assertion (A): The bob of a simple pendulum is a ball full of water. If a fine hole is made at the bottom of the ball, then the time period will no more remain constant.
Reason (R): The time period of a simple pendulum does not deperfd upon mass.
Assertion (A): A spring of force constant k is cut into two pieces whose lengths are in the ratio 1:2. The force constant of series combination of the two parts is 3k/2.
Reason (R): The spring connected in series are represented by k = k1 + k2.
When two displacements represented by y1 = a sin (ωt) and y2=b cos (ωt) are superimposed the motion is
(a) not a simple harmonic
(b) simple harmonic with amplitude a/b
(c) simple harmonic with amplitude √(a2+b2)
(d) simple harmonic with amplitude (a+b)/2
A particle is executing SHM along a straight line. Its velocities at distances x1 and x2 from the mean position are v1 and v2, respectively. Its time period is
Assertion (A): The periodic time of hard spring is less as compared to that of a soft string.
Reason (R): The periodic time depends upon the spring constant.
(a) If both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion
(b) If both assertion and reason ar’e true but the reason is not the correct explanation of assertion
(c) If assertion is true but reason is false
(d) If both assertion and reason are false
A simple harmonic oscillator consists of a particle of mass m and an ideal spring with spring constant k. The particle oscillates with a time period T. The spring is cut into two equal parts. If one part oscillates .with the same particle, the time period will be
(b) √2 T
When a string is divided into three segments of lengths l1, l2 and l3, the fundamental frequencies of these three segments are ν1, ν2 and ν3, respectively. The original fundamental frequency (ν) of the string is
A simple pendulum with length L and mass of the bob is vibrating with an amplitude a. Then, the maximum tension in the string is
Two simple pendulums first of bob mass M1 and length L1 second of bob mass M2 and length L2 . M1 = M2 and L1 = 2L2. If the vibrational energies of both are same. Then, which is correct?
(a) Amplitude of B greater than A
(b) Amplitude of B smaller than A
(c) Amplitude will be same
(d) None of the above
One-fourth length of a spring of force constant k is cut away. The force constant of the remaining spring will be
The displacement of a particle along the X-axis is given by x = asin2ωt. The motion of the particle corresponds to
(a) simple harmonic motion of frequency ω/π
(b) simple harmonic motion of frequency 3ω/π
(c) non-simple harmonic motion
(d) simple harmonic motion of frequency ω/2π
The period of oscillation of a mass M suspended from a spring of negligible mass is T. If along with it another mass M is also suspended, the period of oscillation will now be
Hints And Solutions: